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Settlement And Subsistence In Early Formative Soconusco

Author: Richard G. Lesure
Publisher: Cotsen Institute of Archaeology
ISBN: 9781931745796
Size: 28.46 MB
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This volume volume sets archaeological excavations at a special-propose estuary site in coastal Chiapas, Mexico, into the larger anthropological context of the origins of agriculture and sedentary life in ancient Mesoamerica.

Early Mesoamerican Social Transformations

Author: Richard G. Lesure
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520268997
Size: 58.61 MB
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"Data and interpretations generated from the Soconusco are critical but often fail to inform larger debates in Mesoamerica as frequently as they should. This book remedies that situation; it will be of interest to all Mesoamericanists who work on the Archaic and Formative periods."--Jeffrey P. Blomster, editor of After Monte Alban: Transformation and Negotiation in Oaxaca, Mexico "This volume will be crucial to our understanding of the origins of civilization in Mesoamerica. Its interpretations are innovative and present a wealth of new research on an early time period from a very important region. Its importance cannot be underestimated."--Terry G. Powis, Department of Anthropology, Kennesaw State University

Interpreting Ancient Figurines

Author: Richard G. Lesure
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139496158
Size: 64.44 MB
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This book examines ancient figurines from several world areas to address recurring challenges in the interpretation of prehistoric art. Sometimes figurines from one context are perceived to resemble those from another. Richard G. Lesure asks whether such resemblances play a role in our interpretations. Early interpreters seized on the idea that figurines were recurringly female and constructed the fanciful myth of a primordial Neolithic Goddess. Contemporary practice instead rejects interpretive leaps across contexts. Dr Lesure offers a middle path: a new framework for assessing the relevance of particular comparisons. He develops the argument in case studies that consider figurines from Paleolithic Europe, the Neolithic Near East and Formative Mesoamerica.

From Foraging To Farming In The Andes

Author: Tom D. Dillehay
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139495631
Size: 14.64 MB
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Archeologists have always considered the beginnings of Andean civilization from c.13,000 to 6,000 years ago to be important in terms of the appearance of domesticated plants and animals, social differentiation, and a sedentary lifestyle, but there is more to this period than just these developments. During this period, the spread of crop production and other technologies, kinship-based labor projects, mound-building, and population aggregation formed ever-changing conditions across the Andes. From Foraging to Farming in the Andes proposes a new and more complex model for understanding the transition from hunting and gathering to cultivation. It argues that such developments evolved regionally, were fluid and uneven, and were subject to reversal. This book develops these arguments from a large body of archaeological evidence, collected over 30 years in two valleys in northern Peru, and then places the valleys in the context of recent scholarship studying similar developments around the world.

Ethnicity In Ancient Amazonia

Author: Alf Hornborg
Publisher: University Press of Colorado
ISBN: 1607320959
Size: 33.98 MB
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A transdisciplinary collaboration among ethnologists, linguists, and archaeologists, Ethnicity in Ancient Amazonia traces the emergence, expansion, and decline of cultural identities in indigenous Amazonia. Hornborg and Hill argue that the tendency to link language, culture, and biology--essentialist notions of ethnic identities--is a Eurocentric bias that has characterized largely inaccurate explanations of the distribution of ethnic groups and languages in Amazonia. The evidence, however, suggests a much more fluid relationship among geography, language use, ethnic identity, and genetics. In Ethnicity in Ancient Amazonia, leading linguists, ethnographers, ethnohistorians, and archaeologists interpret their research from a unique nonessentialist perspective to form a more accurate picture of the ethnolinguistic diversity in this area. Revealing how ethnic identity construction is constantly in flux, contributors show how such processes can be traced through different ethnic markers such as pottery styles and languages. Scholars and students studying lowland South America will be especially interested, as will anthropologists intrigued by its cutting-edge, interdisciplinary approach.

