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Risk21 Coping With Risks Due To Natural Hazards In The 21st Century

Author: Walter J. Ammann
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780203963562
Size: 78.33 MB
Format: PDF
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Over the last two decades, there has been an increase in the number of natural hazards which have culminated in catastrophic consequences, severely impacting on people and livelihoods. In response to this escalation, the Swiss Natural Hazards Competence Centre (CENAT) organized a workshop entitled "RISK21" at the Centro Stefano Franscini, Monte Verità, Ascona, Switzerland from 28 November to 3 December, 2004. More than 50 risk experts from nine countries participated, drawn from research institutions, private industry, governmental agencies and non-governmental organizations. The workshop focused on different aspects of risk management, highlighted current drawbacks, and discussed possible ways of reducing disaster risk. The themes addressed included economic, technical and social issues related to disaster impact, risk analysis and assessment, risk perception and aversion, risk dialogue and sustainable risk management.

Risk Analysis Vi

Author: C. A. Brebbia
Publisher: WIT Press
ISBN: 1845641043
Size: 28.66 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Covering a series of important topics which are of current research interest and have practical applications, this book examines all aspects of risk analysis and hazard mitigation, ranging from specific assessment of risk to mitigation associated with both natural and anthropogenic hazards.

Natural Disasters And Risk Management In Canada

Author: Nirupama Agrawal
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9402412832
Size: 71.11 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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These chapters provide valuable and comprehensive information on a variety of hazards, including both scientific and social aspects of disasters. The work introduces the concept of large, medium and small scale hazards, and includes many useful case studies as well as working examples of theoretical concepts. As readers will acknowledge, today the distinction between natural and technological hazards is becoming blurred and a new concept of NATECH hazards is evolving. For permanent hazards (such as tides, wind waves, coastal erosion and climate change) routine predictions are made, whereas for evanescent hazards (including droughts, sea level rise, and coastal subsidence), monitoring of various parameters is the norm. Only for episodic hazards (for example hurricanes, winter storms, tsunamis, and river floods), early warning systems are used, with varying degrees of success. The book explores how, for certain episodic hazards like tornadoes, landslides, forest fires, snow avalanches, and volcanic eruptions, the early warning systems are still in various stages of development. Readers will gain knowledge of theoretical and practical concepts of risk evaluation which assist in better understanding of disaster dynamics, and readers will become better equipped in quantification of disaster risk and vulnerability. The author explains how risk reduction initiatives, taking into account stakeholders’ participation and perception, can provide a roadmap to building resilient communities and cities. This book will be useful not only to practitioners of disaster management but also to research scholars and graduate students. It is highly readable and will appeal more broadly too, to all those who are interested in the very latest thinking on, and expert analysis of, hazards and disasters.

Landslide Science And Practice

Author: Claudio Margottini
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642313132
Size: 67.82 MB
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This book contains peer-reviewed papers from the Second World Landslide Forum, organised by the International Consortium on Landslides (ICL), that took place in September 2011. The entire material from the conference has been split into seven volumes, this one is the seventh: 1. Landslide Inventory and Susceptibility and Hazard Zoning, 2. Early Warning, Instrumentation and Monitoring, 3. Spatial Analysis and Modelling, 4. Global Environmental Change, 5. Complex Environment, 6. Risk Assessment, Management and Mitigation, 7. Social and Economic Impact and Policies.

Landslide Databases As Tools For Integrated Assessment Of Landslide Risk

Author: Martin Klose
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319204033
Size: 32.26 MB
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This doctoral thesis presents a novel approach to landslide risk assessment that explores the various dimensions of landslide risk in an integrated perspective. The research approach introduced here is tailored for use with landslide databases and Geographic Information Systems (GIS). A landslide susceptibility model is at the heart of this new approach, enabling to identify and delineate areas at risk of landslides and to assess infrastructure exposure. Landslide risk is a pressing societal issue that is still poorly understood. Temporal landslide hazard is derived from landslide frequency statistics and a hydrological simulation approach to estimate triggering thresholds. These methods are integrated into a powerful toolset for cost modeling that uses historical data to compile, model, and extrapolate damage costs on different spatial scales over time. The combination of this toolset with techniques to analyze fiscal cost impacts supports integrated risk assessment by quantifying the economic relevance of landslide losses.

