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Smart Materials And New Technologies

Author: D. Michelle Addington
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0750662255
Size: 34.62 MB
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Today, architects are looking for new solutions to old problems, including 'smart' and 'intelligent' materials that can be applied to building design. This text covers the use of smart materials in a design perspective, as well as describing how these solutions could be utilised in other applications.

Smart Materials And Technologies In Architecture

Author: Michelle Addington
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136366083
Size: 21.54 MB
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Today, architects and designers are beginning to look toward developments in new "smart" or "intelligent" materials and technologies for solutions to long-standing problems in building design. However, these new materials have so far been applied in a diverse but largely idiosyncratic nature, because relatively few architects have access to information about the types or properties of these new materials or technologies. Two of the leading experts in this field - Addington and Schodek - have solved this problem by incorporating all the relevant information of all the latest technologies available to architects and designers in this one volume. They present materials by describing their fundamental characteristics, and go on to identify and suggest how these same characteristics can be exploited by professionals to achieve their design goals. Here, the wealth of technical understanding already available in the materials science and engineering literature is at last made accessible to a design audience.

World Forum On Smart Materials And Smart Structures Technology

Author: B.F. Spencer Jr.
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781439828441
Size: 72.36 MB
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This collection of almost 300 articles provides the critical knowledge and technological bases required for meeting one of the ultimate engineering challenges: the design and construction of smart structures and systems. It meets that trend that research in smart materials and structures seeks to apply multifunctional capabilities. Contributions deal with the use of new and existing materials to develop structures and systems that are capable of self-sensing, self-diagnosing, self-healing. Moreover such systems should be able to give adaptive responses to prevent loss and catastrophe, to minimize costs, and to prolong service life. Intended for researchers and practitioners from a broad range of disciplines. Set of book of abstracts (840 pp) and full paper, searchable CD-ROM (1994 pp).

Smart Materials

Author: Mel Schwartz
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420043730
Size: 79.97 MB
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Explores State-of-the-Art Work from the World’s Foremost Scientists, Engineers, Educators, and Practitioners in the Field Why use smart materials? Since most smart materials do not add mass, engineers can endow structures with built-in responses to a myriad of contingencies. In their various forms, these materials can adapt to their environments by changing characteristics and can provide information about structural and environmental changes. A single source on numerous aspects of intelligent materials Smart Materials focuses on many types of novel materials, including ceramics, hybrid composites, shape memory alloys, chitosan-based gels, adhesives, oxides, polymers, flip-chip technology, magnetorheological fluids, electrorheological materials, nanotubes, and sensors. It highlights the interdisciplinary nature of these materials by showing how they can be used in scores of areas, such as drug delivery systems, health monitoring, fiber optics, nanoscale engineering, vibration control, and molecular imprinting. Gain insight from leading experts who specialize in smart materials technology With over fifty years of experience working and teaching in this field, the editor has compiled numerous insightful contributions from an extensive group of leading experts. In this volume, they share their expertise and explore the innovative progress that has occurred in smart material products, components, systems, and structures.

Smart Materials In Architektur Innenarchitektur Und Design

Author: Axel Ritter
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 376438266X
Size: 21.38 MB
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Die Anwendung von Smart Materials in der Architektur ist ein innovatives, dynamisches Gebiet, in dem Forschung, Entwicklung und Anwendung im Bau fließend ineinander übergehen. Smart Materials mit ihren reversiblen Wechseleigenschaften reagieren auf Stimuli wie Licht, Temperatur und elektrisches Feld. Sie verändern sich dabei in Form, Farbe, Viskosität etc. Zu den faszinierendsten Entwicklungen gehören Formgedächtnis-Legierungen oder Phase Change Materials. Es lassen sich beispielsweise selbsttätig agierende kinetische Fassaden entwickeln oder auch Tapeten, die temperatur- und lichtabhängig Farbe und Muster verändern. Das Buch stellt einleitend die Entwicklung dieser Materialien sowie ihren Kontext in Architektur, Design und Kunst dar. Ein systematisch aufgebauter Überblick mit zahlreichen Details über Eigenschaften, Technologien, Produkte und Projekte wird anhand von rund zwanzig Materialgruppen gegeben.

