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Science Secrets

Author: Alberto A. Martinez
Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Press
ISBN: 0822980177
Size: 63.83 MB
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Was Darwin really inspired by Galápagos finches? Did Einstein’s wife secretly contribute to his theories? Did Franklin fly a kite in a thunderstorm? Did a falling apple lead Newton to universal gravity? Did Galileo drop objects from the Leaning Tower of Pisa? Did Einstein really believe in God? Science Secrets answers these questions and many others. It is a unique study of how myths evolve in the history of science. Some tales are partly true, others are mostly false, yet all illuminate the tension between the need to fairly describe the past and the natural desire to fill in the blanks. Energetically narrated, Science Secrets pits famous myths against extensive research from primary sources in order to accurately portray important episodes in the sciences. Alberto A. Martínez analyzes how such myths grow and rescues neglected facts that are more captivating than famous fictions. Moreover, he shows why opinions that were once secret and seemingly impossible are now scientifically compelling. The book includes new findings related to the Copernican revolution, alchemy, Pythagoras, young Einstein, and other events and figures in the history of science.

Science Secrets

Author: Alberto A. Martinez
Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Pre
ISBN: 0822944073
Size: 66.42 MB
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"Accessibly written in an engaging style, this book examines classic popular stories in the history of science. Some of the myths discussed include Franklin's Kite, Newton's Apple, and Thomson's plum pudding model of the atom. Martn̕ez successfully holds readers' attention by relying on rich documentation from primary sources to debunk speculations that have become reified over time. He argues that although scientists have disagreed with one another, the disagreements have been productive. Features includes extensive primary source documentation and detailed explanations of how to compare contradictory sources in order to determine which accounts are truly valid"-- Provided by publisher.

Science Secrets

Author: Alberto A. Martinez
Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Press
ISBN: 9780822962304
Size: 47.11 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 7494
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Was Darwin really inspired by Galápagos finches? Did Einstein’s wife secretly contribute to his theories? Did Franklin fly a kite in a thunderstorm? Did a falling apple lead Newton to universal gravity? Did Galileo drop objects from the Leaning Tower of Pisa? Did Einstein really believe in God? Science Secrets answers these questions and many others. It is a unique study of how myths evolve in the history of science. Some tales are partly true, others are mostly false, yet all illuminate the tension between the need to fairly describe the past and the natural desire to fill in the blanks. Energetically narrated, Science Secrets pits famous myths against extensive research from primary sources in order to accurately portray important episodes in the sciences. Alberto A. Martínez analyzes how such myths grow and rescues neglected facts that are more captivating than famous fictions. Moreover, he shows why opinions that were once secret and seemingly impossible are now scientifically compelling. The book includes new findings related to the Copernican revolution, alchemy, Pythagoras, young Einstein, and other events and figures in the history of science.

The Cult Of Pythagoras

Author: Alberto A. Martinez
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780822962700
Size: 78.58 MB
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Martínez discusses various popular myths from the history of mathematics. Some stories are partly true, others are entirely false, but all show the power of invention in history. Martínez inspects a wealth of primary sources, in several languages, over a span of many centuries. By exploring disagreements and ambiguities in the history of the elements of mathematics, The Cult of Pythagoras dispels myths that obscure the actual origins of mathematical concepts. Chosen as a major selection by Scientific American Book Club (Library of Science®)

Kinematics

Author: Alberto A. Martínez
Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press
ISBN: 9780801891359
Size: 71.77 MB
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Martínez draws from an unparalleled wealth of sources to demonstrate why it is essential to the study and evolution of physics today.

Burned Alive

Author: Alberto A. Martinez
Publisher: Reaktion Books
ISBN: 1780239408
Size: 15.94 MB
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In 1600, the Catholic Inquisition condemned the philosopher and cosmologist Giordano Bruno for heresy, and he was then burned alive in the Campo de’ Fiori in Rome. Historians, scientists, and philosophical scholars have traditionally held that Bruno’s theological beliefs led to his execution, denying any link between his study of the nature of the universe and his trial. But in Burned Alive, Alberto A. Martínez draws on new evidence to claim that Bruno’s cosmological beliefs—that the stars are suns surrounded by planetary worlds like our own, and that the Earth moves because it has a soul—were indeed the primary factor in his condemnation. Linking Bruno’s trial to later confrontations between the Inquisition and Galileo in 1616 and 1633, Martínez shows how some of the same Inquisitors who judged Bruno challenged Galileo. In particular, one clergyman who authored the most critical reports used by the Inquisition to condemn Galileo in 1633 immediately thereafter wrote an unpublished manuscript in which he denounced Galileo and other followers of Copernicus for their beliefs about the universe: that many worlds exist and that the Earth moves because it has a soul. Challenging the accepted history of astronomy to reveal Bruno as a true innovator whose contributions to the science predate those of Galileo, this books shows that is was cosmology, not theology, that led Bruno to his death.

