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Safer Surgery

Author: Lucy Mitchell
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1317060032
Size: 12.21 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Operating theatres are very private workplaces. There have been few research investigations into how highly trained doctors and nurses work together to achieve safe and efficient anaesthesia and surgery. While there have been major advances in surgical and anaesthetic procedures, there are still significant risks for patients during operations and adverse events are not unknown. Due to rising concern about patient safety, surgeons and anaesthetists have looked for ways of minimising adverse events. Behavioural scientists have been encouraged by clinicians to bring research techniques used in other industries into the operating theatre in order to study the behaviour of surgeons, nurses and anaesthetists. Safer Surgery presents one of the first collections of studies designed to understand the factors influencing safe and efficient surgical, anaesthetic and nursing practice. The book is written by psychologists, surgeons and anaesthetists, whose contributions combine to offer readers the latest research techniques and findings from some of the leading investigators in this field. It is designed for practitioners and researchers interested in understanding the behaviour of operating theatre team members, with a view to enhancing both training and practice. The material is also suitable for those studying behaviour in other areas of healthcare or in high-risk work settings. The aims of the book are to: a) present the latest research on the behaviour of operating theatre teams b) describe the techniques being used by psychologists and clinicians to study surgeons, anaesthetists and theatre nurses' task performance c) outline the safety implications of the research to date.

Crew Resource Management

Author: Earl L. Wiener
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780080959009
Size: 25.63 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The new edition of Crew Resource Management continues to focus on CRM in the cockpit, but also emphasizes that the concepts and training applications provide generic guidance and lessons learned for a wide variety of "crews" in the aviation system as well as in the complex and high-risk operations of many non-aviation settings. Long considered the "bible" in this field, much of the basic style and structure of the previous edition of Crew Resource Management is retained in the new edition. Textbooks are often heavily supplemented with or replaced entirely by course packs in advanced courses in the aviation field, as it is essential to provide students with cutting edge information from academic researchers, government agencies (FAA), pilot associations, and technology (Boeing, ALION). This edited textbook offers ideal coverage with first-hand information from each of these perspectives. Case examples, which are particularly important given the dangers inherent in real world aviation scenarios, are liberally supplied. An image collection and test bank make this the only text on the market with ancillary support. New material includes: international and cultural aspects of CRM; design and implementation of Line-Oriented Flight Training (LOFT); airline applications beyond the cockpit; spaceflight resource management; non-aviation applications; AQP; LOSA; and special issues pertaining to low-cost airline carriers. The second edition editors offer essential breath of experience in aviation human factors from multiple perspectives (academia, government, and private enterprise) and the contributors have all been chosen as experts in their fields who represent the diversity of the research of activities and organisational experience of CRM. The only CRM text on the market offering an up-to-date synthesis of primary source material New edition thoroughly updated and revised to include major new findings, complete with discussion of the international and cultural aspects of CRM, the design and implementation of LOFT Instructor website with testbank and image collection Liberal use of case examples

Cockpit Resource Management

Author: Earl L. Wiener
Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing
ISBN: 012750026X
Size: 54.64 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Cockpit Resource Management (CRM) has gained increased attention from the airline industry in recent years due to the growing number of accidents and near misses in airline traffic. This book, authored by the first generation of CRM experts, is the first comprehensive work on CRM. Cockpit Resource Management is a far-reaching discussion of crew coordination, communication, and resources from both within and without the cockpit. A valuable resource for commercialand military airline training curriculum, the book is also a valuable reference for business professionals who are interested in effective communication among interactive personnel. Key Features * Discusses international and cultural aspects of CRM * Examines the design and implementation of Line-Oriented Flight Training (LOFT) * Explains CRM, LOFT, and cockpit automation * Provides a case history of CRM training which improved flight safety for a major airline

Surgical Patient Care

Author: Juan A. Sanchez
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319440101
Size: 63.57 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book focuses exclusively on the surgical patient and on the perioperative environment with its unique socio-technical and cultural issues. It covers preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative processes and decision making and explores both sharp-end and latent factors contributing to harm and poor quality outcomes. It is intended to be a resource for all healthcare practitioners that interact with the surgical patient. This book provides a framework for understanding and addressing many of the organizational, technical, and cultural aspects of care to one of the most vulnerable patients in the system, the surgical patient. The first section presents foundational principles of safety science and related social science. The second exposes barriers to achieving optimal surgical outcomes and details the various errors and events that occur in the perioperative environment. The third section contains prescriptive and proactive tools and ways to eliminate errors and harm. The final section focuses on developing continuous quality improvement programs with an emphasis on safety and reliability. Surgical Patient Care: Improving Safety, Quality and Value targets an international audience which includes all hospital, ambulatory and clinic-based operating room personnel as well as healthcare administrators and managers, directors of risk management and patient safety, health services researchers, and individuals in higher education in the health professions. It is intended to provide both fundamental knowledge and practical information for those at the front line of patient care. The increasing interest in patient safety worldwide makes this a timely global topic. As such, the content is written for an international audience and contains materials from leading international authors who have implemented many successful programs.

