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Shifting Centres Of Gravity In Human Rights Protection

Author: Oddný Mjöll Arnardóttir
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131730909X
Size: 14.59 MB
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The protection of human rights in Europe is currently at a crossroads. There are competing processes which push and pull the centre of gravity of this protection between the ECHR system in Strasbourg, the EU system in Luxemburg and Brussels, and the national protection of human rights. This book brings together researchers from the fields of international human rights law, EU law and constitutional law to reflect on the tug-of-war over the positioning of the centre of gravity of human rights protection in Europe. It addresses both the position of the Convention system vis-à-vis the Contracting States, and its positioning with respect to fundamental rights protection in the European Union. The first part of the book focuses on interactions in this triangle from an institutional and constitutional point of view and reflects on how the key actors are trying to define their relationship with one another in a never-ending process. Having thus set the scene, the second part takes a critical look at the tools that have been developed at European level for navigating these complex relationships, in order to identify whether they are capable of responding effectively to the complexities of emerging realities in the triangular relationship between the EHCR, EU law and national law.

Sexual Exploitation And Abuse By Un Peacekeepers

Author: Cassandra Mudgway
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 135157955X
Size: 51.50 MB
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Sexual exploitation and abuse by United Nations (UN) peacekeepers is not an isolated or recent problem, but it has been present in almost every peacekeeping operation. A culture of sexual exploitation and abuse is contrary to the UN’s zero-tolerance policy and has been the target of institutional reforms since 2005. Despite this, allegations of sexual abuse continue to emerge, and the reforms have not solved the problem. This book is a response to the continued lack of accountability of UN peacekeepers for sexual exploitation and abuse. Focusing on military contingent members, this book aims to analyse ways in which the UN can fill the accountability gap while taking a feminist perspective and emphasising the needs of victims, their communities, and the host state. This book directly challenges the status quo of relying on troop-contributing countries (TCCs) to hold their peacekeepers to account. It proposes first, the establishment of a series of hybrid courts, and second, a mechanism for dealing with victim rehabilitation and reparation. It addresses these topics by considering international and human rights law and will be of interest to researchers, academics, policymakers, and students with an interest in international criminal law, United Nations peacekeeping, and peace studies.

The Echr And Human Rights Theory

Author: Alain Zysset
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1317248139
Size: 75.77 MB
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The European Convention of Human Rights (ECHR) has been relatively neglected in the field of normative human rights theory. This book aims to bridge the gap between human rights theory and the practice of the ECHR. In order to do so, it tests the two overarching approaches in human rights theory literature: the ethical and the political, against the practice of the ECHR ‘system’. The book also addresses the history of the ECHR and the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) as an international legal and political institution. The book offers a democratic defence of the authority of the ECtHR. It illustrates how a conception of democracy – more specifically, the egalitarian argument for democracy developed by Thomas Christiano on the domestic level – can illuminate the reasoning of the Court, including the allocation of the margin of appreciation on a significant number of issues. Alain Zysset argues that the justification of the authority of the ECtHR – its prominent status in the domestic legal orders – reinforces the democratic process within States Parties, thereby consolidating our status as political equals in those legal and political orders.

Critically Examining The Case Against The 1998 Human Rights Act

Author: Frederick Cowell
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1315310031
Size: 28.95 MB
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Since its inception in 1998 the Human Rights Act (HRA) has come in for a wide variety of criticism on legal, constitutional, political and cultural grounds. More recently, this criticism escalated significantly as politicians have seriously considered proposals for its abolition. This book examines the main arguments against the HRA and the issues which have led to public hostility against the protection of human rights. The first part of the book looks at the legal structures and constitutional aspects of the case against the HRA, including the criticism that the HRA is undemocratic and is used by judges to subvert the will of parliament. The second part of the book looks at specific issues, such as immigration and terrorism, where cases involving the HRA have triggered broader public concerns about the protection of human rights. The final section of this book looks at some of the structural issues that have generated hostility to the HRA, such as media coverage and the perception of the legal profession. This book aims to unpick the complex climate of hostility that the HRA has faced and examine the social, political and legal forces that continue to inform the case against the HRA.

Oecd Leits Tze F R Multinationale Unternehmen

Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9264122354
Size: 13.66 MB
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Die OECD-Leitsätze für multinationale Unternehmen sind das weltweit wichtigste staatlich geförderte Instrument für verantwortungsvolles unternehmerisches Handeln. Die Ausgabe 2011 enthält neue Empfehlungen zu den Menschenrechten und zur Verantwortung der Unternehmen für ihre Zulieferketten.

Recht Zwischen Umbruch Und Bewahrung

Author: Ulrich Beyerlin
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783642633546
Size: 14.22 MB
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In der Festschrift behandeln anerkannte in- und ausländische Vertreter aus Wissenschaft und Praxis Probleme des Völkerrechts, Europarechts und Staatsrechts, denen sich der Jubilar in seinem beruflichen Wirken als Wissenschaftler und internationaler Richter schwerpunktmäßig gewidmet hat. Die 78 Beiträge in deutscher, englischer und französischer Sprache sind in sieben Sachrubriken geordnet: - Quellen und Grundfragen des Völkerrechts, - Menschenrechte im Staats- und Völkerrecht, - Internationale Streitbeilegung, - Staatsrecht und internationale Beziehungen, - Internationales Umweltrecht, - Internationales Wirtschaftsrecht, - Europäische Integration.

Die Menschenw Rde In Der Emrk

Author: Lennart von Schwichow
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
ISBN: 9783161548253
Size: 44.52 MB
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Das ausdruckliche Auslassen der Menschenwurde als Teil der EMRK macht es notwendig, sich ihrer Definition laut EGMR auf Umwegen zu nahern. Nach einem kurzen historischen Uberblick uber die Entstehung des Menschenwurdebegriffs und seinen Einzug ins Recht beleuchtet Lennart von Schwichow zunachst die Bedeutung der Menschenwurde im Volkerrecht und im nationalen Recht. Im Anschluss daran untersucht er die Anwendungsfalle der Menschenwurde an der konkreten Rechtsprechung des EGMR und analysiert diese in ihren Einzelheiten. Schliesslich werden die ideologischen und moralischen Aspekte der Menschenwurde in der Rechtsprechung ausgeleuchtet, um sie so fur eine Diskussion um rechtspolitische Perspektiven einer fortschreitenden Menschenwurdedogmatik auf EMRK-Ebene fruchtbar zu machen. Es folgt ein dezidiertes Bild des Menschenwurdeverstandnisses des EGMR, welches fur ein besseres Rechtsverstandnis auf europaischer Ebene sorgen soll.