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Second Generation Biometrics The Ethical Legal And Social Context

Author: Emilio Mordini
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400738927
Size: 54.85 MB
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While a sharp debate is emerging about whether conventional biometric technology offers society any significant advantages over other forms of identification, and whether it constitutes a threat to privacy, technology is rapidly progressing. Politicians and the public are still discussing fingerprinting and iris scan, while scientists and engineers are already testing futuristic solutions. Second generation biometrics - which include multimodal biometrics, behavioural biometrics, dynamic face recognition, EEG and ECG biometrics, remote iris recognition, and other, still more astonishing, applications – is a reality which promises to overturn any current ethical standard about human identification. Robots which recognise their masters, CCTV which detects intentions, voice responders which analyse emotions: these are only a few applications in progress to be developed. This book is the first ever published on ethical, social and privacy implications of second generation biometrics. Authors include both distinguished scientists in the biometric field and prominent ethical, privacy and social scholars. This makes this book an invaluable tool for policy makers, technologists, social scientists, privacy authorities involved in biometric policy setting. Moreover it is a precious instrument to update scholars from different disciplines who are interested in biometrics and its wider social, ethical and political implications.

Routledge Handbook Of European Politics

Author: José M. Magone
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317628365
Size: 43.62 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Since the Treaty of the European Union was ratified in 1993, the European Union has become an important factor in an ever-increasing number of regimes of pooled sovereignty. This Handbook seeks to present a valuable guide to this new and unique system in the twenty-first century, allowing readers to obtain a better understanding of the emerging multilevel European governance system that links national polities to Europe and the global community. Adopting a pan-European approach, this Handbook brings together the work of leading international academics to cover a wide range of topics such as: the historical and theoretical background the political systems and institutions of both the EU and its individual member nations political parties and party systems political elites civil society and social movements in European politics the political economy of Europe public administration and policy-making external policies of the EU. This is an invaluable and comprehensive resource for students, scholars, researchers and practitioners of the European Union, European politics and comparative politics.

Biometrics Concepts Methodologies Tools And Applications

Author: Management Association, Information Resources
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1522509844
Size: 31.43 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Security and authentication issues are surging to the forefront of the research realm in global society. As technology continues to evolve, individuals are finding it easier to infiltrate various forums and facilities where they can illegally obtain information and access. By implementing biometric authentications to these forums, users are able to prevent attacks on their privacy and security. Biometrics: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications is a multi-volume publication highlighting critical topics related to access control, user identification, and surveillance technologies. Featuring emergent research on the issues and challenges in security and privacy, various forms of user authentication, biometric applications to image processing and computer vision, and security applications within the field, this publication is an ideal reference source for researchers, engineers, technology developers, students, and security specialists.

Interdisciplinary Perspectives On Contemporary Conflict Resolution

Author: Novais, Paulo
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1522502467
Size: 25.30 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Since the dawn of human speech and interaction, there have been conflicts among individuals, regions, and whole nations. Disagreements, miscommunications, no matter the name they take; conflicts will continue to be present in every field of work or study. New technologies such as social media have extended people’s ability to communicate, and therefore dispute, making additional research and practical solutions for resolving conflict all the more necessary. Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Contemporary Conflict Resolution presents theoretical perspectives on the causes of diverse conflicts, approaches novel disputes and the technology associated therein, and provides readers with multifaceted solutions to the myriad of potential arguments and disagreements that arise as part of the human condition. This interdisciplinary publication is a critical resource for researchers, legal practitioners, policy makers, government officials, and students and educators in the fields of political science, communication studies, and business.

Combating Security Breaches And Criminal Activity In The Digital Sphere

Author: Geetha, S.
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1522501940
Size: 41.56 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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With the rapid advancement in technology, a myriad of new threats have emerged in online environments. The broad spectrum of these digital risks requires new and innovative methods for protection against cybercrimes. Combating Security Breaches and Criminal Activity in the Digital Sphere is a pivotal reference source for the latest scholarly research on current trends in cyber forensic investigations, focusing on advanced techniques for protecting information security and preventing potential exploitation for online users. Featuring law enforcement perspectives, theoretical foundations, and forensic methods, this book is ideally designed for policy makers, analysts, researchers, technology developers, and upper-level students.

