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Search Engine Society

Author: Alexander Halavais
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1509516867
Size: 69.17 MB
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Search engines have become a key part of our everyday lives. Yet there is growing concern with how algorithms, which run just beneath the surface of our interactions online, are affecting society. This timely new edition of Search Engine Society enlightens readers on the forms of bias that algorithms introduce into our knowledge and social spaces, drawing on recent changes to technology, industries, policies, and research. It provides an introduction to the social place of the search engine and addresses crucial questions such as: How have search engines changed the way we organize our thoughts about the world, and how we work? To what extent do politics shape search, and does search shape politics? This book is a must-read for those who wish to understand the future of the social internet and how search shapes it.

Digital Media And Society

Author: Simon Lindgren
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1473998891
Size: 20.90 MB
Format: PDF
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What can flame-throwing squirrels tell us about human emotion? Can social media empower political activism? How has the internet changed the way we form our identities? Do algorithms have a social role? What is digital society? In the early 21st century, digital media and the social have become irreversibly intertwined. In this cutting-edge introduction, author Simon Lindgren explores what it means to live in a digital society. Neatly divided into three sections, Digital Media and Society expertly leads students through: Theories: from social media and cyber-optimism, to online social interaction and social change Topics: from emotion, participation and the public sphere, to the impact of data, software and mobile technology Tools: from digital ethnography, social network analysis and text-mining, to guidance on digital ethics and mixing methods With succinct explanations of key concepts and theories, practical exercises to aid understanding and application, and suggested further reading sections to guide students through the literature and enhance their own research, this is a must-have resource for all students of the digital society. Digital Media and Society is essential reading for undergraduate and postgraduate courses exploring digital media, social media, media and society, media sociology, and the Internet.

Media Society World

Author: Nick Couldry
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0745680763
Size: 11.92 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Media are fundamental to our sense of living in a social world. Since the beginning of modernity, media have transformed the scale on which we act as social beings. And now in the era of digital media, media themselves are being transformed as platforms, content, and producers multiply. Yet the implications of social theory for understanding media and of media for rethinking social theory have been neglected; never before has it been more important to understand those implications. This book takes on this challenge. Drawing on Couldry's fifteen years of work on media and social theory, this book explores how questions of power and ritual, capital and social order, and the conduct of political struggle, professional competition, and everyday life, are all transformed by today's complex combinations of traditional and 'new' media. In the concluding chapters Couldry develops a framework for global comparative research into media and for thinking collectively about the ethics and justice of our lives with media. The result is a book that is both a major intervention in the field and required reading for all students of media and sociology.

Big Data

Author: Ramón Reichert
Publisher: transcript Verlag
ISBN: 3732825922
Size: 71.74 MB
Format: PDF
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Ob die Überwachungspraktiken der NSA oder die Geschäftsmodelle von Google, Facebook & Co.: Sie alle basieren auf »Big Data«, der ungeahnten Möglichkeit, riesige Datenmengen wie nie zuvor in der Geschichte zu erheben, zu sammeln und zu analysieren. »Big Data« beschreibt damit nicht nur neuartige wissenschaftliche Datenpraktiken, sondern steht für eine tektonische Verschiebung von Wissen, Medien, Macht und Ökonomie. Im Unterschied zum Medienhype um »Big Data« schafft der Band einen Reflexionsraum zur differenzierten Auseinandersetzung mit dem datenbasierten Medienumbruch der Gegenwart. International führende Theoretiker der Digital Humanities stellen einen fachübergreifenden Theorierahmen zur Verfügung, der es erlaubt, »Big Data« in seiner gesamten sozialen, kulturellen, ökonomischen und politischen Bandbreite zeitdiagnostisch zu thematisieren. Mit Beiträgen von David M. Berry, Jean Burgess, Alexander R. Galloway, Lev Manovich, Richard Rogers, Daniel Rosenberg, Bernard Stiegler, Theo Röhle, Eugene Thacker u.a.m.

International Encyclopedia Of Digital Communication And Society 3 Volume Set

Author: Dixons Chair in New Media and the Internet Interdepartmental Programme in Media and Communications Robin Mansell
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118290747
Size: 69.29 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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"The International Encyclopedia of Digital Communication and Society" offers critical assessments of theoretical and applied research on digitally-mediated communication, a central area of study in the 21st century. - Examines topics with unprecedented breadth and depth, with the aim of bringing together international and interdisciplinary perspectives - Organized in an accessible A-Z format with over 150 entries on key topics ranging from 2,000 to 10,000 words - Addresses a full range of topics including digitally-mediated social media, commercial applications and online gaming, to law and policy analysis and information and communication technologies for development - Published with a regularly updated online edition which will ensure readers are kept abreast of the latest developments in research- Part of "The Wiley Blackwell-ICA International Encyclopedias of Communication" series, published in conjunction with the "International Communication Association"

Social Media

Author: Christian Fuchs
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1473987490
Size: 32.59 MB
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This book equips students with the critical thinking they need to understand the complexities and contradictions of social media and make informed judgements. The second edition explores the sharing economy of Uber and Airbnb and social media in China.

