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Scientific Evidence In Civil And Criminal Cases

Author: Andre Moenssens
Publisher: Foundation Press
ISBN: 9781634607148
Size: 65.24 MB
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This text is the seventh edition of an authoritative work that has defined and shaped the legal analysis of scientific evidence for four decades. A single source and definitive reference for law students, scholars, practicing attorneys, and judges, it covers the critical topics in the law and the scientific disciplines most frequently encountered in the courtroom. It explains established capabilities and existing limitations of forensic science methodologies, as well as controversial and emerging issues in both the forensic science community and the legal system. For each discipline, the standards and qualifications of experts are presented along with evidentiary issues and admissibility challenges. This practical resource begins with an overview of admissibility standards for scientific evidence and expert testimony and considerations for selecting and working with experts. It covers the legal principles relevant to demonstrative exhibits used by expert witnesses in connection with scientific evidence. Drawing upon extensive case references and current research articles, the book includes such topics and disciplines as fingerprint evidence, firearm and toolmark evidence, forensic document examination, fire scene and explosives investigation, trace evidence, vehicle investigations, digital forensics, forensic anthropology, forensic odontology, forensic pathology, forensic toxicology, forensic biology and DNA analysis, controlled substances analysis, and forensic psychiatry and psychology.

The Forensic Evaluation Of Traumatic Brain Injury

Author: Gregory Murrey, Ph.D.
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420039382
Size: 61.20 MB
Format: PDF
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Few medical and legal professionals would have trouble locating a book on traumatic brain injury and forensic neuropsychology. But to locate a text on the forensic assessment process and clinical issues of TBI is akin to finding a needle in a haystack. Very few, if any, works exist on the subject. The Forensic Evaluation of Traumatic Brain Injury: A Handbook for Clinicians and Attorneys fills this void. It provides both the clinician involved in forensic examinations and the legal professional involved in litigation or legal proceedings of personal injury with a general overview of the legal issues and assessment process in TBI cases. The book begins with an overview of key issues involved in the forensic assessment of TBI, including definitions and medical diagnostic terminology of interest to the forensic examiner and legal professional. Subsequent chapters provide an overview of the neurologic, neuropsychological and psychological forensic assessment process specific to brain injury cases. The final portion of the book focuses on the forensic examiner as expert witness.

The Psychology And Sociology Of Wrongful Convictions

Author: Wendy J Koen
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128027029
Size: 33.21 MB
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Wrongful convictions are the result of faulty or false scientific evidence in 50% of the cases. Defense counsel is often at a great disadvantage in defending against evidence based on science. Illusory Evidence: The Psychology and Sociology of Wrongful Convictions is written for the non-scientist, to make complicated scientific information clear and concise enough for attorneys and judges to master. This is obtained by providing case studies to simplify issues in forensic psychology for the legal professional. Increases the courts’ knowledge about areas of psychology that have been debunked, have advanced, or have been refined by the scientific community Covers issues in psychological forensics, namely: Profiling, Psychological Defenses, Mitigation, Eyewitness Testimony/Identification, Child Testimony, Repressed Memories, False Confessions and Moral Panic Trains prosecuting attorneys about the present state of the forensic psychology, to avoid relying only on legal precedent and will not present flawed science to the court Provides defense attorneys the knowledge necessary to competently defend where forensic psychology plays a part in a prosecution Arms innocence projects and appellate attorneys with the latest information to challenge convictions Uses case studies to simplify issues in forensic psychology for the legal professional

Forensic Neuropsychology Casebook

Author: Robert L. Heilbronner
Publisher: Guilford Press
ISBN: 1593851855
Size: 10.57 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Featuring compelling case presentations from experienced neuropsychologists, this volume offers a window into the complexities of conducting forensic assessments and serving as an expert witness. Covering both the civil and criminal arenas, the contributors demonstrate evidence-based procedures for evaluating premorbid functioning, competency, malingering, and other forensic issues. Each case includes step-by-step details on the clinical interview, behavioral observations, neuropsychological test results, and preparation for deposition or courtroom testimony. The concluding "Ask the Experts" section provides a thought-provoking Q&A on salient professional and ethical issues. An ideal format for translating science to practice, the casebook yields valuable insights on navigating the twists and turns of the legal system.