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Rational Choice And Security Studies

Author: Michael E. Brown
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262265256
Size: 80.20 MB
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Opposing views on the merits of formal rational choice approaches as they have been applied to international security studies. Formal theories and rational choice methods have become increasingly prominent in most social sciences in the past few decades. Proponents of formal theoretical approaches argue that these methods are more scientific and sophisticated than other approaches, and that formal methods have already generated significant theoretical progress. As more and more social scientists adopt formal theoretical approaches, critics have argued that these methods are flawed and that they should not become dominant in most social-science disciplines. Rational Choice and Security Studies presents opposing views on the merits of formal rational choice approaches as they have been applied in the subfield of international security studies. This volume includes Stephen Walt's article "Rigor or Rigor Mortis? Rational Choice and Security Studies," critical replies from prominent political scientists, and Walt's rejoinder to his critics. Walt argues that formal approaches have not led to creative new theoretical explanations, that they lack empirical support, and that they have contributed little to the analysis of important contemporary security problems. In their replies, proponents of rational choice approaches emphasize that formal methods are essential for achieving theoretical consistency and precision.

Contemporary Security Studies

Author: Alan Collins
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019969477X
Size: 68.45 MB
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This is an introductory textbook for students new to international security. The book is divided into three sections: differing approaches to the study of security; the broadening and deepening of security; and a range of traditional and non-traditional issues that have emerged on the security agenda.

Annuaire Europeen 2000 European Yearbook 2000

Author: Francis Rosensteil
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
ISBN: 9789041118448
Size: 39.53 MB
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The year 2000's most significant international event was, almost certainly, neither political nor military, but scientific - the announcement, in June, that the human genome had been almost totally decoded. Future generations may well see this as a major turning point, opening the way to radical changes in diagnosis, prognosis, and medical treatment. Often compared with the space programme, this vast enterprise still generates misgivings: this new power, which human beings now have, to modify the genetic heritage of living creatures raises fundamentally new ethical questions - and society as a whole will have to find the answers. In fact, the accelerating pace of scientific and technical progress seems to be reviving atavistic anxieties, some rational, others less so. Recent public-health crises, including the mad cow disease' scare, which lasted into 2000, have fuelled these fears. The public's rejection of GMOs (Genetically Modified Organisms) - verging on a crusade in some countries - tells its own story. As regards conflict, 2000 saw the Middle East peace process grind to a halt, and the Intifada resume. In Europe, the situation in Kosovo and Chechnya, both the scenes of fighting in 1999, stayed precarious. Peace and democracy did score some successes, however, particularly in Europe: the centre-left's victory in Croatia, sweeping former President Tudjman's party off the scene, the democratic party's triumph in Bosnia, and the fall of the Milosevic regime in Serbia.

New Global Dangers

Author: Michael Edward Brown
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262524308
Size: 16.62 MB
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An analysis of new global security concerns in the post-September 11 world, including weapons of mass destruction, nonmilitary dangers, and transnational actors.

America S Strategic Choices

Author: Michael E. Brown
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262265249
Size: 23.72 MB
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Contending perspectives on the future of US grand strategy. More than a decade has passed since the end of the Cold War, but the United States has yet to reach a consensus on a coherent approach to the international use of American power. The essays in this volume present contending perspectives on the future of U.S. grand strategy. U.S. policy options include primacy, cooperative security, selective engagement, and retrenchment. This revised edition includes additional and more recent analysis and advocacy of these options. The volume includes the Clinton administration's National Security Strategy for a New Century, the most recent official statement of American grand strategy, so readers can compare proposed strategies with the official U.S. government position.

A Theory Of Security Strategy For Our Time

Author: Shiping Tang
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN: 9780230623132
Size: 67.12 MB
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Because the world has firmly evolved from an offensive realism world in the past to a defensive realism world in which we live today, defensive realism is an appropriate guide for security strategy in our time. This book advances a coherent statement of defensive realism as a theory of strategy for our time. It adds to our understanding of defensive realism as a grand theory of IR in particular and our understanding of IR in general and contributes to the ongoing debates among major paradigms of international relations.

Primacy And Its Discontents

Author: Michael E. Brown
Publisher: The MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262524551
Size: 17.20 MB
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Experts consider whether American primacy will endure or if the future holds a multipolar world of several great powers.