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Restoration Ecology

Author: Jelte van Andel
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444336355
Size: 29.47 MB
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Enlarged, enhanced and internationalized edition of the first restoration ecology textbook to be published, with foreword by Dr. Steven Whisnant of Texas A&M University and Chair of the Society of Ecological Restoration. Since 2006, when the first edition of this book appeared, major advances have taken place in restoration science and in the practice of ecological restoration. Both are now accepted as key components of the increasingly urgent search for sustainability at global, national, and community levels hence the phrase ′New Frontier′ in the title. While the first edition focused on ecosystems and landscapes in Europe, this new edition covers biomes and contexts all over the world. Several new chapters deal with broad issues such as biological invasions, climate change, and agricultural land abandonment as they relate to restoration science and ecological restoration. Case studies are included from Australia, North America, and the tropics. This is an accessible textbook for senior undergraduate and graduate level students, and early career scientists. The book also provides a solid scientific background for managers, volunteers, and mid–career professionals involved in the practice of ecological restoration. Review of the first edition: "I suspect that this volume will find its way onto the shelves of many restoration researchers and practitioners and will be used as a key text in graduate courses, where it will help fill a large void. My own copy is already heavily bookmarked, and will be a constant source of research ideas and lecture material." (Environmental Conservation) Companion Website: A companion website with downloadable figures is available at www.wiley.com/go/vanandel/restorationecology

Restoration Ecology

Author: Jelte van Andel
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISBN: 063205834X
Size: 40.90 MB
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Aimed at Masters, and PhD students, teachers, researchers and natural resource managers, this book explores the interface between restoration ecology and ecological restoration. Covers both the ecological concepts involved in restoration ecology and their practical applications. Written by an excellent group of ecologists from centres across Europe with a strong reputation for restoration ecology. Only textbook around aimed specifically at advanced undergraduate courses and postgraduate study programmes.

Renaturierung Von Kosystemen In Mitteleuropa

Author: Stefan Zerbe
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3662485176
Size: 77.46 MB
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Weltweit sind viele natürliche Biotope (u.a. Moore, Wälder, Flussauen) und durch historische Nutzung entstandene Ökosysteme (u.a. Heiden, Trockenrasen) stark beeinträchtigt oder zerstört worden, sodass wichtige Leistungen für den Menschen verloren gegangen sind und sie nicht mehr nachhaltig genutzt werden können. Dieser Trend kann nur durch eine zielgerichtete Renaturierung umgekehrt werde, um für zukünftige Generationen lebenswerte Bedingungen zu erhalten. In diesem Lehrbuch werden die konzeptionellen Grundlagen der Ökosystemrenaturierung erarbeitet und die abiotischen und biotischen Parameter erläutert. In den Kapiteln zu den einzelnen Ökosystemtypen der mitteleuropäischen Natur- und Kulturlandschaft werden jeweils deren typische Ausprägungen, die Beeinträchtigung durch den Menschen, die spezifischen Renaturierungsziele und Erfahrungen und Erfolge sowie Probleme der Renaturierung aus wissenschaftlicher und praktischer Perspektive beleuchtet. Eigene Kapitel beschäftigen sich mit den umweltethischen Hintergründen einer Ökosystemrenaturierung, den ökonomischen Faktoren sowie den Akteuren in der Renaturierung. Abschließend werden die Herausforderungen für die Zukunft der Renaturierungsökologie hervorgehoben. Das Lehrbuch soll Studierenden und Lehrenden unterschiedlicher Fachrichtungen (Biologie, Ökologie, Landschaftsökologie, Geografie, Umweltplanung, Naturschutz und Landschaftsplanung, Landespflege sowie Umwelt-und Ressourcenschutz) ein Grundlagenwerk an die Hand geben, mit dessen Hilfe sie das vorliegende Wissen reflektieren und fachgerecht anwenden bzw. weitervermitteln können. Außerdem soll das Buch Wissenschaftler und in der Renaturierungspraxis tätige Personen dazu anhalten, die noch bestehenden Wissenslücken gezielt durch weitergehende Forschungen und Praxiserfahrungen zu schließen.

