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Repressed Spaces

Author: Paul Carter
Publisher: Reaktion Books
ISBN: 186189824X
Size: 32.91 MB
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In Repressed Spaces Paul Carter tours the cultural history of agoraphobia, the fear of open space. Its symptoms were first described in The Anatomy of Melancholy (1621) by Robert Burton, the British scholar and writer, although it wasn’t until 1871 that Carl Otto Westphal coined the term to describe several of his patients who experienced severe anxiety when walking through streets or squares. There have been many attempts to explain and treat the condition: critics of modernization have linked it to bad city planning; psychoanalysts, calling it "street panic", have blamed it on the Oedipus complex; psychiatrists have tied it to existential insecurity and describe it as the fear of places or situations that have triggered panic attacks. Freud believed that agoraphobia, like all phobias, was part of an "anxiety neurosis" and had a sexual origin. Taking as his starting-point the fact that Freud himself was agoraphobic, and analyzing the way people have negotiated open spaces from Greek and Roman times to the present day, Paul Carter finds that "space fear" ultimately results from the inhibition of movement. Along the way, the author asks why Freud repressed his agoraphobia, and examines literature, the work of architects and theorists – including Le Corbusier, Walter Benjamin and R. D. Laing – artists such as Munch, Lapique and Giacometti, and the German "street films" of the 1920s. He concludes by proposing a new way of regarding open space, a new "poetics of agoraphobia", one that is sensitive to the agoraphobe’s point of view and provides lessons for architects and urban planners today.

Roads Of Her Own

Author: Alexandra Ganser
Publisher: Rodopi
ISBN: 9042025522
Size: 27.19 MB
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Reading Jack Kerouac's classic On the Road through Virginia Woolf's canonicalA Room of One's Own, the author of this book examines a genre in North American literature which, despite its popularity, has received little attention in literary and cultural criticism: women's road narratives. The study shows how women's literature has inscribed itself into the American discourse of the Whitmanesque “open road”, or, more generally, the “freedom of the road”. Women writers have participated in this powerful American myth, yet at the same time also have rejected that myth as fundamentally based on gendered and racial/ethnic hierarchies and power structures, and modified it in the process of writing back to it. The book analyzes stories about female runaways, outlaws, questers, adventurers, kidnappees, biker chicks, travelling saleswomen, and picaras and makes theoretical observations on the debates regarding discourses of spatiality and mobility—debates which have defined the so-called spatial turn in the humanities. The analytical concept of transdifference is introduced to theorize the dissonant plurality of social and cultural affiliations as well as the narrative tensions produced by such pluralities in order to better understand the textual worlds of women's multiple belongings as they are present in these writings.Roads of Her Own is thus not only situated in the broader context of a constructivist cultural studies, but also, by discussing narrative mobility under the sign of gender, combines insights from social theory and philosophy, feminist cultural geography, and literary studies. Key names and concepts: Doreen Massey – Rosi Braidotti – Literary Studies – Spatial Turn – Gendered Space and Mobility – Nomadism – Road writing – Transdifference – American Culture – Popular Culture – Women's Literature after the Second Wave – Quest – Picara.

The Railway And Modernity

Author: Matthew Beaumont
Publisher: Peter Lang
ISBN: 9783039110247
Size: 60.29 MB
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Most research and writing on railway history has been undertaken in a way that disconnects it from the wider cultural milieu. Authors have been very effective at constructing specialist histories of transport, but have failed to register the railway’s central importance in the representation and understanding of modernity. This book brings together contributions from a range of established scholars in a variety of disciplines with the central purpose of exploring the railway less as a transport technology than as a key signifier of capitalist modernity. It examines the complex social relations in which the railway became historically embedded, identifying it as a central problematic in the cultural experience of modernity. It avoids the limitations of both the close-sighted empiricism typical of many transport historians and the long-sighted generalizations of cultural commentators who view the railway merely as a shorthand for the concept of progress over the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The book draws on a diverse range of materials, including literary and historical forms of representation. It is also informed by a creative application of various critical theories.

Sensible Spaces

Author: Edward H. Huijbens
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN:
Size: 11.63 MB
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The book SENSI/ABLE SPACES focuses on the ways in which space, art and the environment interlace and interact, dealing with the perception and conception of spaces in the built as well as natural environment. The book brings together a wide range of academics, from the physical sciences, social sciences and humanities, as well as artists who have an interest in the way space is sensed, understood and reconfigured. Spaces today are continually being reconstituted and reformulated in various ways, often relying on notions of what is sensible, narrowly defined by groups with an ideological agenda of some kind or vested economic interests. These sensible factors often obscure and ignore notions of the sensable-that which people perceive through the senses while being-in spaces. Space is a topic equally of various academic fields, such as geography, philosophy, sociology, anthropology, physics, bilology, and many more. But space is also the subject of - or a frame for - any artist, whose work is neither academic, in any standard sense of the term, and yet heavily theoretical or speculative.

Exploring Women S Studies

Author: Carol Berkin
Publisher: Prentice Hall
ISBN:
Size: 56.20 MB
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This important collection contains selections by twenty scholars who have won Woodrow Wilson Fellowships in Women¿s Studies over the last 30 years, and have helped establish and further women's studies; they write about the changes in their fields, their recent research, and the theoretical underpinnings of their work. A collection that shows how a feminist approach illuminates history, political science, anthropology, sociology, literature, and art. This is an indispensable book for those who want to know what contemporary scholars can tell us about women¿s lives and notions of gender.

Style And Function In Roman Decoration

Author: Ellen Swift
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing Company
ISBN:
Size: 42.90 MB
Format: PDF
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This important book puts forward a new interpretation of Roman decorative art, focusing on the function of decoration in the social context. It examines the three principal areas of social display and conspicuous consumption in the Roman world: social space, entertainment, and dress, and discusses the significance of the decoration of objects and interiors within these contexts, drawing on examples from the early Imperial period to Late Antiquity, including mosaics and other interior décor, silver plate, glass and pottery vessels, and jewellery and other dress accessories. Swift demonstrates the importance of decoration in creating and maintaining social networks and identities and fostering appropriate social behaviour, and its role in perpetuating social convention and social norms.