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Silence And Sign Language In Medieval Monasticism

Author: Scott G. Bruce
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139467832
Size: 26.65 MB
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Silence and Sign Language in Medieval Monasticism explores the rationales for religious silence in early medieval abbeys and the use of nonverbal forms of communication among monks when rules of silence forbade them from speaking. After examining the spiritual benefits of personal silence as a form of protection against the perils of sinful discourse in early monastic thought, this work shows how the monks of the Abbey of Cluny (founded in 910 in Burgundy) were the first to employ a silent language of meaning-specific hand signs that allowed them to convey precise information without recourse to spoken words. Scott Bruce discusses the linguistic character of the Cluniac sign language, its central role in the training of novices, the precautions taken to prevent its abuse, and the widespread adoption of this custom in other abbeys throughout Europe, which resulted in the creation of regionally specific idioms of this silent language.

Sign Languages Of The World

Author: Julie Bakken Jepsen
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 1614518173
Size: 44.94 MB
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Although a number of edited collections deal with either the languages of the world or the languages of particular regions or genetic families, only a few cover sign languages or even include a substantial amount of information on them. This handbook provides information on some 38 sign languages, including basic facts about each of the languages, structural aspects, history and culture of the Deaf communities, and history of research. This information will be of interest not just to general audiences, including those who are deaf, but also to linguists and students of linguistics. By providing information on sign languages in a manner accessible to a less specialist audience, this volume fills an important gap in the literature.

The Cistercians In The Middle Ages

Author: Janet Burton
Publisher: Boydell Press
ISBN: 184383667X
Size: 61.64 MB
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A full and comprehensive survey of the development of the Cistercian Order which emerged from the tumultuous intellectual and religious fervour of the eleventh and twelfth centuries.

The Juggler Of Notre Dame And The Medievalizing Of Modernity

Author: Jan M. Ziolkowski
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
ISBN: 1783744367
Size: 68.39 MB
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This ambitious and vivid study in six volumes explores the journey of a single, electrifying story, from its first incarnation in a medieval French poem through its prolific rebirth in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The Juggler of Notre Dame tells how an entertainer abandons the world to join a monastery, but is suspected of blasphemy after dancing his devotion before a statue of the Madonna in the crypt; he is saved when the statue, delighted by his skill, miraculously comes to life. Jan Ziolkowski tracks the poem from its medieval roots to its rediscovery in late nineteenth-century Paris, before its translation into English in Britain and the United States. The visual influence of the tale on Gothic revivalism and vice versa in America is carefully documented with lavish and inventive illustrations, and Ziolkowski concludes with an examination of the explosion of interest in The Juggler of Notre Dame in the twentieth century and its place in mass culture today. The Juggler of Notre Dame and the Medievalizing of Modernity is a rich case study for the reception of the Middle Ages in modernity. Spanning centuries and continents, the medieval period is understood through the lens of its (post)modern reception in Europe and America. Profound connections between the verbal and the visual are illustrated by a rich trove of images, including book illustrations, stained glass, postage stamps, architecture, and Christmas cards. Presented with great clarity and simplicity, Ziolkowski's work is accessible to the general reader, while its many new discoveries will be valuable to academics in such fields and disciplines as medieval studies, medievalism, philology, literary history, art history, folklore, performance studies, and reception studies.

Geistesleben Im 13 Jahrhundert

Author: Jan A. Aertsen
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110801000
Size: 49.51 MB
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The 13th century is often regarded as the epitome of the Middle Ages. The present volume aims to demonstrate new perspectives in research into this century. The main topics in the book are questions from the fields of theoretical and practical philosophy, theology, the history of institutions, problems in literature, art, learning and education, and cultural contact. This 27th volume of the Miscellanea Mediaevalia contains the papers delivered to the 31st Medievalists’ Conference held in Cologne in September 1998, together with a number of additional contributions. In keeping with the basic idea of the Cologne Medievalists’ Conferences, the volume is divided into 10 sections containing the 38 papers from philosophy and history, literary history and theology, and the history of learning and the arts.

Klosterflucht Und Bittgang

Author: Milena Svec Goetschi
Publisher: Böhlau Verlag Köln Weimar
ISBN: 3412501522
Size: 76.79 MB
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Der Mönch gehört ins Kloster wie der Fisch ins Wasser – so ein mittellateinisches Sprichwort. Manchmal aber brachen Ordensleute die Gelübde und kehrten unerlaubt in das Diesseits der spätmittelalterlichen Gesellschaft zurück. Die Studie behandelt den radikalsten Verstoß gegen die monastische Lebensweise, die Flucht aus dem Kloster und den Abfall von der Ordensgemeinschaft. Im Zentrum stehen knapp tausend Bittschriften aus dem römisch-deutschen Reich, überliefert in den Supplikenregistern der apostolischen Pönitentiarie sowie Kanzlei und Kammer, ergänzt mit lokalen Quellen. Die Untersuchung der Apostasie als Devianz von rechtlichen und gesellschaftlichen Normen bietet Erkenntnisse über Motive, Verbreitung, Prävention und Sanktionen und erklärt Divergenzen zwischen Norm und Praxis.

Lateinische Oralit T

Author: Thomas Haye
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110920611
Size: 31.44 MB
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This book investigates the use and function of Latin as a medium of oral communication in the Middle Ages- the occasions for Latin conversational interaction, the content of learned oral communication, and the way that spoken Latin was taught and learned. Alongside a reconstruction of the standard communicative situations in which Latin was spoken, the book also deals with the norms of oral communication. Historical case studies are presented to show in which contexts and by what speakers Latin was used for oral communication, and what level of Latin competence the speakers commanded.