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Secondhand Smoke Exposure And Cardiovascular Effects

Author: Institute of Medicine
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309138396
Size: 59.52 MB
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Data suggest that exposure to secondhand smoke can result in heart disease in nonsmoking adults. Recently, progress has been made in reducing involuntary exposure to secondhand smoke through legislation banning smoking in workplaces, restaurants, and other public places. The effect of legislation to ban smoking and its effects on the cardiovascular health of nonsmoking adults, however, remains a question. Secondhand Smoke Exposure and Cardiovascular Effects reviews available scientific literature to assess the relationship between secondhand smoke exposure and acute coronary events. The authors, experts in secondhand smoke exposure and toxicology, clinical cardiology, epidemiology, and statistics, find that there is about a 25 to 30 percent increase in the risk of coronary heart disease from exposure to secondhand smoke. Their findings agree with the 2006 Surgeon General's Report conclusion that there are increased risks of coronary heart disease morbidity and mortality among men and women exposed to secondhand smoke. However, the authors note that the evidence for determining the magnitude of the relationship between chronic secondhand smoke exposure and coronary heart disease is not very strong. Public health professionals will rely upon Secondhand Smoke Exposure and Cardiovascular Effects for its survey of critical epidemiological studies on the effects of smoking bans and evidence of links between secondhand smoke exposure and cardiovascular events, as well as its findings and recommendations.

Endlich Nichtraucher

Author: Allen Carr
Publisher: Mosaik Verlag
ISBN: 3641112834
Size: 21.24 MB
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Millionen Menschen haben es mit dem Klassiker »Endlich Nichtraucher« geschafft, sich in kurzer Zeit ohne Zwang vom Rauchen zu befreien – für immer. Dieses kleine Buch bietet eine wunderbare Ergänzung zum Original für alle, die ihre Lektüre noch einmal auffrischen wollen oder schnell alle wichtigen Informationen überblicken möchten. So kann man sich auch zwischendurch dazu inspirieren, endlich vom blauen Dunst loszukommen.

National Prevention Strategy America S Plan For Better Health And Wellness

Author: Regina M. Benjamin
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 1437987621
Size: 46.22 MB
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The Affordable Care Act, landmark health legislation passed in 2010, called for the development of the National Prevention Strategy to realize the benefits of prevention for all Americans¿ health. This Strategy builds on the law¿s efforts to lower health care costs, improve the quality of care, and provide coverage options for the uninsured. Contents: Nat. Leadership; Partners in Prevention; Healthy and Safe Community Environ.; Clinical and Community Preventive Services; Elimination of Health Disparities; Priorities: Tobacco Free Living; Preventing Drug Abuse and Excessive Alcohol Use; Healthy Eating; Active Living; Injury and Violence Free Living; Reproductive and Sexual Health; Mental and Emotional Well-being. Illus. A print on demand report.

Amerika Auf Der Couch

Author: Allen Frances
Publisher: Dumont Buchverlag
ISBN: 3832189912
Size: 13.85 MB
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Allen Frances warnt davor, die Wahl Trumps als Ausnahmefall oder Ausrutscher zu betrachten und nicht als Spiegelbild unserer Demokratie. Denn wir müssen uns mit der Frage beschäftigen, was seine Wahl über den Zustand der USA aussagt. In der Psychiatrie wird eine Wahnidee oder ein Irrglaube als eine tief sitzende, abwegige Überzeugung definiert. Und an genau solchen wahnhaften Überzeugungen hält die amerikanische Gesellschaft fest – aber auch viele andere westliche Gesellschaften. Lieber begegnen wir der bedrohlichen Realität mit Verleugnung, Wunschdenken und abwegigen Verhaltensweisen. Doch die Einsicht, dass wir uns selbst ein tiefes Loch graben, ist der erste und unerlässliche Schritt, um aus ihm herauszuklettern. Der Job eines Psychiaters ist es, Patienten zu helfen, aus ihren Fehlern zu lernen, das Irrationale ihres Denkens freizulegen und den Teufelskreis selbstzerstörerischen Verhaltens zu beenden. Diesen Heilungsprozess braucht nicht nur der Einzelne, sondern die gesamte westliche Welt. Denn wir müssen uns dem Wahnsinn in unserer Gesellschaft stellen – bevor es zu spät ist. »Allen Frances argumentiert schlüssig, dass es deutlich dringender ist, die nationale Psyche zu entschlüsseln, als uns mit Debatten über Trumps geistigen Zustand abzulenken. Die viel wichtigere Frage ist: Was hat unsere Politik bis an diesen Punkt geführt?« THE NEW YORKER »Ein überragender Psychiater« THE NEW YORK TIMES

