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Risk21 Coping With Risks Due To Natural Hazards In The 21st Century

Author: Walter J. Ammann
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780203963562
Size: 62.95 MB
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Over the last two decades, there has been an increase in the number of natural hazards which have culminated in catastrophic consequences, severely impacting on people and livelihoods. In response to this escalation, the Swiss Natural Hazards Competence Centre (CENAT) organized a workshop entitled "RISK21" at the Centro Stefano Franscini, Monte Verità, Ascona, Switzerland from 28 November to 3 December, 2004. More than 50 risk experts from nine countries participated, drawn from research institutions, private industry, governmental agencies and non-governmental organizations. The workshop focused on different aspects of risk management, highlighted current drawbacks, and discussed possible ways of reducing disaster risk. The themes addressed included economic, technical and social issues related to disaster impact, risk analysis and assessment, risk perception and aversion, risk dialogue and sustainable risk management.

Hamburger Klimabericht Wissen Ber Klima Klimawandel Und Auswirkungen In Hamburg Und Norddeutschland

Author: Hans von Storch, Insa Meinke and Martin Claußen
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3662553791
Size: 73.79 MB
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Bereits zum zweiten Mal wird im Rahmen des KlimaCampus Hamburg der aktuelle Forschungsstand zum Klimawandel in der Hamburger Metropolregion und Norddeutschland systematisch dokumentiert. Erfahren Sie auf Basis der Fachliteratur, in welchem Maße Konsens hinsichtlich des Klimawandels in Norddeutschland besteht. Inwieweit sind Entwicklungen bereits messbar, welche Auswirkungen zeigen sich bereits heute und wie kann sich die Region vor negativen Folgen des Klimawandels schützen? Die über 70 Autoren haben die Forschungsergebnisse zu diesen Fragen systematisch zusammengetragen. Die Übereinstimmung bzw. Widersprüchlichkeit des derzeitigen Wissens wurde dabei herausgearbeitet, Erkenntnisgewinne gegenüber dem ersten Hamburger Klimabericht lokalisiert und weiterhin bestehender Forschungsbedarf aufgezeigt. Alle Beiträge wurden einem wissenschaftlichen Begutachtungsprozess unterzogen, der von einem Lenkungsausschuss überwacht wurde. Die Dokumentation belegt umfassend eine bereits stattfindende Erwärmung in der Metropolregion Hamburg und in Norddeutschland sowie einen Meeresspiegelanstieg an Nord- und Ostsee. Mit der Erwärmung zeichnen sich deutliche Änderungen im Ökosystem ab. Diese bereits eingetretenen Entwicklungen können sich künftig weiter verstärken. Erfahren Sie, welche Auswirkungen dies für Politik, Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft hat. Dieses Buch ist eine Open-Acess-Publikation unter einer CC BY-NC 4.0 Lizenz.

Risk Analysis Vi

Author: C. A. Brebbia
Publisher: WIT Press
ISBN: 1845641043
Size: 58.89 MB
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Covering a series of important topics which are of current research interest and have practical applications, this book examines all aspects of risk analysis and hazard mitigation, ranging from specific assessment of risk to mitigation associated with both natural and anthropogenic hazards.

Sicherheitsforschung

Author: Friedrich-Wilhelm Bach
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642049818
Size: 57.89 MB
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Wissenschaft und Technik dienen dazu, das Grundbedürfnis nach Sicherheit zu befriedigen. Weil aber der Sicherheitsbegriff nicht einheitlich verwendet wird, sind Modelle und Lösungskonzepte zur Gewährleistung von Sicherheit sehr heterogen. Dies demonstrieren die Beiträge der Autoren. Sie gehen davon aus, dass die begriffliche Trennung zwischen Security und Safety bei der Entwicklung neuer Technologien überwunden werden muss. Der Band erscheint in der Reihe „acatech diskutiert" und ist ein erstes Diskussionsergebnis des Themennetzwerks „Sicherheit".

Natural Disasters And Risk Management In Canada

Author: Nirupama Agrawal
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9402412832
Size: 18.93 MB
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These chapters provide valuable and comprehensive information on a variety of hazards, including both scientific and social aspects of disasters. The work introduces the concept of large, medium and small scale hazards, and includes many useful case studies as well as working examples of theoretical concepts. As readers will acknowledge, today the distinction between natural and technological hazards is becoming blurred and a new concept of NATECH hazards is evolving. For permanent hazards (such as tides, wind waves, coastal erosion and climate change) routine predictions are made, whereas for evanescent hazards (including droughts, sea level rise, and coastal subsidence), monitoring of various parameters is the norm. Only for episodic hazards (for example hurricanes, winter storms, tsunamis, and river floods), early warning systems are used, with varying degrees of success. The book explores how, for certain episodic hazards like tornadoes, landslides, forest fires, snow avalanches, and volcanic eruptions, the early warning systems are still in various stages of development. Readers will gain knowledge of theoretical and practical concepts of risk evaluation which assist in better understanding of disaster dynamics, and readers will become better equipped in quantification of disaster risk and vulnerability. The author explains how risk reduction initiatives, taking into account stakeholders’ participation and perception, can provide a roadmap to building resilient communities and cities. This book will be useful not only to practitioners of disaster management but also to research scholars and graduate students. It is highly readable and will appeal more broadly too, to all those who are interested in the very latest thinking on, and expert analysis of, hazards and disasters.

Natural Disaster Risk Management And Financing Disaster Losses In Developing Countries

Author: Reinhard Mechler
Publisher: Verlag Versicherungswirtsch.
ISBN: 9783899521207
Size: 47.93 MB
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Natural disasters may cause large economic impacts and impede socioeconomic development in developing countries considerably. Increasingly, risk management, the management of disasters before the actual occurrence of events, is being advocated. Risk financing measures taken by national governments, such as insurance und reinsurance, are important components of a risk management strategy. Often developing countries are not able to finance the costs of relief and reconstruction by their own means and have to rely on the international donor community as their "reinsurer of last resort". The main objective of the book is to establish a platform to provide information on the costs caused by disasters and the costs and benefits of disaster risk management focusing on ex-ante risk financing measures taken governments in developing countries. The final objective is to provide insight into the specific conditions where risk financing may constitute an option that provides net benefits and increases social welfare. The modelling using a stochastic simulation approach incorporates probabilistic information on the direct losses due to natural disasters into a macroeconomic projection model. Outputs are macroeconomic flow impacts such as impacts on GPD. In order to analyze the costs and benefits due to undertaking risk management measures, a Cost-Benefit Analysis approach is employed using the mean-variance method. Two case studies are conducted on countries with different exposures to disaster risk and different economic vulnerabilities: Honduras and Argentina. A major insight derived from the case studies is that under certain conditions risk financing arrangements may decrease the vulnerability to natural hazards resulting in more robust development in developing economics.

Landslide Risk Assessment

Author: E. Mark Lee
Publisher: Thomas Telford
ISBN: 9780727731715
Size: 28.46 MB
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Over the past decade there has been a gradual shift away from simply relying on engineering solutions to individual landslide problems, to the use of a variety of strategies to manage the problems over a broad area. Such alternative strategies include the use of building codes, land use planning controls, preventing water leakage, early warning systems and insurance schemes.This book addresses these developments and provides a multidisciplinary perspective on landslide management.