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Solar Cells And Energy Materials

Author: Takeo Oku
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110298503
Size: 68.62 MB
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This book offers an introduction to solar cells and energy materials including new materials based on organics, nanostructures and novel inorganics and developments in more traditional photovoltaic materials.

Energy Materials

Author: Duncan W. Bruce
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470978066
Size: 74.56 MB
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In an age of global industrialisation and population growth, the area of energy is one that is very much in the public consciousness. Fundamental scientific research is recognised as being crucial to delivering solutions to these issues, particularly to yield novel means of providing efficient, ideally recyclable, ways of converting, transporting and delivering energy. This volume considers a selection of the state-of-the-art materials that are being designed to meet some of the energy challenges we face today. Topics are carefully chosen that show how the skill of the synthetic chemist can be applied to allow the targeted preparation of inorganic materials with properties optimised for a specific application. Four chapters explore the key areas of: Polymer Electrolytes Advanced Inorganic Materials for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Solar Energy Materials Hydrogen Adsorption on Metal Organic Framework Materials for Storage Applications Energy Materials provides both a summary of the current status of research, and an eye to how future research may develop materials properties further. Additional volumes in the Inorganic Materials Series: Molecular Materials Functional Oxides Porous Materials Low-Dimensional Solids

Rational Design Of Solar Cells For Efficient Solar Energy Conversion

Author: Alagarsamy Pandikumar
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN: 1119437407
Size: 22.31 MB
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An interdisciplinary guide to the newest solar cell technology for efficient renewable energy Rational Design of Solar Cells for Efficient Solar Energy Conversion explores the development of the most recent solar technology and materials used to manufacture solar cells in order to achieve higher solar energy conversion efficiency. The text offers an interdisciplinary approach and combines information on dye-sensitized solar cells, organic solar cells, polymer solar cells, perovskite solar cells, and quantum dot solar cells. The text contains contributions from noted experts in the fields of chemistry, physics, materials science, and engineering. The authors review the development of components such as photoanodes, sensitizers, electrolytes, and photocathodes for high performance dye-sensitized solar cells. In addition, the text puts the focus on the design of material assemblies to achieve higher solar energy conversion. This important resource: Offers a comprehensive review of recent developments in solar cell technology Includes information on a variety of solar cell materials and devices, focusing on dye-sensitized solar cells Contains a thorough approach beginning with the fundamental material characterization and concluding with real-world device application. Presents content from researchers in multiple fields of study such as physicists, engineers, and material scientists Written for researchers, scientists, and engineers in university and industry laboratories, Rational Design of Solar Cells for Efficient Solar Energy Conversion offers a comprehensive review of the newest developments and applications of solar cells with contributions from a range of experts in various disciplines.

Perovskite Solar Cells Principle Materials And Devices

Author: Diau Eric Wei-guang
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9813222530
Size: 50.94 MB
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Energy and climate change are two of the most critical issues nowadays. These two topics are also correlated to each other. Fossil fuels are the main energy supplies that have been used in modern history since the industrial revolution. The impact of CO2 emission has been a major concern for its effect on global warming and other consequences. In addition, fossil fuels are not unlimited. Due to the increasing demands for energy supplies, alternative renewable, sustainable, environmentally friendly energy resources are desirable. Solar energy is an unlimited, clean, and renewable energy source, which can be considered to replace the energy supply of fossil fuel. The silicon solar cell is one of the dominant photovoltaic technologies currently, which converting sunlight directly into electric power with around 20% efficiency. This technique was been widely used in mainstream solar energy applications for decades, though the relatively energy-demanding production process remained with challenges to be resolved. Recently, emerging photovoltaic technologies such as organometal halide hybrid perovskite solar cell has attracted tremendous attention due to their promising power conversion efficiencies (over 22%) and ease of fabrication. Their progress roadmap is unprecedented in photovoltaic history from the material development and efficiency advancement perspective. Beyond the rapid progress achieved in the last few years, it is expected that this novel technology would make an impact on the future solar cell market providing long-term stability and Pb content issues are addressed. These challenges rely on a better understanding of materials and device function principles. The scope of this book is to provide a collection on the recent investigations from fundamental process, materials development to device optimization for perovskite solar cells. Contents: Additive-Assisted Controllable Growth of Perovskites (Yixin Zhao and Kai Zhu)Control of Film Morphology for High Performance Perovskite Solar Cells (Cheng-Min Tsai, Hau-Shiang Shiu, Hui-Ping Wu and Eric Wei-Guang Diau)Sensitization and Functions of Porous Titanium Dioxide Electrodes in Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells and Organolead Halide Perovskite Solar Cells (Seigo Ito)P-Type and Inorganic Hole Transporting Materials for Perovskite Solar Cells (Ming-Hsien Li, Yu-Hsien Chiang, Po-Shen Shen, Sean Sung-Yen Juang and Peter Chao-Yu Chen)Hole Conductor Free Organometal Halide Perovskite Solar Cells: Properties and Different Architectures (Sigalit Aharon and Lioz Etgar)Stability Issues of Inorganic/Organic Hybrid Lead Perovskite Solar Cells (Dan Li and Mingkui Wang)Time-Resolved Photoconductivity Measurements on Organometal Halide Perovskites (Eline M Hutter, Tom J Savenije and Carlito S Ponseca Jr) Readership: Graduate students and researchers in chemistry, materials science and photovoltaics. Keywords: Perovskite Solar Cells;Hole Transporting Materials;Stability;THz SpectroscopyReview:0