Piezoelectric Actuators

Author: Seung-Bok Choi
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781439818091
Size: 41.21 MB
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Currently, many smart materials exhibit one or multifunctional capabilities that are being effectively exploited in various engineering applications, but these are only a hint of what is possible. Newer classes of smart materials are beginning to display the capacity for self-repair, self-diagnosis, self-multiplication, and self-degradation. Ultimately, what will make them practical and commercially viable are control devices that provide sufficient speed and sensitivity. While there are other candidates, piezoelectric actuators and sensors are proving to be the best choice. Piezoelectric Actuators: Control Applications of Smart Materials details the authors’ cutting-edge research and development in this burgeoning area. It presents their insights into optimal control strategies, reflecting their latest collection of refereed international papers written for a number of prestigious journals. Piezoelectric materials are incorporated in devices used to control vibration in flexible structures. Applications include beams, plates, and shells; sensors and actuators for cabin noise control; and position controllers for structural systems such as the flexible manipulator, engine mount, ski, snowboard, robot gripper, ultrasonic motors, and various type of sensors including accelerometer, strain gage, and sound pressure gages. The contents and design of this book make it useful as a professional reference for scientists and practical engineers who would like to create new machines or devices featuring smart material actuators and sensors integrated with piezoelectric materials. With that goal in mind, this book: Describes the piezoelectric effect from a microscopic point of view Addresses vibration control for flexible structures and other methods that use active mount Covers control of flexible robotic manipulators Discusses application to fine-motion and hydraulic control systems Explores piezoelectric shunt technology This book is exceptionally valuable as a reference for professional engineers working at the forefront of numerous industries. With its balanced presentation of theory and application, it will also be of special interest to graduate students studying control methodology.

Materials That Move

Author: Murat Bengisu
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319768891
Size: 51.94 MB
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This book presents a design-driven investigation into smart materials developed by chemists, physicists, materials and chemical engineers, and applied by designers to consumer products, buildings, interfaces, or textiles. Introducing a class of smart materials (referred to as stimuli-responsive, morphing or kinetic materials) that move and change their shape in response to stimuli, the book presents their characteristics, advantages, potentials, as well as the difficulties involved in their application. The book also presents a large number of case studies on products, projects, concepts, and experiments employing smart materials, thus mapping out new design territories for these innovative materials. The case studies involve different fields of design, including product, interior, fashion, and communication design. Reflecting the growing demand for sustainable and human-centered design agendas, the book explores and reveals the role and influence of these new materials and technologies on design and human experience, and discusses how they can be used to redefine our objects and spaces so as to promote more resilient environments. The book offers an intriguing and valuable resource for design professionals, engineers, scientists and students alike.

Emerging Materials For Civil Infrastructure

Author: Roberto A. Lopez-Anido
Publisher: ASCE Publications
ISBN: 9780784474938
Size: 18.72 MB
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Prepared by the Emerging Materials Committee of the Materials Division of ASCE. This report presents a review of the state of the art on emerging materials for use in civil engineering infrastructure. Emerging materials include novel and new materials, as well as traditional materials with profound potential in new applications. A material or class of materials is considered "emerging" if its use has not yet progressed to a stage wherein well-established guidelines, codes, and specifications exist for its use. This report is conveniently divided into chapters that address specific classes of materials andØhighlight the most recent developments in materials technologies relevant to civil infrastructure.Ø Topics include: smart materials for civil engineering applications; fiber reinforced composites in civil infrastructure; emerging geomaterials for ground improvement; aluminum materials and the infrastructure; polymer concrete made with recycled plastics; state of the practice in asphalt technology; emerging uses for masonry materials; and emerging uses for window glass. The practicing engineer, student, or general reader will find this to be an easy-to-use reference for construction material systems that are being developed for use in civil engineering.

Smart Materials And Structures

Author: Peter L. Reece
Publisher: Nova Publishers
ISBN: 9781600211072
Size: 60.17 MB
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Smart materials respond to environmental stimuli with particular changes in some variables. For that reason they are often also called responsive materials. Depending on changes in some external conditions, smart materials change either their properties (mechanical, electrical, appearance), their structure or composition, or their functions. Mostly, smart materials are embedded in systems whose inherent properties can be favourably changed to meet performance needs.Smart materials and structures have widespread applications in: Materials science - composites, ceramics, processing science, interface science, sensor/actuator materials, chiral materials, conducting and chiral polymers, electro chromic materials, liquid crystals, molecular-level smart materials, biomaterials; Sensing and actuation - electromagnetic, acoustic, chemical and mechanical sensing and actuation, single-measurand sensors, multiplexed multimeasurand distributed sensors and actuators, sensor/actuator signal processing, compatibility of sensors and actuators with conventional and advanced materials, smart sensors for materials and composites processing; and Optics and electro magnetics - optical fibre techn

Smart Materials For Advanced Environmental Applications

Author: Peng Wang
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 1782622195
Size: 52.50 MB
Format: PDF
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The development of smart materials for environmental applications is a highly innovative and promising new approach to meet the increasing demands from society on water resources and pollution remediation. Smart materials with surfaces that can reversibly respond to stimuli from internal and external environments by changing their properties show great promise as solutions for global environmental issues. Many of these functional materials are inspired by biological systems, that use sophisticated material interfaces to display high levels of adaptability to their environment. Leading researchers present the latest information on the current and potential applications of omniphobic slippery coatings, responsive particle stabilized emulsions and self-healing surfaces among other functional materials. The book contains a section dedicated to water treatment and harvesting, describing and explaining strategies such as use of copolymer membranes and surfaces with patterned wettability. It provides a valuable source of information for environmental, materials, polymer and nano-scientists interested in environmental applications of functional material surfaces.