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Reading Comprehension Difficulties

Author: Cesare Cornoldi
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136488626
Size: 76.33 MB
Format: PDF
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Recognizing the characteristics of children with learning disabilities and deciding how to help them is a problem faced by schools all over the world. Although some disorders are fairly easily recognizable (e.g., mental retardation) or very specific to single components of performance and quite rare (e.g., developmental dyscalculia), schools must consider much larger populations of children with learning difficulties who cannot always be readily classified. These children present high-level learning difficulties that affect their performance on a variety of school tasks, but the underlying problem is often their difficulty in understanding written text. In many instances, despite good intellectual abilities and a superficial ability to cope with written texts and to use language appropriately, some children do not seem to grasp the most important elements, or cannot find the pieces of information they are looking for. Sometimes these difficulties are not immediately detected by the teacher in the early school years. They may be hidden because the most obvious early indicators of reading progress in the teacher's eyes do not involve comprehension of written texts or because the first texts a child encounters are quite simple and reflect only the difficulty level of the oral messages (sentences, short stories, etc.) with which the child is already familiar. However, as years go by and texts get more complex, comprehension difficulties will become increasingly apparent and increasingly detrimental to effective school learning. In turn, studying, assimilating new information, and many other situations requiring text comprehension -- from problem solving to reasoning with linguistic contents -- could be affected. Problems with decoding, dyslexia, and language disorders have attracted more interest from researchers than have specific comprehension problems and have occupied more room in specialized journals. Normal reading comprehension has also been a favorite with researchers. However, scarce interest has been paid to subjects who have comprehension difficulties. This book is an attempt to remedy this situation. In so doing, this volume answers the following questions: * Does a reading comprehension problem exist in schools? * How important and widespread is the problem? * Is the problem specific? * How can a reading comprehension difficulty be defined and identified? * Does the "syndrome" have a single pattern or can different subtypes be identified? * What are the main characteristics associated with a reading comprehension difficulty? * When can other well-identified problems add to our understanding of reading comprehension difficulties? * Which educational strategies are effective in preventing and treating reading comprehension difficulties? * What supplementary information can we get from an international perspective?

Reading Comprehension Strategies

Author: Danielle S. McNamara
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1136679294
Size: 47.27 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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First Published in 2007. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Children S Comprehension Problems In Oral And Written Language

Author: Kate Cain
Publisher: Guilford Press
ISBN: 1593858329
Size: 21.32 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Comprehension is the ultimate aim of reading and listening. How do children develop the ability to comprehend written and spoken language, and what can be done to help those who are having difficulties? This book presents cutting-edge research on comprehension problems experienced by children without any formal diagnosis as well as those with specific language impairment, autism, ADHD, learning disabilities, hearing impairment, head injuries, and spina bifida. Providing in-depth information to guide research and practice, chapters describe innovative assessment strategies and identify important implications for intervention and classroom instruction. The book also sheds light on typical development and the key cognitive skills and processes that underlie successful comprehension.

Understanding And Teaching Reading Comprehension

Author: Jane Oakhill
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317628993
Size: 75.51 MB
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The ultimate aim of reading is not the process but to understand what we read and comprehension can take place at many different levels. There has been an increasing emphasis on the importance of reading comprehension in recent years but despite this there is very little written on this vital topic accessible to trainee and practicing teachers. The Handbook of Reading Comprehension presents an overview of recent findings on reading comprehension and comprehension problems in children. It provides a detailed examination of the characteristics of children who have reading comprehension difficulties, and examines ways in which comprehension can be supported and improved. It is accessibly written for students and professionals with no previous background in the psychology of reading or reading problems. This indispensable handbook asks the question ‘what is comprehension?’ The authors consider comprehension of different units of language: understanding single words, sentences, and connected prose and outline what readers (and listeners) have to do to successfully understand an extended text. This book also considers comprehension for different purposes, in particular reading for pleasure and reading to learn and explores how reader characteristics such as interest and motivation can influence the comprehension process. Different skills contribute to successful reading comprehension. These include word reading ability, vocabulary knowledge, syntactic skills, memory, and discourse level skills such as the ability to make inferences, knowledge about text structure, and metacognitive skills. The authors discuss how each one contributes to the development of reading comprehension skill and how the development of these skills (or their precursors) in pre-readers, provides the foundation for reading comprehension development. Areas covered include:- Word reading and comprehension Development of comprehension skills Comprehension difficulties Assessment Teaching for improvement Throughout the text successful experimental and classroom based interventions will be highlighted, practical tips for teachers and summary boxes detailing key points and explaining technical terms will be included in each chapter

Reading And Learning Difficulties

Author: Peter Westwood
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136604332
Size: 21.37 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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All teachers recognize how crucial the acquisition of good reading skills is. This book will help teachers understand how pupils learn and help them to meet those pupils' different needs through appropriate intervention. The book includes: clear explanations of different learning difficulties; guidelines on types of assessment; advice on how to select the best type of intervention and support.

