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Science Technology And Taxation

Author: Robert F. W. van Brederode
Publisher:
ISBN: 9789041131256
Size: 52.94 MB
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This first comprehensive study of the interaction between technology and taxation approaches the subject along four main avenues: insight and analysis gained from empirical legal studies conducted in the area of taxation; methods for improving the control and management of the tax function in business; tax auditing through statistical sampling; and changes in the fiscal environment as a result of technological capabilities. Among the topics that arise are the following: what choices of sampling methodology exist; determination of both one-sided and two-sided confidence intervals; under what circumstances statistical sampling is acceptable as proof of underpayment and as a basis for penalties; the use of sampling agreements as a tool to improve taxpayers understanding of the process; complexities encountered by the introduction of technology in tax administration in developing countries; technological capability to detect economic activity in the informal sector; technological innovation as substitute for inadequate human capacity; improvements available to better monitor the movement and values of goods entering a country; safeguards to prevent unauthorized use of personal information; prioritizing resources to ensure that the key strategic objectives of the agency are being addressed; government defensive action and the threat to privacy; and capabilities and limitations of enterprise resource planning systems and tax engines. Although the author pays especially detailed attention to the technologies developed and used by the United States Internal Revenue Service, other notable systems developed by the European Union, Brazil, Mexico, and China are also examined. Various sampling methods and practices are illustrated with numerical examples. As tax systems acquire ever higher levels of integration, and because accuracy is crucial to the measurement of tax compliance, the perspectives opened and expertly analyzed by the author will prove of great importance. Practitioners, tax policymakers and administrators, tax standard setters, and tribunals dealing with disputes over tax administration and procedure, as well as academics and researchers, will instantly recognize the book s great importance and practical value."

Borderline Case

Author: Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309518342
Size: 35.80 MB
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The growing integration of world markets for capital and goods, coupled with the rise of instantaneous worldwide communication, has made identification of corporations as "American," "Dutch," or "Japanese" extremely difficult. Yet tax treatment does depend of where a firm is chartered. And, as Borderline Case documents, there is little doubt that tax rules for firms doing business in several nations--firms that account for more than three-quarters of corporate R&D spending in the United States--have substantial effects on corporate decisionmaking and, ultimately, U.S. competitiveness. This book explores the impact of the U.S. tax code and its incentives on the international activities of U.S.- and foreign-based firms: basic research outlays, expenditures on product and process development, and plant and equipment investment. The authors include industry experts from large multinational firms in technology and pharmaceuticals, academic researchers who have explored the quantitative impact of tax provisions on R&D, and tax policy analysts who have examined international tax rules in the broader context of tax reform. These experts look at how corporate investment and R&D are shaped by specific tax provisions, such as the definition of taxable income, relative tax burdens on domestic and foreign business, taxation of earnings repatriated to the United States, deductibility of expenses of worldwide operations, and U.S. corporate taxes relative to other countries. The volume explores prescriptions and prospects for tax reform and reviews major reform proposals and their implications for the behavior of multinational business.

The Oxford Handbook Of Law Regulation And Technology

Author: Roger Brownsword
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199680833
Size: 73.94 MB
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The variety, pace, and power of technological innovations that have emerged in the 21st Century have been breathtaking. These technological developments, which include advances in networked information and communications, biotechnology, neurotechnology, nanotechnology, robotics, and environmental engineering technology, have raised a number of vital and complex questions. Although these technologies have the potential to generate positive transformation and help address 'grand societal challenges', the novelty associated with technological innovation has also been accompanied by anxieties about their risks and destabilizing effects. Is there a potential harm to human health or the environment? What are the ethical implications? Do this innovations erode of antagonize values such as human dignity, privacy, democracy, or other norms underpinning existing bodies of law and regulation? These technological developments have therefore spawned a nascent but growing body of 'law and technology' scholarship, broadly concerned with exploring the legal, social and ethical dimensions of technological innovation. This handbook collates the many and varied strands of this scholarship, focusing broadly across a range of new and emerging technology and a vast array of social and policy sectors, through which leading scholars in the field interrogate the interfaces between law, emerging technology, and regulation. Structured in five parts, the handbook (I) establishes the collection of essays within existing scholarship concerned with law and technology as well as regulatory governance; (II) explores the relationship between technology development by focusing on core concepts and values which technological developments implicate; (III) studies the challenges for law in responding to the emergence of new technologies, examining how legal norms, doctrine and institutions have been shaped, challenged and destabilized by technology, and even how technologies have been shaped by legal regimes; (IV) provides a critical exploration of the implications of technological innovation, examining the ways in which technological innovation has generated challenges for regulators in the governance of technological development, and the implications of employing new technologies as an instrument of regulatory governance; (V) explores various interfaces between law, regulatory governance, and new technologies across a range of key social domains.