Fifty Years Of Invasion Ecology

Author: David M. Richardson
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444330004
Size: 17.77 MB
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Invasion ecology is the study of the causes and consequences of the introduction of organisms to areas outside their native range. Interest in this field has exploded in the past few decades. Explaining why and how organisms are moved around the world, how and why some become established and invade, and how best to manage invasive species in the face of global change are all crucial issues that interest biogeographers, ecologists and environmental managers in all parts of the world. This book brings together the insights of more than 50 authors to examine the origins, foundations, current dimensions and potential trajectories of invasion ecology. It revisits key tenets of the foundations of invasion ecology, including contributions of pioneering naturalists of the 19th century, including Charles Darwin and British ecologist Charles Elton, whose 1958 monograph on invasive species is widely acknowledged as having focussed scientific attention on biological invasions.

Handbuch Naturnahe Begr Nung Von Rohb Den

Author: Anita Kirmer
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 383519030X
Size: 13.57 MB
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Eingriffe in Natur und Landschaft (z. B. Baumaßnahmen, Rohstoffgewinnung, Straßenbau) führen einerseits zu einer nachhaltigen Devastierung von Flächen, die nach Beendigung der Bau- bzw. Abbautätigkeiten wieder in die Landschaft eingegliedert werden müssen, andererseits müssen im Rahmen von Ausgleichs- und Ersatzmaßnahmen naturschutzfachlich wertvolle Flächen geschaffen oder wiederhergestellt werden. In vielen Bereich (z. B. Böschungen) steht dabei Erosionsschutz an erster Stelle. Die in diesem Buch vorgestellten Methoden ermöglichen darüber hinaus eine nachhaltige und standortgerechte Vegetationsentwicklung mit gebietsheimischen Arten. Zum Einsatz kommen dabei ansaatlose Verfahren wie Oberboden- und Mähgutauftrag sowie Mulchdecksaaten mit gebietsheimischem Saatgut. Das Buch ist nach verschiedenen Standortverhältnissen gegliedert, für die geeignete Methoden genau erläutert sowie Beispiele für die jeweiligen Zielzustände gezeigt werden. Der künftige Anwender erhält damit ein übersichtliches Handbuch mit Handlungsanweisungen für unterschiedliche Standorte. Die Angaben basieren dabei auf den neuesten wissenschaftlichen Erkenntnissen (u. a. SURE-Projekt).

New Models For Ecosystem Dynamics And Restoration

Author: Society for Ecological Restoration International
Publisher: Island Pr
ISBN: 9781597261852
Size: 14.62 MB
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As scientific understanding about ecological processes has grown, the idea that ecosystem dynamics are complex, nonlinear, and often unpredictable has gained prominence. Of particular importance is the idea that rather than following an inevitable progression toward an ultimate endpoint, some ecosystems may occur in a number of states depending on past and present ecological conditions. The emerging idea of restoration thresholds" also enables scientists to recognize when ecological systems are likely to recover on their own and when active restoration efforts are needed. Conceptual models based on alternative stable states and restoration thresholds can help inform restoration efforts. New Models for Ecosystem Dynamics and Restorationbrings together leading experts from around the world to explore how conceptual models of ecosystem dynamics can be applied to the recovery of degraded systems and how recent advances in our understanding of ecosystem and landscape dynamics can be translated into conceptual and practical frameworks for restoration. In the first part of the book, background chapters present and discuss the basic concepts and models and explore the implications of new scientific research on restoration practice. The second part considers the dynamics and restoration of different ecosystems, ranging from arid lands to grasslands, woodlands, and savannahs, to forests and wetlands, to production landscapes. A summary chapter by the editors discusses the implications of theory and practice of the ideas described in preceding chapters. New Models for Ecosystem Dynamics and Restorationaims to widen the scope and increase the application of threshold models by critiquing their application in a wide range of ecosystem types. It will also help scientists and restorationists correctly diagnose ecosystem damage, identify restoration thresholds, and develop corrective methodologies that can overcome such thresholds.