Palaces And Power In The Americas

Author: Jessica Joyce Christie
Publisher: University of Texas Press
ISBN: 0292782616
Size: 61.82 MB
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Ancient American palaces still captivate those who stand before them. Even in their fallen and ruined condition, the palaces project such power that, according to the editors of this new collection, it must have been deliberately drawn into their formal designs, spatial layouts, and choice of locations. Such messages separated palaces from other elite architecture and reinforced the power and privilege of those residing in them. Indeed, as Christie and Sarro write, "the relation between political power and architecture is a pervasive and intriguing theme in the Americas." Given the variety of cultures, time periods, and geographical locations examined within, the editors of this book have grouped the articles into four sections. The first looks at palaces in cultures where they have not previously been identified, including the Huaca of Moche Site, the Wari of Peru, and Chaco Canyon in the U.S. Southwest. The second section discusses palaces as "stage sets" that express power, such as those found among the Maya, among the Coast Salish of the Pacific Northwest, and at El Tajín on the Mexican Gulf Coast. The third part of the volume presents cases in which differences in elite residences imply differences in social status, with examples from Pasado de la Amada, the Valley of Oaxaca, Teotihuacan, and the Aztecs. The final section compares architectural strategies between cultures; the models here are Farfán, Peru, under both the Chimú and the Inka, and the separate states of the Maya and the Inka. Such scope, and the quality of the scholarship, make Palaces and Power in the Americas a must-have work on the subject.

The Early Olmec And Mesoamerica

Author: Jeffrey P. Blomster
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316943062
Size: 25.65 MB
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The Early Formative Olmec are central in a wide variety of debates regarding the development of Mesoamerican societies. A fundamental issue in Olmec archaeology is the nature of interregional interaction among contemporaneous societies and the possible Olmec role in it. Previous debates have often not been informed by recent research and data, often relying on materials lacking archaeological context. In order to approach these issues from new perspectives, this book introduces readers to the full spectrum of the material culture of the Olmec and their contemporaries, relying primarily on archaeological data, much of which has not been previously published. For the first time, using a standard lexicon to consider the nature of the interaction among Early Formative societies, the authors, experts in diverse regions of Mesoamerican art and archaeology, provide carefully considered contrasts and comparisons that advance the understanding of the Early Formative origins of social complexity in Mesoamerica.

Maya Zooarchaeology

Author: Kitty F. Emery
Publisher: Cotsen Institute of Archaeology
ISBN: 9781931745130
Size: 80.15 MB
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Maya Zooarchaeology: New Directions in Method and Theory, edited by Kitty F. Emery, explores the latest research on the complex relationship between the ancient Maya and their animal neighbors. This comprehensive work combines fundamental zooarchaeological data from sites across the Maya world with critical histories and state-of-the-art summaries of the modern methods and theoretical perspectives of Maya zooarchaeology. The contributing authors emphasize new developments in technical methods, recent trends in Mesoamerican "social zooarchaeology," and new interpretations enhanced by the regional scope of modern zooarchaeological investigations in the Maya world. The volume fosters cooperation among Mesoamerican zooarchaeologists and archaeologists, from first recovery and analysis through final theoretical reconstruction.

The Offerings Of The Templo Mayor Of Tenochtitlan

Author: Leonardo López Luján
Publisher: UNM Press
ISBN: 9780826329585
Size: 76.52 MB
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Between 1325 and 1521, the Mexica people of the Aztec capital ritually buried hundreds of offerings to their gods in the depths of the Templo Mayor of Tenochtitlan, where for more than five hundred years these gifts lay undiscovered. In complex religious ceremonies, sacred messages to the gods were expressed not only through these objects but through their exact and symbolic placement as well. In this revised edition ofThe Offerings of the Templo Mayor of Tenochtitlan, Leonardo López Luján shares and synthesizes the spectacular findings of the historic Templo Mayor Project, which took place in the heart of Mexico City from 1978 to 1997. Archaeologists found an astonishing array of items including masks, jewelry, skeletal remains of jaguars and alligators, statues of gods, precious stones, human remains, and countless objects from the oceans. López Luján's aim was to decipher the offerings' religious significance and explain the profound associations between the unearthed materials and ritual behavior. In doing so he relied on diverse data and several analytical techniques to determine such things as the exact date when the offerings were buried, the gods to whom they were dedicated, the festivals in which the gifts were made, and the meanings of the materials and their spatial distribution. The first edition ofThe Offerings of the Templo Mayor of Tenochtitlanwas named "Outstanding Academic Book" byChoiceand received the Eugene M. Kayden Humanities Award.