International Company Taxation In The Era Of Information And Communication Technologies

Author: Anne Schäfer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783835091382
Size: 37.56 MB
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Anne Schäfer presents proposals for the reform of the definition of a company's residence, the definition of the permanent establishment, the possibilities of profit allocation and the methods to avoid international double taxation. In addition, the interrelations between these issues are taken into account. Amongst others, the author argues for an extension of the definition of a permanent establishment for employees working permanently abroad and for an implementation of formula apportionment in the European Union.

International Taxation Handbook

Author: Colin Read
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0750683716
Size: 51.15 MB
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International taxation is evolving in response to globalization, capital mobility, and the increased trade in services, and introduces international tax practitioner, student and researcher to the theory, practice, and international examples of the changing landscape. Models of tax competition in a flat and connected world are very different than those necessary to ensure compliance in a world dominated by cross-border flows of goods and repatriation of profits. Taxes on consumption, e-commerce, and services are looming innovations in future of international taxation. Tax coordination and standardization are immense challenges in a world in which the movement of value is increasingly subtle and hard to detect. And as corporations and individuals become more sophisticated in the internationalization of flows of capital, our models must become more sophisticated in their scope and inclusion. In the era when trade was dominated by the exchange of manufactured goods, international taxation was designed to protect domestic industries, create tax revenue, prevent evasion, and promote compliance. The traditional toolbox of customs duties, tariffs, and taxes on repatriated profits must be augmented as the movement of goods across borders represents a much smaller fraction of trade and as international taxation policy is increasingly used to attract foreign corporations rather than discourage branch offices. International taxation models that can better tax services, track international flows of capital, and allow a nation to compete in a world market for capital formation are the tools of the modern tax practitioner. International tax policy is now viewed as an integral part of economic policy. This approach is bound to accelerate as the world becomes increasingly flat and better connected. Economic progress is more and more influenced by the movement of services and information, movements that are no longer through ports but through fiber optic lines. This book contributes to the growing literature on international taxation by bringing together theory and experience, current practices and innovation, and our current understanding of some of the challenges now facing and arguably frustrating current international taxation policy. The book will create new avenues of research for scholars, a new awareness for students of International Taxation, and new possibilities for international tax practitioners. The models and examples presented here suggest that there are serious problems with measurability of flows of services and information, and points to an increasingly need for greater harmonization of international taxation, perhaps through coordinated consumption-tax oriented approaches. * Describe the rapidly evolving role of International Taxation in a globalizing information economy * Present theoretical models that act as the basis for successful international tax competition * Describe the experiences and innovations of representative internationalized countries * Discuss some new approaches to International Taxation * Makes the case for new models of international taxation in an increasingly global information world

Catalog Of Copyright Entries Third Series

Author: Library of Congress. Copyright Office
Publisher: Copyright Office, Library of Congress
ISBN:
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Includes Part 1, Number 1: Books and Pamphlets, Including Serials and Contributions to Periodicals (January - June)

Critical Issues In Environmental Taxation

Author: Lin-Heng Lye
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0199577986
Size: 34.11 MB
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"Preliminary drafts of the articles were previously presented at the Third Annual Global Conference on Environmental Taxation : Issues, Experience, and Potential which was held on April 12-13, 2002 in Woodstock, Vermont, U.S.A."--Preface, p. vii, v. 1.

Chinese Tax Law And International Treaties

Author: Lorenzo Riccardi
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3319002759
Size: 77.76 MB
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The People’s Republic of China’s tax policies and international obligations are as multifaceted and dynamic as they are complex, developing closely with the nation’s rise to the world’s fastest-growing major economy. Today, after decades of reform and the entry into the World Trade Organization, China has developed regulatory systems that enable it to provide stable administration, including a tax structure. China’s main tax reform can be attributed to the enactment of the Enterprise Income Tax Law, which came into effect on January 1, 2008. Chinese tax regulations include direct taxes, indirect taxes, other taxes, and custom duties and from a collection point of view, China’s tax administration adopts a very devolved system, with revenue collected and shared between different levels of government in accordance with contracts between the different levels of the tax administration system. With respect to international treaties, China has established a network of bilateral tax treaties and regional free trade agreements. This publication describes in detail China’s complex tax system and policies, as well as major bilateral treaties in which China has entered into using country-by-country analysis. Lorenzo Riccardi is Tax Advisor and Certified Public Accountant specialized in international taxation. He is based in Shanghai, where he focuses on business and tax law, assisting foreign investments in East Asia. He is an auditor and an advisor for several corporate groups and he is partner and Head of Tax of the consulting firm GWA, specializing in emerging markets.

Federal Tax Research

Author: William Raabe
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 0324659652
Size: 48.10 MB
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With FEDERAL TAX RESEARCH, 8e, you will come to understand the latest techniques in tax research and the way this relates to the CPA exam. The eighth edition offers a new chapter on international tax research, an expanded review of tax ethics, and real-life cases to help you see the big picture of federal tax law. No other text can better prepare you on tax research procedures and multiple hands-on applications! Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.