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Reciprocity In International Law

Author: Shahrad Nasrolahi Fard
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131731218X
Size: 70.45 MB
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In international relations, reciprocity describes an environment in which States support one another for short- or long-term advantage through the balancing of rights, duties and interests. This book examines reciprocity in the context of international law. It considers the role reciprocity plays in the creation and development of international law as well as in the interpretation and application of international law. The book illuminates the reciprocal framework of international law and international relations by examining the role reciprocity plays in different types of States’ obligations, including bilateral, bilateralisable multilateral, non-bilateralisable multilateral and obligations erga omnes. The book examines how reciprocity is intertwined with the principle of equality, as the rights and obligations of States are equal irrespective of size and economic or military strength, and the beneficial effects of reciprocity in creating stability and cooperation amongst States.

Latin America And The International Court Of Justice

Author: Paula Wojcikiewicz Almeida
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317511352
Size: 19.49 MB
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This book aims to evaluate the contribution of Latin America to the development of international law at the International Court of Justice (ICJ). This contemporary approach to international adjudication includes the historical contribution of the region to the development of international law through the emergence of international jurisdictions, as well as the procedural and material contribution of the cases submitted by or against Latin American states to the ICJ to the development of international law. The project then conceives international jurisdictions from a multifunctional perspective, which encompasses the Court as both an instrument of the parties and an organ of a value-based international community. This shows how Latin American states have become increasingly committed to the peaceful settlement of disputes and to the promotion of international law through adjudication. It culminates with an expansion of the traditional understanding of the function of the ICJ by Latin American states, including an analysis of existing challenges in the region. The book will be of interest to all those interested in international dispute resolution, including academic libraries, the judiciary, practitioners in international law, government institutions, academics, and students alike.

The International Criminal Court And Global Social Control

Author: Nerida Chazal
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317589661
Size: 63.87 MB
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The International Criminal Court was established in 2002 to prosecute war crimes, crimes against humanity, and genocide. At its genesis the ICC was expected to help prevent atrocities from arising or escalating by ending the impunity of leaders and administering punishment for the commission of international crimes. More than a decade later, the ICC’s ability to achieve these broad aims has been questioned, as the ICC has reached only two guilty verdicts. In addition, some of the world’s major powers, including the United States, Russia and China, are not members of the ICC. These issues underscore a gap between the ideals of prevention and deterrence and the reality of the ICC’s functioning. This book explores the gaps, schisms, and contradictions that are increasingly defining the International Criminal Court, moving beyond existing legal, international relations, and political accounts of the ICC to analyse the Court from a criminological standpoint. By exploring the way different actors engage with the ICC and viewing the Court through the framework of late modernity, the book considers how gaps between rhetoric and reality arise in the work of the ICC. Contrary to much existing research, the book examines how such gaps and tensions can be productive as they enable the Court to navigate a complex, international environment driven by geopolitics. The International Criminal Court and Global Social Control will be of interest to academics, researchers, and advanced practitioners in international law, international relations, criminology, and political science. It will also be of use in upper-level undergraduate and postgraduate courses related to international criminal justice and globalization.

Advancing Peace Research

Author: Joel David Singer
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415779596
Size: 18.80 MB
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This is a collection by arguably the most important influence on quantitative research into the causes and attributes of war.

Routledge Handbook Of The Law Of Armed Conflict

Author: Rain Liivoja
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780415640374
Size: 23.86 MB
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The law of armed conflict is a key element of the global legal order yet it is recognised that this branch of law is often honoured more in the breach than in the observance. The Routledge Handbook of the Law of Armed Conflict provides a unique perspective on the field covering all the key aspects of the law as well as identifying developing and often contentious areas of interest driven by the changes in the nature of warfare. The handbook will feature original pieces by international experts in the field, including academics, staff of relevant NGOs and former members of the armed forces. Made up of six parts in order to offer a comprehensive overview of the field, the structure of the handbooks is as follows: Part 1: Basics Part 2: Principles of distinction Part 3: Means and method of warfare Part 4: Specially protected persons and objects Part 5: Contemporary issues Part 6: Enforcement Throughout the book attention is paid to non-international conflicts as well as international conflicts with acknowledgement of the differences. The contributors also consider the relationship between the law of armed conflict and human rights law, looking at how the various rules and principles of human rights law interact with specific rules and principles of international humanitarian law in particular circumstances. The Routledge Handbook of the Law of Armed Conflict provides a fresh take on the contemporary laws of war and is written for advanced level students, academics, researchers, NGOs and policy-makers with an interest in the field.