Pythagoras Bruno Galileo

Author: Alberto Martinez
Publisher: CreateSpace
ISBN: 9781505264722
Size: 20.42 MB
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In 1616, the Inquisition denounced "the false Pythagorean doctrine" that the Earth moves around the Sun. Cardinal Bellarmino admonished Galileo to abandon that doctrine. Galileo had attributed it to Pythagoras, and he had found evidence "to revive the old opinion of Pythagoras that the Moon is another Earth." Even the planets seemed to be other worlds. But Galileo did not realize that he was connecting the theory of Earth's motion with offensive pagan beliefs. For more than a thousand years, famous theologians and saints had denounced the Pythagoreans for heresies and blasphemies. This book traces the growth of controversial beliefs about cosmology. This is the only account that sets the Copernican Revolution in that neglected context, tracing the thread of Pythagorean beliefs in the works of Copernicus and his most famous followers: Bruno, Gilbert, Kepler, Galilei, and Campanella. It shows, surprisingly, that the Inquisition's prolonged and deadly proceedings against Giordano Bruno were caused essentially by Bruno's obstinate allegiance to Pythagorean beliefs, including the existence of many worlds and heretical beliefs about the soul of the world. Contrary to Catholic beliefs, the Copernicans claimed that the Earth moves because it has a soul. Using a wealth of new sources, Martinez shows that such concerns greatly affected also the Inquisition's proceedings against Galileo. The book includes the discovery of Cardinal Bellarmino's critiques of Giordano Bruno's heretical ideas; plus, the revealing condemnation of such ideas also in the writings of Bellarmino's allies. Most importantly, Martinez presents the very first analysis of an unpublished, utterly neglected but extremely revealing document: a 210-page rare manuscript by Galileo's most critical judge in his trial of 1633, actually explaining why the Inquisition condemned the Copernicans, the sect of new "Pythagoreans." The book relies on rich and meticulous documentation from rare primary sources and new translations. It rescues neglected aspects of history that are more dramatic than historical myths. It shows how the Christians criticized Pythagorean beliefs about demons, hell, the Earth, immortality, the transmigration of souls, magic, and divination. And it reveals the important and utterly neglected continuity between Bruno's deadly trial and the Inquisition's proceedings against Galileo.

A Short History Of Nearly Everything

Author: Bill Bryson
Publisher: Anchor Canada
ISBN: 0385674503
Size: 42.56 MB
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One of the world’s most beloved and bestselling writers takes his ultimate journey -- into the most intriguing and intractable questions that science seeks to answer. In A Walk in the Woods, Bill Bryson trekked the Appalachian Trail -- well, most of it. In In A Sunburned Country, he confronted some of the most lethal wildlife Australia has to offer. Now, in his biggest book, he confronts his greatest challenge: to understand -- and, if possible, answer -- the oldest, biggest questions we have posed about the universe and ourselves. Taking as territory everything from the Big Bang to the rise of civilization, Bryson seeks to understand how we got from there being nothing at all to there being us. To that end, he has attached himself to a host of the world’s most advanced (and often obsessed) archaeologists, anthropologists, and mathematicians, travelling to their offices, laboratories, and field camps. He has read (or tried to read) their books, pestered them with questions, apprenticed himself to their powerful minds. A Short History of Nearly Everything is the record of this quest, and it is a sometimes profound, sometimes funny, and always supremely clear and entertaining adventure in the realms of human knowledge, as only Bill Bryson can render it. Science has never been more involving or entertaining. From the Hardcover edition.

Uncommon Dissent

Author: William Dembski
Publisher: Open Road Media
ISBN: 1497648955
Size: 48.66 MB
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Recent years have seen the rise to prominence of ever more sophisticated philosophical and scientific critiques of the ideas marketed under the name of Darwinism. In Uncommon Dissent, mathematician and philosopher William A. Dembski brings together essays by leading intellectuals who find one or more aspects of Darwinism unpersuasive. As Dembski explains, Darwinism has gathered around itself an aura of invincibility that is inhospitable to rational discussion—to say the least: “Darwinism, its proponents assure us, has been overwhelmingly vindicated. Any resistance to it is futile and indicates bad faith or worse.” Indeed, those who question the Darwinian synthesis are supposed, in the famous formulation of Richard Dawkins, to be ignorant, stupid, insane, or wicked. The hostility of dogmatic Darwinians like Dawkins has not, however, prevented the advent of a growing cadre of scholarly critics of metaphysical Darwinism. The measured, thought-provoking essays in Uncommon Dissent make it increasingly obvious that these critics are not the brainwashed fundamentalist buffoons that Darwinism’s defenders suggest they are, but rather serious, skeptical, open-minded inquirers whose challenges pose serious questions about the viability of Darwinist ideology. The intellectual power of their contributions to Uncommon Dissent is bracing.

Sapiens

Author: Yuval Noah Harari
Publisher: Harper Collins
ISBN: 0062316109
Size: 42.26 MB
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New York Times Bestseller A Summer Reading Pick for President Barack Obama, Bill Gates, and Mark Zuckerberg From a renowned historian comes a groundbreaking narrative of humanity’s creation and evolution—a #1 international bestseller—that explores the ways in which biology and history have defined us and enhanced our understanding of what it means to be “human.” One hundred thousand years ago, at least six different species of humans inhabited Earth. Yet today there is only one—homo sapiens. What happened to the others? And what may happen to us? Most books about the history of humanity pursue either a historical or a biological approach, but Dr. Yuval Noah Harari breaks the mold with this highly original book that begins about 70,000 years ago with the appearance of modern cognition. From examining the role evolving humans have played in the global ecosystem to charting the rise of empires, Sapiens integrates history and science to reconsider accepted narratives, connect past developments with contemporary concerns, and examine specific events within the context of larger ideas. Dr. Harari also compels us to look ahead, because over the last few decades humans have begun to bend laws of natural selection that have governed life for the past four billion years. We are acquiring the ability to design not only the world around us, but also ourselves. Where is this leading us, and what do we want to become? Featuring 27 photographs, 6 maps, and 25 illustrations/diagrams, this provocative and insightful work is sure to spark debate and is essential reading for aficionados of Jared Diamond, James Gleick, Matt Ridley, Robert Wright, and Sharon Moalem.