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Rangeland Ecology And Management

Author: Harold Heady
Publisher: Westview Press
ISBN: 9780813337999
Size: 28.32 MB
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"Over the last two decades the science of range management, like many other resource disciplines, has embraced and integrated environmental concerns in the field, the laboratory, and policy. Rangeland"

Rangelands

Author: Suzanne Reyes
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781634825047
Size: 29.91 MB
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Written by seventeen experts in the field of rangeland management, this compilation of essays brings to light the latent issues concerning this subject to readers all over the globe. Though technical approaches can address some issues, social processes ultimately prevent the balancing of these matters. Socio-economic and political institutions are often a stumbling block for improving rangeland management. Human intervention (such as burning and grazing) have been used as rehabilitation efforts to address reverse land degradation problems. It is also hoped that these methods will bring about ecological restoration for more than 30 percent of the worlds land mass and provide living conditions for 1 billion people across every inhabited continent. Multiple-use has become an important factor in the last few decades, especially when discussing global climate change. The extensive bibliography we provide will give researchers, members of academia and policy makers contemplative subject matter; they may access multi-lingual literature that give insight into the issues concerning rangeland situations.

Rangeland Systems

Author: David D. Briske
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319467093
Size: 41.66 MB
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This book is open access under a CC BY-NC 2.5 license. This book provides an unprecedented synthesis of the current status of scientific and management knowledge regarding global rangelands and the major challenges that confront them. It has been organized around three major themes. The first summarizes the conceptual advances that have occurred in the rangeland profession. The second addresses the implications of these conceptual advances to management and policy. The third assesses several major challenges confronting global rangelands in the 21st century. This book will compliment applied range management textbooks by describing the conceptual foundation on which the rangeland profession is based. It has been written to be accessible to a broad audience, including ecosystem managers, educators, students and policy makers. The content is founded on the collective experience, knowledge and commitment of 80 authors who have worked in rangelands throughout the world. Their collective contributions indicate that a more comprehensive framework is necessary to address the complex challenges confronting global rangelands. Rangelands represent adaptive social-ecological systems, in which societal values, organizations and capacities are of equal importance to, and interact with, those of ecological processes. A more comprehensive framework for rangeland systems may enable management agencies, and educational, research and policy making organizations to more effectively assess complex problems and develop appropriate solutions.

White Tailed Deer Habitat

Author: José Alfonso Ortega-Santos
Publisher: Texas A&M University Press
ISBN: 1603449728
Size: 11.42 MB
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The original, 2006 edition of Timothy Edward Fulbright and J. Alfonso Ortega-S.’s White-Tailed Deer Habitat: Ecology and Management on Rangelands was hailed as “a splendid reference for the classroom and those who make their living from wildlife and the land” and as “filling a niche that is not currently approached in the literature.” In this second, full-color edition, revised and expanded to include the entire western United States and northern Mexico, Fulbright and Ortega-S. provide a carefully reasoned synthesis of ecological and range management principles that incorporates rangeland vegetation management and the impact of crops, livestock, predation, and population density within the context of the arid and semiarid habitats of this broad region. As landowners look to hunting as a source of income and to the other benefits of managing for wildlife, the clear presentation of the up-to-date research gathered in this book will aid their efforts. Essential points covered in this new edition include: White-tailed deer habitat requirements Nutritional needs of White-tailed deer Carrying capacity Habitat management Hunting Focused across political borders and written with an understanding of environments where periodic drought punctuates long-term weather patterns, this revised and expanded edition of White-Tailed Deer Habitat: Ecology and Management on Rangelands will aid landowners, researchers, and naturalists in their efforts to integrate land management and use with sound ecological practices.

