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Social Democracy In The Global Periphery

Author: Richard Sandbrook
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139460919
Size: 48.69 MB
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Social Democracy in the Global Periphery focuses on social-democratic regimes in the developing world that have, to varying degrees, reconciled the needs of achieving growth through globalized markets with extensions of political, social and economic rights. The authors show that opportunities exist to achieve significant social progress, despite a global economic order that favours core industrial countries. Their findings derive from a comparative analysis of four exemplary cases: Kerala (India), Costa Rica, Mauritius and Chile (since 1990). Though unusual, the social and political conditions from which these developing-world social democracies arose are not unique; indeed, pragmatic and proactive social-democratic movements helped create these favourable conditions. The four exemplars have preserved or even improved their social achievements since neoliberalism emerged hegemonic in the 1980s. This demonstrates that certain social-democratic policies and practices - guided by a democratic developmental state - can enhance a national economy's global competitiveness.

Theorie Der Sozialen Demokratie

Author: Thomas Meyer
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3531928414
Size: 56.74 MB
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Die Demokratietheorie kennzeichnet ein merkwürdiges Paradox. Während die kapitalistische Marktwirtschaft zumeist als ermöglichende Bedingung liberaler Demokratie verstanden wird, gelten die radikalen Ungleichheiten, die sie erzeugt, zugleich auch als eine ihrer zentralen Gefährdungen. Die hier vorgelegte Theorie der sozialen Demokratie klärt die Bedingungen, die erfüllt sein müssen, wenn der Anspruch rechtsstaatlicher Demokratie uneingeschränkt erfüllt sein soll. Sie begründet im Anschluss an die jüngste empirische Forschung die Anforderungen an die Einbettung der Märkte, den grundrechtsgestützten Sozialstaat, die gesellschaftliche Demokratisierung und faire Globalisierung, die dafür erfüllt sein müssen.

Transformation Von Ungleichheitsregimes

Author: Bernhard Leubolt
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658073616
Size: 21.55 MB
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Bernhard Leubolt arbeitet mittels des strategisch-relationalen Institutionalismus den historischen Einfluss von Ungleichheitsregimes auf aktuelle gleichheitsorientierte Politik heraus: Brasilien ist geprägt von der langen Fortdauer der Sklaverei und einer anschließenden konservativen Modernisierung. Seit den 1980er Jahren gibt es Bestrebungen zur Reduktion der Ungleichheiten, die durch neoliberale Reformen konterkariert wurden. Nach der Amtsübernahme Präsident Lulas wurde statt des Neoliberalismus ein sozialer Entwicklungsstaat etabliert. Südafrika wurde hingegen durch ein formell rassistisches Ungleichheitsregime geprägt. Nach der Demokratisierung etablierte sich mit dem ANC die wichtigste Widerstandsbewegung als Regierungspartei. Er beseitigte zwar staatlichen Rassismus, konnte die hohen Ungleichheitsraten aber kaum reduzieren. Im Fazit verweist Leubolt auf Erfolge und Widersprüche gleichheitsorientierter Politik.

Encyclopedia Of Global Studies

Author: Helmut K. Anheier
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1506338224
Size: 15.34 MB
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"With all entries followed by cross-references and further reading lists, this current resource is ideal for high school and college students looking for connecting ideas and additional sources on them. The work brings together the many facets of global studies into a solid reference tool and will help those developing and articulating an ideological perspective." — Library Journal The Encyclopedia of Global Studies is the reference work for the emerging field of global studies. It covers both transnational topics and intellectual approaches to the study of global themes, including the globalization of economies and technologies; the diaspora of cultures and dispersion of peoples; the transnational aspects of social and political change; the global impact of environmental, technological, and health changes; and the organizations and issues related to global civil society. Key Themes: • Global civil society • Global communications, transportation, technology • Global conflict and security • Global culture, media • Global demographic change • Global economic issues • Global environmental and energy issues • Global governance and world order • Global health and nutrition • Global historical antecedents • Global justice and legal issues • Global religions, beliefs, ideologies • Global studies • Identities in global society Readership: Students and academics in the fields of politics and international relations, international business, geography and environmental studies, sociology and cultural studies, and health.

