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Risk And Safety Analysis Of Nuclear Systems

Author: John C. Lee
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118043456
Size: 21.52 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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The book has been developed in conjunction with NERS 462, a course offered every year to seniors and graduate students in the University of Michigan NERS program. The first half of the book covers the principles of risk analysis, the techniques used to develop and update a reliability data base, the reliability of multi-component systems, Markov methods used to analyze the unavailability of systems with repairs, fault trees and event trees used in probabilistic risk assessments (PRAs), and failure modes of systems. All of this material is general enough that it could be used in non-nuclear applications, although there is an emphasis placed on the analysis of nuclear systems. The second half of the book covers the safety analysis of nuclear energy systems, an analysis of major accidents and incidents that occurred in commercial nuclear plants, applications of PRA techniques to the safety analysis of nuclear power plants (focusing on a major PRA study for five nuclear power plants), practical PRA examples, and emerging techniques in the structure of dynamic event trees and fault trees that can provide a more realistic representation of complex sequences of events. The book concludes with a discussion on passive safety features of advanced nuclear energy systems under development and approaches taken for risk-informed regulations for nuclear plants.

Advanced Concepts In Nuclear Energy Risk Assessment And Management

Author: Aldemir Tunc
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9813225629
Size: 43.62 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Over the past 30 years, numerous concerns have been raised in the literature regarding the capability of static modeling approaches such as the event-tree (ET)/fault-tree (FT) methodology to adequately account for the impact of process/hardware/software/firmware/human interactions on nuclear power plant safety assessment, and methodologies to augment the ET/FT approach have been proposed. Often referred to as dynamic probabilistic risk/safety assessment (DPRA/DPSA) methodologies, which use a time-dependent phenomenological model of system evolution along with a model of its stochastic behavior to model for possible dependencies among failure events. The book contains a collection of papers that describe at existing plant level applicable DPRA/DPSA tools, as well as techniques that can be used to augment the ET/FT approach when needed. Contents: Shutdown Probabilistic Safety Assessment (Marko Čepin) Dynamic Probabilistic Risk Assessment Model Validation and Application -- Experience with ADS-IDAC, Version 2.0 (Kevin Coyne and Ali Mosleh) MCDET: A Tool for Integrated Deterministic Probabilistic Safety Analyses (Martina Kloos, Nadine Berner, Joerg Peschke and Josef Scheuer) Why Sequence Dynamics Matters in PSA: Checking Consistency of Probabilistic and Deterministic Analyses (J M Izquierdo, J Hortal, M Sánchez and E Meléndez) Level 2 Probabilistic Risk Assessment Using Dynamic Event Tree Analysis (Douglas M Osborn, Tunc Aldemir, Richard S Denning and Diego Mandelli) EDF Experience in Integrated Deterministic Probabilistic Safety Analysis for Risk Assessment (Valentin Rychkov) Offsite Power Reliability Assessment for Nuclear Power Plants: An Application of Dynamic Reliability to Power Systems (Pierre Henneaux and Pierre-Etienne Labeau) Stochastic Differential Equations in Dynamic Reliability (Vytis Kopustinskas, Henrikas Pragarauskas and Juozas Augutis) Dynamic Event Tree Modeling of a Reactor Coolant Pump Seal LOCA (Kyle Metzroth, Richard Denning and Tunc Aldemir) Markov/Cell-to-Cell Mapping Technique for Stochastic Modeling of Dynamic Systems (Tunc Aldemir) Dynamic Flowgraph Methodology (DFM) Modeling of Nuclear and Advanced Technology System Risk and Reliability Scenarios (Sergio Guarro and Michael Yau) Dynamic Behavior of Nuclear Power Plant State Under Severe Accident Conditions: Analysis by the GO-FLOW Methodology and the Consideration of Loop Structures (Takeshi Matsuoka) Dynamic Accident Scenario Generation, Modeling and Post-Processing for the Integrated Deterministic and Probabilistic Safety Analysis of Nuclear Power Plants (Francesco Di Maio and Enrico Zio) Software Behavior Modeling for Dynamic Probabilistic Risk Assessment: Perspectives (C S Smidts) Readership: Graduate students, researchers and professionals in the field of nuclear engineering, risk analysis and reliability engineering. Keywords: Probabilistic Risk Assessment;Nuclear Energy;Nuclear Plant Reliability and SafetyReview: Key Features: Except for PSAM, ESREL and PSA conference proceedings which may contain some relevant papers, the most recent review publication on similar topics is Proceedings of the International Workshop on Dynamic Reliability, C Smidts, T Aldemir (Eds.), The Center for Risk and Reliability, University of Maryland, USA (2007) In addition to capturing more recent developments, the proposed publication differs from 2007 publication by concentrating on nuclear energy and also containing papers on risk management The book is a compilation of papers by almost all prominent researchers active in the field of dynamic probabilistic safety/ris

Nuclear Safety

Author: Gianni Petrangeli
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 008046078X
Size: 39.18 MB
Format: PDF
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Nuclear Safety provides the methods and data needed to evaluate and manage the safety of nuclear facilities and related processes using risk-based safety analysis, and provides readers with the techniques to assess the consequences of radioactive releases. The book covers relevant international and regional safety criteria (US, IAEA, EUR, PUN, URD, INI). The contents deal with each of the critical components of a nuclear plant, and provide an analysis of the risks arising from a variety of sources, including earthquakes, tornadoes, external impact and human factors. It also deals with the safety of underground nuclear testing and the handling of radioactive waste. Covers all plant components and potential sources of risk including human, technical and natural factors. Brings together information on nuclear safety for which the reader would previously have to consult many different and expensive sources. Provides international design and safety criteria and an overview of regulatory regimes.

