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Religious Giving And The Invention Of Karma In Theravada Buddhism

Author: James Egge
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136859152
Size: 70.35 MB
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Demonstrates that Buddhists appropriated the practice, vocabulary, and ideology of sacrifice from Vedic religion, and discusses the relationship of this sacrificial discourse to ideas of karma in the Pali canon and in early Buddhism.

Birth In Buddhism

Author: Amy Paris Langenberg
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1315512513
Size: 77.34 MB
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Recent decades have seen a groundswell in the Buddhist world, a transnational agitation for better opportunities for Buddhist women. Many of the main players in the transnational nuns movement self-identify as feminists but other participants in this movement may not know or use the language of feminism. In fact, many ordained Buddhist women say they seek higher ordination so that they might be better Buddhist practitioners, not for the sake of gender equality. Eschewing the backward projection of secular liberal feminist categories, this book describes the basic features of the Buddhist discourse of the female body, held more or less in common across sectarian lines, and still pertinent to ordained Buddhist women today. The textual focus of the study is an early-first-millennium Sanskrit Buddhist work, "Descent into the Womb scripture" or Garbh?vakr?nti-s?tra. Drawing out the implications of this text, the author offers innovative arguments about the significance of childbirth and fertility in Buddhism, namely that birth is a master metaphor in Indian Buddhism; that Buddhist gender constructions are centrally shaped by Buddhist birth discourse; and that, by undermining the religious importance of female fertility, the Buddhist construction of an inauspicious, chronically impure, and disgusting femininity constituted a portal to a new, liberated, feminine life for Buddhist monastic women. Thus, this study of the Buddhist discourse of birth is also a genealogy of gender in middle period Indian Buddhism. Offering a new critical perspective on the issues of gender, bodies and suffering, this book will be of interest to an interdisciplinary audience, including researchers in the field of Buddhism, South Asian history and religion, gender and religion, theory and method in the study of religion, and Buddhist medicine.

Proselytizing And The Limits Of Religious Pluralism In Contemporary Asia

Author: Juliana Finucane
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9814451185
Size: 64.33 MB
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This volume brings together a range of critical studies that explore diverse ways in which processes of globalization pose new challenges and offer new opportunities for religious groups to propagate their beliefs in contemporary Asian contexts. Proselytizing tests the limits of religious pluralism, as it is a practice that exists on the border of tolerance and intolerance. The practice of proselytizing presupposes not only that people are freely-choosing agents and that religion itself is an issue of individual preference. At the same time, however, it also raises fraught questions about belonging to particular communities and heightens the moral stakes in involved in such choices. In many contemporary Asian societies, questions about the limits of acceptable proselytic behavior have taken on added urgency in the current era of globalization. Recognizing this, the studies brought together here serve to develop our understandings of current developments as it critically explores the complex ways in which contemporary contexts of religious pluralism in Asia both enable, and are threatened by, projects of proselytization.

Sexuality In A Changing China

Author: Nicole Zarafonetis
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1315293919
Size: 13.96 MB
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Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Names: Zarafonetis, Nicole, author. Title: Sexuality in a changing China : young women, sex and intimate relations in the reform period / Nicole Zarafonetis. Description: New York, NY : Routledge, 2017. | Series: Routledge research on gender in Asia series | Includes bibliographical references and index. Identifiers: LCCN 2017001825| ISBN 9781138240148 (hardback) | ISBN 9781315293936 (ebook) Subjects: LCSH: Sex--China. | Sex instruction--China. | Sex role--China. | Dating (Social customs)--China. | Marriage--China. | Women--China--Social conditions. Classification: LCC HQ18.C6 Z37 2017 | DDC 306.70951--dc23 LC record available at

Buddhist Hagiography In Early Japan

Author: Jonathan Morris Augustine
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134352913
Size: 51.40 MB
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Hagiographies or idealized biographies which recount the lives of saints, bodhisattvas and other charismatic figures have been the meeting place for myth and experience. In medieval Europe, the 'lives of saints' were read during liturgical celebrations and the texts themselves were treated as sacred objects. In Japan, it was believed that those who read the biographies of lofty monks would acquire merit. Since hagiographies were written or compiled by 'believers', the line between fantasy and reality was often obscured. This study of the bodhisattva Gyoki - regarded as the monk who started the largest social welfare movement in Japan - illustrates how Japanese Buddhist hagiographers chose to regard a single monk's charitable activities as a miraculous achievement that shaped the course of Japanese history.

Theories Of The Gift In South Asia

Author: Maria Heim
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113587851X
Size: 42.50 MB
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This book explores the ethical and social implications of unilateral gifts of esteem, offering a perceptive guide to the uniquely South Asian contributors to theoretical work on the gift.

Buddhist World Of Southeast Asia The

Author: Donald K. Swearer
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 1438432526
Size: 36.31 MB
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A wide-ranging, readable account of the Theravada Buddhist thought and practice in the Southeast Asian societies of Thailand, Myanmar (Burma), Laos, Cambodia, and Sri Lanka.

Orientalism And Religion

Author: Richard King
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134632347
Size: 33.11 MB
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Orientalism and Religion offers us a timely discussion of the implications of contemporary post-colonial theory for the study of religion. Richard King examines the way in which notions such as mysticism, religion, Hinduism and Buddhism are taken for granted. He shows us how religion needs to be reinterpreted along the lines of cultural studies. Drawing on a variety of post-structuralist and post-colonial thinkers, such as Foucault, Gadamer, Said, and Spivak, King provides us with a challenging series of reflections on the nature of Religious Studies and Indology.

Constituting Communities

Author: John Clifford Holt
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 9780791456927
Size: 59.31 MB
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Explores how community is defined and how it functions among Theravada Buddhists in South and Southeast Asia.