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Semiparametric Modeling Of Implied Volatility

Author: Matthias R. Fengler
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540305912
Size: 16.95 MB
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This book offers recent advances in the theory of implied volatility and refined semiparametric estimation strategies and dimension reduction methods for functional surfaces. The first part is devoted to smile-consistent pricing approaches. The second part covers estimation techniques that are natural candidates to meet the challenges in implied volatility surfaces. Empirical investigations, simulations, and pictures illustrate the concepts.

Statistics Of Financial Markets

Author: Jürgen Franke
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642545394
Size: 74.88 MB
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Now in its fourth edition, this book offers a detailed yet concise introduction to the growing field of statistical applications in finance. The reader will learn the basic methods of evaluating option contracts, analyzing financial time series, selecting portfolios and managing risks based on realistic assumptions about market behavior. The focus is both on the fundamentals of mathematical finance and financial time series analysis, and on applications to given problems concerning financial markets, thus making the book the ideal basis for lectures, seminars and crash courses on the topic. For this new edition the book has been updated and extensively revised and now includes several new aspects, e.g. new chapters on long memory models, copulae and CDO valuation. Practical exercises with solutions have also been added. Both R and Matlab Code, together with the data, can be downloaded from the book’s product page and

Handbook Of Computational Finance

Author: Jin-Chuan Duan
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642172540
Size: 46.61 MB
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Any financial asset that is openly traded has a market price. Except for extreme market conditions, market price may be more or less than a “fair” value. Fair value is likely to be some complicated function of the current intrinsic value of tangible or intangible assets underlying the claim and our assessment of the characteristics of the underlying assets with respect to the expected rate of growth, future dividends, volatility, and other relevant market factors. Some of these factors that affect the price can be measured at the time of a transaction with reasonably high accuracy. Most factors, however, relate to expectations about the future and to subjective issues, such as current management, corporate policies and market environment, that could affect the future financial performance of the underlying assets. Models are thus needed to describe the stochastic factors and environment, and their implementations inevitably require computational finance tools.

Asymptotic Chaos Expansions In Finance

Author: David Nicolay
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1447165063
Size: 35.82 MB
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Stochastic instantaneous volatility models such as Heston, SABR or SV-LMM have mostly been developed to control the shape and joint dynamics of the implied volatility surface. In principle, they are well suited for pricing and hedging vanilla and exotic options, for relative value strategies or for risk management. In practice however, most SV models lack a closed form valuation for European options. This book presents the recently developed Asymptotic Chaos Expansions methodology (ACE) which addresses that issue. Indeed its generic algorithm provides, for any regular SV model, the pure asymptotes at any order for both the static and dynamic maps of the implied volatility surface. Furthermore, ACE is programmable and can complement other approximation methods. Hence it allows a systematic approach to designing, parameterising, calibrating and exploiting SV models, typically for Vega hedging or American Monte-Carlo. Asymptotic Chaos Expansions in Finance illustrates the ACE approach for single underlyings (such as a stock price or FX rate), baskets (indexes, spreads) and term structure models (especially SV-HJM and SV-LMM). It also establishes fundamental links between the Wiener chaos of the instantaneous volatility and the small-time asymptotic structure of the stochastic implied volatility framework. It is addressed primarily to financial mathematics researchers and graduate students, interested in stochastic volatility, asymptotics or market models. Moreover, as it contains many self-contained approximation results, it will be useful to practitioners modelling the shape of the smile and its evolution.

Analytically Tractable Stochastic Stock Price Models

Author: Archil Gulisashvili
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642312144
Size: 49.77 MB
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Asymptotic analysis of stochastic stock price models is the central topic of the present volume. Special examples of such models are stochastic volatility models, that have been developed as an answer to certain imperfections in a celebrated Black-Scholes model of option pricing. In a stock price model with stochastic volatility, the random behavior of the volatility is described by a stochastic process. For instance, in the Hull-White model the volatility process is a geometric Brownian motion, the Stein-Stein model uses an Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process as the stochastic volatility, and in the Heston model a Cox-Ingersoll-Ross process governs the behavior of the volatility. One of the author's main goals is to provide sharp asymptotic formulas with error estimates for distribution densities of stock prices, option pricing functions, and implied volatilities in various stochastic volatility models. The author also establishes sharp asymptotic formulas for the implied volatility at extreme strikes in general stochastic stock price models. The present volume is addressed to researchers and graduate students working in the area of financial mathematics, analysis, or probability theory. The reader is expected to be familiar with elements of classical analysis, stochastic analysis and probability theory.