Reliability And Risk Analysis

Author: Norman J. McCormick
Publisher: Academic Pr
ISBN:
Size: 52.46 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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A prior knowledge of probability theory would be helpful for the material in Part I; likewise, a previous introduction to the engineered safety features of a nuclear reactor makes portions of Part II easier to understand. For those without this background, introductory material is provided in Chapter 2 and the appendixes.

Probabilistic Safety Assessment For Optimum Nuclear Power Plant Life Management Plim

Author: Gennadij V Arkadov
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857093991
Size: 22.65 MB
Format: PDF
View: 441
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Probabilistic safety assessment methods are used to calculate nuclear power plant durability and resource lifetime. Successful calculation of the reliability and ageing of components is critical for forecasting safety and directing preventative maintenance, and Probabilistic safety assessment for optimum nuclear power plant life management provides a comprehensive review of the theory and application of these methods. Part one reviews probabilistic methods for predicting the reliability of equipment. Following an introduction to key terminology, concepts and definitions, formal-statistical and various physico–statistical approaches are discussed. Approaches based on the use of defect-free models are considered, along with those using binomial distribution and models based on the residual defectiveness of structural materials. The practical applications of probabilistic methods for strength reliability are subsequently explored in part two. Probabilistic methods for increasing the reliability and safety of nuclear power plant components are investigated, as are the use of such methods for optimising non-destructive tests, hydraulic tests, technical certification and planned-preventative maintenance. Finally, the book concludes with information on the use of probabilistic methods in ensuring leak tightness of nuclear power plant steam generator heat exchanger pipes. With its distinguished authors, Probabilistic safety assessment for optimum nuclear power plant life management is a valuable reference for all nuclear plant designers, operators, nuclear safety engineers and managers, as well as academics and researchers in this field. Discusses the theory and application of probabilistic safety assessment methods used to calculate nuclear power plant (NPP) durability and lifetime Reviews probabilistic methods in their application to NPP components and ageing pipelines for the forecasting of NPP resource lifetime and safety Addresses the key areas of probabilistic safety analysis, optimization of the operations through in-service inspection (ISI) utilising non-destructive testing, and maintenance, service and repair approaches

System Safety Engineering And Risk Assessment

Author: Nicholas J. Bahr
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466551615
Size: 44.62 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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We all know that safety should be an integral part of the systems that we build and operate. The public demands that they are protected from accidents, yet industry and government do not always know how to reach this common goal. This book gives engineers and managers working in companies and governments around the world a pragmatic and reasonable approach to system safety and risk assessment techniques. It explains in easy-to-understand language how to design workable safety management systems and implement tested solutions immediately. The book is intended for working engineers who know that they need to build safe systems, but aren’t sure where to start. To make it easy to get started quickly, it includes numerous real-life engineering examples. The book’s many practical tips and best practices explain not only how to prevent accidents, but also how to build safety into systems at a sensible price. The book also includes numerous case studies from real disasters that describe what went wrong and the lessons learned. See What’s New in the Second Edition: New chapter on developing government safety oversight programs and regulations, including designing and setting up a new safety regulatory body, developing safety regulatory oversight functions and governance, developing safety regulations, and how to avoid common mistakes in government oversight Significantly expanded chapter on safety management systems, with many practical applications from around the world and information about designing and building robust safety management systems, auditing them, gaining internal support, and creating a safety culture New and expanded case studies and "Notes from Nick’s Files" (examples of practical applications from the author’s extensive experience) Increased international focus on world-leading practices from multiple industries with practical examples, common mistakes to avoid, and new thinking about how to build sustainable safety management systems New material on safety culture, developing leading safety performance indicators, safety maturity model, auditing safety management systems, and setting up a safety knowledge management system

Probabilistic Safety Assessment And Management

Author: Cornelia Spitzer
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0857294105
Size: 50.71 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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A collection of papers presented at the PSAM 7 – ESREL ’04 conference in June 2004, reflecting a wide variety of disciplines, such as principles and theory of reliability and risk analysis, systems modelling and simulation, consequence assessment, human and organisational factors, structural reliability methods, software reliability and safety, insights and lessons from risk studies and management/decision making. This volume covers both well-established practices and open issues in these fields, identifying areas where maturity has been reached and those where more development is needed.

Risk Management Of Non Renewable Energy Systems

Author: Ajit Kumar Verma
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319160621
Size: 74.37 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book describes the basic concepts of risk and reliability with detailed descriptions of the different levels of probabilistic safety assessment of nuclear power plants (both internal and external). The book also maximizes readers insights into time dependent risk analysis through several case studies, whilst risk management with respect to non renewable energy sources is also explained. With several advanced reactors utilizing the concept of passive systems, the reliability estimation of these systems are explained in detail with the book providing a reliability estimation of components through mechanistic model approach. This book is useful for advanced undergraduate and post graduate students in nuclear engineering, aerospace engineering, industrial engineering, reliability and safety engineering, systems engineering and applied probability and statistics. This book is also suitable for one-semester graduate courses on risk management of non renewable energy systems in all conventional engineering branches like civil, mechanical, chemical, electrical and electronics as well as computer science. It will also be a valuable reference for practicing engineers, managers and researchers involved in reliability and safety activities of complex engineering systems.