Biodiversity And The Law

Author: Charles R. McManis
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113657106X
Size: 80.29 MB
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How do we promote global economic development, while simultaneously preserving local biological and cultural diversity? This authoritative volume, written by leading legal experts and biological and social scientists from around the world, aims to address this question in all of its complexity. The first part of the book focuses on biodiversity and examines what we are losing, why and what is to be done. The second part addresses biotechnology and looks at whether it is part of the solution or part of the problem, or perhaps both. The third section examines traditional knowledge, explains what it is and how, if at all, it should be protected. The fourth and final part looks at ethnobotany and bioprospecting and offers practical lessons from the vast and diverse experiences of the contributors.

Security Development And The Fragile State

Author: David Carment
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135257051
Size: 48.52 MB
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This book provides theoretical clarity about the concepts of failed and fragile states, which have emerged strongly since the 9/11 attacks. Recent contributions often see the fragile state as either a problem of development or of security. This volume argues that that neither perspective on its own is a sufficient basis for good policy. In a wide-ranging treatment, drawing on large samples as well as case studies, the authors create an alternative model of the fragile state emphasizing the multidimensional, multifaceted nature of the "fragile state problematique". On the basis of their model and empirical evidence, they then derive a number of policy-relevant insights regarding the need for contextualized and ongoing country analysis, the perils and pitfalls of unstructured development assistance, and the need to move whole-of-government approaches from the realm of rhetoric to reality. In offering both a synthesis of existing research and an innovative approach to understanding the fragile state, this volume will be of great interest to students of war and conflict studies, risk, conflict management, and international relations in general. It will also be of use to practitioners in policy circles and to NGOs.

The Legality Of Non Forcible Counter Measures In International Law

Author: Omer Yousif Elagab
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN:
Size: 31.73 MB
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This book examines the history and current status of the non-forcible counter-measure (economic sanction), and, by unraveling the legal intricacies surrounding its application, elucidates the conditions under which states might be entitled to employ it.

Exorcising The Ghost Of Westphalia

Author: Charles W. Kegley
Publisher: Pearson
ISBN:
Size: 52.51 MB
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The authors of this groundbreaking book take as a point of departure the precedent-setting agreements established by the Treaties of Westphalia to illuminate the options for maintaining peace. The book describes the system of world order established by the Peace of Westphalia and offers readers an evaluation of its relevance for the increasingly globalized world of the early twenty-fist century, as well as proposing an alternative system of global governance. Provides comprehensive coverage of the causes of great-powers war, the evolutionary course of the Thirty Years' War, durable peace settlements, the relevance of Thirty Years' War to today's environment, and offers an alternative model of world order. For individuals interested in international relations and global issues.

Cooperating Without America

Author: Stefan Brem
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 45.64 MB
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The USA has long been considered dominant in the creation and shaping of global initiatives. Co-operating Without America examines a number of significant cases where, in spite of American opposition, the international community has still moved forwards with far-reaching agreements. By incorporating work from contributors in the USA and beyond, the editors consider how such agreements are reached and what these agreements tell us about the nature of international politics today. Each chapter addresses systematically the utility and predictive power of the major theories of international relations - realism, liberalism and constructivism - to analyze which theories of international cooperation and leadership best predicted these processes and outcomes. The detailed case studies in this book include: Kyoto Protocol on Climate Change International Criminal Court Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety Child Soldier Ban Small Arms Programme Landmine Ban The combination of detailed theoretical analysis and case studies make this a significant contribution to scholarship in international relations, and will be of particular interest to students and scholars of international relations theory, international politics and international law.