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Risk Assessment And Risk Management For The Chemical Process Industry

Author: Harris R. Greenberg
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471288824
Size: 56.11 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The tragic incident at Bhopal, India made it clear that safety reviews for identification and control of accidents involving toxic chemicals must be more systematic. This guide shows how to integrate hazard identification, risk assessment, consequence analysis, and risk mitigation into a formalized program for handling hazardous chemicals. Most of the 21 contributors are senior staff members at Stone & Webster Engineering Corporation. They discuss how to perform and supervise safety studies for chemical, petrochemical, petroleum refining, and other facilities. They discuss all aspects of detection, prevention, and mitigation of risks associated with processing, handling, and production of hazardous chemicals. Special attention is given to hazard identification and hazard assessment techniques ranging from simple screening checklists to highly structured Hazard and Operability (HAZOP) analysis. You're shown how to calculate potential consequences of identified hazards, quantify the likelihood of these events, and combine equipment failure rate data and human reliability analysis with hazard assessment. You'll also benefit from the book's rundowns of how to * apply expert systems and artificial intelligence in risk management * instill safety-oriented operating and maintenance procedures * train operators and emergency response personnel * conduct internal and external safety audits * perform chemical dispersion, explosion, and fire analyses * assess health effects from chemical releases * use insurance vehicles to deal with residual risk. Risk Assessment and Risk Management for the Chemical Process Industry is an essential source on minimizing the dangers of toxic incidents and accidents. It is essential reading for safety engineers, regulatory managers, environmental engineers, and other professionals responsible for safety in chemical plants.

Risk Assessment And Risk Management For The Chemical Process Industry

Author: Harris R. Greenberg
Publisher: Van Nostrand Reinhold Company
ISBN: 9780442234386
Size: 56.71 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 1975
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The tragic incident at Bhopal, India made it clear that safety reviews for identification and control of accidents involving toxic chemicals must be more systematic. This guide shows how to integrate hazard identification, risk assessment, consequence analysis, and risk mitigation into a formalized program for handling hazardous chemicals. Most of the 21 contributors are senior staff members at Stone & Webster Engineering Corporation. They discuss how to perform and supervise safety studies for chemical, petrochemical, petroleum refining, and other facilities. They discuss all aspects of detection, prevention, and mitigation of risks associated with processing, handling, and production of hazardous chemicals. Special attention is given to hazard identification and hazard assessment techniques ranging from simple screening checklists to highly structured Hazard and Operability (HAZOP) analysis. You're shown how to calculate potential consequences of identified hazards, quantify the likelihood of these events, and combine equipment failure rate data and human reliability analysis with hazard assessment. You'll also benefit from the book's rundowns of how to apply expert systems and artificial intelligence in risk management instill safety-oriented operating and maintenance procedures train operators and emergency response personnel conduct internal and external safety audits perform chemical dispersion, explosion, and fire analyses assess health effects from chemical releases use insurance vehicles to deal with residual risk. Risk Assessment and Risk Management for the Chemical Process Industry is an essential source on minimizing the dangers of toxic incidents and accidents. It is essential reading for safety engineers, regulatory managers, environmental engineers, and other professionals responsible for safety in chemical plants.

Managing Risk And Reliability Of Process Plants

Author: Mark Tweeddale
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080469836
Size: 58.68 MB
Format: PDF
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There is much specialist material written about different elements of managing risks of hazardous industries, such as hazard identification, risk analysis, and risk management. Managing Risk and Reliability of Process Plants provides a systematic and integrated coverage of all these elements in sufficient detail for the reader to be able to pursue more detailed study of particular elements or topics from a good appreciation of the whole field. The reader would use this book to keep up to date with new developments and, if they are new to the job, to learn more about the subject. The text includes a chapter of case studies and worked examples - including examples of risk assessments, which is consistent with the approach taken throughout the book of applying real-life scenarios and approaches. * Provides a source for reasonable understanding across the whole field of risk management and risk assessment. * Focuses on the how, what, and why of risk management using a consistent and well organized writing style interspersed with case studies, examples, exercises, as well as end matter. * Fills a need in the area of risk assessment and risk management in the process and chemical engineering industry as an essential multi-audience reference/resource tool, useful to managers and students.