Nicht Mehr Rauchen F R Dummies

Author: David Brizer, M.D.
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527642242
Size: 60.86 MB
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Nichtraucher werden ist schon schwer, es zu bleiben umso mehr. »Nicht mehr rauchen für Dummies« hilft Ihnen, sich für das Aufhören zu motivieren, die erste Woche zu überstehen und auf Dauer standhaft zu bleiben. Dabei verrät der Autor Ihnen, auch wie Sie Hilfsmittel wie Nikotinkaugummis und -pflaster erfolgreich einsetzen und nicht mehr Gewicht zunehmen als unbedingt nötig. Nutzen Sie Ihre Chance, nutzen Sie dieses Buch, Ihre Gesundheit, Familie und Freunde werden es Ihnen danken.

Informing The Future

Author: Institute of Medicine
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309215366
Size: 72.22 MB
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This report illustrates the work of IOM committees in selected, major areas in recent years, followed by a description of IOM's convening and collaborative activities and fellowship programs. The last section provides a comprehensive bibliography of IOM reports published since 2007.

Planet Heart

Author: François Reeves
Publisher: Greystone Books
ISBN: 1771000821
Size: 67.53 MB
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We’ve all heard the risk factors for cardiovascular disease: high blood pressure, high cholesterol, obesity, smoking, stress, and a sedentary lifestyle. But what about our environment? Despite almost 500 recent studies that show the links between air and water quality, biodiversity, and heart health, a poor environment as a critical cardiovascular risk factor has largely been ignored. In Planet Heart, cardiologist François Reeves aims to redress this imbalance with an incisive and authoritative look at the subject. Why did North America experience an explosion of cardiovascular disease in the mid-20th century? Why are people in China, who were until recently protected from cardiovascular disease, now suffering a surge of heart attacks? Why are there more heart attacks during episodes of smog? Why would living near an urban green space halve the difference in cardiac mortality between the rich and poor? In his lively, accessible text, Reeves not only sheds light on these questions with the latest scientific evidence but also offers tangible solutions that could mean better health for our hearts and for our planet. Published in partnership with the David Suzuki Foundation

Environmental Decisions In The Face Of Uncertainty

Author: Institute of Medicine
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309290236
Size: 40.54 MB
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The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is one of several federal agencies responsible for protecting Americans against significant risks to human health and the environment. As part of that mission, EPA estimates the nature, magnitude, and likelihood of risks to human health and the environment; identifies the potential regulatory actions that will mitigate those risks and protect public health1 and the environment; and uses that information to decide on appropriate regulatory action. Uncertainties, both qualitative and quantitative, in the data and analyses on which these decisions are based enter into the process at each step. As a result, the informed identification and use of the uncertainties inherent in the process is an essential feature of environmental decision making. EPA requested that the Institute of Medicine (IOM) convene a committee to provide guidance to its decision makers and their partners in states and localities on approaches to managing risk in different contexts when uncertainty is present. It also sought guidance on how information on uncertainty should be presented to help risk managers make sound decisions and to increase transparency in its communications with the public about those decisions. Given that its charge is not limited to human health risk assessment and includes broad questions about managing risks and decision making, in this report the committee examines the analysis of uncertainty in those other areas in addition to human health risks. Environmental Decisions in the Face of Uncertainty explains the statement of task and summarizes the findings of the committee.

Tobacco Control An Issue Of Nursing Clinics E Book

Author: Nancy L. York
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 145574297X
Size: 16.76 MB
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This issue of Nursing Clinics includes the following topics: Nursing interventions for smoking cessation; tobacco cessation clinics; Cessation strategies for pregnant and postpartum mothers; Evidence-based cessation strategies and policies for college-age smokers; Evidence-based cessation strategies for rural communities; Gender differences and tobacco cessation; Optimizing tobacco cessation outcomes; Community based participatory research and cessation interventions; Use of quit-lines for cessation; Advocacy and smoke-free laws; Hookah use in adolescents and adults; Chewing tobacco; and E-cigarettes.