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Science And Society

Author: Eric S. Swanson
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319219871
Size: 57.17 MB
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This undergraduate textbook educates non-science majors—our future policy makers—on how science works, the rules that underpin our existence, our impact on nature, and nature's impact on us. The book provides a concise, historically based, non-mathematical treatment of modern physics relevant to societal issues. It challenges readers to examine the problems we face (and their own beliefs) in light of the scientific method. With a narrative structure, Science and Society explains the scientific process and the power it brings to dealing with the natural world. The reader will gain a deeper understanding of scientific results reported by the media, and thus the tools to develop a rational, fact-based assessment of energy and resource policy. Praise for Science and Society: "Anyone who thinks society can be managed without science should think again, or better: read this book. Eric Swanson explains how science permeates society, and with simple examples of the scientific process he shows its special power in dealing with the natural world. This is a must read for the world's seven billion scientists." F.E. Close, OBE, Oxford University, author of, among others, "Half-Life: The Divided Life of Bruno Pontecorvo, Physicist or Spy", "The Infinity Puzzle", and "Neutrino"

Science Society And The Environment

Author: Michael R. Dove
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134740417
Size: 68.84 MB
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In an era when pressing environmental problems make collaboration across the divide between sciences and arts and humanities essential, this book presents the results of a collaborative analysis by an anthropologist and a physicist of four key junctures between science, society, and environment. The first focuses on the systemic bias in science in favour of studying esoteric subjects as distinct from the mundane subjects of everyday life; the second is a study of the fire-climax grasslands of Southeast Asia, especially those dominated by Imperata cylindrica (sword grass); the third reworks the idea of ‘moral economy’, applying it to relations between environment and society; and the fourth focuses on the evolution of the global discourse of the culpability and responsibility of climate change. The volume concludes with the insights of an interdisciplinary perspective for the natural and social science of sustainability. It argues that failures of conservation and development must be viewed systemically, and that mundane topics are no less complex than the more esoteric subjects of science. The book addresses a current blind spot within the academic research community to focusing attention on the seemingly common and mundane beliefs and practices that ultimately play the central role in the human interaction with the environment. This book will benefit students and scholars from a number of different academic disciplines, including conservation and environment studies, development studies, studies of global environmental change, anthropology, geography, sociology, politics, and science and technology studies.

Climate Change And Sustainable Development

Author: European Society for Agricultural and Food Ethics. Congress
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9086867537
Size: 24.85 MB
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Climate change is a major framing condition for sustainable development of agriculture and food. Global food production is a major contributor to global greenhouse gas emissions and at the same time it is among the sectors worst affected by climate change.This book brings together a multidisciplinary group of authors exploring the ethical dimensions of climate change and food. Conceptual clarifications provide a necessary basis for putting sustainable development into practice. Adaptation and mitigation demand altering both agricultural and consumption practices. Intensive vs. extensive production is reassessed with regard to animal welfare, efficiency and environmental implications. Property rights pay an ever-increasing role, as do shifting land-use practices, agro-energy, biotechnology, food policy to green consumerism. And, last but not least, tools are suggested for teaching agricultural and food ethics.Notwithstanding the plurality of ethical analyses and their outcome, it becomes apparent that governance of agri-food is faced by new needs and new approaches of bringing in the value dimension much more explicitly. This book is intended to serve as a stimulating collection that will contribute to debate and reflection on the sustainable future of agriculture and food production in the face of global change.

Introduction To Energy And Climate

Author: Julie Kerr
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498774423
Size: 42.58 MB
Format: PDF
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The purpose of this textbook is to provide a well-rounded working knowledge of both climate change and environmental sustainability for a wide range of students. Students will learn core concepts and methods to analyze energy and environmental impacts; will understand what is changing the earth’s climate, and what that means for life on earth now and in the future. They will also have a firm understanding of what energy is and how it can be used. This text intends to develop working knowledge of these topics, with both technical and social implications. Students will find in one volume the integration and careful treatment of climate, energy, and sustainability.

