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Social And Psychological Bases Of Ideology And System Justification

Author: John T. Jost
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199717606
Size: 47.74 MB
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This new volume on Social and Psychological Bases of Ideology and System Justification brings together several of the most prominent social and political psychologists who are responsible for the resurgence of interest in the study of ideology, broadly defined. Leading scientists and scholars from several related disciplines, including psychology, sociology, political science, law, and organizational behavior present their cutting-edge theorizing and research. Topics include the social, personality, cognitive and motivational antecedents and consequences of adopting liberal versus conservative ideologies, the social and psychological functions served by political and religious ideologies, and the myriad ways in which people defend, bolster, and justify the social systems they inhabit. This book is the first of its kind, bringing together formerly independent lines of research on ideology and system justification.

The Oxford Handbook Of Political Ideologies

Author: Michael Freeden
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191663700
Size: 46.18 MB
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This is the first comprehensive volume to offer a state of the art investigation both of the nature of political ideologies and of their main manifestations. The diversity of ideology studies is represented by a mixture of the range of theories that illuminate the field, combined with an appreciation of the changing complexity of concrete ideologies and the emergence of new ones. Ideologies, however, are always with us. The Handbook is divided into three sections: The first is divided into three sections: The first reflects some of the latest thinking about the development of ideology on an historical dimension, from the standpoints of conceptual history, Marx studies, social science theory and history, and leading schools of continental philosophy. The second includes some of the most recent interpretations and theories of ideology, all of which are sympathetic in their own ways to its exploration and close investigation, even when judiciously critical of its social impact. This section contains many of the more salient contemporary accounts of ideology. The third focuses on the leading ideological families and traditions, as well as on some of their cultural and geographical manifestations, incorporating both historical and contemporary perspectives. Each chapter is written by an expert in their field, bringing the latest approaches and understandings to their task. The Handbook will position the study of ideologies in the mainstream of political theory and political analysis and will attest to its indispensability both to courses on political theory and to scholars who wish to take their understanding of ideologies in new directions.

The Psychology Of Legitimacy

Author: John T. Jost
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521786997
Size: 57.40 MB
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This book, first published in 2001, provides a general approach to the psychological basis of social inequality.

The Oxford Handbook Of Behavioral Economics And The Law

Author: Eyal Zamir
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199397953
Size: 55.28 MB
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The past twenty years have witnessed a surge in behavioral studies of law and law-related issues. These studies have challenged the application of the rational-choice model to legal analysis and introduced a more accurate and empirically grounded model of human behavior. This integration of economics, psychology, and law is breaking exciting new ground in legal theory and the social sciences, shedding a new light on age-old legal questions as well as cutting edge policy issues. The Oxford Handbook of Behavioral Economics and Law brings together leading scholars of law, psychology, and economics to provide an up-to-date and comprehensive analysis of this field of research, including its strengths and limitations as well as a forecast of its future development. Its 29 chapters organized in four parts. The first part provides a general overview of behavioral economics. The second part comprises four chapters introducing and criticizing the contribution of behavioral economics to legal theory. The third part discusses specific behavioral phenomena, their ramifications for legal policymaking, and their reflection in extant law. Finally, the fourth part analyzes the contribution of behavioral economics to fifteen legal spheres ranging from core doctrinal areas such as contracts, torts and property to areas such as taxation and antitrust policy.

On Behalf Of Others

Author: Sarah Scuzzarello
Publisher: OUP USA
ISBN:
Size: 72.62 MB
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This book offers both a theoretical and empirical discussion of the psychology of ethics and care in a global world. Theoretically, the book seeks to problematize the concept of globalization, ethics and care by discussing how global-local linkages may be constructed in various ways and produce a number of different ethical results depending on context. The book makes a couple of major contributions. First, it demonstrates how globalization, multiculturalism and group conflict must be reconceptualized from an ethical perspective if we are to appreciate and understand the extent to which people are likely to act on behalf of others in a global world. Second, it advances ethical ideas that provide new political and moral vocabularies that allow us to imagine social alternatives. The political psychology of real or perceived violence in a global world calls for new approaches to understanding collective experience. The book takes an interdisciplinary approach to understanding how political, economic, social and psychological forces interact and are mutually reinforced in a global context.

