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Scientific Enquiry And Natural Kinds

Author: P.D. Magnus
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN: 0230369170
Size: 33.99 MB
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There are certainly some scientific categories which are merely conveniences introduced to organize complicated data, but others correspond to genuine features of the world. These are indispensable for successful science in some domain; in short, they are natural kinds. This book gives a general account of what it is to be a natural kind. It untangles philosophical puzzles surrounding natural kinds. Natural kinds can be practical, and we can identify them without pretending to know the fundamental structure of reality. The account is then put to work to illuminate specific examples, such as the category planet and the fate of Pluto, species like the common mallard and the species category itself, cognition and distributed cognition, animal signals and the threats they signify, and even baked goods.

Philosophy Of Epidemiology

Author: A. Broadbent
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137315601
Size: 42.90 MB
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Epidemiology is one of the fastest growing and increasingly important sciences. This thorough analysis lays out the conceptual foundations of epidemiology, identifying traps and setting out the benefits of properly understanding this fascinating and important discipline, as well as providing the means to do so.

Models As Make Believe

Author: Adam Toon
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN: 0230301215
Size: 25.72 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Scientists often try to understand the world by creating simplified or idealised models of it. And yet modelling is hard to make sense of, not least because it seems to involve learning about things that don't exist, like ideal oscillators or perfect spheres. Models as Make-Believe offers a new approach to scientific modelling by looking to an unlikely source of inspiration: the dolls and toy trucks of children's games of make-believe. Drawing on philosophical discussions of art and fiction, Adam Toon offers a unified framework that can solve difficult metaphysical problems posed by modelling at the same time as helping to make sense of scientific practice. In developing this new perspective, Models as Make-Believe combines careful philosophical analysis with historical and sociological approaches, shedding light on a range of issues, from scientists' visual and tactile interaction with models to the role that cardboard cut-outs played in the development of our understanding of atoms.

Philosophy Of Stem Cell Biology

Author: M. Fagan
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 113729602X
Size: 73.28 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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This examination of stem cell biology from a philosophy of science perspective clarifies the field's central concept, the stem cell, as well as its aims, methods, models, explanations and evidential challenges. Relations to systems biology and clinical medicine are also discussed.

The Leadership Wisdom Of Jesus

Author: Charles C. Manz
Publisher: Berrett-Koehler Publishers
ISBN: 1609940067
Size: 75.47 MB
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NEW EDITION, REVISED AND UPDATED In this new edition of the bestselling classic, Charles Manz doesn’t look to Jesus’s teachings to support preconceived theories of how a manager should lead but approaches the New Testament with an open mind to see what insights it reveals for today’s business world. What he finds are powerful lessons that will inspire you—no matter what your religious background—to maintain integrity, live on a higher plane, and ultimately achieve your personal and professional goals. The third edition is updated throughout and includes several new examples and a self-assessment chapter designed to encourage self-examination and personal reflection. Remarkably contemporary and welcoming to all readers, this book will challenge you to evaluate your own leadership style and to consider time-tested spiritual wisdom that can make you more enlightened and more effective.

What Makes Biology Unique

Author: Ernst Mayr
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521700344
Size: 49.31 MB
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This book, a collection of essays written by the most eminent evolutionary biologist of the twentieth century, explores biology as an autonomous science, offers insights on the history of evolutionary thought, critiques the contributions of philosophy to the science of biology, and comments on several of the major ongoing issues in evolutionary theory. Notably, Mayr explains that Darwin's theory of evolution is actually five separate theories, each with its own history, trajectory and impact. Natural selection is a separate idea from common descent, and from geographic speciation, and so on. A number of the perennial Darwinian controversies may well have been caused by the confounding of the five separate theories into a single composite. Those interested in evolutionary theory, or the philosophy and history of science will find useful ideas in this book, which should appeal to virtually anyone with a broad curiosity about biology.

New Waves In Philosophy Of Science

Author: P. D. Magnus
Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan
ISBN: 9780230222649
Size: 64.46 MB
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"This book captures the diverse array of issues in the rapidly developing area of philosophy of science by bringing together a pool of talented young philosophers from across the globe to debate the field and show where it's heading"--Provided by publishe

The Structure Of The World

Author: Steven French
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191507725
Size: 14.29 MB
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In The Structure of the World, Steven French articulates and defends the bold claim that there are no objects. At the most fundamental level, modern physics presents us with a world of structures and making sense of that view is the central aim of the increasingly widespread position known as structural realism. Drawing on contemporary work in metaphysics and philosophy of science, as well as the 'forgotten' history of structural realism itself, French attempts to further ground and develop this position. He argues that structural realism offers the best way of balancing our need to accommodate the results of modern science with our desire to arrive at an appropriately informed understanding of the world that science presents to us. Covering not only the realism-antirealism debate, the nature of representation, and the relationship between metaphysics and science, The Structure of the World defends a form of eliminativism about objects that sets laws and symmetry principles at the heart of ontology. In place of a world of microscopic objects banging into one another and governed by the laws of physics, it offers a world of laws and symmetries, on which determinate physical properties are dependent. In presenting this account, French also tackles the distinction between mathematical and physical structures, the nature of laws, and causality in the context of modern physics, and he concludes by exploring the extent to which structural realism can be extended into chemistry and biology.

Bad Year Economics

Author: Paul Halstead
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521611923
Size: 28.35 MB
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Explores the role of risk and uncertainty in human economics within an interdisciplinary an cross-cultural framework.