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Reading And Language Processing

Author: John M. Henderson
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1317759567
Size: 52.44 MB
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This volume was designed to identify the current limits of progress in the psychology of reading and language processing in an information processing framework. Leaders in their fields of interest, the chapter authors couple current theoretical analyses with new, formally presented experiments. The research -- cutting-edge and sometimes controversial -- reflects the prevailing analysis that language comprehension results in numerous levels of representation, including surface features, lexical properties, linguistic structures, and idea networks underlying a message as well as the situations to which a message refers. As a group, the chapters highlight the impact that input modality -- auditory or written -- has on comprehension. Finally, the studies also capture the evolution of new topic matter and ongoing debates concerning the competing paradigms, global proposals, and methods that form the foundation of the enterprise. The book presents current accounts of research on word-, sentence-, and text-processing. It will prove informative for experimental psychologists as well as investigators in cognitive science disciplines such as computer science, linguistics, and educational psychology. The book will also be very helpful to graduate students who wish to develop expertise in the psychology of language processes. For them, it collects, in a single volume, readings that are representative of progress concerning many central problems in the field. As such, it is distinct from the numerous collected volumes that concentrate on a single issue. Complete author and subject indexes facilitate effective use of the volume.

A Guide To Readiness Reading

Author: Philip J. McInnis
Publisher:
ISBN:
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Describes the Assured Readiness for Learning program (ARL), a language training program for kindergarten and first grade that can be used with the upper elementary grades for remedial instruction.

The Interaction Of Language Processing And Eye Movement Control During Reading

Author: Matthew James Hansen Abbott
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 22.81 MB
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In this dissertation, I addressed three questions regarding the impact of language processing on eye movements in reading: (1) What information from the sentence context do readers recruit prior to skipping? (2) Are words like "the" unique with regard to skipping because they are so short? (3) Does postlexical integration strictly follow word identification? Throughout, I recruit the E-Z Reader 10 model (Reichle, Warren, & McConnell, 2009) for testable predictions. In Chapter 2, I demonstrate that the influence of the sentence context on skipping is limited to predictability, and not deeper semantic or syntactic processing. Readers skipped over invalid, contextually infelicitous parafoveal previews of "the" more often than valid previews of three-letter words, even when the target words were predictable. In Chapter 3, I show that this effect generalizes to longer function words like "that" and "there", which highlights the role of parafoveal processing relative to oculomotor or contextual constraints (e.g., syntactic or semantic fit) in word skipping. Comparing Experiment 3.2 to Experiment 3.1, it is also evident that readers prefer to skip function words over content words, regardless of their length. The data presented in Chapters 2-3 pose a deeper question about the relationship between language processing and eye movement control that indicates a possible constraint on the architecture: Are word identification and postlexical integration isolated, separable processes? This issue is examined in Chapter 4 by jointly manipulating word frequency and plausibility. I demonstrate probabilistic evidence against an influence of plausibility on word skipping, and in favor of an additive relationship between frequency and plausibility (and against an interactive relationship), by computing Bayes factors. In summary, I paint a picture in which word skipping reflects a hedged bet that identification will ultimately be successful, and all postlexical processing (i.e., of syntax and semantics) follows lexical access.

Attention And Vision In Language Processing

Author: Ramesh Kumar Mishra
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 8132224434
Size: 41.21 MB
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This volume provides a comprehensive overview of the nature of attentional and visual processes involved in language comprehension. Key concerns include how linguistic and non-linguistic processes jointly determine language comprehension and production and how the linguistic system interfaces with perceptual systems and attention. Language scientists have traditionally considered language in isolation from other cognitive and perceptual systems such as attention, vision and memory. In recent years, however, it has become increasingly clear that language comprehension must be studied within interaction contexts. The study of multimodal interactions and attentional processes during language processing has thus become an important theoretical focus that guides many research programs in psycholinguistics and related fields.