Dimensionen Von Schulentwicklung

Author: Enikö Zala-Mezö
Publisher: Waxmann Verlag
ISBN: 3830988354
Size: 30.96 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Das Buch versteht sich als eine Auseinandersetzung mit dem Thema Schulentwicklung. Die Beiträge der Autorinnen und Autoren aus der Schweiz, Deutschland und Österreich behandeln verschiedene Aspekte von Schulentwicklung und in den meisten Artikeln werden eigene Forschungsprojekte vorgestellt. Das Themenspektrum reicht dabei von Partizipation der Schülerinnen und Schüler, Förderung von Gesundheit und Inklusion, Schulführung, Gestaltung von Lerngesprächen, Digitalisierung und Schulmanagement bis hin zu regionaler Schulentwicklung. Die Zusammenstellung ergibt einen attraktiven, internationalen Mix aus Themen, Perspektiven, Methoden und Fragestellungen. Diese bewusst gewählte Vielfalt wird von den Herausgeberinnen in einem Synthesekapitel zusammengeführt. Sie vergleichen die Beiträge nach zentralen Merkmalen der Schulentwicklung und schärfen dadurch den Blick auf das Phänomen Schulentwicklung. Die Herausgeberinnen beschäftigen sich seit Jahren mit dem Thema Schulentwicklung und beabsichtigen mit dem Band einen Impuls für den weiteren Diskurs über Schulentwicklung und dessen praktische Konsequenzen zu leisten.

Zusammenarbeit In An Sthesieteams Aus Sicht Der Teammitglieder

Author: Enikö ala-Mezö
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3640711440
Size: 50.62 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Der Beitrag präsentiert die Resultate einer qualitativen Interviewanalyse, die die Beschreibung von Teamarbeit und Koordinationsformen in Anästhesieteams zum Ziel hatte, insbesondere hinsichtlich des Wechselspiels von Standardisierung, impliziter und expliziter Koordination sowie persönlicher Führung. Zur Auswertung haben wir ein Modell von Zaccaro et al. (2001) verwendet, welches das Zusammenwirken von Führung, Situation und Teamverhalten verdeutlicht und vier (kognitive, motivationale, emotionale und koordinative) Teamprozesse definiert. Die Interviews bestätigen einige Besonderheiten der Anästhesieteams: z. B. die Ähnlichkeit der mentalen Modelle in den verschiedenen Berufsgruppen; die grössere Bedeutung der Aufgabe im Vergleich zu sozialen Faktoren bei den Motivationsprozessen; die Erwartung, dass der Koordinationsprozess und die Führung der Situation und dem Team angepasst werden. Aus den Resultaten zeichnen sich verschiedene Hinweise für die praktische Umsetzung ab. Das systematische Feedback und die kollektive Metakognition wurden von vielen Interviewten als wichtig bezeichnet, werden aber in der Alltagspraxis häufig nicht umgesetzt. Die viel Flexibilität fordernden Wechsel zwischen passiver, beobachtender Führung in normalen Situationen und aktiver Führung in Notsituationen muss bewusst vollzogen werden.

Enhancing Surgical Performance

Author: Rhona Flin
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482246333
Size: 52.59 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Enhancing Surgical Performance: A Primer in Non-Technical Skills explains why non-technical skills are vital for safe and effective performance in the operating theatre. The book provides a full account, with supporting empirical evidence, of the Non-Technical Skills for Surgeons (NOTSS) system and behavioural rating framework, which helps identify the key elements involved in successful operative surgery. The editors spent the last twelve years as part of the team developing and testing the NOTSS system and delivering presentations and workshops across the world. Readers will benefit by having, in one accessible handbook, a description of the NOTSS system and how it can be used for training, assessment, self-reflection and event analysis. The book also examines human error, performance limitations, and global safety initiatives in surgery. Because it encourages surgeons to reflect on their own performance and behaviour, it is suitable for surgeons in all specialties and at all levels.