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Settlement And Subsistence In Early Formative Soconusco

Author: Richard G. Lesure
Publisher: ISD LLC
ISBN: 1938770269
Size: 16.28 MB
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The Soconusco region, a narrow strip of the Pacific coast of Mexico and Guatemala, is the location of some of the earliest pottery-using villages of ancient Mesoamerica. Mobile early inhabitants of the area harvested marsh clams in the estuaries, leaving behind vast mounds of shell. With the introduction of pottery and the establishment of permanent villages (from 1900 B.C.), use of the resource-rich estuary changed. The archaeological manifestation of that new estuary adaptation is a dramatic pattern of inter-site variability in pottery vessel forms. Vessels at sites within the estuary were about seventy percent neckless jars -- "tecomates" -- while vessels at contemporaneous sites a few kilometers inland were seventy percent open dishes. The pattern is well-known, but the the settlement arrangements or subsistence practices that produced it have remained unclear. Archaeological investigations at El Varal, a special-purpose estuary site of the later Early Formative (1250-1000 B.C.) expand possibilities for an anthropological understanding of the archaeological patterns. The goal of this volume is to describe excavations and finds at the site and to propose, based on a variety of analyses, a new understanding of Early Formative assemblage variability.

The Chanka

Author: Brian S. Bauer
Publisher: ISD LLC
ISBN: 1938770307
Size: 57.24 MB
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In AD 1438 a battle took place outside the city of Cuzco that changed the course of South American history. The Chanka, a powerful ethnic group from the Andahuaylas region, had begun an aggressive program of expansion. Conquering a host of smaller polities, their army had advanced well inside the territory of their traditional rival, the Inca. In a series of unusual maneuvers, the Inca defeated the invading Chanka forces and became the most powerful people in the Andes. Many scholars believe that the defeat of the Chanka represents a defining moment in the history of South America as the Inca then continued to expand and establish the largest empire of the Americas. Despite its critical position in South American history, until recently the Chanka heartland remained unexplored and the cultural processes that led to their rapid development and subsequent defeat by the Inca had not been investigated. From 2001 to 2004, Brian Bauer conducted an archaeological survey of the Andahuaylas region. This project represents an unparalleled opportunity to examine theoretical issues concerning the history and cultural development of late-prehistoric societies in this area of the Andes. The resulting book includes an archaeological analysis on the development of the Chanka and examines their ultimate defeat by the Inca.

Early Mesoamerican Social Transformations

Author: Richard G. Lesure
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520268997
Size: 71.68 MB
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"Data and interpretations generated from the Soconusco are critical but often fail to inform larger debates in Mesoamerica as frequently as they should. This book remedies that situation; it will be of interest to all Mesoamericanists who work on the Archaic and Formative periods."--Jeffrey P. Blomster, editor of After Monte Alban: Transformation and Negotiation in Oaxaca, Mexico "This volume will be crucial to our understanding of the origins of civilization in Mesoamerica. Its interpretations are innovative and present a wealth of new research on an early time period from a very important region. Its importance cannot be underestimated."--Terry G. Powis, Department of Anthropology, Kennesaw State University

Die Wahre Geschichte Der Schokolade

Author: Sophie D. Coe
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 3105616144
Size: 59.21 MB
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Dieses Buch entführt uns in die uralte, wechselhafte und überaus spannende Geschichte der Schokolade, die vor dreitausend Jahren in den Hochkulturen der Maya und Azteken begann. Unser »Schokoladenriegel für zwischendurch« verrät nur noch wenig von dieser atemberaubenden und wahren Geschichte, die hier wie in einem Roman nachzulesen ist und Aufschluß gibt über Mentalitäten und Alltagsleben von den mittelamerikanischen Hochkulturen bis heute. (Dieser Text bezieht sich auf eine frühere Ausgabe.)