Das Politische Gehirn

Author: Drew Westen
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 3518772104
Size: 40.71 MB
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»Das interessanteste und informativste Buch über Politik, das ich seit Jahren gelesen habe.« Bill Clinton Seit der Aufklärung gehen wir davon aus, daß Menschen sich bei politischen Entscheidungen in erster Linie von rationalen Kosten-Nutzen-Kalkulationen leiten lassen. Der Psychologe Drew Westen stellte diese Überzeugung mit einer Reihe spektakulärer Experimente in Frage. Er konnte zeigen, daß Emotionen, etwa vor Wahlen, eine mindestens ebenso wichtige Rolle spielen. Diesen Gedanken entfaltet Westen anhand zahlreicher Beispiele aus der jüngeren US-Wahlkampfgeschichte in seinem Buch »Das politische Gehirn«; auch hierzulande wächst seitdem in Politik und Wissenschaft das Interesse an der Bedeutung der Emotionen. Die deutsche Ausgabe enthält neben den zentralen Kapiteln des US-Bestsellers ein ausführliches Interview, in dem Westen sich mit der Kritik an seinem Ansatz, mit der Politik Barack Obamas und der Situation in anderen Ländern auseinandersetzt.

Wahrnehmung Und Herstellung Von Geschlecht

Author: Ursula Pasero
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3322890147
Size: 16.63 MB
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Im Zentrum der interdisziplinären Genderforschung steht die Frage, wie soziale Wahrnehmung zur Konstruktion von Geschlecht beiträgt. Die teils theoretisch, teils empirisch angelegten Beiträge diskutieren aus historischer, literaturwissenschaftlicher, linguistischer, naturwissenschaftlicher, soziologischer und sozialpsychologischer Sicht, wie Frauen und Männer wahrgenommen und bewertet werden und welche Eigenschaften und Verhaltensweisen den Geschlechtern zugeschrieben werden. Sind Geschlechterdifferenzen das Ergebnis geschlechtstypischen Verhaltens oder lassen sie sich eher auf geschlechtsstereotype Vorstellungen und Erwartungen zurückführen? Die Vielfalt der hier eingenommenen Perspektiven behandelt die Komplexität der sozialen Konstruktion von Geschlecht, in der die Wahrnehmung und Herstellung von Geschlecht unabdingbar wechselseitig miteinander verbunden sind.

Das Unbeschriebene Blatt

Author: Steven Pinker
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 3104903905
Size: 68.81 MB
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Mit einem aktuellen Vorwort zur Neuausgabe! Auf John Locke geht die Vorstellung zurück, der Mensch sei ein leeres Blatt, auf dem im Verlauf des Lebens die persönlichen Erfahrungen eingetragen werden. In seinem mittlerweile klassischen Buch »Das unbeschriebene Blatt. Die moderne Leugnung der menschlichen Natur« bezieht Bestseller-Autor Steven Pinker ganz die Gegenposition: Mit Witz, Brillanz und Gelehrsamkeit analysiert er die Geschichte dieser Idee und zeigt, wie falsch sie ist – mit allen kruden Auswirkungen auf Vorstellungen von Sexualität, Rasse, Kindererziehung, Intelligenz usw. Die Rolle der Gene wird systematisch unterschätzt; aber das bedeutet nicht, dass wir ihnen völlig ausgeliefert sind. Pinker zeigt nämlich auch, wie befreiend diese Sichtweise sein kann. Ein unterhaltsames und anschauliches Buch zur Natur des Menschen, ein echter Lesegenuss.

The Sense Of Style

Author: Steven Pinker
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 069817030X
Size: 13.17 MB
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“Charming and erudite," from the author of Enlightenment Now, "The wit and insight and clarity he brings . . . is what makes this book such a gem.” —Time.com Why is so much writing so bad, and how can we make it better? Is the English language being corrupted by texting and social media? Do the kids today even care about good writing—and why should we care? From the author of The Better Angels of Our Nature and Enlightenment Now. In this entertaining and eminently practical book, the cognitive scientist, dictionary consultant, and New York Times–bestselling author Steven Pinker rethinks the usage guide for the twenty-first century. Using examples of great and gruesome modern prose while avoiding the scolding tone and Spartan tastes of the classic manuals, he shows how the art of writing can be a form of pleasurable mastery and a fascinating intellectual topic in its own right. The Sense of Style is for writers of all kinds, and for readers who are interested in letters and literature and are curious about the ways in which the sciences of mind can illuminate how language works at its best.