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Risk And Safety Analysis Of Nuclear Systems

Author: John C. Lee
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118043456
Size: 24.32 MB
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The book has been developed in conjunction with NERS 462, a course offered every year to seniors and graduate students in the University of Michigan NERS program. The first half of the book covers the principles of risk analysis, the techniques used to develop and update a reliability data base, the reliability of multi-component systems, Markov methods used to analyze the unavailability of systems with repairs, fault trees and event trees used in probabilistic risk assessments (PRAs), and failure modes of systems. All of this material is general enough that it could be used in non-nuclear applications, although there is an emphasis placed on the analysis of nuclear systems. The second half of the book covers the safety analysis of nuclear energy systems, an analysis of major accidents and incidents that occurred in commercial nuclear plants, applications of PRA techniques to the safety analysis of nuclear power plants (focusing on a major PRA study for five nuclear power plants), practical PRA examples, and emerging techniques in the structure of dynamic event trees and fault trees that can provide a more realistic representation of complex sequences of events. The book concludes with a discussion on passive safety features of advanced nuclear energy systems under development and approaches taken for risk-informed regulations for nuclear plants.

Nuclear Safety

Author: Gianni Petrangeli
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 008046078X
Size: 74.38 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Nuclear Safety provides the methods and data needed to evaluate and manage the safety of nuclear facilities and related processes using risk-based safety analysis, and provides readers with the techniques to assess the consequences of radioactive releases. The book covers relevant international and regional safety criteria (US, IAEA, EUR, PUN, URD, INI). The contents deal with each of the critical components of a nuclear plant, and provide an analysis of the risks arising from a variety of sources, including earthquakes, tornadoes, external impact and human factors. It also deals with the safety of underground nuclear testing and the handling of radioactive waste. Covers all plant components and potential sources of risk including human, technical and natural factors. Brings together information on nuclear safety for which the reader would previously have to consult many different and expensive sources. Provides international design and safety criteria and an overview of regulatory regimes.

Advanced Concepts In Nuclear Energy Risk Assessment And Management

Author: Aldemir Tunc
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9813225629
Size: 59.70 MB
Format: PDF
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Over the past 30 years, numerous concerns have been raised in the literature regarding the capability of static modeling approaches such as the event-tree (ET)/fault-tree (FT) methodology to adequately account for the impact of process/hardware/software/firmware/human interactions on nuclear power plant safety assessment, and methodologies to augment the ET/FT approach have been proposed. Often referred to as dynamic probabilistic risk/safety assessment (DPRA/DPSA) methodologies, which use a time-dependent phenomenological model of system evolution along with a model of its stochastic behavior to model for possible dependencies among failure events. The book contains a collection of papers that describe at existing plant level applicable DPRA/DPSA tools, as well as techniques that can be used to augment the ET/FT approach when needed. Contents: Shutdown Probabilistic Safety Assessment (Marko Čepin) Dynamic Probabilistic Risk Assessment Model Validation and Application -- Experience with ADS-IDAC, Version 2.0 (Kevin Coyne and Ali Mosleh) MCDET: A Tool for Integrated Deterministic Probabilistic Safety Analyses (Martina Kloos, Nadine Berner, Joerg Peschke and Josef Scheuer) Why Sequence Dynamics Matters in PSA: Checking Consistency of Probabilistic and Deterministic Analyses (J M Izquierdo, J Hortal, M Sánchez and E Meléndez) Level 2 Probabilistic Risk Assessment Using Dynamic Event Tree Analysis (Douglas M Osborn, Tunc Aldemir, Richard S Denning and Diego Mandelli) EDF Experience in Integrated Deterministic Probabilistic Safety Analysis for Risk Assessment (Valentin Rychkov) Offsite Power Reliability Assessment for Nuclear Power Plants: An Application of Dynamic Reliability to Power Systems (Pierre Henneaux and Pierre-Etienne Labeau) Stochastic Differential Equations in Dynamic Reliability (Vytis Kopustinskas, Henrikas Pragarauskas and Juozas Augutis) Dynamic Event Tree Modeling of a Reactor Coolant Pump Seal LOCA (Kyle Metzroth, Richard Denning and Tunc Aldemir) Markov/Cell-to-Cell Mapping Technique for Stochastic Modeling of Dynamic Systems (Tunc Aldemir) Dynamic Flowgraph Methodology (DFM) Modeling of Nuclear and Advanced Technology System Risk and Reliability Scenarios (Sergio Guarro and Michael Yau) Dynamic Behavior of Nuclear Power Plant State Under Severe Accident Conditions: Analysis by the GO-FLOW Methodology and the Consideration of Loop Structures (Takeshi Matsuoka) Dynamic Accident Scenario Generation, Modeling and Post-Processing for the Integrated Deterministic and Probabilistic Safety Analysis of Nuclear Power Plants (Francesco Di Maio and Enrico Zio) Software Behavior Modeling for Dynamic Probabilistic Risk Assessment: Perspectives (C S Smidts) Readership: Graduate students, researchers and professionals in the field of nuclear engineering, risk analysis and reliability engineering. Keywords: Probabilistic Risk Assessment;Nuclear Energy;Nuclear Plant Reliability and SafetyReview: Key Features: Except for PSAM, ESREL and PSA conference proceedings which may contain some relevant papers, the most recent review publication on similar topics is Proceedings of the International Workshop on Dynamic Reliability, C Smidts, T Aldemir (Eds.), The Center for Risk and Reliability, University of Maryland, USA (2007) In addition to capturing more recent developments, the proposed publication differs from 2007 publication by concentrating on nuclear energy and also containing papers on risk management The book is a compilation of papers by almost all prominent researchers active in the field of dynamic probabilistic safety/ris

