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Regulating Etechnologies In The European Union

Author: Tanel Kerikmäe
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319081179
Size: 31.72 MB
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The EU strategy 2020 includes ambitious plans for e-regulation that could improve Europe’s competitiveness. However, the European states have very different legal frameworks in this field. This book introduces flagship initiatives and provides a detailed overview and analysis of the current standards and latest developments, offering practical insights and guidelines for practitioners and policy-makers alike. Further, as it discusses the main areas of e-regulation, it can serve as a useful platform for university education in light of the growing need for new kinds of specialists, i.e. IT lawyers. The book concentrates on fields that are directly affected by e-regulation such as cyber-security, databases, computer programs, e-governance, IP and competition law and informatics.

The Future Of Law And Etechnologies

Author: Tanel Kerikmäe
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319268961
Size: 51.76 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book presents groundbreaking discussions on e-residency, cryptocurrencies, scams, smart contracts, 3D printing, software agents, digital evidence and e-governance at the intersection of law, legal policies and modern technologies. The reader benefits from cutting-edge analyses that offer ideas and solutions to some of the most pressing issues caused by e-technologies. This collection is a useful tool for law and IT practitioners and an inspiring source for interdisciplinary research. Besides serving as a practical guideline, this book also reflects theoretical dimensions of future perspectives, as new technologies are not meant to change common values but to accommodate them.

Legal Risks In Eu Law

Author: Emilia Mišćenić
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319285963
Size: 18.29 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book takes a completely new and innovative approach to analysing the development of EU law. Within the framework of different important areas of EU law, such as the internal market, consumer protection law, social law, investment law, environment law, migration law, legal translation and terminology, it examines the Union’s approach to the regulation and management of legal risks. Over the years, the Union has come to a point where it is becoming increasingly difficult to justify its authority to regulate in various areas of law. In managing legal risks deriving from the diversity of Member States’ laws, which create barriers to trade and hinder the Union’s economy, the Union itself has actually produced new legal risks that now have to be addressed. This failure on the part of EU institutions to manage legal risks has contributed to legal uncertainty for actors operating on the internal market. This book intends to contribute to the Union’s smoother functioning and continuing development by proposing effective concrete solutions for managing the legal risks distorting the development of various areas of EU law. It pursues an innovative and effective approach to identify legal risks, their causes at the EU level and their impacts on the functioning of the Union and its Member States. By presenting new approaches in this context, the first book on legal risk management in the EU will actively promote the improvement of the EU lawmaking process and the application of EU law in practice.

Renewable Energy In Europe

Author: European Renewable Energy Council (EREC)
Publisher: Earthscan
ISBN: 1849775141
Size: 15.75 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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"How can the European Union meet its binding 20% renewable energy target in final energy consumption by the year 2020? Which sources offer the best prospects for realizing this goal? These are the questions answered by this key book which analyses the current situation of renewable energy in Europe, examines the latest technological, financial and economic developments, and outlines ways in which the renewable energy market can be developed. The book is divided into sections examining the integration of renewable energy, electricity, heating and cooling as well as biofuels. All the main technologies are covered, with exploration of: benefits and applications; costs and prices; markets and installed capacity; policy instruments; key countries and success stories; and targets and long term potential. This will be essential reading for policy decision-makers at all levels and to all those involved in the development of the renewable energy industry."--Publisher's description.

Political And Legal Perspectives Of The Eu Eastern Partnership Policy

Author: Tanel Kerikmäe
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319273833
Size: 25.48 MB
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This book examines EU Eastern Partnership taking into account geopolitical challenges of EU integration. It highlights reasons for limited success, such as systematic conflict of EU External Action. In addition, the book analyses country-specific issues and discusses EaP influence on them, investigating political, economic and social factors, while seeking for potential solutions to existing problems. The reluctance of the Eastern countries to the European reforms should not reduce political pro-activeness of the EU. The authors suggest that EaP strategies should be reviewed to be more reciprocal and not based solely on the EU-laden agenda. This book is one of the good examples of cooperation between scholars not only from EaP and EU countries, but also from different disciplines, bringing diversity to the discussion process.