Ethics And Technology

Author: Herman T. Tavani
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470509503
Size: 61.63 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Information technology professionals must not only have a strong understanding of the latest technology, but they also need to be grounded in ethics. The third edition provides them with the information they need to succeed in the field. Each chapter is updated with new case studies and scenarios to provide the most current information. Review and discussion questions are included to reinforce key concepts. The in-text citations and references are revised to offer additional resources. Updated material is also presented on online communities and democracy, globalization and job outsourcing, security for wireless networking, and international cybercrime legislation. This enables information technology professionals to apply the concepts with a focus on ethics.

Human Recognition In Unconstrained Environments

Author: Maria De Marsico
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0081007124
Size: 21.51 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book provides a unique picture of the complete ‘in-the-wild’ biometric recognition processing chain; from data acquisition through to detection, segmentation, encoding, and matching reactions against security incidents. Coverage includes: Data hardware architecture fundamentals Background subtraction of humans in outdoor scenes Camera synchronization Biometric traits: Real-time detection and data segmentation Biometric traits: Feature encoding / matching Fusion at different levels Reaction against security incidents Ethical issues in non-cooperative biometric recognition in public spaces With this book readers will learn how to: Use computer vision, pattern recognition and machine learning methods for biometric recognition in real-world, real-time settings, especially those related to forensics and security Choose the most suited biometric traits and recognition methods for uncontrolled settings Evaluate the performance of a biometric system on real world data Presents a complete picture of the biometric recognition processing chain, ranging from data acquisition to the reaction procedures against security incidents Provides specific requirements and issues behind each typical phase of the development of a robust biometric recognition system Includes a contextualization of the ethical/privacy issues behind the development of a covert recognition system which can be used for forensics and security activities

Encyclopedia Of Information Ethics And Security

Author: Quigley, Marian
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1591409888
Size: 71.46 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Rapid technological advancement has given rise to new ethical dilemmas and security threats, while the development of appropriate ethical codes and security measures fail to keep pace, which makes the education of computer users and professionals crucial. The Encyclopedia of Information Ethics and Security is an original, comprehensive reference source on ethical and security issues relating to the latest technologies. Covering a wide range of themes, this valuable reference tool includes topics such as computer crime, information warfare, privacy, surveillance, intellectual property and education. This encyclopedia is a useful tool for students, academics, and professionals.

Public Health Ethics Cases Spanning The Globe

Author: Drue H. Barrett
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319238477
Size: 61.24 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This Open Access book highlights the ethical issues and dilemmas that arise in the practice of public health. It is also a tool to support instruction, debate, and dialogue regarding public health ethics. Although the practice of public health has always included consideration of ethical issues, the field of public health ethics as a discipline is a relatively new and emerging area. There are few practical training resources for public health practitioners, especially resources which include discussion of realistic cases which are likely to arise in the practice of public health. This work discusses these issues on a case to case basis and helps create awareness and understanding of the ethics of public health care. The main audience for the casebook is public health practitioners, including front-line workers, field epidemiology trainers and trainees, managers, planners, and decision makers who have an interest in learning about how to integrate ethical analysis into their day to day public health practice. The casebook is also useful to schools of public health and public health students as well as to academic ethicists who can use the book to teach public health ethics and distinguish it from clinical and research ethics.

Security And Privacy

Author: John Kleinig
Publisher: ANU E Press
ISBN: 1921862580
Size: 31.26 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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This study is principally concerned with the ethical dimensions of identity management technology - electronic surveillance, the mining of personal data, and profiling - in the context of transnational crime and global terrorism. The ethical challenge at the heart of this study is to establish an acceptable and sustainable equilibrium between two central moral values in contemporary liberal democracies, namely, security and privacy. Both values are essential to individual liberty, but they come into conflict in times when civil order is threatened, as has been the case from late in the twentieth century, with the advent of global terrorism and trans-national crime. We seek to articulate legally sustainable, politically possible, and technologically feasible, global ethical standards for identity management technology and policies in liberal democracies in the contemporary global security context. Although the standards in question are to be understood as global ethical standards potentially to be adopted not only by the United States, but also by the European Union, India, Australasia, and other contemporary liberal democratic states, we take as our primary focus the tensions that have arisen between the United States and the European Union.