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Regulation And Compliance In The Atlantic Fisheries

Author: Stig S. Gezelius
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401000514
Size: 31.70 MB
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This is a book about fishermen's reasons for obeying fisheries law. The fish harvesting industry has become subject to state interference to an increasing extent over the past twenty years. As natural resources become scarce and subsequent fisheries regulations abound, the question of law-abidingness is brought to the public agenda. However, there is still little empirical data as regards the dynamics of compliance in this field, and this book aims to meet a demand for in-depth knowledge. The cases studied can be regarded as instances of economies dependent on the harvesting of natural resources for both household and the market, and the study aims to contribute to the building of more adequate theory on the dynamics of compliance in such economies. However, focusing on a specific type of setting seldom constitutes a safe escape route for getting away from more pervasive sociological questions, and it certainly does not in this case. As any attempt to explain social phenomena, this study is faced with the fundamental sociological question of how the acts of individuals can best be understood. The question concerns the interface between the individual and the collectivity – between collective morality and self-interest. It thus deals with classical sociological issues such as the nature and regulatory capacity of group norms and sanctions, and the forms and roles of rationality and strategic action.

Making Fishery Agreements Work

Author: Geir Hønneland
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 0857933639
Size: 74.64 MB
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This is a very readable book, which will be of interest to both practitioners and academics. . . From an academic point of view, the testing of theories on compliance is particularly fruitful. Here the author defines several elements that challenge and supplement the existing literature. . . The fundamental research question [of the book] is of great importance to the management of marine resources throughout the world. There is no longer any lack of international agreements. The challenge is how to implement the agreements through practical regulatory measures, and how to ensure compliance with the agreements. Here the book contributes important insights. Alf HOEkon Hoel, Nordisk stforum This book provides very detailed insights to how fisheries agreements can shape norms and set standards leading to a high degree of compliance and well-managed fisheries. It gives a very comprehensive description of the development of the management of the Barents Sea fishery since the 1990s, including an impressive account of the NorwegianRussian fisheries negotiations. Geir Hnneland provides an important contribution to and further advances our understanding on the factors influencing rule-compliance in fisheries and in fact beyond. Jesper Raakjr, Aalborg University, Denmark In Making Fishery Agreements Work, Geir Hnneland extends his reputation as a leading scholar on Norwegian/Russian fisheries relationships. His new contribution focuses on the complicated and hard to track post-bargaining processes that can be used to improve compliance over time in situations with large power differentials. Well grounded in compliance theory and common property resource management, Hnnelands interviews and personal observations capture the empirical motivations that underlie compliance in the joint Barents Sea fisheries. David Fluharty, University of Washington, US Fishing vessels plying the cold waters of the Barents Sea provide the empirical basis for this extraordinary effort to answer the question of what it takes for people and their governments to make and stick to agreements and follow the rules. Based on years of study of arrangements between Norway and the Soviet Union/Russia and interviews with the captains of the fishing ships that seek cod and other species in the far north, Hnneland brings findings and theory from many disciplines to the question. In so doing he offers a powerful argument about how post-agreement bargaining at both state and individual levels contributes to compliance and hence sustainable fisheries. Bonnie McCay, Rutgers University, US Environmental governance is not just a matter of laying down clear rules and regulations and then finding ways to enforce them. Developing the idea of post-agreement bargaining and drawing on his exceptional knowledge of the world-class fisheries of the Barents Sea, Geir Hnneland illuminates the ongoing processes of interpretation, mutual accommodation, and adjustment to changing circumstances that play an essential role in making environmental regimes work. Oran Young, University of California, Santa Barbara, US Why do people obey the law? And why do states abide by their international commitments? These are among the questions raised in this important book. The setting is the Barents Sea, home to some of the most productive fishing grounds on the planet, including the worlds largest cod stock. Norway and Russia manage these fish resources together, in what appears to be a successful exception to the rule of failed fisheries management: stocks are in good shape, institutional cooperation is expanding and takes place in a constructive atmosphere. The author argues that post-agreement bargaining helps activate norms and establish standard operating procedure that furthers precautionary fisheries management. The Barents Sea fishery is seen as one of the best-managed international fisheries in the world, and the book specifically enquires into the lessons to be learnt from the NorwegianRussian partnership. It will therefore prove to be of invaluable interest to practitioners, scholars and policy-makers working in the field of fisheries management and environmental agreements.

State And Environment

Author: Andreas Duit
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 026252581X
Size: 23.37 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This volume of comparative studies documents the continuing relevance of the state in environmental politics and policy. The book also demonstrates the analytical power of the comparative approach to the study of environmental politics and policy, offering cross-national comparisons of environmental governance in both developed and developing countries. Some chapters are based on qualitative studies from a small number of countries; others offer statistical analyses of quantitative data from many more countries over a longer time period.

Making Fisheries Management Work

Author: Stig S. Gezelius
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402086288
Size: 61.22 MB
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The state of the Northeast Atlantic fisheries in recent years has highlighted - plementation as the Achilles heel of modern fisheries management: discards and unreported or misreported landings are in many cases recognised to effectively subvert sound conservation goals. Social science literature on fisheries mana- ment has tended to regard the implementation of resource conservation policies mainly as a question of effective enforcement. This literature regards surveillance and penalty as the key mechanism through which fishermen keep to catch restr- tions and loyally report their catches. This book emerged because several years of research on fishermen’s compliance had made us uneasy about this rather narrow approach to the problem of implementation. This uneasiness motivated us to widen the approach to the question of implementing conservation policies in the fisheries. Taking Norway as an example, its fishing fleet consists of some 7,000 vessels spread along a coastline of more than 20,000 km, populated by less than 5 million people. The idea of ensuring desirable behaviour through surveillance and - forcement alone is almost absurd in such a context, as the task is impossible by any reasonable means. The Norwegian implementation system has thus had to rely heavily on the incentives provided by the rules and legitimacy created through a century of state/industry collaboration. Different coastal states face very different conditions in terms of solving typical implementation problems such as discards and misreporting.

Conservation Directory

Author: National Wildlife Federation
Publisher: Island Pr
ISBN: 9781559639521
Size: 44.91 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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For the past 47 years, the National Wildlife Federation Conservation Directory has served as the preeminent guide to the conservation community for a broad range of audiences. Now, for the first time, Island Press is joining with the National Wildlife Federation to produce and distribute this key reference.The 2002 edition will be the most comprehensive listing of conservation and environmental organizations yet published, with nearly 4,000 entries, including listings of: state, provincial, and federal agencies in the United States and Canada U.S. Congress members, including committees and subcommittees national and international governmental organizations U.S., Canadian, and international non-governmental organizations colleges and universities with conservation programs parks, refuges, and other protected areas conservation information resourcesEach entry contains detailed contact information including names, addresses, and telephone and fax numbers; also included are selected e-mail and internet addresses, descriptions of program areas, senior staff by name and responsibility, principal publications, and more. Entries are categorized by organization type and state or country, and indexed alphabetically and by subject, on subjects ranging from acid rain to zoology. Each person listed in the directory is also indexed alphabetically.