The Political Origins Of Inequality

Author: Simon Reid-Henry
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022623682X
Size: 72.74 MB
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Inequality is the defining issue of our time. But it is not just a problem for the rich world. It is the global 1% that now owns fully half the world’s wealth—the true measure of our age of inequality. In this historical tour de force, Simon Reid-Henry rewrites the usual story of globalization and development as a story of the management of inequality. Reaching back to the eighteenth century and around the globe, The Political Origins of Inequality foregrounds the political turning points and decisions behind the making of today’s uneven societies. As it weaves together insights from the Victorian city to the Cold War, from US economic policy to Europe’s present migration crisis, a true picture emerges of the structure of inequality itself. The problem of inequality, Reid-Henry argues, is a problem that manifests between places as well as over time. This is one reason why it cannot be resolved by the usual arguments of left versus right, bound as they are to the national scale alone. Most of all, however, it is why the level of inequality that confronts us today is indicative of a more general crisis in political thought. Modern political discourse has no place for public reason or the common good. Equality is yesterday’s dream. Yet the fact that we now accept such a world—a world that values security over freedom, special treatment over universal opportunity, and efficiency over fairness—is ultimately because we have stopped even trying in recent decades to build the political architecture the world actually requires. Our politics has fallen out of step with the world, then, and at the every moment it is needed more than ever. Yet it is within our power to address this. Doing so involves identifying and then meeting our political responsibilities to others, not just offering them the selective charity of the rich. It means looking beyond issues of economics and outside our national borders. But above all it demands of us that we reinvent the language of equality for a modern, global world: and then institute this. The world is not falling apart. Different worlds, we all can see, are colliding together. It is our capacity to act in concert that is falling apart. It is this that needs restoring most of all.

Social Forces And States

Author: Judith Teichman
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 0804782547
Size: 17.78 MB
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With the failure of market reform to generate sustained growth in many countries of the Global South, poverty reduction has become an urgent moral and political issue in the last several decades. In practice, considerable research shows that high levels of inequality are likely to produce high levels of criminal and political violence. On the road to development, states cannot but grapple with the challenges posed by poverty and wealth distribution. Social Forces and States explains the reasons behind distinct distributional and poverty outcomes in three countries: South Korea, Chile, and Mexico. South Korea has successfully reduced poverty and has kept inequality low. Chile has reduced poverty but inequality remains high. Mexico has confronted higher levels of poverty and high inequality than either of the other countries. Judith Teichman takes a comparative historical approach, focusing upon the impact of the interaction between social forces and states. Distinct from approaches that explain social well-being through a comparative examination of social welfare regimes, this book probes more deeply, incorporating a careful consideration of how historical contexts and political struggles shaped very different development trajectories, welfare arrangements, and social possibilities.

Growth Inequality And Social Development In India

Author: R Nagaraj
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137000767
Size: 14.14 MB
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With six essays exploring different aspects of economic growth, poverty, inequality and social security, this book offers a critical perspective on India's development experience since independence. Incisive and empirically rich, the book opens up new vistas in development discourse and informs current policy debates.

Civilizing Globalization Revised And Expanded Edition

Author: Richard Sandbrook
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 143845211X
Size: 23.40 MB
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Discusses the many facets of globalization and its feasible reform in easy-to-understand language. Is it possible to harness the benefits of economic globalization without sacrificing social equity, ecological sustainability, and democratic governance? The first edition of Civilizing Globalization (2003) explored this question at a time of widespread popular discontent. This fully revised and expanded edition comes at an equally crucial juncture. The period of relative stability and prosperity in the world economy that followed the release of the first edition ended abruptly in 2008 with a worldwide economic crisis that illustrated in dramatic fashion the enduring problems with our global order. Yet despite the gravity of the challenges, concrete initiatives for change remain insubstantial. Richard Sandbrook and Ali Burak Güven bring together international scholars and veteran activists to discuss in clear, nontechnical language the innovative political strategies, participatory institutional frameworks, and feasible regulatory designs capable of taming global markets so that they assume the role of useful servants rather than tyrannical masters. “Civilizing Globalization develops a social democratic vision of globalization and global governance for the twenty-first century. The book presents a powerful case for regulating global markets so that the economy serves society and the environment, not the reverse. It is a wonderful contribution by an eminent group of scholars.” — Ziya Öniş, Koç University