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Shifting Centres Of Gravity In Human Rights Protection

Author: Oddný Mjöll Arnardóttir
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131730909X
Size: 38.99 MB
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The protection of human rights in Europe is currently at a crossroads. There are competing processes which push and pull the centre of gravity of this protection between the ECHR system in Strasbourg, the EU system in Luxemburg and Brussels, and the national protection of human rights. This book brings together researchers from the fields of international human rights law, EU law and constitutional law to reflect on the tug-of-war over the positioning of the centre of gravity of human rights protection in Europe. It addresses both the position of the Convention system vis-à-vis the Contracting States, and its positioning with respect to fundamental rights protection in the European Union. The first part of the book focuses on interactions in this triangle from an institutional and constitutional point of view and reflects on how the key actors are trying to define their relationship with one another in a never-ending process. Having thus set the scene, the second part takes a critical look at the tools that have been developed at European level for navigating these complex relationships, in order to identify whether they are capable of responding effectively to the complexities of emerging realities in the triangular relationship between the EHCR, EU law and national law.

Civil And Political Rights In Japan

Author: Saul J. Takahashi
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351180010
Size: 52.54 MB
Format: PDF
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The human rights issues in Japan are multifaceted. Over decades, domestic and international human rights organisations have raised concerns, but government obstinacy has meant there has been little progress. Recommendations of UN human rights bodies are routinely ignored, and statements by the government in the Japanese parliament regarding these recommendations have been dismissive. At the review of Japan’s implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights in 2014, Professor Nigel Rodley, then chair of the UN Human Rights Committee, lamented the lack of true engagement by Japan and the country’s unwillingness to take any action on the conclusions of UN human rights bodies. Equally worrying is the clear trend over recent years of popular publications bashing neighbouring countries and their nationals living in Japan as well as UN human rights bodies. This book explores the issues surrounding human rights in Japan, and what the future might hold for the country.

Sexual Exploitation And Abuse By Un Peacekeepers

Author: Cassandra Mudgway
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 135157955X
Size: 47.25 MB
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Sexual exploitation and abuse by United Nations (UN) peacekeepers is not an isolated or recent problem, but it has been present in almost every peacekeeping operation. A culture of sexual exploitation and abuse is contrary to the UN’s zero-tolerance policy and has been the target of institutional reforms since 2005. Despite this, allegations of sexual abuse continue to emerge, and the reforms have not solved the problem. This book is a response to the continued lack of accountability of UN peacekeepers for sexual exploitation and abuse. Focusing on military contingent members, this book aims to analyse ways in which the UN can fill the accountability gap while taking a feminist perspective and emphasising the needs of victims, their communities, and the host state. This book directly challenges the status quo of relying on troop-contributing countries (TCCs) to hold their peacekeepers to account. It proposes first, the establishment of a series of hybrid courts, and second, a mechanism for dealing with victim rehabilitation and reparation. It addresses these topics by considering international and human rights law and will be of interest to researchers, academics, policymakers, and students with an interest in international criminal law, United Nations peacekeeping, and peace studies.

The Echr And Human Rights Theory

Author: Alain Zysset
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1317248139
Size: 58.35 MB
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The European Convention of Human Rights (ECHR) has been relatively neglected in the field of normative human rights theory. This book aims to bridge the gap between human rights theory and the practice of the ECHR. In order to do so, it tests the two overarching approaches in human rights theory literature: the ethical and the political, against the practice of the ECHR ‘system’. The book also addresses the history of the ECHR and the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) as an international legal and political institution. The book offers a democratic defence of the authority of the ECtHR. It illustrates how a conception of democracy – more specifically, the egalitarian argument for democracy developed by Thomas Christiano on the domestic level – can illuminate the reasoning of the Court, including the allocation of the margin of appreciation on a significant number of issues. Alain Zysset argues that the justification of the authority of the ECtHR – its prominent status in the domestic legal orders – reinforces the democratic process within States Parties, thereby consolidating our status as political equals in those legal and political orders.

Europ Isches Verfassungsrecht

Author: Armin Bogdandy
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3662071282
Size: 35.64 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Der Band präsentiert systematisch die theoretischen und dogmatischen Grundzüge des europäischen Verfassungsrechts, reflektiert den Stand der Forschung, verdeutlicht methodische Zugänge, klärt Wissenschaftsverständnisse und bezeichnet Forschungsdesiderata. Die systematischen Einzelanalysen ergänzen Gesamteinschätzungen zu Stand und Fortgang der rechtlichen Integration.

Recht Zwischen Umbruch Und Bewahrung

Author: Ulrich Beyerlin
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783642633546
Size: 73.67 MB
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In der Festschrift behandeln anerkannte in- und ausländische Vertreter aus Wissenschaft und Praxis Probleme des Völkerrechts, Europarechts und Staatsrechts, denen sich der Jubilar in seinem beruflichen Wirken als Wissenschaftler und internationaler Richter schwerpunktmäßig gewidmet hat. Die 78 Beiträge in deutscher, englischer und französischer Sprache sind in sieben Sachrubriken geordnet: - Quellen und Grundfragen des Völkerrechts, - Menschenrechte im Staats- und Völkerrecht, - Internationale Streitbeilegung, - Staatsrecht und internationale Beziehungen, - Internationales Umweltrecht, - Internationales Wirtschaftsrecht, - Europäische Integration.

Internationales Und Europaisches Strafrecht

Author: Helmut Satzger
Publisher: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft
ISBN: 9783848720057
Size: 10.39 MB
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In Wissenschaft, Praxis und Ausbildung ist seit einigen Jahren das Strafrecht in seiner internationalen Bedeutung verstarkt in den Mittelpunkt des Interesses geruckt. Und das zu Recht: Denn zunehmend haben wir es mit Kriminalitat zu tun, die "uber die Grenzen" hinweg agiert, und eine strafrechtliche Zusammenarbeit auf internationaler Ebene bedingt. So hat die Europaische Union - nicht zuletzt seit dem Vertrag von Lissabon - starke Moglichkeiten, das nationale Straf- und Strafverfahrensrecht zu beeinflussen. Auf volkerrechtlicher Ebene ist sogar ein ganzlich eigenstandiges Strafrechtssystem fur volkerrechtliche Verbrechen entstanden, das spatestens seit den ersten Urteilen der internationalen Gerichte - nun auch des standigen Internationalen Strafgerichtshofs - effektiv zur Durchsetzung gelangt. Das - mittlerweile in 7. Auflage vorliegende - Lehrbuch will dieser internationalen Dimension gerecht werden, indem das Strafanwendungsrecht, das Straf- und Strafverfahrensrecht der Europaischen Union, die einschlagigen Garantien der Europaischen Menschenrechtskonvention sowie das Volkerstrafrecht in seinen wesentlichen Grundzugen dargestellt werden. Die Neuauflage ist durchgangig aktualisiert, uberarbeitet und zum Teil erweitert. Zur Erleichterung der Arbeit mit diesem Buch finden sich - in bewahrter Manier - alle wichtigen Dokumente, auf die Bezug genommen wird, auf einer standig aktualisierten Homepage (www.lehrbuch-satzger.de).