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Sex Differences In The Human Brain Their Underpinnings And Implications

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Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780444536310
Size: 41.48 MB
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This volume of Progress in Brain Research documents recent developments and research findings in relation to sex and how the brain’s function and behavior differs from men to women. Specific areas include cerebral function, morphology and organization, sexual dimorphism, neural origins,and genetics and epigenetics, as well as potential causes/affects of stress, pain, sexual orientation and identity and other social issues such as distribution of disorders across the sexes and autism. * Informs and updates on all the latest developments in the field * Highlights areas for future research * Contributions from leading authorities and industry experts

Why Can T A Woman Be More Like A Man

Author: Lewis Wolpert
Publisher: Faber & Faber
ISBN: 0571279260
Size: 75.14 MB
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Why are there two sexes? How different are they and why? Why can't a woman be more like a man? Or should the question be: why can't a man be more like a woman? Controversy rages around sex and gender, but just what are the differences and how are they determined? Lewis Wolpert, distinguished scientist, broadcaster and author, has tackled depression, religion and old age from a developmental biologist's perspective. Now he enters the gender debate, starting with his argument that men are fundamentally modified females - if the genes present at fertilisation did not do their job properly, we would all be women - and journeying through MRI techniques, the nature of sexual attraction, 'neurosexism' and whether men are really better at maths. With fresh and persuasive research and with his customary intelligence and curiosity, Lewis Wolpert sets out to make his mark on this controversial topic - and makes some surprising discoveries along the way.

The Brain S Body

Author: Victoria Pitts-Taylor
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 0822374374
Size: 22.78 MB
Format: PDF
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In The Brain's Body Victoria Pitts-Taylor brings feminist and critical theory to bear on new development in neuroscience to demonstrate how power and inequality are materially and symbolically entangled with neurobiological bodies. Pitts-Taylor is interested in how the brain interacts with and is impacted by social structures, especially in regard to race, class, gender, sexuality, and disability, as well as how those social structures shape neuroscientific knowledge. Pointing out that some brain scientists have not fully abandoned reductionist or determinist explanations of neurobiology, Pitts-Taylor moves beyond debates over nature and nurture to address the politics of plastic, biosocial brains. She highlights the potential of research into poverty's effects on the brain to reinforce certain notions of poor subjects and to justify particular forms of governance, while her queer critique of kinship research demonstrates the limitations of hypotheses based on heteronormative assumptions. In her exploration of the embodied mind and the "embrained" body, Pitts-Taylor highlights the inextricability of nature and culture and shows why using feminist and queer thought is essential to understanding the biosociality of the brain.

Sex Differences In The Central Nervous System

Author: Rebecca M. Shansky
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128021985
Size: 72.38 MB
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Sex Differences in the Central Nervous System offers a comprehensive examination of the current state of sex differences research, from both the basic science and clinical research perspectives. Given the current NIH directive that funded preclinical research must consider both females and males, this topic is of interest to an increasing percentage of the neuroscience research population. The volume serves as an invaluable resource, offering coverage of a wide range of topics: sex differences in cognition, learning, and memory, sex hormone signaling mechanisms, neuroimmune interactions, epigenetics, social behavior, neurologic disease, psychological disorders, and stress. Discussions of research in both animal models and human patient populations are included. Details how sex hormones have widespread effects on the nervous system and influence the way males and females function Assists readers in determining how sex impacts their research and practice, and assists in determining how to adjust research programs to incorporate sex influences Includes discussions of research in both animal models and human patient populations, and at various developmental stages Features revised and updated chapters by leaders in the field around the globe—the broadest, most expert coverage available

Essentials Of Psychology Concepts And Applications

Author: Jeffrey S. Nevid
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 1305964152
Size: 70.69 MB
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ESSENTIALS OF PSYCHOLOGY: CONCEPTS AND APPLICATIONS, 5th Edition retains the hallmark features and pedagogical aids that have made this text unique in presenting the foundations of psychology in a manageable, reader-friendly format. Students gain a broad view of psychology and see applications of the knowledge gained from contemporary research to the problems and challenges we face in today's world. Nevid's comprehensive learning system, derived from research on memory, learning, and textbook pedagogy, is featured throughout. This model incorporates the Four E's of Effective Learning -- Engaging Student Interest, Encoding Information, Elaborating Meaning, and Evaluating Progress. Thoroughly updated with recent research developments, this edition also features an expanded focus on psychology in the digital world -- a topic students are sure to find fascinating and relevant. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Music Neurology And Neuroscience Evolution The Musical Brain Medical Conditions And Therapies

Author:
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0444635521
Size: 63.32 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Did you ever ask whether music makes people smart, why a Parkinson patient's gait is improved with marching tunes, and whether Robert Schumann was suffering from schizophrenia or Alzheimer's disease? This broad but comprehensive book deals with history and new discoveries about music and the brain. It provides a multi-disciplinary overview on music processing, its effects on brain plasticity, and the healing power of music in neurological and psychiatric disorders. In this context, the disorders the plagued famous musicians and how they affected both performance and composition are critically discussed, and music as medicine, as well as music as a potential health hazard are examined. Among the other topics covered are: how music fit into early conceptions of localization of function in the brain, the cultural roots of music in evolution, and the important roles played by music in societies and educational systems. Topic: Music is interesting to almost everybody Orientation: This book looks at music and the brain both historically and in the light of the latest research findings Comprehensiveness: This is the largest and most comprehensive volume on "music and neurology" ever written! Quality of authors: This volume is written by a unique group of real world experts representing a variety of fields, ranging from history of science and medicine to neurology and musicology

Das Weibliche Gehirn

Author: Louann Brizendine
Publisher: Hoffmann und Campe
ISBN: 3455850782
Size: 15.56 MB
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Was Frauen zu Frauen macht Warum gebrauchen Frauen 20 000 Wörter am Tag, während Männer nur 7000 schaffen? Warum erinnern sie sich an Konflikte, von denen Männer meinen, es habe sie nie gegeben - und das, obwohl ihr Gehirn um 9 Prozent kleiner ist? Die Neuropsychiaterin Louann Brizendine präsentiert neueste Erkenntnisse der Gehirnforschung und erklärt in ihrem viel diskutierten Buch, warum Frauen die Welt so gründlich anders sehen als Männer. »Allen Männern zur Lektüre empfohlen, wenn sie gerade nicht an Sex denken.« Weltwoche

Advances In Experimental Social Psychology

Author: Mark P. Zanna
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0120152266
Size: 55.46 MB
Format: PDF
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This volume offers essays on advances in the field of experimental social psychology. Topics discussed include: attitudes to high achievers; tactical communication and social interaction; social comparisons, legitimacy appraisals and group memberships; and stereotypes.