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Revolution In The Social Sciences

Author: Bernard S. Phillips
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 0739171992
Size: 43.76 MB
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Revolution in the Social Sciences centers on integrating knowledge from sociology, psychology, anthropology, history, political science and economics in order to confront increasing worldwide problems that threaten all of us. That integration of knowledge of human behavior is essential for understanding those problems, given their enormous complexity coupled with the highly specialized nature of the social sciences and their limited communication across specialized fields. It carries further the ideas developed by the Sociological Imagination Group in the seven books it has published since its founding in 2000 (www.sociological-imagination.org): Beyond Sociology's Tower of Babel, Toward a Sociological Imagination, The Invisible Crisis of Contemporary Society, Understanding Terrorism, Armageddon or Evolution? Bureaucratic Culture and Escalating World Problems, and Saving Society. In addition to visible problems like war and terrorism with weapons of mass destruction that are becoming ever more threatening, there are relatively invisible problems. For example, there is an increasing gap between what people throughout the world want including a decent standard of living and freedom from patterns of hatred like racism, sexism and ageism and what they are in fact able to get. There is, then, an increasing aspirations-fulfillment gap, largely produced by the "revolution of rising expectations" over the past five centuries. Political leaders who attempt to confront problems can only make limited progress on them, largely because of the failure of social scientists to integrate their knowledge and thus yield the understanding of these complex problems that is required.

Scientific Knowledge And Its Social Problems

Author:
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 9781412833783
Size: 48.44 MB
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Science is continually confronted by new and difficult social and ethical problems. Some of these problems have arisen from the transformation of the academic science of the prewar period into the industrialized science of the present. Traditional theories of science are now widely recognized as obsolete. In Scientific Knowledge and Its Social Problems (originally published in 1971), Jerome R. Ravetz analyzes the work of science as the creation and investigation of problems. He demonstrates the role of choice and value judgment, and the inevitability of error, in scientific research. Ravetz's new introductory essay is a masterful statement of how our understanding of science has evolved over the last two decades.

Mind The Gap

Author: Kris Deschouwer
Publisher: Studies in European Political
ISBN: 9781786605412
Size: 32.56 MB
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This book draws a picture of a parliamentary and representative democracy that faces multiple tensions and multiple gaps.

Revolutionary Road

Author: Richard Yates
Publisher: Vintage
ISBN: 9780307456274
Size: 58.71 MB
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In the hopeful 1950s, Frank and April Wheeler appear to be a model couple: bright, beautiful, talented, with two young children and a starter home in the suburbs. Perhaps they married too young and started a family too early. Maybe Frank's job is dull. And April never saw herself as a housewife. Yet they have always lived on the assumption that greatness is only just around the corner. But now that certainty is about to crumble.With heartbreaking compassion and remorseless clarity, Richard Yates shows how Frank and April mortgage their spiritual birthright, betraying not only each other, but their best selves. From the Trade Paperback edition.

Seeing Like A State

Author: James C. Scott
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 0300128789
Size: 57.17 MB
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Why do well-intentioned plans for improving the human condition go tragically awry? In a wide-ranging and original study, James C. Scott analyzes failed cases of large-scale authoritarian plans in a variety of fields. He argues that centrally managed social plans derail when schematic visions are imposed on long-established structures without taking into account preexisting interdependencies.

Social And Sexual Revolution

Author: Bertell Ollman
Publisher: South End Press
ISBN: 9780896080805
Size: 39.30 MB
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The author of Alienation extends his original approach to social theory in this discussion of Marx's view of socialism, class analysis, and the problem of socialist consciousness, and Wilhelm Reich's contributions to the psychology of social change.

Resource Revolution

Author: Stefan Heck
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
ISBN: 0544114566
Size: 41.98 MB
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Offers practical advice on how managers can sieze the opportunities presented by the coming growth in demand for commodities in emerging markets.

Engineers For Change

Author: Matthew Wisnioski
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262304260
Size: 12.73 MB
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In the late 1960s an eclectic group of engineers joined the antiwar and civil rights activists of the time in agitating for change. The engineers were fighting to remake their profession, challenging their fellow engineers to embrace a more humane vision of technology. In Engineers for Change, Matthew Wisnioski offers an account of this conflict within engineering, linking it to deep-seated assumptions about technology and American life. The postwar period in America saw a near-utopian belief in technology's beneficence. Beginning in the mid-1960s, however, society--influenced by the antitechnology writings of such thinkers as Jacques Ellul and Lewis Mumford--began to view technology in a more negative light. Engineers themselves were seen as conformist organization men propping up the military-industrial complex. A dissident minority of engineers offered critiques of their profession that appropriated concepts from technology's critics. These dissidents were criticized in turn by conservatives who regarded them as countercultural Luddites. And yet, as Wisnioski shows, the radical minority spurred the professional elite to promote a new understanding of technology as a rapidly accelerating force that our institutions are ill-equipped to handle. The negative consequences of technology spring from its very nature--and not from engineering's failures. "Sociotechnologists" were recruited to help society adjust to its technology. Wisnioski argues that in responding to the challenges posed by critics within their profession, engineers in the 1960s helped shape our dominant contemporary understanding of technological change as the driver of history.

The Revolution Of Everyday Life

Author: Raoul Vaneigem
Publisher: PM Press
ISBN: 1604866780
Size: 21.20 MB
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Naming and defining the alienating features of everyday life in consumer society, an impassioned critique of modern capitalism argues that the countervailing impulses that exist within deep alienation present an authentic alternative to nihilistic consumerism. Original.

Nationalism Reframed

Author: Rogers Brubaker
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521576499
Size: 62.41 MB
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Nationalism Reframed is a theoretically and historically informed study of nationalism in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union. Rogers Brubaker develops an original account of the interlocking and opposed nationalisms of national minorities, the nationalizing states in which they live, and the external national homelands to which they are linked by external ties. He then analyzes contemporary nationalisms in historical and comparative perspective, tracing the parallels between the Eastern European nationalisms of today and those of the interwar period.