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Rheology Essentials Of Cosmetic And Food Emulsions

Author: Rüdiger Brummer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540290877
Size: 56.25 MB
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Cosmetic emulsions exist today in many forms for a wide variety of applications, including face and hand creams for normal, dry or oily skin, body milks and lotions, as well as sun-block products. Keeping track of them and their properties is not always easy despite informative product names or partial names (e.g. hand or face cream) that clearly indicate their use and properties. This practical manual provides a detailed overview that describes the key properties and explains how to measure them using modern techniques. Written by an expert in flows and flow properties, it focuses on the application of rheological (flow) measurements to cosmetic and food emulsions and the correlation of these results with findings from other tests. Beginning with a brief history of rheology and some fundamental principles, the manual describes in detail the use of modern viscometers and rheometers, including concise explanations of the different available instruments. But the focus remains on practical everyday lab procedures: how to characterize cosmetic and food emulsions with different rheological tests such as temperature, time, stress and strain, both static and dynamic. Also the critical topic of how the results correlate with other important product characteristics, for instance, skin sensation, pumping performance, stability etc. is carefully explored. Many pictures, illustrations, graphs and tables help readers new to the measurement of cosmetic emulsions in their daily work as well as to the more experienced who seek additional special tips and tricks.

Product Design And Engineering

Author: Ulrich Bröckel
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527654763
Size: 32.12 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Covering the whole value chain - from product requirements and properties via process technologies and equipment to real-world applications - this reference represents a comprehensive overview of the topic. The editors and majority of the authors are members of the European Federation of Chemical Engineering, with backgrounds from academia as well as industry. Therefore, this multifaceted area is highlighted from different angles: essential physico-chemical background, latest measurement and prediction techniques, and numerous applications from cosmetic up to food industry. Recommended reading for process, pharma and chemical engineers, chemists in industry, and those working in the pharmaceutical, food, cosmetics, dyes and pigments industries.

Polymers For Personal Care Products And Cosmetics

Author: Xian Jun Loh
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 1782622950
Size: 16.76 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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All aspects of the personal care industry will be comprehensively discussed in Polymers for Personal Care Products and Cosmetics, including polymer synthesis, safety issues, and potential applications of a variety of materials in this large industry. There will be a broad overview of cosmetic ingredients, vehicles and finished products as well as coverage of the main methodologies for synthesis, safety and application testing. The reader will be provided with a solid background of the fundamentals of the area, before being brought up to date on the future of this field, along with discussion of the latest materials trends and future perspectives. Written by a world renowned expert in the area, the book will provide a unique look into this fast developing industry from insights obtained from key experts in industry and academia. The advantages and disadvantages of the technologies involved in the development of these materials are highlighted, providing a balanced and thorough review of the current state-of-the-art research. This book will appeal to researchers, academics and students working in polymer and materials chemistry, particularly those with an interest in personal care products.

Scanning Force Microscopy Of Polymers

Author: G. Julius Vancso
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642012310
Size: 24.61 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Scope of the Book Synthetic and natural polymers exhibit a complex structural and morphological hierarchy on multiple length scales [1], which determines their performance. Thus, research aiming at visualizing structure and morphology using a multitude of microscopy techniques has received considerable attention since the early days of polymer science and technology. Various well-developed techniques such as optical microscopy and different forms of electron microscopy (Scanning Electron Micr- copy, SEM; Transmission Electron Microscopy, TEM; Environmental Scanning Electron Microscopy, ESEM) allow one to view polymeric structure at different levels of magni?cation. These classical techniques, and their applications to po- mers, are well documented in the literature [2, 3]. The invention of Scanning Tunneling Microscopy (STM) inspired the devel- ment of Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) and other forms of scanning proximity microscopes in the late 1980s [4, 5]. AFM, unlike STM, can be used to image n- conducting specimens such as polymers. In addition, AFM imaging is feasible in liquids, which has several advantages. Using liquid imaging cells the forces between specimen and AFM probe are drastically reduced, thus sample damage is prevented. In addition, the use of water as imaging medium opened up new applications aiming at imaging, characterizing, and analyzing biologically important systems.

X Ray Scattering Of Soft Matter

Author: Norbert Stribeck
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540698566
Size: 37.23 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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This manual is a useful ready-reference guide to the analytical power of modern X-ray scattering in the field of soft matter. The author describes simple tools that can elucidate the mechanisms of structure evolution in the studied materials, and follows this up with a step-by-step guide to more advanced methods. Data analysis based on clear, unequivocal results is rendered simple and straightforward – with a stress on careful planning of experiments and adequate recording of all required data.

Bioactive Egg Compounds

Author: Rainer Huopalahti
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540378855
Size: 43.39 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Bioactive Egg Compounds presents the latest results and concepts in the biotechnological use of egg compounds. Following an introduction to the different compounds of egg white, yolk and shell, the nutritive value of egg compounds is discussed. The text describes procedures for processing egg compounds to improve their nutritive value, including so-called enriched eggs. Also described is the isolation and application of egg compounds with special properties, such as antibiotic action.

Rheology Of Fluid Semisolid And Solid Foods

Author: Anandha Rao
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461492300
Size: 27.65 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This revised third edition of Rheology of Fluid, Semisolid, and Solid Foods includes the following important additions: · A section on microstructure · Discussion of the quantitative characterization of nanometer-scale milk protein fibrils in terms of persistence and contour length. · A phase diagram of a colloidal glass of hard spheres and its relationship to milk protein dispersions · Microrheology, including detailed descriptions of single particle and multi-particle microrheological measurements · Diffusive Wave Spectroscopy · Correlation of Bostwick consistometer data with property-based dimensionless groups · A section on the effect of calcium on the morphology and functionality of whey protein nanometer-scale fibrils · Discussion of how tribology and rheology can be used for the sensory perception of foods

Light Scattering From Polymer Solutions And Nanoparticle Dispersions

Author: Wolfgang Schärtl
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540719512
Size: 53.80 MB
Format: PDF
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Light scattering is a very powerful method for characterizing the structure of polymers and nanoparticles in solution. As part of the Springer Laboratory series, this book provides a simple-to-read and illustrative textbook probing the seemingly very complicated topic of light scattering from polymers and nanoparticles in dilute solution, and goes further to cover some of the latest technical developments in experimental light scattering.

Fundamentals Of Latex Film Formation

Author: Joseph Keddie
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789048128457
Size: 22.12 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book has emerged out of our long-time research interests on the topic of latex film formation. Over the years we have built up a repertoire of slides used in conference presentations, short courses and tutorials on the topic. The story presented in this book has thereby taken shape as it has been told and re-told to a mix of academic and industrial audiences. The book presents a wide body of work accumulated by the polymer colloids community over the past five decades, but the selection of examples has been flavoured by our particular experimental interests and development of mathematical models. We intend the book to be a starting point for academic and industrial scientists beginning research on latex film formation. The emphasis is on fundam- tal mechanisms, however, and not on applications nor on specific effects of formu- tions. We hope that the book consolidates the understanding that has been achieved to-date in the literature in a more comprehensive way than is possible in a review article. We trust that the reader will appreciate the fascination of the topic.