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Smart Grids

Author: David Bakken
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482206129
Size: 23.38 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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The utilization of sensors, communications, and computer technologies to create greater efficiency in the generation, transmission, distribution, and consumption of electricity will enable better management of the electric power system. As the use of smart grid technologies grows, utilities will be able to automate meter reading and billing and consumers will be more aware of their energy usage and the associated costs. The results will require utilities and their suppliers to develop new business models, strategies, and processes. With an emphasis on reducing costs and improving return on investment (ROI) for utilities, Smart Grids: Clouds, Communications, Open Source, and Automation explores the design and implementation of smart grid technologies, considering the benefits to consumers as well as businesses. Focusing on industrial applications, the text: Provides a state-of-the-art account of the smart grid Explains how smart grid technologies are currently being used Includes detailed examples and test cases for real-life implementation Discusses trade-offs associated with the utilization of smart grid technologies Describes smart grid simulation software and offers insight into the future of the smart grid The electric power grid is in the early stages of a sea of change. Nobody knows which business models will survive, but companies heeding the lessons found in Smart Grids: Clouds, Communications, Open Source, and Automation might just increase their chances for success.

Cmos Time Mode Circuits And Systems

Author: Fei Yuan
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482298740
Size: 40.91 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Time-mode circuits, where information is represented by time difference between digital events, offer a viable and technology-friendly means to realize mixed-mode circuits and systems in nanometer complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) technologies. Various architectures of time-based signal processing and design techniques of CMOS time-mode circuits have emerged; however, an in-depth examination of the principles of time-based signal processing and design techniques of time-mode circuits has not been available—until now. CMOS Time-Mode Circuits and Systems: Fundamentals and Applications is the first book to deliver a comprehensive treatment of CMOS time-mode circuits and systems. Featuring contributions from leading experts, this authoritative text contains a rich collection of literature on time-mode circuits and systems. The book begins by presenting a critical comparison of voltage-mode, current-mode, and time-mode signaling for mixed-mode signal processing and then: Covers the fundamentals of time-mode signal processing, such as voltage-to-time converters, all-digital phase-locked loops, and frequency synthesizers Investigates the performance characteristics, architecture, design techniques, and implementation of time-to-digital converters Discusses time-mode delta-sigma-based analog-to-digital converters, placing a great emphasis on time-mode quantizers Includes a detailed study of ultra-low-power integrated time-mode temperature measurement systems CMOS Time-Mode Circuits and Systems: Fundamentals and Applications provides a valuable reference for circuit design engineers, hardware system engineers, graduate students, and others seeking to master this fast-evolving field.

Circuits And Systems For Security And Privacy

Author: Farhana Sheikh
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482236893
Size: 76.25 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Circuits and Systems for Security and Privacy begins by introducing the basic theoretical concepts and arithmetic used in algorithms for security and cryptography, and by reviewing the fundamental building blocks of cryptographic systems. It then analyzes the advantages and disadvantages of real-world implementations that not only optimize power, area, and throughput but also resist side-channel attacks. Merging the perspectives of experts from industry and academia, the book provides valuable insight and necessary background for the design of security-aware circuits and systems as well as efficient accelerators used in security applications.

Smart Grid Infrastructure Networking

Author: Krzysztof Iniewski
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
ISBN: 0071787755
Size: 25.43 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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A complete guide to smart grid networking and communications for energy engineers With contributions from more than 30 experts, Smart Grid Infrastructure & Networking describes cutting-edge technologies for connecting the electrical power infrastructure to modern, computerized communications networks. The book offers essential information on standardization, applications, protocols, automation, architecture, and management. Key topics such as bidirectional communication, automation, renewable energy integration, wireless sensor networks, and more are discussed in this practical, comprehensive resource. COVERAGE INCLUDES: * Demand-side energy management * The modernization of distribution automation featuring intelligent FDIR and volt-var optimization Advanced asset management * Wide-area early warning systems * The integration of renewable energy sources into smart grids * The microgrid in the electric system transformation * Enhancing the integration of renewables in radial distribution networks through smart links * Voltage-based control of DG units and active loads in smart microgrids * Electric vehicles in a smart grid environment * Low-voltage, DC grid–powered LED lighting system with smart ambient sensor control for energy conservation in green building * Multiple distributed smart microgrids with a self-autonomous, energy harvesting wireless sensor network * Wireless sensor networks for consumer applications in the smart grid * ZigBee-based wireless monitoring and control system for smart grids