Implicit Volatilities

Author: Robert Schott
ISBN: 3836621118
Size: 24.56 MB
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Inhaltsangabe:Introduction: Volatility is a crucial factor widely followed in the financial world. It is not only the single unknown determinant in the Black & Scholes model to derive a theoretical option price, but also the fact that portfolios can be diversified and hedged with volatility makes it a topic, which is crucial to understand for market participants comprising a wide group of private investors and professional traders as well as issuers of derivative products upon volatility. The year 1973 was in several respects a crucial year for implicit volatility. The breakdown of the Bretton-Wood-System paved the way for derivative instruments, because of the beginning era of floating currencies. Furthermore Fischer Black and Myron Samuel Scholes published in 1973 the ground breaking Black & Scholes (BS) model in the Journal of Political Economy. This model was adopted in 1975 at the Chicago Board Options Exchange (CBOE), which also was founded in the year 1973, for pricing options. Especially since 1973 volatility has become a tremendously debated topic in financial literature with continually new insights in short-time periods. Volatility is a central feature of option-pricing models and emerged per se as an independent asset class for investment purposes. The implicit volatility, the topic of the thesis, is a market indicator widely used by all option market practitioners. In the thesis the focus lies on the implicit (implied) volatility (IV). It is the estimation of the volatility that perfectly explains the option price, given all other variables, including the price of the underlying asset in context of the BS model. At the start the BS model, which is the theoretical basic of model-specific IV models, and its variations are discussed. In the concept of volatility IV is defined and the way it is computed is given as well as a look on historical volatility. Afterwards the implied volatility surface (IVS) is presented, which is a non-flat surface, a contradiction to the ideal BS assumptions. Furthermore, reasons of the change of the implied volatility function (IVF) and the term structure are discussed. The model specific IV model is then compared to other possible volatility forecast models. Then the model-free IV methodology is presented with a step-to-step example of the calculation of the widely followed CBOE Volatility Index VIX. Finally the VIX term structure and the relevance of the IV in practice are shown up. To ensure a good [...]

Option Prices As Probabilities

Author: Christophe Profeta
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642103957
Size: 26.25 MB
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Discovered in the seventies, Black-Scholes formula continues to play a central role in Mathematical Finance. We recall this formula. Let (B ,t? 0; F ,t? 0, P) - t t note a standard Brownian motion with B = 0, (F ,t? 0) being its natural ?ltra- 0 t t tion. Let E := exp B? ,t? 0 denote the exponential martingale associated t t 2 to (B ,t? 0). This martingale, also called geometric Brownian motion, is a model t to describe the evolution of prices of a risky asset. Let, for every K? 0: + ? (t) :=E (K?E ) (0.1) K t and + C (t) :=E (E?K) (0.2) K t denote respectively the price of a European put, resp. of a European call, associated with this martingale. Let N be the cumulative distribution function of a reduced Gaussian variable: x 2 y 1 ? 2 ? N (x) := e dy. (0.3) 2? ?? The celebrated Black-Scholes formula gives an explicit expression of? (t) and K C (t) in terms ofN : K ? ? log(K) t log(K) t ? (t)= KN ? + ?N ? ? (0.4) K t 2 t 2 and ? ?

Paris Princeton Lectures On Mathematical Finance 2004

Author: René A. Carmona
Publisher: Springer
Size: 45.32 MB
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This is the third volume in the Paris-Princeton Lectures in Financial Mathematics, which publishes, on an annual basis, cutting-edge research in self-contained, expository articles from outstanding specialists, both established and upcoming. Coverage includes articles by René Carmona, Ivar Ekeland/Erik Taflin, Arturo Kohatsu-Higa, Pierre-Louis Lions/Jean-Michel Lasry, and Huyên Pham.

Yield Curve Modeling And Forecasting

Author: Francis X. Diebold
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400845416
Size: 62.29 MB
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Understanding the dynamic evolution of the yield curve is critical to many financial tasks, including pricing financial assets and their derivatives, managing financial risk, allocating portfolios, structuring fiscal debt, conducting monetary policy, and valuing capital goods. Unfortunately, most yield curve models tend to be theoretically rigorous but empirically disappointing, or empirically successful but theoretically lacking. In this book, Francis Diebold and Glenn Rudebusch propose two extensions of the classic yield curve model of Nelson and Siegel that are both theoretically rigorous and empirically successful. The first extension is the dynamic Nelson-Siegel model (DNS), while the second takes this dynamic version and makes it arbitrage-free (AFNS). Diebold and Rudebusch show how these two models are just slightly different implementations of a single unified approach to dynamic yield curve modeling and forecasting. They emphasize both descriptive and efficient-markets aspects, they pay special attention to the links between the yield curve and macroeconomic fundamentals, and they show why DNS and AFNS are likely to remain of lasting appeal even as alternative arbitrage-free models are developed. Based on the Econometric and Tinbergen Institutes Lectures, Yield Curve Modeling and Forecasting contains essential tools with enhanced utility for academics, central banks, governments, and industry.