The Politics Of Scale

Author: Nathan F. Sayre
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022608339X
Size: 79.46 MB
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Rangelands are vast, making up one quarter of the United States and forty percent of the Earth’s ice-free land. And while contemporary science has revealed a great deal about the environmental impacts associated with intensive livestock production—from greenhouse gas emissions to land and water degradation—far less is known about the historic role science has played in rangeland management and politics. Steeped in US soil, this first history of rangeland science looks to the origins of rangeland ecology in the late nineteenth-century American West, exploring the larger political and economic forces that—together with scientific study—produced legacies focused on immediate economic success rather than long-term ecological well being. During the late 1880s and early 1890s, a variety of forces—from the Homestead Act of 1862 to the extermination of bison, foreign investment, and lack of government regulation—promoted free-for-all access to and development of the western range, with disastrous environmental consequences. To address the crisis, government agencies turned to scientists, but as Nathan F. Sayre shows, range science grew in a politically fraught landscape. Neither the scientists nor the public agencies could escape the influences of bureaucrats and ranchers who demanded results, and the ideas that became scientific orthodoxy—from fire suppression and predator control to fencing and carrying capacities—contained flaws and blind spots that plague public debates about rangelands to this day. Looking at the global history of rangeland science through the Cold War and beyond, The Politics of Scale identifies the sources of past conflicts and mistakes and helps us to see a more promising path forward, one in which rangeland science is guided less by capital and the state and more by communities working in collaboration with scientists.

Landscape Ecology Function And Management

Author: J Ludwig
Publisher: CSIRO PUBLISHING
ISBN: 0643102663
Size: 65.96 MB
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This book encapsulates the extensive knowledge developed by CSIRO's National Rangelands Program on how rangeland landscapes function and the implications for management. It looks at the ecology of rangeland landscape processes and deals with what happens when things go wrong, when a landscape loses its ability to efficiently capture and store water and nutrients - a state the authors call dysfunctional.Ways of managing rangelands in response to understanding landscape function are also considered. The concluding Section looks to the future providing some scenarios for the way rangeland landscapes may be used in 2020.