Chemical Risk Assessment

Author: Peter Fisk
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118684079
Size: 64.31 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book is an essential guide and support to understanding of the science and policy, procedure and practice that underpins the REACH risk assessments required for the use and placing on the market of chemicals in the European Union. A clear understanding of information provision and how this affects the assessment of chemical safety is fundamentally important to the success of policy on chemicals and ultimately to the sustainability of the chemicals industry. Within the book, the scientific processes that underpin the policy are explained in a practical way. Importantly, it includes coverage of techniques to help solve the problems of using potentially risky and hazardous chemicals through the use of less hazardous alternatives and ‘green chemistry’, and also the analysis of the risks of the use of the most hazardous substances against the social and economic benefits of use. Chemical Risk Assessment: A Manual for REACH covers the following main themes: i) Assessment of chemical risk; ii) Risk management; iii) Hazard reduction, substitution and green chemistry; iv) Risk versus benefit – socio-economic analysis. The book acts as a practical guide and overview to chemicals risk assessment and risk management (in the EU context), as well as a support text for planning for the challenges of the future, which will see ever-increasing pressure to withdraw hazardous substances from the EU (and global) market, balanced against opportunities for innovation in the development of less hazardous chemicals.

Security Risk Assessment

Author: Genserik Reniers
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110499088
Size: 72.28 MB
Format: PDF
View: 5918
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This book deals with the state-of-the-art of physical security knowledge and research in the chemical and process industries. Legislation differences between Europe and the USA are investigated, followed by an overview of the how, what and why of contemporary security risk assessment in this particular industrial sector. Innovative solutions such as attractiveness calculations and the use of game theory, advancing the present science of adversarial risk analysis, are discussed. The book further stands up for developing and employing dynamic security risk assessments, for instance based on Bayesian networks, and using OR methods to truly move security forward in the chemical and process industries.

Risk Analysis And Control For Industrial Processes Gas Oil And Chemicals

Author: Hans J Pasman
Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann
ISBN: 0128009128
Size: 31.75 MB
Format: PDF
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Risk Analysis and Control for Industrial Processes - Gas, Oil and Chemicals provides an analysis of current approaches for preventing disasters, and gives readers an overview on which methods to adopt. The book covers safety regulations, history and trends, industrial disasters, safety problems, safety tools, and capital and operational costs versus the benefits of safety, all supporting project decision processes. Tools covered include present day array of risk assessment, tools including HAZOP, LOPA and ORA, but also new approaches such as System-Theoretic Process Analysis (STPA), Blended HAZID, applications of Bayesian data analytics, Bayesian networks, and others. The text is supported by valuable examples to help the reader achieve a greater understanding on how to perform safety analysis, identify potential issues, and predict the likelihood they may appear. Presents new methods on how to identify hazards of low probability/high consequence events Contains information on how to develop and install safeguards against such events, with guidance on how to quantify risk and its uncertainty, and how to make economic and societal decisions about risk Demonstrates key concepts through the use of examples and relevant case studies

Human Fatigue Risk Management

Author: Susan L. Murray
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128026642
Size: 60.97 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Human Fatigue Risk Management: Improving Safety in the Chemical Processing Industry teaches users everything they need to know to mitigate the risk of fatigued workers in a plant or refinery. As human fatigue has been directly linked to several major disasters, the book explores the API RP 755 guidelines that were released to reduce these types of incidents. This book will help users follow API RP 755 and/or implement a fatigue risk management system in their organization. Susan Murray, a recognized expert in the field of sleep deprivation and its relation to high hazard industries, has written this book to be useful for HSE managers, plant and project managers, occupational safety professionals, and engineers and managers in the chemical processing industry. As scheduling of shifts is an important factor in reducing fatigue and accident rates, users will learn the benefits of more frequent staff rotation and how to implement an ideal scheduling plan. The book goes beyond API RP 755, offering more detailed understanding of why certain measures for managing fatigue are beneficial to a company, including examples of how theory can be put into practice. It is a simple, digestible book for managers who are interested in addressing human factor issues at their workplace in order to raise safety standards. Covers sleep, sleep disorders, and the consequences of fatigue as related to high-hazard industries Helps improve safety standards at the plant level Provides information on how to comply with API RP 755 and related OSHA 29CFR1910 articles Relates fatigue and human performance to accidents, helping readers make a case for implementing a human fatigue risk management policy, which, in turn, prevents loss of property and life