The Social Shaping Of Technology

Author: Donald A. MacKenzie
Publisher: Open Univ Pr
ISBN:
Size: 30.75 MB
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Technological change is often seen as something that follows its own logic -- something we may welcome, or about which we may protest, but which we are unable to alter fundamentally. This reader challenges that assumption and its distinguished contributors demonstrate that technology is affected at a fundamental level by the social context in which it develops. General arguments are introduced about the relation of technology to society and different types of technology are examined: the technology of production: domestic and reproductive technology; and military technology. The book draws on authors from Karl Marx to Cynthia Cockburn to show that production technology is shaped by social relations in the workplace. It moves on to the technologies of the household and biological reproduction, which are topics that male-dominated social science has tended to ignore or trivialise -- though these are actually of crucial significance where powerful shaping factors are at work, normally unnoticed. The final section asks what shapes the most frightening technology of all -- the technology of weaponry, especially nuclear weapons. The editors argue that social scientists have devoted disproportionate attention to the effects of technology on society, and tended to ignore the more fundamental question of what shapes technology in the first place. They have drawn both on established work in the history and sociology of technology and on newer feminist perspectives t

Liability For Crimes Involving Artificial Intelligence Systems

Author: Gabriel Hallevy
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319101242
Size: 51.23 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The book develops a general legal theory concerning the liability for offenses involving artificial intelligence systems. The involvement of the artificial intelligence systems in these offenses may be as perpetrators, accomplices or mere instruments. The general legal theory proposed in this book is based on the current criminal law in most modern legal systems. In most modern countries, unmanned vehicles, sophisticated surgical systems, industrial computing systems, trading algorithms and other artificial intelligence systems are commonly used for both industrial and personal purposes. The question of legal liability arises when something goes wrong, e.g. the unmanned vehicle is involved in a car accident, the surgical system is involved in a surgical error or the trading algorithm is involved in fraud, etc. Who is to be held liable for these offenses: the manufacturer, the programmer, the user, or, perhaps, the artificial intelligence system itself? The concept of liability for crimes involving artificial intelligence systems has not yet been widely researched. Advanced technologies are forcing society to face new challenges, both technical and legal. The idea of liability in the specific context of artificial intelligence systems is one such challenge that should be thoroughly explored.

The Social Dynamics Of Information And Communication Technology

Author: Dr Leslie Haddon
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1409491366
Size: 46.30 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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What shapes the role of Information and Communication Technologies in our everyday life? Despite the speed with which information and communication technologies such as the PC, mobile telephone and internet have found their way into society, there remains a good deal of debate surrounding their adoption and use. Through empirical studies covering a broad range of everyday life and work settings, this volume provides grounded insights into the social dynamics influencing how ICTs are both shaped and experienced. Specifically, the book examines the contributions of diverse disciplines to our understanding of these processes, the symbolic nature of technologies, the influence of design on the experience of ICTs, the role of users in influencing that design, the social constraints affecting the use of those technologies, and strategies for evaluating the social consequences of ICT innovations.

Copyright In A Borderless Online Environment

Author: Johan Axhamn
Publisher:
ISBN: 9789139016663
Size: 63.97 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Institutet för Rättsvetenskaplig Forskning genomförde i oktober 2011 ett symposium på Thoresta benämnt" Copyright in a borderless online environment". Boken, som är skriven på engelska, är en sammanställning av materialet från symposiet. Deltagare och bidragsgivare är Professor emeritus Stig Strömholm, Professor Paul Torremans (University of Nottingham), Barrister Gillian Davies, Assistant Professor Ulf Maunsbach (University of Lund), Professor Jan Rosén (Stockholm University), Professor Daniel Gervais (Vanderbilt University), Dr. Silke von Lewinski (Max Planck Institute for Intellectual Property and Competition Law), Professor emeritus Gunnar Karnell (Stockholm School of Economics), Advokat Peter Danowsky (Danowsky & Partners), Professor Marianne Levin (Stockholm University), Professor Marcus Norrgård (Svenska Handelshögskolan), Professor Bernt Hugenholtz (University of Amsterdam)

The Right To Be Punished

Author: Gabriel Hallevy
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 364232388X
Size: 52.48 MB
Format: PDF
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Does an offender have the right to be punished? "The right to be punished" may sound like an oxymoron, but it is not necessarily so. With the emergence of modern criminal law, the offender gained the right to be punished by rational criminal law rather than being lynched by an angry mob. The present-day offender may have the right to be punished by doctrinal sentencing rather than being subjected to verdicts based on vague, unclear, and uncertain principles. In modern criminal law, the imposition of criminal liability follows accurate and strict rules, whereas there are no similar rules for the imposition of punishment. The process of sentencing is vague and obscure, as are the considerations used for the imposition of punishments. The objective of the present book is to propose a comprehensive, general, and legally sophisticated theory of modern doctrinal sentencing. The challenges of such a legal theory are plenty and complex. In addition to increasing clarity and certainty, modern doctrinal sentencing must deal with modern types of delinquency (e.g. organized crime, recidivism, corporate offenders, high-tech offenses, etc.) and modern principles of criminal law. Modern doctrinal sentencing must serve to ensure optimal sentencing.