Energy And The Wealth Of Nations

Author: Charles Hall
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441993984
Size: 41.42 MB
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For the past 150 years, economics has been treated as a social science in which economies are modeled as a circular flow of income between producers and consumers. In this “perpetual motion” of interactions between firms that produce and households that consume, little or no accounting is given of the flow of energy and materials from the environment and back again. In the standard economic model, energy and matter are completely recycled in these transactions, and economic activity is seemingly exempt from the Second Law of Thermodynamics. As we enter the second half of the age of oil, and as energy supplies and the environmental impacts of energy production and consumption become major issues on the world stage, this exemption appears illusory at best. In Energy and the Wealth of Nations, concepts such as energy return on investment (EROI) provide powerful insights into the real balance sheets that drive our “petroleum economy.” Hall and Klitgaard explore the relation between energy and the wealth explosion of the 20th century, the failure of markets to recognize or efficiently allocate diminishing resources, the economic consequences of peak oil, the EROI for finding and exploiting new oil fields, and whether alternative energy technologies such as wind and solar power meet the minimum EROI requirements needed to run our society as we know it. This book is an essential read for all scientists and economists who have recognized the urgent need for a more scientific, unified approach to economics in an energy-constrained world, and serves as an ideal teaching text for the growing number of courses, such as the authors’ own, on the role of energy in society.

Climate Change Modeling Methodology

Author: Philip J. Rasch
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 146145767X
Size: 20.37 MB
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The Earth's average temperature has risen by 1.4°F over the past century, and computer models project that it will rise much more over the next hundred years, with significant impacts on weather, climate, and human society. Many climate scientists attribute these increases to the build up of greenhouse gases produced by the burning of fossil fuels and to the anthropogenic production of short-lived climate pollutants. Climate Change Modeling Methodologies: Selected Entries from the Encyclopaedia of Sustainability Science and Technology provides readers with an introduction to the tools and analysis techniques used by climate change scientists to interpret the role of these forcing agents on climate. Readers will also gain a deeper understanding of the strengths and weaknesses of these models and how to test and assess them. The contributions include a glossary of key terms and a concise definition of the subject for each topic, as well as recommendations for sources of more detailed information.

Civil Society For Sustainability

Author: Ortwin Renn
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 386741761X
Size: 63.20 MB
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Civil society and its organisations (CSO) play a vital role in the implementation of and social change towards sustainable development (SD). Civil society actors exhibit special features: They are to a large degree driven by visions and ideals, they place a focus on common action thus balancing individual and collective goals.CSO participate in and initiate as well as organise discourses about SD in society.Through their activities, social capital is built, maintained and increase.CSO provide and share a non-economical, non-efficiency driven world view to the implementation process of SD.This guidebook gives an insight to the impact of CSO on governance processes towards SD from three different viewpoints: Theoretical perspectives on Civil Society and Sustainability reflects on theoretical concepts of Civil Society and its contribution to SD.Case studies from practice on Civil Society and Sustainability give insights from Implementation Practice and shows tools and methods.Examples from collaboration between Science and Civil Society show how science and civil society can cooperate for innovative concepts of reaching SD.Case studies and examples are the combined results of the research project "Civil Society for Sustainability," funded under the 7th Framework Research Program of the European Union, and presentations and discussions from the "International Conference on Connecting Civil Society and Science: A Key Challenge for Change towards Sustainable Development" in October 2011 in Stuttgart, Germany.The Editor, Ortwin Renn serves as full professor and "Chair of Environmental Sociology and Technology Assessment" at Stuttgart University (Germany). He directs the "Interdisciplinary Research Unit for Risk Governance and Sustainable Technology Development" (ZIRN) at Stuttgart University and the "non-profit company DIALOGIK," a research institute for the investigation of communication and participation processes in environmental policy making. Renn also serves as Adju

Global Sustainability

Author: Hans Joachim Schellnhuber
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521769345
Size: 29.69 MB
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Interdisciplinary exploration of the best scientific and political strategies to attain global sustainability, from many Nobel Prize-winning and other high-profile authors.

Emerging Dynamics Science Energy Society And Values

Author: Loucas G. Christophorou
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319907131
Size: 15.17 MB
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Emerging Dynamics: Science, Energy, Society and Values focuses on the impact of science, science-based technology and scientific values on present-day humanity and its future. The book advocates for a science willing to accommodate both human values and scientific facts. The four main subjects focused on throughout the text are: The overwhelming impact of modern science and science-based technology on virtually every aspect of human life Human values and their significance for science and society The need for mutual accommodation between scientific values and the traditional values of society The fundamental role of energy for civilization and society. The book cuts across scientific disciplines and looks at modern civilization through the knowledge provided by the physical, chemical, biomedical and other branches of natural science. The book is unique in its holistic approach, combining knowledge acquired by deduction, reduction-induction, and experimental scientific methods with knowledge acquired through history, philosophy, the arts, faith and cultural traditions. Modern civilization’s most distinct characteristics are due to science, science-based technology and energy. The role of energy in the sustainability of civilization and the impact of biomedical science on man are especially emphasized throughout this timely book, making a case for a hopeful future based on both science and values. A science guided in its applications by human values and a value system cognizant of the facts of science and willing to accommodate them