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Science And Technology In International Economic Law

Author: Bryan Mercurio
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134119704
Size: 49.70 MB
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Science and technology plays an increasingly important role in the continued development of international economic law. This book brings together well-known and rising scholars to explore the status and interaction of science, technology and international economic law. The book reviews the place of science and technology in the development of international economic law with a view to ensure a balance between the promotion of trade and investment liberalisation and decision-making based on a sound scientific process without hampering technological development. The book features chapters from a range of experts – including Lukasz Gruszczynski, Jürgen Kurtz, Andrew Mitchell and Peter K. Yu – who examine a wide range of issues such as investment law, international trade law, and international intellectual property. By bringing together these issues, the book asks how international trade and investment regimes utilise science and technology, and whether they do so fairly and in the interest of broader public policies. This book will be of great interest to researchers of international economic law, health law, technology law and international intellectual property law.

Culture And International Economic Law

Author: Valentina Vadi
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317910761
Size: 28.59 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Globalization and international economic governance offer unprecedented opportunities for cultural exchange. Foreign direct investments can promote cultural diversity and provide the funds needed to locate, recover and preserve cultural heritage. Nonetheless, globalization and international economic governance can also jeopardize cultural diversity and determine the erosion of the cultural wealth of nations. Has an international economic culture emerged that emphasizes productivity and economic development at the expense of the common wealth? This book explores the ‘clash of cultures’ between international law and international cultural law, and asks whether States can promote economic development without infringing their cultural wealth. The book contains original chapters by experts in the field. Key issues include how international courts and tribunals are adjudicating culture–related cases; the interplay between indigenous peoples' rights and economic globalization; and the relationships between culture, human rights, and economic activities. The book will be of great interest and use to researchers and students of international trade law, cultural heritage law, and public international law.

The Oxford Handbook Of Law Regulation And Technology

Author: Roger Brownsword
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0191502227
Size: 19.69 MB
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The variety, pace, and power of technological innovations that have emerged in the 21st Century have been breathtaking. These technological developments, which include advances in networked information and communications, biotechnology, neurotechnology, nanotechnology, robotics, and environmental engineering technology, have raised a number of vital and complex questions. Although these technologies have the potential to generate positive transformation and help address 'grand societal challenges', the novelty associated with technological innovation has also been accompanied by anxieties about their risks and destabilizing effects. Is there a potential harm to human health or the environment? What are the ethical implications? Do this innovations erode of antagonize values such as human dignity, privacy, democracy, or other norms underpinning existing bodies of law and regulation? These technological developments have therefore spawned a nascent but growing body of 'law and technology' scholarship, broadly concerned with exploring the legal, social and ethical dimensions of technological innovation. This handbook collates the many and varied strands of this scholarship, focusing broadly across a range of new and emerging technology and a vast array of social and policy sectors, through which leading scholars in the field interrogate the interfaces between law, emerging technology, and regulation. Structured in five parts, the handbook (I) establishes the collection of essays within existing scholarship concerned with law and technology as well as regulatory governance; (II) explores the relationship between technology development by focusing on core concepts and values which technological developments implicate; (III) studies the challenges for law in responding to the emergence of new technologies, examining how legal norms, doctrine and institutions have been shaped, challenged and destabilized by technology, and even how technologies have been shaped by legal regimes; (IV) provides a critical exploration of the implications of technological innovation, examining the ways in which technological innovation has generated challenges for regulators in the governance of technological development, and the implications of employing new technologies as an instrument of regulatory governance; (V) explores various interfaces between law, regulatory governance, and new technologies across a range of key social domains.

The Wto And International Investment Law

Author: Jürgen Kurtz
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316445097
Size: 19.59 MB
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International law has historically regulated foreign trade and foreign investment differently. Distinct evolutionary pathways have led to variances in treaty form, institutional culture, and dispute settlement. With their inevitable erosion through the late twentieth to early twenty-first centuries, those weak boundaries have become porous and indefensible. Powerful economic, legal and sociological factors are now pushing the two systems together. In this book, Jürgen Kurtz systematically explores the often complex and little-understood dynamics of this convergence phenomenon. Kurtz addresses the growing connections between international trade and investment law, proposing a theoretically grounded and doctrinally tractable framework to understand the deepening relationship between them. The book also offers reform ideas and possibilities, providing treaty negotiators and other government officials with a set of theoretical insights and doctrinal models that can guide actors in building a justifiable and sustainable level of commonality between the two legal systems.

Economic Sanctions Reconsidered

Author: Gary Clyde Hufbauer
Publisher: Washington, DC : Institute for International Economics
ISBN:
Size: 23.33 MB
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This study chronicles 116 uses of economic sanctions since 1914 and evaluates the effectiveness of sanctions as a policy tool. From this analysis, the authors distill a set of commandments to policymakers in the effective use of sanctions. The study comprises two volumes.

The Wto And Infant Industry Promotion In Developing Countries

Author: Juan He
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317664639
Size: 79.36 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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The charter of the World Trade Organization (WTO) sets the tone that sustainable trade and economic development dominates multilateral trade negotiation and specific working agreements. This book examines the novel challenge for developing countries to upgrade and optimize their industrial structure and trade composition by stimulating genuinely innovative and competitive industrial strength. The book specifically explores the issue of infant industry promotion under the legal framework of the WTO treaties and case law. Taking the regulatory measures and incentives China has used to build up a large civil aircraft supplier, the book evaluates the key trade agreements relevant to infant industry promotional policies and practices, such as product regulations and standards under the 'Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade', and export promotion policies under the 'Agreement on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures'. Juan He argues that the regulatory room prescribed by the multilateral trade rules of the WTO does not allow adequate space for developing countries to encourage new and technologically advanced areas of production and trade. The author concludes by suggesting ways in which WTO rules could be modified to help enable developing countries’ industrialization. In doing so, the book highlights a need to investigate how localized and international policy trends can be reconciled and enhanced towards the common goal of development. The book will be of great interest to scholars and students of international trade law, Chinese studies, international political economy, and of great use to government agencies responsible for internal trade and industrial policy decisions.

Ungleichheit In Kapitalistischen Gesellschaften

Author: Boike Rehbein
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783779929475
Size: 72.72 MB
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Long description: Das Buch legt eine neue Theorie sozialer Ungleichheit in Gegenwartsgesellschaften vor. Es stützt sich auf eigene empirische Forschung auf drei Kontinenten und argumentiert, dass Ungleichheit bisher unzureichend verstanden wurde, weil ausschließlich westliche Gesellschaften Grundlage der Interpretation waren. Das vorliegende Buch betrachtet Gesellschaft nicht als funktionales oder ökonomisches System, sondern als sinnhafte Praxis. Es zeigt auf, dass und wie die symbolische Vermittlung von Macht die strukturelle Wurzel der Ungleichheit bildet. Das Buch legt eine neue Theorie sozialer Ungleichheit in Gegenwartsgesellschaften auf der Basis empirischer Forschung auf drei Kontinenten vor. Es betrachtet Gesellschaft nicht als funktionales oder ökonomisches System, sondern als sinnhafte Praxis. Die zentrale These lautet, dass die symbolische Vermittlung von Macht die strukturelle Wurzel der Ungleichheit bildet. Die symbolische Welt kapitalistischer Gesellschaften zeichnet sich dadurch aus, dass sie wissenschaftlich begründet ist, Ungleichheit als meritokratisches Resultat der Konkurrenz gleicher Individuen erscheinen lässt und die überlieferte symbolische Ungleichheit zwischen Klassen von Menschen dadurch unsichtbar macht und reproduziert.