Society And The Internet

Author: Manuel Castells
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199661995
Size: 66.96 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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How is society being shaped by the diffusion and increasing centrality of the Internet in everyday life and work? By bringing together leading research that addresses some of the most significant cultural, economic, and political roles of the Internet, this volume introduces students to a core set of readings that address this question in specific social and institutional contexts. Internet Studies is a burgeoning new field, which has been central to the Oxford Internet Institute (OII), an innovative multi-disciplinary department at the University of Oxford. Society and the Internet builds on the OII's evolving series of lectures on society and the Internet. The series has been edited to create a reader to supplement upper-division undergraduate and graduate courses that seek to introduce students to scholarship focused on the implications of the Internet for networked societies around the world. The chapters of the reader are rooted in a variety of disciplines, but all directly tackle the powerful ways in which the Internet is linked to political, social, cultural, and economic transformations in society. This book will be a starting point for anyone with a serious interest in the factors shaping the Internet and its impact on society. The book begins with an introduction by the editors, which provides a brief history of the Internet and Web and its study from multi-disciplinary perspectives. The chapters are grouped into six focused sections: The Internet and Everyday Life; Information and Culture on the Line; Networked Politics and Government; Networked Businesses, Industries, and Economies; and Technological and Regulatory Histories and Futures.

Algorithms Of Oppression

Author: Safiya Umoja Noble
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 1479837245
Size: 75.25 MB
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A revealing look at how negative biases against women of color are embedded in search engine results and algorithms Run a Google search for “black girls”—what will you find? “Big Booty” and other sexually explicit terms are likely to come up as top search terms. But, if you type in “white girls,” the results are radically different. The suggested porn sites and un-moderated discussions about “why black women are so sassy” or “why black women are so angry” presents a disturbing portrait of black womanhood in modern society. In Algorithms of Oppression, Safiya Umoja Noble challenges the idea that search engines like Google offer an equal playing field for all forms of ideas, identities, and activities. Data discrimination is a real social problem; Noble argues that the combination of private interests in promoting certain sites, along with the monopoly status of a relatively small number of Internet search engines, leads to a biased set of search algorithms that privilege whiteness and discriminate against people of color, specifically women of color. Through an analysis of textual and media searches as well as extensive research on paid online advertising, Noble exposes a culture of racism and sexism in the way discoverability is created online. As search engines and their related companies grow in importance—operating as a source for email, a major vehicle for primary and secondary school learning, and beyond—understanding and reversing these disquieting trends and discriminatory practices is of utmost importance. An original, surprising and, at times, disturbing account of bias on the internet, Algorithms of Oppression contributes to our understanding of how racism is created, maintained, and disseminated in the 21st century.

Deep Search

Author: Konrad Becker
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 3706547953
Size: 73.49 MB
Format: PDF
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Search engines - most obviously Google - lie at the heart of our digital lives. Their interfaces seem to be simple and neutral. Yet underneath operates a political philosophy, written in complex technical code. At stake is nothing less than how we, individually and collectively, find out about the world. "Deep Search is the most profound set of statements and questions yet on the new universal machine, the search engine. Knowledge about the networks and the means of sorting them starts from the grounds of politics, culture and the formation of life rather than what is simply technically or legally possible. This book demands to be used." -Matthew Fuller, Goldsmiths, University of London, author of Media Ecologies "This collection gets to the heart of the most important issues concerning our global information ecosystem: Will the 'soft power' of one, two, or three corporations exert inordinate yet undetectable influence over what we consider important, beautiful, or true? What are the possibilities for resistance? What are the proper avenues for law, policy, and personal choices? This book walks us through these challenges like no other before it." -Siva Vaidhyanathan, University of Virginia, author of The Googlization of Everything Wer sich über die wichtigste technische Errungenschaft des 20. Jahrhunderts und ihre politischen und sozialen Auswirkungen auf die folgenden schlaumachen will, der wird in diesem Sammelband fündig. Die Presse, Harald Klauhs

Political Communication In China

Author: Wenfang Tang
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135709998
Size: 12.11 MB
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It is widely recognised that the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) uses the media to set the agenda for political discourse, propagate official policies, monitor public opinion, and rally regime support. State agencies in China control the full spectrum of media programming, either through ownership or the power to regulate. Political Communication in China examines the two factors which have contributed to the rapid development of media infrastructure in China: technology and commercialization. Economic development led to technological advancement, which in turn brought about the rapid modernization of all forms of communication, from ‘old’ media such as television to the Internet, cell phones, and satellite communications. This volume examines how these recent developments have affected the relationship between the CCP and the mass media as well as the implications of this evolving relationship for understanding Chinese citizens’ media use, political attitudes, and behaviour. The chapters in this book represent a diverse range of research methods, from surveys, content analysis, and field interviews to the manipulation of aggregate statistical data. The result is a lively debate which creates many opportunities for future research into the fundamental question of convergence between political and media regimes. This book was originally published as a special issue of the journal Political Communication.