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Scaling Methods In Soil Physics

Author: Yakov Pachepsky
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780203011065
Size: 38.18 MB
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The scaling issue remains one of the largest problems in soil science and hydrology. This book is a unique compendium of ideas, conceptual approaches, techniques, and methodologies for scaling soil physical properties. Scaling Methods in Soil Physics covers many methods of scaling that will be useful in helping scientists across a range of soil-related disciplines. The first single-source reference in this developing field, the text will help readers develop a greater understanding of how to interpret remote sensing data, delineate management zones in agricultural fields, and estimate water yield and geochemical fluxes in watersheds, among other applications. The authors present the state-of-the-art in addressing the fundamental scale-bridging problem and provide case studies crossing several levels of scale hierarchy. Scaling Methods in Soil Physics offers novel approaches based on geostatistics, artificial intelligence, wavelet transforms, fractal theory, soil-landscape relationships, computer simulations, and advances in theories of scale developed and tested to facilitate the use of soil physics data in a wide variety of soil/land/earth-related applications.

Principles Of Soil Physics

Author: Rattan Lal
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0824751272
Size: 26.92 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Principles of Soil Physics examines the impact of the physical, mechanical, and hydrological properties and processes of soil on agricultural production, the environment, and sustainable use of natural resources. The text incorporates valuable assessment methods, graphs, problem sets, and tables from recent studies performed around the globe and offers an abundance of tables, photographs, and easy-to-follow equations in every chapter. The book discusses the consequences of soil degradation, such as erosion, inhibited root development, and poor aeration. It begins by defining soil physics, soil mechanics, textural properties, and packing arrangements . The text continues to discuss the theoretical and practical aspects of soil structure and explain the significance and measurement of bulk density, porosity, and compaction. The authors proceed to clarify soil hydrology topics including hydrologic cycle, water movement, infiltration, modeling, soil evaporation, and solute transport processes. They address the impact of soil temperature on crop growth, soil aeration, and the processes that lead to the emission of greenhouse gases. The final chapters examine the physical properties of gravelly soils and water movement in frozen, saline, and water-repellant soils. Reader-friendly and up-to-date, Principles of Soil Physics provides unparalleled coverage of issues related to soil physics, structure, hydrology, aeration, temperature, and analysis and presents practical techniques for maintaining soil quality to ultimately preserve its sustainability.

Application Of Soil Physics In Environmental Analyses

Author: Wenceslau Geraldes Teixeira
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319060139
Size: 76.31 MB
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The importance to preserve soil and water have is increasingly recognized. Agricultural practices and ecological trends both affect and are affected by soil physical properties. The more frequency of natural disasters, as landslides and thunderstorms addresses the importance to integrate soil characteristics in predictive models. Soil physics research has grown considerably specially in the use of innovative sensors, soil databases, and modeling techniques have been introduced into soil water relationship and environmental monitoring. Those advances are thoroughly dispersed in articles and conference proceedings In this volume, the authors will bring together the effectiveness of many new field and lab sensors and examine the current state-of-the-art in modeling and data analysis. It also includes innovative approaches and case studies in tropical soils. Future directions in soil physics research are given by key researchers in this discipline.

Soil Sampling And Methods Of Analysis Second Edition

Author: M.R. Carter
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420005271
Size: 38.83 MB
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Thoroughly updated and revised, this second edition of the bestselling Soil Sampling and Methods of Analysis presents several new chapters in the areas of biological and physical analysis and soil sampling. Reflecting the burgeoning interest in soil ecology, new contributions describe the growing number and assortment of new microbiological techniques, describe in-depth methods, and demonstrate new tools that characterize the dynamics and chemistry of soil organic matter and soil testing for plant nutrients. A completely new section devoted to soil water reviews up-to-date field- and laboratory-based methods for saturated and unsaturated soil hydraulic properties. Retaining the easy-to-follow, “cookbook” style of the original, this second edition provides a compilation of soil analytical techniques that are fast, straightforward, and relatively easy-to-use. Heavily referenced, peer-reviewed contributions from approximately 150 specialists make this a practical manual and resource handbook that describes a wide array of methods, both conventional and cutting-edge, for analyzing the chemical, biological, biochemical, and physical properties of many different soil types. Including several “primer” chapters that cover the overall principles and concepts behind the latest techniques, the book presents sufficient detail on the materials and procedures to characterize the potential and limitation of each method. It covers recent improvements in methodology, outlines current methods, and characterizes the best methods available for selecting the appropriate analysis technique. Promoting the research and practical application of findings in soil science, Soil Sampling and Methods of Analysis, Second Edition continues to be the most current, detailed, comprehensive tool for researchers and practitioners working with soil.

