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Rationality And Ritual

Author: Brian Wynne
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317972767
Size: 80.37 MB
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In Rationality and Ritual, internationally renowned expert Brian Wynne offers a profound analysis of science and technology policymaking. By focusing on an episode of major importance in Britain's nuclear history – the Windscale Inquiry, a public hearing about the future of fuel reprocessing – he offers a powerful critique of such judicial procedures and the underlying assumptions of the rationalist approach. This second edition makes available again this classic and still very relevant work. Debates about nuclear power have come to the fore once again. Yet we still do not have adequate ways to make decisions or frame policy deliberation on these big issues, involving true public debate, rather than ritualistic processes in which the rules and scope of the debate are presumed and imposed by those in authority. The perspectives in this book are as significant and original as they were when it was written. The new edition contains a substantial introduction by the author reflecting on changes (and lack of) in the intervening years and introducing new themes, relevant to today's world of big science and technology, that can be drawn out of the original text. A new foreword by Gordon MacKerron, an expert on energy and nuclear policy, sets this seminal work in the context of contemporary nuclear and related big technology debates.

Policy Legitimacy Science And Political Authority

Author: Michael Heazle
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317420020
Size: 24.99 MB
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Voters expect their elected representatives to pursue good policy and presume this will be securely founded on the best available knowledge. Yet when representatives emphasize their reliance on expert knowledge, they seem to defer to people whose authority derives, not politically from the sovereign people, but from the presumed objective status of their disciplinary bases. This book examines the tensions between political authority and expert authority in the formation of public policy in liberal democracies. It aims to illustrate and better understand the nature of these tensions rather than to argue specific ways of resolving them. The various chapters explore the complexity of interaction between the two forms of authority in different policy domains in order to identify both common elements and differences. The policy domains covered include: climate geoengineering discourses; environmental health; biotechnology; nuclear power; whaling; economic management; and the use of force. This volume will appeal to researchers and to convenors of post-graduate courses in the fields of policy studies, foreign policy decision-making, political science, environmental studies, democratic system studies, and science policy studies.

Remaking Participation

Author: Jason Chilvers
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135084637
Size: 11.94 MB
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Changing relations between science and democracy – and controversies over issues such as climate change, energy transitions, genetically modified organisms and smart technologies – have led to a rapid rise in new forms of public participation and citizen engagement. While most existing approaches adopt fixed meanings of ‘participation’ and are consumed by questions of method or critiquing the possible limits of democratic engagement, this book offers new insights that rethink public engagements with science, innovation and environmental issues as diverse, emergent and in the making. Bringing together leading scholars on science and democracy, working between science and technology studies, political theory, geography, sociology and anthropology, the volume develops relational and co-productionist approaches to studying and intervening in spaces of participation. New empirical insights into the making, construction, circulation and effects of participation across cultures are illustrated through examples ranging from climate change and energy to nanotechnology and mundane technologies, from institutionalised deliberative processes to citizen-led innovation and activism, and from the global north to global south. This new way of seeing participation in science and democracy opens up alternative paths for reconfiguring and remaking participation in more experimental, reflexive, anticipatory and responsible ways. This ground-breaking book is essential reading for scholars and students of participation across the critical social sciences and beyond, as well as those seeking to build more transformative participatory practices.

The Social Dynamics Of Carbon Capture And Storage

Author: Nils Markusson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136311246
Size: 20.63 MB
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Carbon capture and storage (CCS) has emerged rapidly as a crucial technological option for decarbonising electricity supply and mitigating climate change. Great hopes are being pinned on this new technology but it is also facing growing scepticism and criticism. This book is the first to bring together the full range of social and policy issues surrounding CCS shedding new light on this potentially vital technology and its future. The book covers many crucial topics including the roles and positions that different publics, NGOs, industry, political parties and media are taking up; the way CCS is organised, supported and regulated; how CCS is being debated and judged; how innovation, demonstration and learning are occurring and being conceptualised and promoted; and the role of CCS in the transition to a low carbon energy future. The authors draw on a variety of approaches, concepts, methods and themes and provide a new understanding of innovation in the energy and climate change fields. It tackles the many issues in a way that speaks to those concerned not only to understand these developments, but to those who are involved in the scientific and technological work itself, as well as those charged with evaluating and making decisions relevant to the future of the technology.

Technikfolgen Absch Tzen Lehren

Author: Marc Dusseldorp
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3531934686
Size: 15.17 MB
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Technikfolgenabschätzung (TA) ist ein relativ junges transdisziplinäres Forschungsfeld, das sich – ausgehend von der wissenschaftlichen Politikberatung und der außeruniversitären Forschung – in den letzten Jahrzehnten auch an den Hochschulen etabliert hat. Im Zuge dessen ist die Hochschullehre zu einer zentralen Aufgabe für die TA geworden. Bislang jedoch hat sich dies erst in geringem Maße in einer systematischen Reflexion der TA-Lehre niedergeschlagen. Hier setzen die AutorInnen an, indem sie Begründungsrahmen, Fallstudien und Formen curricularer Einbettung von TA-Lehre zur Diskussion stellen. Dabei steht die These im Mittelpunkt, dass sich die TA durch einen inhärenten Bildungscharakter auszeichnet, der sich insbesondere in ihren transdisziplinären Methoden zeigt. Dies lässt eine methodenbasierte Lehre vielversprechend erscheinen – sowohl in der TA als auch in anderen transdisziplinären Feldern.

Galilei Der K Nstler

Author: Horst Bredekamp
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3050062258
Size: 57.86 MB
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In seiner kleinen, aber einflußreichen Schrift "Galileo as a Critic of the Arts" von 1954 hat Erwin Panofsky die künstlerischen Vorlieben Galileis mit dessen Vorstellung von Raum, Licht und Kosmos verbunden. Horst Bredekamp, Kunsthistoriker der Humboldt-Universität und Permanent Fellow des Wissenschaftskollegs zu Berlin, knüpft an diese Studie an, um Galilei jedoch nicht allein als Kunstkritiker, sondern als einen ausgebildeten Künstler zu rekonstruieren, der die Kunst des Zeichnens als ein Instrument seiner Forschungen zu nutzen verstand. Viele Gelegenheitsskizzen, vor allem aber Galileis durch das Teleskop gewonnene Mond- und Sonnenzeichnungen offenbaren, dass der Stil der Darstellungen über den Sinn des Dargestellten entschied.