Internet Of Things

Author: Peter Friess
Publisher: River Publishers
ISBN: 8792982735
Size: 25.78 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The book aims to provide a broad overview of various topics of the Internet of Things (IoT) from the research and development priorities to enabling technologies, architecture, security, privacy, interoperability and industrial applications. It is intended to be a stand-alone book in a series that covers the Internet of Things activities of the IERC - Internet of Things European Research Cluster - from technology to international cooperation and the global "state of play." The book builds on the ideas put forward by the European Research Cluster on the Internet of Things Strategic Research and Innovation Agenda and presents views and state of the art results on the challenges facing the research, development and deployment of IoT at the global level. Today we see the integration of Industrial, Business and Consumer Internet which is bringing together the Internet of People, Internet of Things, Internet of Energy, Internet of Vehicles, Internet of Media, Services and Enterprises in forming the backbone of the digital economy, the digital society and the foundation for the future knowledge and innovation based economy. These developments are supporting solutions for the emerging challenges of public health, aging population, environmental protection and climate change, the conservation of energy and scarce materials, enhancements to safety and security and the continuation and growth of economic prosperity. Penetration of smartphones and advances in nanoelectronics, cyber-physical systems, wireless communication, software, and Cloud computing technology will be the main drivers for IoT development. The IoT contribution is seen in the increased value of information created by the number of interconnections among things and the transformation of the processed information into knowledge shared into the Internet of Everything. The connected devices are part of ecosystems connecting people, processes, data, and things which are communicating in the Cloud using the increased storage and computing power while attempting to standardize communication and metadata. In this context, the next generation of Cloud computing technologies will need to be flexible enough to scale autonomously, adaptive enough to handle constantly changing connections and resilient enough to stand up to the huge flows of data that will occur. In 2025, analysts forecast that there will be six devices per human on the planet, which means around 50 billion more connected devices over the next 12 years. The Internet of Things market is connected to this anticipated device growth from industrial Machine to Machine (M2M) systems, smart meters and wireless sensors. Internet of Things technology will generate new services and new interfaces by creating smart environments and smart spaces with applications ranging from Smart Cities, Smart Transport, Buildings, Energy, Grid, to Smart Health and Life.

Communication Challenges And Solutions In The Smart Grid

Author: Fayҫal Bouhafs
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1493921843
Size: 75.20 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This SpringerBrief discusses the rise of the smart grid from the perspective of computing and communications. It explains how current and next-generation network technology and methodologies help recognize the potential that the smart grid initiative promises. Chapters provide context on the smart grid before exploring specific challenges related to communication control and energy management. Topics include control in heterogeneous power supply, solutions for backhaul and wide area networks, home energy management systems, and technologies for smart energy management systems. Designed for researchers and professionals working on the smart grid, Communication Challenges and Solutions in the Smart Grid offers context and applications for the common issues of this developing technology. Advanced-level students interested in networking and communications engineering will also find the brief valuable.

Power System Scada And Smart Grids

Author: Mini S. Thomas
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351831267
Size: 52.18 MB
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Power System SCADA and Smart Grids brings together in one concise volume the fundamentals and possible application functions of power system supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA). The text begins by providing an overview of SCADA systems, evolution, and use in power systems and the data acquisition process. It then describes the components of SCADA systems, from the legacy remote terminal units (RTUs) to the latest intelligent electronic devices (IEDs), data concentrators, and master stations, as well as: Examines the building and practical implementation of different SCADA systems Offers a comprehensive discussion of the data communication, protocols, and media usage Covers substation automation (SA), which forms the basis for transmission, distribution, and customer automation Addresses distribution automation and distribution management systems (DA/DMS) and energy management systems (EMS) for transmission control centers Discusses smart distribution, smart transmission, and smart grid solutions such as smart homes with home energy management systems (HEMs), plugged hybrid electric vehicles, and more Power System SCADA and Smart Grids is designed to assist electrical engineering students, researchers, and practitioners alike in acquiring a solid understanding of SCADA systems and application functions in generation, transmission, and distribution systems, which are evolving day by day, to help them adapt to new challenges effortlessly. The book reveals the inner secrets of SCADA systems, unveils the potential of the smart grid, and inspires more minds to get involved in the development process.

