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Slow Cures And Bad Philosophers

Author: Carl Elliott
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 0822381265
Size: 47.48 MB
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Slow Cures and Bad Philosophers uses insights from the philosophy of Ludwig Wittgenstein to rethink bioethics. Although Wittgenstein produced little formal writing on ethics, this volume shows that, in fact, ethical issues permeate the entirety of his work. The scholars whom Carl Elliott has assembled in this volume pay particular attention to Wittgenstein’s concern with the thick context of moral problems, his suspicion of theory, and his belief in description as the real aim of philosophy. Their aim is not to examine Wittgenstein’s personal moral convictions but rather to explore how a deep engagement with his work can illuminate some of the problems that medicine and biological science present. As Elliott explains in his introduction, Wittgenstein’s philosophy runs against the grain of most contemporary bioethics scholarship, which all too often ignores the context in which moral problems are situated and pays little attention to narrative, ethnography, and clinical case studies in rendering bioethical judgments. Such anonymous, impersonal, rule-writing directives in which health care workers are advised how to behave is what this volume intends to counteract. Instead, contributors stress the value of focusing on the concrete particulars of moral problems and write in the spirit of Wittgenstein’s belief that philosophy should be useful. Specific topics include the concept of “good dying,” the nature of clinical decision making, the treatment of neurologically damaged patients, the moral treatment of animals, and the challenges of moral particularism. Inspired by a philosopher who deplored “professional philosophy,” this work brings some startling insights and clarifications to contemporary ethical problems posed by the realities of modern medicine. Contributors. Larry Churchill, David DeGrazia, Cora Diamond, James Edwards, Carl Elliott, Grant Gillett, Paul Johnston, Margaret Olivia Little, James Lindemann Nelson, Knut Erik Tranoy

Care And Respect In Bioethics

Author: Darlei Dall’Agnol
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443812811
Size: 31.64 MB
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This book discusses the philosophical foundations of bioethics, with a particular focus on the tensions and potential dilemmas generated by the intuitionist meta-ethical commitments of the predominant normative theory, namely “the four principles approach.” This view is based on the prima facie norms of respect for autonomy (one ought to respect the autonomous choices of subjects of scientific research/patients), non-maleficence (one ought to refrain from inflicting harm), beneficence (one ought to do good and prevent, or remove, harm) and justice (one ought to treat people fairly). The tensions in applying these basic principles may lead to inaction in scientific experiments involving human subjects or to arbitrary applications of the norms in the art of caring. The problem can be made explicit in these terms: on the one hand, caring without respecting seems blind, degenerating into forms of paternalism when, for instance, the carer imposes her conception of the good life or a particular procedure on the cared-for; on the other hand, respecting without caring amounts to indifference or individualism when, for example, a person does not look after a vulnerable being properly. The initial hypothesis of this book, then, is that the concept of respectful care can be built up, working from an ethico-philosophical perspective, to be a leading notion capable of guiding our daily actions and bioethical practices.

Die Wertsch Tzende Organisation

Author: Klaus G. Deissler
Publisher: transcript Verlag
ISBN: 3839402239
Size: 68.49 MB
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Die Akzentuierung des Positiven ist ein Grundsatz, der im geschäftlichen Alltag von Organisationen oft verloren geht. Wertschätzendes Organisieren liefert hier neben einem innovativen theoretischen Rahmen auch neue Praxisformen, die wachsende Effizienz-, Leistungs- und Qualitätsanforderungen erfüllen. Wertschätzendes Organisieren setzt dabei zwei zentrale Gedanken um: dass wir uns insbesondere für die Dinge engagieren, die uns etwas bedeuten und die wertvoll für uns sind, und dass diese Bedeutungen und Werte in Beziehungen hergestellt werden. Im Mittelpunkt dieses Bandes steht der prominente Text von Kenneth Gergen et al. »Die Wertschätzende Organisation« (Titel der US-amerikanischen Originalausgabe: »The Appreciative Organisation«), der hier erstmalig in deutscher Übersetzung vorliegt. Experten aus unterschiedlichen Berufsfeldern diskutieren die neue Konzeption und untersuchen ihre Praxistauglichkeit.