Methods In Chemical Process Safety

Author:
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128115483
Size: 22.30 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Methods in Chemical Process Safety, Volume 1, publishes fully commissioned reviews across the field of process safety, risk assessment and management and loss prevention. It aims to serve as an informative tool and user manual for process safety for both engineering researchers and practitioners. Publishing one themed volume a year, the publication provides a resource detailing the latest methods in the field of chemical process safety. Helps acquaint the reader/researcher with the fundamentals of process safety Provides the most recent advancements and contributions on the topic from a practical point-of-view Presents users with the views/opinions of experts in each topic Includes a selection of the author(s) of each chapter from among the leading researchers and/or practitioners for each given topic

Natech Risk Assessment And Management

Author: Elisabeth Krausmann
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128038799
Size: 65.30 MB
Format: PDF
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Natech Risk Assessment and Management: Reducing the Risk of Natural-Hazard Impact on Hazardous Installations covers the entire spectrum of issues pertinent to Natech risk assessment and management. After a thorough introduction of the topic that includes definitions of terms, authors Krausmann, Cruz, and Salzano discuss various examples of international frameworks and provide a detailed view of the implementation of Natech Risk Management in the EU and OECD. There is a dedicated chapter on natural-hazard prediction and measurement from an engineering perspective, as well as a consideration of the impact of climate change on Natech risk. The authors also discuss selected Natech accidents, including recent examples, and provide specific ‘lessons learned’ from each, as well as an analysis of all essential elements of Natech risk assessment, such as plant layout, substance hazards, and equipment vulnerability. The final section of the book is dedicated to the reduction of Natech risk, including structural and organizational prevention and mitigation measures, as well as early warning issues and emergency foreword planning. Teaches chemical engineers and safety managers how to safeguard chemical processing plants and pipelines against natural disasters Includes international regulations and explains how to conduct a natural hazards risk assessment, both of which are supported by examples and case studies Discusses a broad range of hazards and the multidisciplinary aspects of risk assessment in a detailed and accessible style

Risk Assessment Of Chemicals An Introduction

Author: C.J. van Leeuwen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780792337409
Size: 34.92 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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In recent years many developments have taken place in promote co-operation between governments and other the field of risk assessment of chemicals. Many reports parties involved in chemical safety and to provide policy have been published by national authorities, industries guidance with emphasis on regional and subregional co and scientific researchers as well as by international bod operation. The Inter-Organization Programme for the ies such as the European Union, the Organization of Sound Management of Chemicals (IOMC) was estab Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and lished in 1995 and provides a mechanism for the six par the joint International Programme on Chemical Safety ticipating organizations (UNEP, ILO, FAO, UNIDO,WHO (IPCS) of the World Health Organization (WHO), the and OECD) to better co-ordinate policies and activities in International Labour Organization (lLO), and the United the field of chemical risk management. Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). The present book is an introduction to risk assessment of The development and international harmonization of risk chemicals. It contains basic background information on assessment methods is an important challenge. In sources, emissions, distribution and fate processes for Agenda 21 of the United Nations Conference on exposure estimation. It includes dose-effects estimation Environment and Development (UNCED), chapter 19 is for both human health related toxicology and ecotoxicol entirely devoted to the management of chemicals. For ogy as well as information on estimation methodologies. one of its recommendations, i. e.