Supporting Dyslexic Adults In Higher Education And The Workplace

Author: Nicola Brunswick
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470974796
Size: 17.76 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Supporting Dyslexic Adults provides an overview of the latest research and best practice in supporting adults with dyslexia in higher education and employment. Many of these individuals may have received little or no dyslexia-specific support throughout their school lives; some will not have had their dyslexia identified until they reached university or started work. This book provides guidance on practical support that can be offered to dyslexic adults, and processes which can alleviate the emotional issues they face. The first section of the book focuses on dyslexia in higher education; it covers screening and identifying dyslexia in adulthood, and offers hands-on assistance for dyslexic students, to enhance their learning. Examples of successful practical support from universities and colleges are included to guide practitioners. The second section advises on supporting dyslexic adults in the workplace, preparing individuals for work, and offering strategies on disclosing their particular needs to employers and colleagues. It also considers the legal aspects of dyslexia support and crucially highlights the skills and strengths that dyslexic adults can bring to the workplace. Contributions are written by a wide range of experts in the field. Each one possesses a wealth of practical experience which provides invaluable guidance for dyslexic adults, professionals who support dyslexic adults, and employers of dyslexic staff.

Reading And Learning Difficulties

Author: Peter Stuart Westwood
Publisher: Aust Council for Ed Research
ISBN: 086431390X
Size: 45.20 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book is a guide to teaching reading more effectively to a wide range of children. It presents various research-supported approaches to teaching, explains why learning problems sometimes occur, and what can be done to prevent or overcome these difficulties.-- back cover, ed.

Improving Reading Comprehension Of Middle And High School Students

Author: Kristi L. Santi
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319147358
Size: 71.40 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This volume focuses on our understanding of the reading comprehension of adolescents in a high stakes academic environment. Leading researchers share their most current research on each issue, covering theory and empirical research from a range of specializations, including various content areas, English language learners, students with disabilities, and reading assessment. Topics discussed include: cognitive models of reading comprehension and how they relate to typical or atypical development of reading comprehension, reading in history classes, comprehension of densely worded and symbolic mathematical texts, understanding causality in science texts, the more rigorous comprehension standards in English language arts classes, balancing the practical and measurement constraints of the assessment of reading comprehension, understanding the needs and challenges of English language learners and students in special education with respect to the various content areas discussed in this book. This book is of interest to researchers in literacy and educational psychology as well as curriculum developers.

The Metalinguistic Dimension In Instructed Second Language Learning

Author: Karen Roehr
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1441168567
Size: 35.30 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The metalinguistic dimension refers to the way in which learners bring to bear knowledge about language into their learning of a second language, the "L2". This book brings together new research on the metalinguistic dimension, given its increasing importance in the study of L2 acquisition. In applied linguistics it is widely accepted that L2 learners develop and use knowledge about language when engaging with the challenging task of acquiring a new language; this applies to both children and adults. It is definitions of the metalinguistic dimension that vary, and findings regarding its role in L2 learning are not necessarily homogenous or compatible. The scope exists for further, empirical, detailed research. This book explores the nature, development and role of the metalinguistic dimension and will be essential reading for all SLA scholars and those working in language and education.

Reading Development And Teaching

Author: Morag Stuart
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1473943809
Size: 34.82 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This textbook will prove invaluable to teacher educators, teachers, educational psychologists, and any professional who is involved with teaching children to read. It provides a detailed examination of the processes that are involved in achieving fluent word reading skills and ability to comprehend written texts. Understanding these processes and their development empowers teachers to select appropriate, evidence-based teaching strategies and thus teach children more effectively. The book is in four parts: Part 1 provides the reader with a Tutorial Review covering essential knowledge about language, and presenting the two dimensions of the Simple View of Reading. Part 2 concentrates on the word reading dimension, with chapters on processes in skilled word reading, the development of these processes, and practical advice on research validated teaching methods to develop children’s word reading skills. Part 3 turns to the language comprehension dimension, with chapters on the comprehension of oral and written language, and on teaching reading comprehension. Part 4 introduces the reader to assessment practices and methods of identifying children with difficulties in either or both dimensions of the Simple View, and considers children with word reading difficulties and children with specific comprehension difficulties, describing effective evidence-based interventions for each type of difficulty.