A Roman Miscellany

Author: Hans Michael Schellenberg
Publisher: Akanthina
ISBN: 9788375311464
Size: 68.28 MB
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Anthony R. Birley, a leading authority in the field of Roman prosopography and well known for his biographies of the emperors Hadrian, Marcus Aurelius and Septimius Severus, was Professor of Ancient History at the University of Manchester from 1974-1990 and at the Heinrich Heine University, Dusseldorf from 1990 until his retirement in 2002. This Festschrift covers a variety of topics relating to the Roman Empire. Eight contributions are in English, one - an excerpt from a historical novel - is in French, the rest are in German. The book is edited by Birley's last three Dusseldorf pupils. After a short introduction by Hirschmann and Krieckhaus ('Statt eines Vorwortes') and a 'Postscript' by Birley himself, there follow the contributions by Bruno Bleckmann ('Kritische Passagen zu Konstantin in der Vita Constantini des Eusebios'), Lukas de Blois ('Soldiers and Leaders in Plutarch's Galba and Otho'), Hannah M. Cotton ('In Lieu of an Article: Reflexions on Hadrian, Antiochus Epiphanes and the Jews'), Werner Eck and Andreas Pangerl ('Neue Diplome fur die Hilfstruppen von Britannia'), Mark Hassall ('Footnotes to The Fasti'), Vera E. Hirschmann ('Die phrygische Opposition. Zu Novatianern und Montanisten im westlichen Kleinasien'), Peter Lampe ('Paulinos Mystes'), David Mattingly ('Urbanism, epigraphy and identity in the towns of Britain under Roman Rule'), Francois Paschoud ('Sulpicii Alexandri ex agente in rebus De uita sua'), Olli Salomies ('Choosing a Cognomen in Rome. Some Aspects'), Hans M. Schellenberg ('Anmerkungen zu Heron von Alexandria und seinem Werk uber den Geschutzbau'), Stefan Sommer ('Vereinigungen in Tarsos'), Richard Talbert ('A Forgotten Masterpiece of Cartography for Roman Historians: Pierre Lapie's Orbis Romanus ad Illustranda Itineraria (1845)'), Konrad Vossing ('Sallust und das 'Massaker von Cirta' 112 v.Chr. (Sall. Iug. 26)'), Klaus Wachtel ('Fragment einer Bauinschrift aus Sexaginta Prista (Moesia inferior)'), Everett L. Wheeler ('Pullarii, Marsi, Haruspices, and Sacerdotes in the Roman Imperial Army'), David Whitehead ('Apollodorus' Poliorketika: Author, Date, Dedicatee'), Ruprecht Ziegler ('Zur Munzemission in Anemurion (Kilikien) unter Kaiser Maximinus Thrax'), Hans M. Schellenberg ('Danksagungen mit einer Anmerkung zum Vorhandensein der Vielzahl personlicher Fotografien'), and Birley's 'Bibliography from 1961 to 2007'. The CD-Rom included with the book contains maps illustrating Talbert's paper.

Antike Theaterbauten

Author: Hans Peter Isler
ISBN: 9783700179573
Size: 42.69 MB
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Betrifft auch das Theater in Augusta Raurica, Seite 143-145.

Das Linearbandkeramische Graberfeld Von Kleinhadersdorf

Author: Christine Neugebauer-Maresch
ISBN: 9783700175988
Size: 57.33 MB
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The Linear Pottery cemetery of Kleinhadersdorf dates from the second half of the 6th millennium BC and is the best-known and largest Early Neolithic burial site in Austria. The publication gives a complete documentation of the old rescue excavations by Josef Bayer and Viktor Lebzelter in 1931, as well as those of the systematic investigations of the Neolithic cemetery under the direction of Johannes-Wolfgang Neugebauer and Christine Neugebauer-Maresch between 1987 and 1991. The first part of the volume provides an overview of the 100-year-long history of the archaeological investigations of this significant research enterprise. In addition to the archaeological analysis of burial customs, statistical and scientific analyses provide insights into the networks of this early farming population. For example, the use of specific raw materials shows contacts over several hundred kilometers. Based on the results from strontium isotope analyses a few immigrants are detectable among the buried individuals. The second part of the volume is devoted to anthropological analysis of the discovered skeletons. In addition to a comprehensive catalogue, presentation and discussion of the pathological and traumatic changes in bones and teeth are the central focus. The study thus provides a contribution to investigations into living conditions in the Early Neolithic.