Practical Guidance For Defining A Smart Grid Modernization Strategy

Author: Marcelino Madrigal
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 1464810559
Size: 56.57 MB
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Practical Guidance for Defi ning a Smart Grid Modernization Strategy: The Case of Distribution guides stakeholders on how utilities can defi ne their own smart grid vision, identify priorities, and structure investment plans. While most of these strategic aspects apply to any area of the electricity grid, the book focuses on distribution. The guidance includes key building blocks for modernizing the distribution grid and provides examples of grid modernization projects. This revised edition also includes key communication system requirements to support a well-functioning grid. The concept of the smart grid is relevant to all grids. What varies are the magnitude and type of the incremental steps toward modernization for achieving a specifi c smart grid vision. A utility that is at a relatively low level of grid modernization may leapfrog one or more levels of modernization to achieve some of the benefi ts of the highest levels of grid modernization. Smart grids impact electric distribution systems signifi cantly. In developing countries, modernizing the distribution grid promises to benefi t the operation of electric distribution utilities in many and various ways. These benefi ts include improved operational effi ciency (such as reduced losses and lower energy consumption), reduced peak demand, improved service reliability, and ability to accommodate distributed generating resources without adversely impacting overall power quality. Practical Guidance for Defi ning a Smart Grid Modernization Strategy concludes by describing funding and regulatory issues that may need to be taken into account when developing smart grid plans. The World Bank Studies series is available for free download online through the Open Knowledge Repository (https://openknowledge.worldbank.org).

Sensors And Actuators

Author: Clarence W. de Silva
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466506822
Size: 51.41 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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An engineering system contains multiple components that interconnect to perform a specific task. Starting from basic fundamentals through to advanced applications, Sensors and Actuators: Engineering System Instrumentation, Second Edition thoroughly explains the inner workings of an engineering system. The text first provides introductory material—practical procedures and applications in the beginning—and then methodically integrates more advanced techniques, theory, and concepts throughout the book. Emphasizing sensors, transducers, and actuators, the author discusses important aspects of component matching and interconnection, interface between the connected components, signal modification, and signal conditioning/modification. He also addresses functions, physical principles, operation and interaction, and the proper selection and interfacing of these components for various engineering/control applications. This second edition provides a thorough revision of the first and includes new worked examples, new applications, and thoroughly updated as well as entirely new material. In addition, it provides increased coverage of sensor systems technologies and updated coverage of computer tools, including MATLAB®, Simulink, and LabView. What’s New in the Second Edition: A new chapter on estimation from measurements, which includes various practical procedures and applications of estimation through sensed data New material on microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) New material on multisensor data fusion New material on networked sensing and localization Many new problems and worked examples Chapter highlights and summary sheets, for easy reference and recollection Sensors and Actuators: Engineering System Instrumentation, Second Edition provides users from a variety of engineering backgrounds with a complete overview of engineering system components for instrumentation. It presents current techniques, advanced theory and concepts, and addresses relevant design issues, component selection, and practical applications.

Green Communications

Author: Jinsong Wu
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466501081
Size: 62.13 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Nowadays energy crisis and global warming problems are hanging over everyone’s head, urging much research work on energy saving. In the ICT industry, which is becoming a major consumer of global energy triggered by the telecommunication network operators experiencing energy cost as a significant factor in profit calculations, researchers have started to investigate various approaches for power consumption reduction. Standards bodies are already developing standards for energy-efficient protocols. However, research in green communications is still at an early stage, and the space of potential solutions is far from being fully explored. This book provides a comprehensive discussion of academic research and relevant applications in green communications. It aims to increase understanding of relevant issues and further the development of strategies and techniques. Gathering efforts from world-leading experts on green topics with different focuses, such as mobile communications, wireless networks, ad hoc and sensor networks, cloud computing, optical networking, smart grids, network devices, even FPGA and terminal devices, combined with the best practices from the largest telecommunication operator, China Mobile Corporation, this book covers key features such as: Not only focuses on energy saving of ICT industry, but also figures out its role to help other industries reduce energy consumption Comprehensively covers almost all main aspects in green communications Includes recent advances in theoretical analysis, algorithms, and practical applications for green wired and wireless communications Readers do not have to be professionals in communications to understand the basic ideas in the book This book brings green wired and wireless communications, as well as other general green topics, in one book, which will give readers a panoramic view in the relevant green fields.