Download shadow education private supplementary tutoring and its implications for policy makers in asia cerc monograph series in comparative and international education and develoment in pdf or read shadow education private supplementary tutoring and its implications for policy makers in asia cerc monograph series in comparative and international education and develoment in pdf online books in PDF, EPUB and Mobi Format. Click Download or Read Online button to get shadow education private supplementary tutoring and its implications for policy makers in asia cerc monograph series in comparative and international education and develoment in pdf book now. This site is like a library, Use search box in the widget to get ebook that you want.



Shadow Education

Author: Mark Bray
Publisher: Asian Development Bank
ISBN: 9290926597
Size: 52.54 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 3698
Download and Read
In all parts of Asia, households devote considerable expenditures to private supplementary tutoring. This tutoring may contribute to students' achievement, but it also maintains and exacerbates social inequalities, diverts resources from other uses, and can contribute to inefficiencies in education systems. Such tutoring is widely called shadow education, because it mimics school systems. As the curriculum in the school system changes, so does the shadow. This study documents the scale and nature of shadow education in different parts of the region. Shadow education has been a major phenomenon in East Asia and it has far-reaching economic and social implications.

Researching Private Supplementary Tutoring

Author: Mark Bray
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319300423
Size: 41.82 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 6785
Download and Read
Private supplementary tutoring, widely known as shadow education because of the way that it mimics mainstream schooling, has greatly expanded worldwide. It consumes considerable family resources, provides employment for tutors, occupies the time of students, and has a backwash on regular schools. Although such tutoring has become a major industry and a daily activity for students, tutors and families, the research literature has been slow to catch up with the phenomenon. The topic is in some respects difficult to research, precisely because it is shadowy. Contours are indistinct, and the actors may hesitate to share their experiences and perspectives. Presenting methodological lessons from diverse cultures, the book contains chapters from both high-income and low-income settings in Asia, Caribbean, Europe and the Middle East. Separately and together, the chapters present valuable insights into the design and conduct of research. The book will assist both consumers and producers of research. Consumers will become better judges of the strengths, weaknesses and orientations of literature on the theme; and producers will gain insights for design of instruments, collection of data, and interpretation of findings. The editors: Mark Bray is UNESCO Chair Professor in Comparative Education at the University of Hong Kong. Ora Kwo is an Associate Professor in the Comparative Education Research Centre at the University of Hong Kong. Boris Jokić is a Scientific Associate in the Centre for Educational Research and Development at the Institute for Social Research in Zagreb, Croatia.

Teachers As Tutors Shadow Education Market Dynamics In Georgia

Author: Magda Nutsa Kobakhidze
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319959158
Size: 43.36 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
View: 3602
Download and Read
The so-called shadow education system of private supplementary tutoring has become a global phenomenon but has different features in different settings. This book explores the ways in which teacher-tutors’ beliefs, social norms, ideals about professionalism, and community values shape their economic decisions in the informal shadow education marketplace. Through theoretical lenses of economic sociology and anthropology, this study uncovers strong social and moral embeddedness of the shadow education market in social relationships, cultural norms and moralities in post-Soviet Georgia. The book questions some of the basic assumptions that the predominant neoliberal discourse promotes worldwide. The book is based on Kobakhidze’s PhD dissertation, which won the Comparative and International Education Society (CIES) Gail P. Kelly Outstanding Dissertation Award. “[A] theoretically innovative and substantively enlightening account of shadow schooling in Georgia... A landmark achievement.” Roger Dale, University of Bristol “... an important and timely topic ... addressed with exceptional thoroughness. It constitutes a solid piece of academic work and clearly makes a significant contribution to the field of shadow education.”Heidi Biseth, University College of Southeast Norway, Chair of Gail P. Kelly Award Committee in 2017 “...through robust critical analysis, Kobakhidze invites a humanistic re-visioning of economy and society.“ Ora Kwo, The University of Hong Kong

Oecd Reviews Of Integrity In Education Ukraine 2017

Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9264270663
Size: 27.71 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 522
Download and Read
Education in Ukraine is marked by integrity violations from early childhood education and care through postgraduate study. In the past decade policy makers and civic organisations have made progress in addressing these challenges. However, much remains to be done.

Comparative Education Research

Author: Mark Bray
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319055941
Size: 43.11 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 3983
Download and Read
Approaches and methods in comparative education are of obvious importance, but do not always receive adequate attention. This second edition of a well-received book, containing thoroughly updated and additional material, contributes new insights within the longstanding traditions of the field. A particular feature is the focus on different units of analysis. Individual chapters compare places, systems, times, cultures, values, policies, curricula and other units. These chapters are contextualised within broader analytical frameworks which identify the purposes and strengths of the field. The book includes a focus on intra-national as well as cross-national comparisons, and highlights the value of approaching themes from different angles. As already demonstrated by the first edition of the book, the work will be of great value not only to producers of comparative education research but also to users who wish to understand more thoroughly the parameters and value of the field.

Transcontinental Strategies For Industrial Development And Economic Growth

Author: Christiansen, Bryan
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1522521615
Size: 20.32 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 1100
Download and Read
In contemporary society, it is vital for countries to consistently seek new ways to provide stable growth for their increasing populations. As such, it is important to stay on top of the most current strategies and trends that promote strong industrial and economic development. Transcontinental Strategies for Industrial Development and Economic Growth provides a comprehensive examination of the latest strategies and techniques for growing and maintaining an economically-sound community. Highlighting innovative research on relevant topics such as budget preparation processes, management philosophies, and global competitiveness, this publication is an ideal resource for all professionals, practitioners, business owners, and researchers who are seeking advanced academic perspectives on strategies for industrial development and economic growth.

Second International Handbook Of Urban Education

Author: William T. Pink
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319403176
Size: 75.97 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
View: 1732
Download and Read
This second handbook offers all new content in which readers will find a thoughtful and measured interrogation of significant contemporary thinking and practice in urban education. Each chapter reflects contemporary cutting-edge issues in urban education as defined by their local context. One important theme that runs throughout this handbook is how urban is defined, and under what conditions the marginalized are served by the schools they attend. Schooling continues to hold a special place both as a means to achieve social mobility and as a mechanism for supporting the economy of nations. This second handbook focuses on factors such as social stratification, segmentation, segregation, racialization, urbanization, class formation and maintenance, and patriarchy. The central concern is to explore how equity plays out for those traditionally marginalized in urban schools in different locations around the globe. Researchers will find an analysis framework that will make the current practice and outcomes of urban education, and their alternatives, more transparent, and in turn this will lead to solutions that can help improve the life-options for students historically underserved by urban schools.

Education For All 2000 2015 Achievements And Challenges

Author: UNESCO
Publisher: UNESCO Publishing
ISBN: 9231000853
Size: 33.53 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 1942
Download and Read
The twelfth edition of the EFA Global Monitoring Report marking the 2015 deadline for the six goals set at the World Education Forum in Dakar, Senegal, in 2000 provides a considered and comprehensive accounting of global progress. As the international community prepares for a new development and education agenda, this report takes stock of past achievements and reflects on future challenges. There are many signs of notable advances. The pace towards universal primary education has quickened, gender disparity has been reduced in many countries and governments are increasing their focus on making sure children receive an education of good quality. However, despite these efforts, the world failed to meet its overall commitment to Education for All. Millions of children and adolescents are still out of school, and it is the poorest and most disadvantaged who bear the brunt of this failure to reach the EFA targets.