Landslide Risk Assessment

Author: E. Mark Lee
Publisher: Thomas Telford
ISBN: 9780727731715
Size: 67.72 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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There has been a gradual shift away from relying on engineering solutions to individual landslide problems, to the use of various strategies to manage the problems over a broad area. This book addresses these developments and provides a multidisciplinary perspective on landslide management.

Natural Disaster Risk Management And Financing Disaster Losses In Developing Countries

Author: Reinhard Mechler
Publisher: Verlag Versicherungswirtsch.
ISBN: 9783899521207
Size: 37.73 MB
Format: PDF
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Natural disasters may cause large economic impacts and impede socioeconomic development in developing countries considerably. Increasingly, risk management, the management of disasters before the actual occurrence of events, is being advocated. Risk financing measures taken by national governments, such as insurance und reinsurance, are important components of a risk management strategy. Often developing countries are not able to finance the costs of relief and reconstruction by their own means and have to rely on the international donor community as their "reinsurer of last resort". The main objective of the book is to establish a platform to provide information on the costs caused by disasters and the costs and benefits of disaster risk management focusing on ex-ante risk financing measures taken governments in developing countries. The final objective is to provide insight into the specific conditions where risk financing may constitute an option that provides net benefits and increases social welfare. The modelling using a stochastic simulation approach incorporates probabilistic information on the direct losses due to natural disasters into a macroeconomic projection model. Outputs are macroeconomic flow impacts such as impacts on GPD. In order to analyze the costs and benefits due to undertaking risk management measures, a Cost-Benefit Analysis approach is employed using the mean-variance method. Two case studies are conducted on countries with different exposures to disaster risk and different economic vulnerabilities: Honduras and Argentina. A major insight derived from the case studies is that under certain conditions risk financing arrangements may decrease the vulnerability to natural hazards resulting in more robust development in developing economics.

What Is A Disaster

Author: E.L. Quarantelli
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134682255
Size: 34.79 MB
Format: PDF
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Are conflict situations such as the ethnic clashes in Yugoslavia or Rwanda, terrorist attacks and riots, the same kind of social crises as those generated by natural and technological happenings such as earthquakes and chemical explosions? In What is a Disaster?, social science disaster researchers from six different disciplines advance their views on what a disaster is. Clashes in conceptions are highlighted, through the book's unique juxtaposition of the authors separately advanced views. A reaction paper to each set of views is presented by an experienced disaster researcher; in turn, the original authors provide a response to what has been said about their views. What is a Disaster? sets out the huge conceptual differences that exist concerning what a disaster is, and presents important implications for both theory, study and practice.

Landslide Hazard And Risk

Author: Thomas Glade
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471486633
Size: 13.93 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Impacts of landslides range from site destruction, through problemsfor the maintenance of buildings and infrastructure, to animpediment for economic development. Previous attempts to addresslandslide risk have either treated components of the problem inisolation or characterised the wider issue from just a singlediscipline perspective. This book takes a holistic view oflandslide hazard and risk through the development of integratedapproaches to analysis, perception and management. Landslide Hazard and Risk brings together a wide range ofexperience, covering the social, economic and cultural context,management options, and the application of science and technology,for the reduction of risk from landslides. This book is dividedinto four major parts covering conceptual models in approachinglandslide risk, evaluation of risk, management of risk andend-to-end solutions of risk. It examines risk assessment andmanagement from theory to practice, from conventional methodologyto future possibilities. Provides a range of multidisciplinary approaches and guidanceon their appropriate use. Presents specifications and contexts for the next generation ofprocess models. Focuses on the means and methods of investigation, and thetreatment of data to represent the probabilities and uncertaintiesof hazard and risk. Evaluates state-of-the-art techniques and futuredirections. This book is essential reading for professionals and practitionersin landscape, watershed and hazard management, as well as riskanalysts, geomorphologists, hydrologists, foresters andenvironmental consultants. Would be excellent background readingfor researchers and graduate students interested in landslides,hazards, risk assessment and slope stability in Departments ofGeography, Earth Science, Environmental Science, Civil Engineeringand Planning.