Proceedings

Author: Stephen B. Monsen
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 52.12 MB
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Introductory papers: Symposium introduction: management of semiarid rangelands impacts of annual weeds on resource values; History and use of semiarid plant communities changes in vegetation; Evolution of weedy annuals; Cheatgrass demography establishment attributes, recruitment, ecotypes, and genetic variability; Ecological impacts of cheatgrass and resultant fire on ecosystems in the western great basin; Fire conditions and pre and postoccurrence of annual grasses on the snake river plain; Potential for replacing naturalized weeds in California's annual grasslands with selected mediterranean species: plant exploration and management consderations; The competitive influences of cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum) on site restoration; Fire ecology and Management: Effects of fire on juniper woodland ecosystems in the Great Basin; Cheatgrass dynamics following wildfire on a sagebrush semidesert site in Central Utah; History and applications of the intermountain greenstripping program; Prescribed burning considerations in sagebrush annual grassland communities; Effects of fire on salt desert shrub rangelands; A technical comparison model: class a foam compared to water as an example; Nevada live fuel moisture sampling project implications for fire behavior; Ecology: Management implications of yellow starthistle adaptations in the Pacific Northwest; Pristine vegetation of the Jordan Crater Kipukas: 1978-91; Medusahead: natural successor to the cheatgrass type in the Northern Great Basin; Ecological relationships between yellow satarthistle and cheatgrass; Potential interactions between global change and intermountai annual grasslands; Assessment of biological control of exotic broadleaf weeds in intermountain rangelands; Quantitative variation within and among cheatgrass populations: the role of multiple introductions; Distribution of two exotic grasses on intermountain rangelands: status in 1992; Effects of simulated fall and early spring grazing on cheatgrass and perennial grass in western Nevada; Patterns of annual grass dominance on Anaho Island: implications for Great Basin vegetation management; Great Basin annual vegetation patterns assessed by remote sensing; VA mycorrhizal status of burned and unburned sagebrush habitat; Growth, reproduction, and life history features of fourwing saltbush grown in a common garden; Potential role of soil microoganisms in medusahead invasion; Controlling erosin on lands administered by the bureu of land management, Winnemucca District, Nevada; Resources: Washington State shrub steppe ecosystem studies with emphasis on the relationship between nongame birds and shrub and grass cover densities; Grasshopper community responses to shrub loss, annual grasslands, and crested wheatgrass seedlings: management implications; Resource impacts of cheatgrass and wildfires on public lands and livestock grazing; Displacement of rare plants by exotic grasses; Restoratin: weed control: Potential role of cryptobiotic soil crusts in semiarid rangelands; Biological control of annual grass weeds; Mechanical control of undesirable annuals on the boise front, Idaho; A review of the chemical control of downy brome; Ecological significance of seed banks with special reference to alien annuals; Use of livestock to control cheatgrass a review; Mycorrhizal ecology of shrub steppe habitat; New weedy grasses associated with downy brome; Restoration: seed germination and establishment: Regulation of germination timing in facultatively fall emerging grasses; Water soluble chemistry following simulated burning of soil litter of big sagebrush, squirreltail, cheatgrass, and medusahead; Establishment characteristics of cheatgrass under various wet dry watering sequences; Germination enhancement of perennial grasses native to the intermountain region; Seed use by desert granivores; Temperature profiles for germination of cheatgrass versus native perennial buchgrasses; Germination and establishment ecology of big sagebrush: implications for community restoration; Spiny hopsage seed germination and seedling establishment; Rangeland species germination through 25 and up to 40 years of warehouse storage; Enhanced performance of grass seed by matriconditioning; Reproductive biology of bitterbrush: interaccessional hybridization of plants grown in a common garden; The (certified) seeds of revegetation; Restoration: seedbed preparation and seeding: Effects of polyacrylamide on establishment and growth of crested wheatgrass seedlings and sagebrush tubelings; Factors influencing postfire sagebrush regeneration in south central Idaho; An international approach for selecting seeding sites: a case study; Relating seedbed environmental conditions to seedling establishment; Interseeding and transplanting to enhance species composition; Drill seeding in western Canada; Direct seeding of alfalfa into northern pasture and rangeland; Disk chain diker considerations for sedbed preparation; Decision support systems for restoration and management of annual rangelands.Drills for rangeland sod seeding; Effect of seeding data and furrow opener on forage crop establishment at swift current, Saskatchewan; Disk chain diker operation; Restoration: species utility: Fructan metabolism and cool temperature growth in cheatgrass; Selection for enhanced seedling establishment in cool season range grasses; Perennial forb life history strategies on semiarid rangelands: implications for revegetation; Ecology, distribution, and values of sagebrush within the intermountain region; Role of nitrogen availability in the transition fromn annual dominated to perennial dominated seral communities; Selection of plants for fire suppression on semiarid sites; Woody chenopods useful for rangeland reclamation in western north America; 'Appar' Lewis flax: beauty and wildlife food in on plant; ' Delar'small burnet: an outstanding range forb; Cyperaceae and juncaceae selected low elevation species; ' Goldar' bluebunch wheatgrass: release of a new range plant; Management: Forage yield and quality trends of annual grasses in the Great Basin; Annual rangeland management principles and practices: the California experience; Japanese brome in the northern great plains; Lessons from 5 years of vegetation monitoring on the Nevada test site; Economic factors for consideration in converting annual grasslands to improved rangelands; Can annual rangelands be converted and maintained as perennial grasslands trhough grazing management?; Cheatgrass, livestock, and rangeland.

Wild Rangelands

Author: Johan T. du Toit
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444317105
Size: 39.85 MB
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Rangeland ecosystems which include unimproved grasslands, shrublands, savannas and semi-deserts, support half of the world’s livestock, while also providing habitats for some of the most charismatic of wildlife species. This book examines the pressures on rangeland ecosystems worldwide from human land use, over-hunting, and subsistence and commercial farming of livestock and crops. Leading experts have pooled their experiences from all continents to cover the ecological, sociological, political, veterinary, and economic aspects of rangeland management today. This book provides practitioners and students of rangeland management and wildland conservation with a diversity of perspectives on a central question: can rangelands be wildlands? The first book to examine rangelands from a conservation perspective Emphasizes the balance between the needs of people and livestock, and wildlife Written by an international team of experts covering all geographical regions Examines ecological, sociological, political, veterinary, and economic aspects of rangeland management and wildland conservation, providing a diversity of perspectives not seen before in a single volume