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Smooth Four Manifolds And Complex Surfaces

Author: Robert Friedman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3662030284
Size: 46.68 MB
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In 1961 Smale established the generalized Poincare Conjecture in dimensions greater than or equal to 5 [129] and proceeded to prove the h-cobordism theorem [130]. This result inaugurated a major effort to classify all possible smooth and topological structures on manifolds of dimension at least 5. By the mid 1970's the main outlines of this theory were complete, and explicit answers (especially concerning simply connected manifolds) as well as general qualitative results had been obtained. As an example of such a qualitative result, a closed, simply connected manifold of dimension 2: 5 is determined up to finitely many diffeomorphism possibilities by its homotopy type and its Pontrjagin classes. There are similar results for self-diffeomorphisms, which, at least in the simply connected case, say that the group of self-diffeomorphisms of a closed manifold M of dimension at least 5 is commensurate with an arithmetic subgroup of the linear algebraic group of all automorphisms of its so-called rational minimal model which preserve the Pontrjagin classes [131]. Once the high dimensional theory was in good shape, attention shifted to the remaining, and seemingly exceptional, dimensions 3 and 4. The theory behind the results for manifolds of dimension at least 5 does not carryover to manifolds of these low dimensions, essentially because there is no longer enough room to maneuver. Thus new ideas are necessary to study manifolds of these "low" dimensions.

Stein Manifolds And Holomorphic Mappings

Author: Franc Forstnerič
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319610589
Size: 65.35 MB
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This book, now in a carefully revised second edition, provides an up-to-date account of Oka theory, including the classical Oka-Grauert theory and the wide array of applications to the geometry of Stein manifolds. Oka theory is the field of complex analysis dealing with global problems on Stein manifolds which admit analytic solutions in the absence of topological obstructions. The exposition in the present volume focuses on the notion of an Oka manifold introduced by the author in 2009. It explores connections with elliptic complex geometry initiated by Gromov in 1989, with the Andersén-Lempert theory of holomorphic automorphisms of complex Euclidean spaces and of Stein manifolds with the density property, and with topological methods such as homotopy theory and the Seiberg-Witten theory. Researchers and graduate students interested in the homotopy principle in complex analysis will find this book particularly useful. It is currently the only work that offers a comprehensive introduction to both the Oka theory and the theory of holomorphic automorphisms of complex Euclidean spaces and of other complex manifolds with large automorphism groups.

4 Manifolds

Author: Selman Akbulut
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0191087750
Size: 72.24 MB
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This book presents the topology of smooth 4-manifolds in an intuitive self-contained way, developed over a number of years by Professor Akbulut. The text is aimed at graduate students and focuses on the teaching and learning of the subject, giving a direct approach to constructions and theorems which are supplemented by exercises to help the reader work through the details not covered in the proofs. The book contains a hundred colour illustrations to demonstrate the ideas rather than providing long-winded and potentially unclear explanations. Key results have been selected that relate to the material discussed and the author has provided examples of how to analyse them with the techniques developed in earlier chapters.

Algebraic Geometry Over The Complex Numbers

Author: Donu Arapura
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461418097
Size: 61.51 MB
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This is a relatively fast paced graduate level introduction to complex algebraic geometry, from the basics to the frontier of the subject. It covers sheaf theory, cohomology, some Hodge theory, as well as some of the more algebraic aspects of algebraic geometry. The author frequently refers the reader if the treatment of a certain topic is readily available elsewhere but goes into considerable detail on topics for which his treatment puts a twist or a more transparent viewpoint. His cases of exploration and are chosen very carefully and deliberately. The textbook achieves its purpose of taking new students of complex algebraic geometry through this a deep yet broad introduction to a vast subject, eventually bringing them to the forefront of the topic via a non-intimidating style.

Compact Complex Surfaces

Author: W. Barth
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642577393
Size: 37.29 MB
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In the 19 years which passed since the first edition was published, several important developments have taken place in the theory of surfaces. The most sensational one concerns the differentiable structure of surfaces. Twenty years ago very little was known about differentiable structures on 4-manifolds, but in the meantime Donaldson on the one hand and Seiberg and Witten on the other hand, have found, inspired by gauge theory, totally new invariants. Strikingly, together with the theory explained in this book these invariants yield a wealth of new results about the differentiable structure of algebraic surfaces. Other developments include the systematic use of nef-divisors (in ac cordance with the progress made in the classification of higher dimensional algebraic varieties), a better understanding of Kahler structures on surfaces, and Reider's new approach to adjoint mappings. All these developments have been incorporated in the present edition, though the Donaldson and Seiberg-Witten theory only by way of examples. Of course we use the opportunity to correct some minor mistakes, which we ether have discovered ourselves or which were communicated to us by careful readers to whom we are much obliged.

Compact Complex Surfaces

Author: Wolf Barth
Publisher: Springer Verlag
Size: 24.75 MB
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The first edition of "Compact Complex Surfaces" was published in 1984 and has become one of the most important books on the subject. In this second enlarged edition the major developments of the last 20 years have been incorporated. The Enriques-Kodaira classification is carried out in the spirit of Mori theory and many new developments have been added, including new analytic tools as well as new algebraic methods such as the theorems of Bogomolov and Reider and their applications. A new section is devoted to the stunning results achieved by the introduction of Donaldson and Seiberg-Witten invariants.

Foliations On Surfaces

Author: Igor Nikolaev
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540675242
Size: 80.90 MB
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Foliations is one of the major concepts of modern geometry and topology meaning a partition of topological space into a disjoint sum of leaves. This book is devoted to geometry and topology of surface foliations and their links to ergodic theory, dynamical systems, complex analysis, differential and noncommutative geometry. This comprehensive book addresses graduate students and researchers and will serve as a reference book for experts in the field.