Semiconductor Materials For Solar Photovoltaic Cells

Author: M. Parans Paranthaman
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319203312
Size: 29.74 MB
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This book reviews the current status of semiconductor materials for conversion of sunlight to electricity, and highlights advances in both basic science and manufacturing. Photovoltaic (PV) solar electric technology will be a significant contributor to world energy supplies when reliable, efficient PV power products are manufactured in large volumes at low cost. Expert chapters cover the full range of semiconductor materials for solar-to-electricity conversion, from crystalline silicon and amorphous silicon to cadmium telluride, copper indium gallium sulfide selenides, dye sensitized solar cells, organic solar cells, and environmentally friendly copper zinc tin sulfide selenides. The latest methods for synthesis and characterization of solar cell materials are described, together with techniques for measuring solar cell efficiency. Semiconductor Materials for Solar Photovoltaic Cells presents the current state of the art as well as key details about future strategies to increase the efficiency and reduce costs, with particular focus on how to reduce the gap between laboratory scale efficiency and commercial module efficiency. This book will aid materials scientists and engineers in identifying research priorities to fulfill energy needs, and will also enable researchers to understand novel semiconductor materials that are emerging in the solar market. This integrated approach also gives science and engineering students a sense of the excitement and relevance of materials science in the development of novel semiconductor materials. · Provides a comprehensive introduction to solar PV cell materials · Reviews current and future status of solar cells with respect to cost and efficiency · Covers the full range of solar cell materials, from silicon and thin films to dye sensitized and organic solar cells · Offers an in-depth account of the semiconductor material strategies and directions for further research · Features detailed tables on the world leaders in efficiency demonstrations · Edited by scientists with experience in both research and industry

Eco And Renewable Energy Materials

Author: Yong Zhou
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642334970
Size: 59.88 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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"Eco- and Renewable Energy Materials” provides a survey of the current topics and the major developmental trends in the rapidly growing research area of clean energy materials. This book covers, but is not limited to, photochemical materials (fuels from light), fuel cells (electricity from fuels), batteries (electricity storage), and hydrogen production and storage. This book is intended as a vehicle for the dissemination of research results on energy-based material science in the form of commissioned reviews and commentaries. This book is for scientists and engineers interested in energy-related materials, compounds and electronic devices. Prof. Yong Zhou is currently serving as a full professor at the Eco-Materials and Renewable Energy Research Center (ERERC), Nanjing University, China.

Solar Cells

Author: Augustin McEvoy
Publisher: Newnes
ISBN: 0080993796
Size: 43.62 MB
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Enormous leaps forward in the efficiency and the economy of solar cells are being made at a furious pace. New materials and manufacturing processes have opened up new realms of possibility for the application of solar cells. Crystalline silicon cells are increasingly making way for thin film cells, which are spawning experimentation with third-generation high-efficiency multijunction cells, carbon-nanotube based cells, UV light for voltage enhancement, and the use of the infrared spectrum for night-time operation, to name only a few recent advances. This thoroughly updated new edition of Markvart and Castaner’s Solar Cells, extracted from their industry standard Practical Handbook of Photovoltaics, is the definitive reference covering the science and operation, materials and manufacture of solar cells. It is essential reading for engineers, installers, designers, and policy-makers who need to understand the science behind the solar cells of today, and tomorrow, in order to take solar energy to the next level. A thorough update to the definitive reference to solar cells, created by a cast of international experts from industry and academia to ensure the highest quality information from multiple perspectives Covers the whole spectrum of solar cell information, from basic scientific background, to the latest advances in materials, to manufacturing issues, to testing and calibration. Case studies, practical examples and reports on the latest advances take the new edition of this amazing resource beyond a simple amalgamation of a vast amount of knowledge, into the realm of real world applications

Materials Concepts For Solar Cells

Author: Thomas Dittrich
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
ISBN: 1783264470
Size: 44.18 MB
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This textbook bridges the gap between basic literature on the physics of solar cells and highly specialized books about photovoltaic solar energy conversion. It is intended to give students with a background in engineering, materials science, chemistry or physics a comprehensive introduction to materials concepts for solar cells. To this end, general principles of solar cells and materials demands are explained in the first part of this book. The second part is devoted to the four classes of materials concepts for solar cells: solar cells based on crystals of silicon, epitaxial layer systems of III-V semiconductors, thin-film absorbers on foreign substrates, and nano-composite absorbers.