Reliability And Risk Analysis

Author: Norman J. McCormick
Publisher: Academic Pr
ISBN:
Size: 52.89 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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A prior knowledge of probability theory would be helpful for the material in Part I; likewise, a previous introduction to the engineered safety features of a nuclear reactor makes portions of Part II easier to understand. For those without this background, introductory material is provided in Chapter 2 and the appendixes.

Choosing Safety

Author: Michael V. Frank
Publisher: Earthscan
ISBN: 193311553X
Size: 69.66 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The technological age has seen a range of catastrophic and preventable failures, often as a result of decisions that did not appropriately consider safety as a factor in design and engineering. Through more than a dozen practical examples from the author?s experience in nuclear power, aerospace, and other potentially hazardous facilities, Choosing Safety is the first book to bring together probabilistic risk assessment and decision analysis using real case studies. For managers, project leaders, engineers, scientists, and interested students, Michael V. Frank focuses on methods for making logical decisions about complex engineered systems and products in which safety is a key factor in design - and where failure can cause great harm, injury, or death.

System Safety Engineering And Risk Assessment

Author: Nicholas J. Bahr
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466551615
Size: 52.98 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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We all know that safety should be an integral part of the systems that we build and operate. The public demands that they are protected from accidents, yet industry and government do not always know how to reach this common goal. This book gives engineers and managers working in companies and governments around the world a pragmatic and reasonable approach to system safety and risk assessment techniques. It explains in easy-to-understand language how to design workable safety management systems and implement tested solutions immediately. The book is intended for working engineers who know that they need to build safe systems, but aren’t sure where to start. To make it easy to get started quickly, it includes numerous real-life engineering examples. The book’s many practical tips and best practices explain not only how to prevent accidents, but also how to build safety into systems at a sensible price. The book also includes numerous case studies from real disasters that describe what went wrong and the lessons learned. See What’s New in the Second Edition: New chapter on developing government safety oversight programs and regulations, including designing and setting up a new safety regulatory body, developing safety regulatory oversight functions and governance, developing safety regulations, and how to avoid common mistakes in government oversight Significantly expanded chapter on safety management systems, with many practical applications from around the world and information about designing and building robust safety management systems, auditing them, gaining internal support, and creating a safety culture New and expanded case studies and "Notes from Nick’s Files" (examples of practical applications from the author’s extensive experience) Increased international focus on world-leading practices from multiple industries with practical examples, common mistakes to avoid, and new thinking about how to build sustainable safety management systems New material on safety culture, developing leading safety performance indicators, safety maturity model, auditing safety management systems, and setting up a safety knowledge management system

