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Shadow Education

Author: Mark Bray
Publisher: Asian Development Bank
ISBN: 9290926597
Size: 33.49 MB
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In all parts of Asia, households devote considerable expenditures to private supplementary tutoring. This tutoring may contribute to students' achievement, but it also maintains and exacerbates social inequalities, diverts resources from other uses, and can contribute to inefficiencies in education systems. Such tutoring is widely called shadow education, because it mimics school systems. As the curriculum in the school system changes, so does the shadow. This study documents the scale and nature of shadow education in different parts of the region. Shadow education has been a major phenomenon in East Asia and it has far-reaching economic and social implications.

Researching Private Supplementary Tutoring

Author: Mark Bray
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319300423
Size: 50.77 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Private supplementary tutoring, widely known as shadow education because of the way that it mimics mainstream schooling, has greatly expanded worldwide. It consumes considerable family resources, provides employment for tutors, occupies the time of students, and has a backwash on regular schools. Although such tutoring has become a major industry and a daily activity for students, tutors and families, the research literature has been slow to catch up with the phenomenon. The topic is in some respects difficult to research, precisely because it is shadowy. Contours are indistinct, and the actors may hesitate to share their experiences and perspectives. Presenting methodological lessons from diverse cultures, the book contains chapters from both high-income and low-income settings in Asia, Caribbean, Europe and the Middle East. Separately and together, the chapters present valuable insights into the design and conduct of research. The book will assist both consumers and producers of research. Consumers will become better judges of the strengths, weaknesses and orientations of literature on the theme; and producers will gain insights for design of instruments, collection of data, and interpretation of findings. The editors: Mark Bray is UNESCO Chair Professor in Comparative Education at the University of Hong Kong. Ora Kwo is an Associate Professor in the Comparative Education Research Centre at the University of Hong Kong. Boris Jokić is a Scientific Associate in the Centre for Educational Research and Development at the Institute for Social Research in Zagreb, Croatia.

Teachers As Tutors Shadow Education Market Dynamics In Georgia

Author: Magda Nutsa Kobakhidze
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319959158
Size: 48.79 MB
Format: PDF
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The so-called shadow education system of private supplementary tutoring has become a global phenomenon but has different features in different settings. This book explores the ways in which teacher-tutors’ beliefs, social norms, ideals about professionalism, and community values shape their economic decisions in the informal shadow education marketplace. Through theoretical lenses of economic sociology and anthropology, this study uncovers strong social and moral embeddedness of the shadow education market in social relationships, cultural norms and moralities in post-Soviet Georgia. The book questions some of the basic assumptions that the predominant neoliberal discourse promotes worldwide. The book is based on Kobakhidze’s PhD dissertation, which won the Comparative and International Education Society (CIES) Gail P. Kelly Outstanding Dissertation Award. “[A] theoretically innovative and substantively enlightening account of shadow schooling in Georgia... A landmark achievement.” Roger Dale, University of Bristol “... an important and timely topic ... addressed with exceptional thoroughness. It constitutes a solid piece of academic work and clearly makes a significant contribution to the field of shadow education.”Heidi Biseth, University College of Southeast Norway, Chair of Gail P. Kelly Award Committee in 2017 “...through robust critical analysis, Kobakhidze invites a humanistic re-visioning of economy and society.“ Ora Kwo, The University of Hong Kong

Oecd Reviews Of Integrity In Education Ukraine 2017

Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9264270663
Size: 56.40 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Education in Ukraine is marked by integrity violations from early childhood education and care through postgraduate study. In the past decade policy makers and civic organisations have made progress in addressing these challenges. However, much remains to be done.

Comparative Education Research

Author: Mark Bray
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319055941
Size: 77.31 MB
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Approaches and methods in comparative education are of obvious importance, but do not always receive adequate attention. This second edition of a well-received book, containing thoroughly updated and additional material, contributes new insights within the longstanding traditions of the field. A particular feature is the focus on different units of analysis. Individual chapters compare places, systems, times, cultures, values, policies, curricula and other units. These chapters are contextualised within broader analytical frameworks which identify the purposes and strengths of the field. The book includes a focus on intra-national as well as cross-national comparisons, and highlights the value of approaching themes from different angles. As already demonstrated by the first edition of the book, the work will be of great value not only to producers of comparative education research but also to users who wish to understand more thoroughly the parameters and value of the field.

Bildung Als Privileg

Author: Rolf Becker
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658119527
Size: 68.70 MB
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Im Anschluss an kontroverse Diskussionen über dauerhafte Bildungsungleichheiten stellt das vorliegende Buch detailliert aus sozialwissenschaftlicher Perspektive zentrale Ursachen für sozial ungleiche Bildungschancen in den Mittelpunkt der Betrachtung. In diesem Band werden daher der aktuelle Stand empirischer Bildungsforschung diskutiert sowie neue Analysen und Befunde vorgelegt. Ziel ist es, in systematischer Weise soziale Mechanismen und Prozesse aufzuzeigen, die zur Entstehung und Reproduktion von Bildungsungleichheiten beitragen. Für die fünfte Auflage wurden die meisten Beiträge aktualisiert und teilweise neu verfasst.

Product Lifecycle Management Beherrschen

Author: Volker Arnold
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 364221813X
Size: 66.22 MB
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Die Implementierung des Product Lifecycle Management (PLM) verlangt eine intensive Auseinandersetzung mit den zugrundeliegenden Konzepten. Deshalb werden in dem Band einerseits die wesentlichen Aspekte von PLM vermittelt und andererseits die ganzheitliche, speziell an kleine und mittlere Unternehmen angepasste Systematik zur PLM-Einführung dargestellt – in der vorliegenden 2. Auflage noch umfassender. Das Vorgehensmodell ermöglicht es, unternehmensspezifische PLM-Konzepte durch bewährte Handlungsempfehlungen in kleinen Schritten umzusetzen.