Scanning Probe Microscopy For Energy Research

Author: Dawn A Bonnell
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814434728
Size: 47.60 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Efficiency and life time of solar cells, energy and power density of the batteries, and costs of the fuel cells alike cannot be improved unless the complex electronic, optoelectronic, and ionic mechanisms underpinning operation of these materials and devices are understood on the nanometer level of individual defects. Only by probing these phenomena locally can we hope to link materials structure and functionality, thus opening pathway for predictive modeling and synthesis. While structures of these materials are now accessible on length scales from macroscopic to atomic, their functionality has remained Terra Incognitae. In this volume, we provide a summary of recent advances in scanning probe microscopy studies of local functionality of energy materials and devices ranging from photovoltaics to batteries, fuel cells, and energy harvesting systems. Recently emergent SPM modes and combined SPM-electron microscopy approaches are also discussed. Contributions by internationally renowned leaders in the field describe the frontiers in this important field. Contents:Introduction:Local Probes in the Next Decade of Energy Research: Bridging Macroscopic and Atomic Worlds (D A Bonnell and S V Kalinin)Scanning Probes for Energy Harvesting Systems: Photovoltaics and Solar Cells:Electrical Scanning Probe Microscopy on Solar Cell Materials (R Giridharagopal, G E Rayermann and D S Ginger)Organic Solar Cell Materials and Devices Characterized by Conductive and Photoconductive Atomic Force Microscopy (X-D Dang, M Guide and T-Q Nguyen)Kelvin Probe Force Microscopy for Solar Cell Applications (T Glatzel)Reversible Rectification in Sub-Monolayer Molecular P-N Junctions: Towards Nanoscale Photovoltaic Studies (J A Smerdon, N C Giebink and J R Guest)Study of Photoinduced Charges with Atomic Force Microscopy (M Dokukin, N Guz and I Sokolov)Imaging of Nanoscale Photogenerated Charge Transport in Organic Photovoltaic Materials (B Hamadani, P M Haney and N B Zhitenev)Photoassisted Kelvin Probe Force Microscopy for Characterization of Solar Cell Materials (T Takahashi)Scanning Probes for Fuel Cells and Local Electrochemistry:Electrochemical Strain Microscopy of Oxygen-Ion Conductors: Fuel Cells and Oxide Electronics (A Kumar, S Jesse, S V Kalinin, F Ciucci and A Morozovska)Ion Dynamics in Nanoscopic Subvolumes of Solid Electrolytes Analysed by Electrostatic Force Spectroscopy (A Schirmeisen and B Roling)Nanoscale Electrochemistry in Energy Related Systems Using Atomic Force Microscopy (W Lee, M H Lee, R P O'Hayre and F B Prinz)Scanning Probe Microscopy of Fuel Cell Materials Under Realistic Operating Conditions (S S Nonnenmann and D A Bonnell)Scanning Probe Microscopy of Energy Storage Materials and Devices:In situ SPM Analysis of Interfacial Phenomena in Lithium-Ion Batteries (M Inaba, S-K Jeong and Z Ogumi)Conducting-Probe Atomic Force Microscopy of Electrochemical Interfaces (P A Veneman and K J Stevenson)Electrochemical Strain Microscopy of Li-ion and Li-air Battery Materials (T M Arruda, N Balke, S Jesse and S V Kalinin)Emerging Scanning Probe Techniques:High Sensitivity Scanning Impedance Microscopy and Spectroscopy (S S Nonnenmann, X Chen and D A Bonnell)Scanning Microwave Microscopy: Advances in Quantitative Capacitance and Carrier Density Measurements at the Nanometer Scale (S Wu, F Kienberger and H Tanbakuchi)Mapping Electrochemistry at the Micro and Nanoscales with Scanning Ion Conductance Microscopy (C Laslau, D E Williams and J Travas-Sejdic)Force Microscopy, Nanochemistry and Nanofabrication (R Garcia, M Chiesa and Y K Ryu)Studying the Mechanism of Piezoelectric Nanogenerators (J Song and Z L Wang) Readership: Students, professionals and researchers in materials science, nanomaterials and new materials. Keywords:Energy Materials;Scanning Probe Microscopy;Fuel Cells;Photovoltaics;Batteries;Solar CellsKey Features:A first broad overview of SPM for energy materials and devicesWritten by world leaders in scanning probe microscopyContains both applications of established SPM techniques as well as overview of novel emergent methods and addresses applications in all major arenas of energy: alternative energy generation, energy harvesting, and storage