Design And Safety Assessment Of Critical Systems

Author: Marco Bozzano
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781439803325
Size: 78.77 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Safety-critical systems, by definition those systems whose failure can cause catastrophic results for people, the environment, and the economy, are becoming increasingly complex both in their functionality and their interactions with the environment. Unfortunately, safety assessments are still largely done manually, a time-consuming and error-prone process. The growing complexity of these systems requires an increase in the skill and efficacy of safety engineers and encourages the adoption of formal and standardized techniques. An introduction to the area of design and verification of safety-critical systems, Design and Safety Assessment of Critical Systems focuses on safety assessment using formal methods. Beginning with an introduction to the fundamental concepts of safety and reliability, it illustrates the pivotal issues of design, development, and safety assessment of critical systems. The core of the book covers traditional notations, techniques, and procedures, including Fault Tree Analysis, FMECA, HAZOP, and Event Tree Analysis, and explains in detail how formal methods can be used to realize such procedures. It looks at the development process of safety-critical systems, and highlights influential management and organizational aspects. Finally, it describes verification and validation techniques and new trends in formal methods for safety and concludes with some widely adopted standards for the certification of safety-critical systems. Providing an in-depth and hands-on view of the application of formal techniques to advanced and critical safety assessments in a variety of industrial sectors, such as transportation, avionics and aerospace, and nuclear power, Design and Safety Assessment of Critical Systems allows anyone with a basic background in mathematics or computer science to move confidently into this advanced arena of safety assessment.

Plant Hazard Analysis And Safety Instrumentation Systems

Author: Swapan Basu
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128038217
Size: 49.23 MB
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Plant Hazard Analysis and Safety Instrumentation Systems is the first book to combine coverage of these two integral aspects of running a chemical processing plant. It helps engineers from various disciplines learn how various analysis techniques, international standards, and instrumentation and controls provide layers of protection for basic process control systems, and how, as a result, overall system reliability, availability, dependability, and maintainability can be increased. This step-by-step guide takes readers through the development of safety instrumented systems, also including discussions on cost impact, basics of statistics, and reliability. Swapan Basu brings more than 35 years of industrial experience to this book, using practical examples to demonstrate concepts. Basu links between the SIS requirements and process hazard analysis in order to complete SIS lifecycle implementation and covers safety analysis and realization in control systems, with up-to-date descriptions of modern concepts, such as SIL, SIS, and Fault Tolerance to name a few. In addition, the book addresses security issues that are particularly important for the programmable systems in modern plants, and discusses, at length, hazardous atmospheres and their impact on electrical enclosures and the use of IS circuits. Helps the reader identify which hazard analysis method is the most appropriate (covers ALARP, HAZOP, FMEA, LOPA) Provides tactics on how to implement standards, such as IEC 61508/61511 and ANSI/ISA 84 Presents information on how to conduct safety analysis and realization in control systems and safety instrumentation

Probabilistic Safety Assessment And Management

Author: Cornelia Spitzer
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0857294105
Size: 46.50 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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A collection of papers presented at the PSAM 7 – ESREL ’04 conference in June 2004, reflecting a wide variety of disciplines, such as principles and theory of reliability and risk analysis, systems modelling and simulation, consequence assessment, human and organisational factors, structural reliability methods, software reliability and safety, insights and lessons from risk studies and management/decision making. This volume covers both well-established practices and open issues in these fields, identifying areas where maturity has been reached and those where more development is needed.