Second Language Processing In Reading And Translation

Author: Jung Hyun Lim
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 61.58 MB
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The purpose of this dissertation is to investigate the processing mechanisms of non-native English speakers at both the sentence level and the morphological level, addressing the issue of whether adult second language (L2) learners qualitatively differ from native speakers in processing linguistic input. Using psycholinguistic on-line techniques (self-paced reading and eye-tracking paradigms) plus an off-line translation task, four experiments explore the use of syntactic and semantic information in L2 comprehension and the sensitivity to morphological violations in L2 processing by Korean late learners of English. A translation paradigm is used to examine how morphosyntactic and semantic knowledge are integrated in the language learner's mind. Task effects are examined by comparing cognitive processes involved in reading for comprehension and reading for translation. The degree to which L2 proficiency modulates processing behaviors is also considered. Expeirments 1 and 2 investigate how Korean learners of English integrate syntactic and semantic knowledge during processing L2 input in a translation task, using active/passive structures in English. The results demonstrate that L2 leanrers use both syntactic and semantic processing routes and that their interpretations are sometimes unfaithful to original context but often contain correct morphosyntax when output from the two routes conflict. Experiment 3 examines L2 learners0́9 reading behaviors compared to native speakers and the possible influences of reading goals on reading behaviors of L2 readers. The results reveal that reading time patterns of L2 learners are similar to that of native speakers, although L2 learners are influenced by semantic information to greater extent than native speakers. The results also indicate that the use of syntactic information in L2 speakers becomes more automatic as L2 proficiency increases, and that the translation task forces low-proficiency learners to increase attentions to syntactic information during on-line comprehension. Experiment 4 explores in an eye-tracking paradigm whether L2 learners show sensitivity to subject-verb agreement violations similar to native speakers during on-line comprehension, and how task effects modulate the sensitivity. The results show that L2 learners are able to display sensitivity to morphoglical violations during reading, and that the translation task forces L2 speakers to perform deeper processing, resulting in more native-like processing. All together, the four experiments in this disseration make contributions to L2 processing research, mainly revealing (a) L2 learners0́9 syntactic representations computed during on-line comprehension are not underused (under certain task conditions); (b) L2 learners0́9 sensitivity to subject-verb agreement violations are not reduced (under certain task conditions); and (c) reading goals and L2 proficiency affect the depth of processing in L2 comprehension. The overall results are discussed in lights of 0́8good-enough0́9 and goal-dependent (Christianson et al., 2001; Ferreira &Patson, 2007; Swets et al., 2008) language processing in L2, pointing to quantitative, rather than qualitative differences between L1 and L2 processing.

Working Memory And Language

Author: Susan E. Gathercole
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1317775279
Size: 40.20 MB
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This book evaluates the involvement of working memory in five central aspects of language processing: vocabulary acquisition, speech production, reading development, skilled reading, and comprehension. The authors draw upon experimental, neuropsychological and developmental evidence in a wide-ranging evaluation of the contribution of two components of working memory to each aspect of language. The two components are the phonological loop, which is specialised for the processing and maintenance of verbal material, and the general-purpose processing system of the central executive. A full introduction to the application of the working memory model to normal adults, neuropsychological patients and children is provided in the two opening chapters. Non-experts within this area will find these chapters particularly useful in providing a clear statement of the current theoretical and empirical status of the working memory model. Each of the following chapters examines the involvement of working memory in one specialised aspect of language processing, in each case integrating the available experimental, neuropsychological and developmental evidence. The book will therefore be of direct relevance to researchers interested in both language processing and memory. Working Memory and Language is unique in that it draws together findings from normal adults, brain-damaged patients, and children. For each of these populations, working memory involvement in language processing ranging from the speech production to comprehension are evaluated. Working Memory and Language provides a comprehensive analysis of just what roles working memory does play in the processing of language.

Psycholinguistics And Cognition In Language Processing

Author: Bu?a, Duygu
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1522540105
Size: 72.82 MB
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The relationship between language and psychology is one that has been studied for centuries. Influencing one another, these two fields uncover how the human mind's processes are interrelated. Psycholinguistics and Cognition in Language Processing is a critical scholarly resource that examines the mystery of language and the obscurity of psychology using innovative studies. Featuring coverage on a broad range of topics, such as language acquisition, emotional aspects in foreign language learning, and speech learning model, this book is geared towards linguists, academicians, practitioners, and researchers, seeking current research on the cognitive and emotional synthetisation of multilingualism.

Language Processing And Disorders

Author: Linda Escobar
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1527511952
Size: 27.85 MB
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Language processing is considered as an important part of cognition, with an ever-increasing amount of studies conducted on this field. This volume brings together research on language processing and disorders presented at the Experimental Psycholinguistics Conference in Madrid. It covers topics ranging across syntax processing, second language acquisition, bilingualism, lexical processing, and language disorders. The contributions here include studies about universal quantifiers, prepositional phrases, relative clauses, argument structure, personal pronouns, modal particles, anaphoras, relative clauses, long distance extractions, light verbs, small clauses, inflectional morphology, focus particles, prosody, acoustics, and phonotactics.