Restoring Natural Capital

Author: J. N. Blignaut
Publisher: Island Pr
ISBN: 9781597260770
Size: 38.16 MB
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How can environmental degradation be stopped? How can it be reversed? And how can the damage already done be repaired? The authors of this volume argue that a two-pronged approach is needed: reducing demand for ecosystem goods and services and better management of them, coupled with an increase in supply through environmental restoration. Restoring Natural Capital brings together economists and ecologists, theoreticians, practitioners, policy makers, and scientists from the developed and developing worlds to consider the costs and benefits of repairing ecosystem goods and services in natural and socioecological systems. It examines the business and practice of restoring natural capital, and seeks to establish common ground between economists and ecologists with respect to the restoration of degraded ecosystems and landscapes and the still broader task of restoring natural capital. The book focuses on developing strategies that can achieve the best outcomes in the shortest amount of time as it: • considers conceptual and theoretical issues from both an economic and ecological perspective • examines specific strategies to foster the restoration of natural capital and offers a synthesis and a vision of the way forward Nineteen case studies from around the world illustrate challenges and achievements in setting targets, refining approaches to finding and implementing restoration projects, and using restoration of natural capital as an economic opportunity. Throughout, contributors make the case that the restoration of natural capital requires close collaboration among scientists from across disciplines as well as local people, and when successfully executed represents a practical, realistic, and essential tool for achieving lasting sustainable development.

River Futures

Author: Gary J. Brierley
Publisher: Landlinks Press
ISBN:
Size: 64.65 MB
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Across much of the industrialized world, rivers that were physically transformed and ecologically ruined to facilitate industrial and agricultural development are now the focus of restoration and rehabilitation efforts. River Futures discusses the emergence of this new era of river repair and documents a comprehensive biophysical framework for river science and management. The book considers what can be done to maximize prospects for improving river health while maintaining or enhancing the provision of ecosystem services over the next fifty to one-hundred years. It provides a holistic overview of considerations that underpin the use of science in river management, emphasizing cross-disciplinary understanding that builds on a landscape template. The book frames the development of integrative river science and its application to river rehabilitation programs develops a coherent set of guiding principles with which to approach integrative river science considers the application of cross-disciplinary thinking in river rehabilitation experiences from around the world examines the crossover between science and management, outlining issues that must be addressed to promote healthier river futures Case studies explore practical applications in different parts of the world, highlighting approaches to the use of integrative river science, measures of success, and steps that could be taken to improve performance in future efforts. River Futures offers a positive, practical, and constructive focus that directly addresses the major challenge of a new era of river conservation and rehabilitation—that of bringing together the diverse and typically discipline-bound sets of knowledge and practices that are involved in repairing rivers. It is a valuable resource for anyone involved in river restoration and management, including restorationists, scientists, managers, and policymakers, as well as undergraduate and graduate students.

Old Fields

Author: Viki A. Cramer
Publisher: Island Pr
ISBN: 9781597260749
Size: 56.16 MB
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Land abandonment is increasing as human influence on the globe intensifies and various ecological, social, and economic factors conspire to force the cessation of agriculture and other forms of land management. The “old fields” that result from abandonment have been the subject of much study, yet few attempts have been made to examine the larger questions raised by old field dynamics. Old Fields brings together leading experts from around the world to synthesize past and current work on old fields, providing an up-to-date perspective on the ecological dynamics of abandoned land. The book gives readers a broad understanding of why agricultural land is abandoned, the factors that determine the ecological recovery of old fields, and how this understanding contributes to theoretical and applied ecology. Twelve case studies from diverse geographical and climatic areas—including Australian rainforest, Brazilian Amazonia, New Jersey piedmont, and South African renosterveld—offer a global perspective on the causes and results of land abandonment. Concluding chapters consider the similarities and differences among the case studies, examine them in the context of ecological concepts, and discuss their relevance to the growing field of restoration ecology. Old Fields is the first book to draw together studies on old fields from both a theoretical and practical perspective. It represents an important contribution to the development of theory on old field dynamics and the practice of ecological restoration on abandoned farmland, and the broader implications of old field dynamics to ecology and restoration.