Encyclopedia Of Agrophysics

Author: Jan Gliński
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9048135842
Size: 22.87 MB
Format: PDF
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This Encyclopedia of Agrophysics will provide up-to-date information on the physical properties and processes affecting the quality of the environment and plant production. It will be a "first-up" volume which will nicely complement the recently published Encyclopedia of Soil Science, (November 2007) which was published in the same series. In a single authoritative volume a collection of about 250 informative articles and ca 400 glossary terms covering all aspects of agrophysics will be presented. The authors will be renowned specialists in various aspects in agrophysics from a wide variety of countries. Agrophysics is important both for research and practical use not only in agriculture, but also in areas like environmental science, land reclamation, food processing etc. Agrophysics is a relatively new interdisciplinary field closely related to Agrochemistry, Agrobiology, Agroclimatology and Agroecology. Nowadays it has been fully accepted as an agricultural and environmental discipline. As such this Encyclopedia volume will be an indispensable working tool for scientists and practitioners from different disciplines, like agriculture, soil science, geosciences, environmental science, geography, and engineering.

Soil Physics With Python

Author: Marco Bittelli
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199683093
Size: 12.72 MB
Format: PDF
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This innovative study presents concepts and problems in soil physics, and provides solutions using original computer programs. It provides a close examination of physical environments of soil, including an analysis of the movement of heat, water and gases. The authors employ the programming language Python, which is now widely used for numerical problem solving in the sciences. In contrast to the majority of the literature on soil physics, this text focuses on solving, not deriving, differential equations for transport. Using numerical procedures to solve differential equations allows the solution of quite difficult problems with fairly simple mathematical tools. Numerical methods convert differential into algebraic equations, which can be solved using conventional methods of linear algebra. Each chapter introduces a soil physics concept, and proceeds to develop computer programs to solve the equations and illustrate the points made in the discussion. Problems at the end of each chapter help the reader practise using the concepts introduced. The text is suitable for advanced undergraduates, graduates and researchers of soil physics. It employs an open source philosophy where computer code is presented, explained and discussed, and provides the reader with a full understanding of the solutions. Once mastered, the code can be adapted and expanded for the user's own models, fostering further developments. The Python tools provide a simple syntax, Object Oriented Programming techniques, powerful mathematical and numerical tools, and a user friendly environment.

Fractals In Soil Science

Author: Y. Pachepsky
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080531977
Size: 14.15 MB
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This book presents the state-of-the-art after fifteen years of exponentially growing applications of fractal geometry in soil science. It demonstrates the wide-ranging applicability of fractal models in soil science and indicates new opportunities to integrate processes in soils within or across scales using fractals. Contributed by some of the pioneers in the field, chapters represent a broad spectrum of applications from geochemistry to microbiology and from scales of micrometers to the landscape, and serve as an introduction to the subject. Topics include fractal aspects of soil structure, porosity and texture, scaling in preferential and hydraulic conductivity, anoxic volumes and adsorption in fractal models of soil, characterization of the pore surface irregularity, fractal properties of soil organic matter, fractal concepts in studies of soil fauna and mycelium in soils, and fractal analysis of spatial and temporal variability in soil properties and crop yields. A wide spectrum of methods for identifying and measuring fractal properties is introduced and critically discussed. Although the book focussed on solving problems in soil science, the applications and the fractal approach used share much in common with many other fields within and outside of the earth sciences. A unique bibliography on fractals in soils science is included.

Soil Physics

Author: William A. Jury
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471059653
Size: 58.49 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Soil solid phase. Characteristic of the primary particles. Composite soil properties. Water retention in soil. Properties of water. Soil water content. Energy state of water in soil. Analysis of systems at equilibrium. Measurement of components of water potential. Water characteristic function. Water movement in soil. Water flow under natural conditions. Spatial variability and transport. Field water balance. Infiltration. Redistribution. Field measurement of unsaturated hydraulic conductivity. Evaporation. Soil thermal regime. Atmospheric energy balance. Soil surface energy balance. Heath flow in soil. Soil aeration. Gas transport. Chemical transport in soil. Methods of analyzing spatial variations of soil properties.

Soil Physics Companion

Author: A.W. Warrick
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420041657
Size: 39.13 MB
Format: PDF
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An authoritative reference on soil physics, Soil Physics Companion is lavishly illustrated with graphs, charts, line drawings, and equations. The book provides a valuable source of material and reference for most contemporary topics of soil physics and the vadose zone - arguably the most comprehensive volume available. In addition to being a reliable reference, it is valuable as an advanced text from which topics of interest can be selected by the teacher and student. Topics include: Static and dynamic aspects of soils Transport processes and soil water measurements Movement of soil water in the context of overall water balance and its key role in the hydrologic cycle Energy balance and thermal regime Soil-plant-atmospheric interface Solute transport and soil-gas movement Spatial variability Building on the work begun in the bestselling Handbook of Soil Science, this reference takes soil physics one step further. Convenient and easy-to-use, it provides in-depth information at your fingertips. When you need easily accessible, readily available facts and theories, you need the Soil Physics Companion.