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Solid Waste Management

Author: Ramesha Chandrappa
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 364228681X
Size: 59.93 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Solid waste was already a problem long before water and air pollution issues attracted public attention. Historically the problem associated with solid waste can be dated back to prehistoric days. Due to the invention of new products, technologies and services the quantity and quality of the waste have changed over the years. Waste characteristics not only depend on income, culture and geography but also on a society's economy and, situations like disasters that affect that economy. There was tremendous industrial activity in Europe during the industrial revolution. The twentieth century is recognized as the American Century and the twenty-first century is recognized as the Asian Century in which everyone wants to earn ‘as much as possible’. After Asia the currently developing Africa could next take the center stage. With transitions in their economies many countries have also witnessed an explosion of waste quantities. Solid waste problems and approaches to tackling them vary from country to country. For example, while efforts are made to collect and dispose hospital waste through separate mechanisms in India it is burnt together with municipal solid waste in Sweden. While trans-boundary movement of waste has been addressed in numerous international agreements, it still reaches developing countries in many forms. While thousands of people depend on waste for their livelihood throughout the world, many others face problems due to poor waste management. In this context solid waste has not remained an issue to be tackled by the local urban bodies alone. It has become a subject of importance for engineers as well as doctors, psychologist, economists, and climate scientists and any others. There are huge changes in waste management in different parts of the world at different times in history. To address these issues, an effort has been made by the authors to combine their experience and bring together a new text book on the theory and practice of the subject covering the important relevant literature at the same time.

Environmental Science

Author: R. C. DAS
Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
ISBN: 9788120333307
Size: 32.74 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book fulfills the need for a practical, clearly written introductory textbook on fundamental concepts and basic applications of principles of environmental science. It is designed to cover the curriculum of B.Sc. and M.Sc. courses in Environmental Science. Besides students, the basic knowledge of environmental management is highly essential today for regulators, industrial managers, and environmental activists. The book provides comprehensive information on all relevant components relating to environmental issues in industries, the purpose being to sensitize the management staff to various environmental laws and regulations. The book not only gives a thorough treatment of all individual environmental components but also suggests strategies for improvement of environment quality. It discusses various pollution control methodologies along with waste minimization and resource conservation. An attempt is also made to blend the legal guidelines and statutory compliance with technical and scientific approach. Various environmental management tools have been discussed. Management of hazardous chemicals has been dealt with in a separate chapter.

Encyclopedia Of Environmental Science And Engineering Fifth Edition Volumes One And Two

Author: James R. Pfafflin
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439851867
Size: 65.69 MB
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Completely revised and updated, Encyclopedia of Environmental Science and Engineering, Fifth Edition spans the entire spectrum of environmental science and engineering. Still the most comprehensive, authoritative reference available in this field, the monumental two-volume encyclopedia has expanded to include 87 articles on topics ranging from acid rain, air pollution, and community health, to environmental law, instrumentation, modeling, alternative energy, toxicology, radioactive waste, and water treatment. The articles have been extensively revised and updated, new ones have been added to cover the latest developments related to today's environmental problems. The result is a reference work that provides the information necessary to understand, manage, and respond to threats to the human environment.

Environmental Engineering And Sanitation

Author: Joseph A. Salvato
Publisher: Wiley-Interscience
ISBN:
Size: 26.42 MB
Format: PDF
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Updated to cover new laws and standards, including Federal Safe Drinking Act, the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, and the Clean Air Act of 1990. Applies sanitation and engineering theory and principles to environmental control in urban, suburban and rural communities. Engineering design, construction, operation and maintenance details are provided throughout as they relate to plants and structures. Topics include: disease control, water supply, wastewater treatment and disposal, air pollution and noise control, radiation uses and protection, recreation areas, solid waste management and much more.

Ecological Engineering

Author: Patrick Kangas
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780203486542
Size: 35.11 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Less expensive and more environmentally appropriate than conventional engineering approaches, constructed ecosystems are a promising technology for environmental problem solving. Undergraduates, graduate students, and working professionals need an introductory text that details the biology and ecology of this rapidly developing discipline, known as ecological engineering. Ecological Engineering: Principles and Practice fills this need by describing ecological concepts and theory and demonstrating their application to constructed ecosystems. It presents highly visible and widespread applications of ecological engineering, including treatment wetlands, microcosms, composting systems, restoration ecology, soil bioengineering, and invasive species control.

Sustainable Solid Waste Management

Author: Ni-Bin Chang
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118964535
Size: 55.57 MB
Format: PDF
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This book presents the application of system analysis techniques with case studies to help readers learn how the techniques can be applied, how the problems are solved, and which sustainable management strategies can be reached.

Organic Waste Recycling

Author: Chongrak Polprasert
Publisher: IWA Publishing
ISBN: 184339121X
Size: 74.65 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book covers the principles and practices of technologies for the control of pollution originating from organic wastes (e.g. human faeces and urine, wastewater, solid wastes, animal manure and agro-industrial wastes) and the recycling of these organic wastes into valuable products such as fertilizer, biofuels, algal and fish protein and irrigated crops. Each recycling technology is described with respect to: -Objectives -Benefits and limitations -Environmental requirements -Design criteria of the process -Use of the recycled products -Pubic health aspects This new edition, an update of the previous book, is a response to the emerging environmental problems caused by rapid population growth and industrialization. It describes the current technology and management options for organic waste recycling which are environmentally friendly, effective in pollution control and yield valuable by-products. Every chapter has been revised to include successful case studies, new references, design examples and exercises. New sections added to the 3rd edition include: Millennium development goals, waste minimization and cleaner production, methanol and ethanol production, chitin and chitosan production, constructed wetlands, management and institutional development. This is a textbook for environmental science, engineering and management students who are interested in the current environmental problems and seeking solutions to the emerging issues. It should be a valuable reference book for policy makers, planners and consultants working in the environmental fields.

The Waste Crisis

Author: Hans Y. Tammemagi
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780195351682
Size: 52.97 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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As populations continue to increase, society produces more and more waste. Yet it is becoming increasingly difficult to build new landfills, and the existing landfills are causing significant environmental damage. Finding solutions is not simple; the problem is enormous in size, vital in terms of its impact on the environment, and complex in scope. This book provides a vast look at solid waste management in North America and seeks solutions to the waste crisis. It describes the magnitude and complexity of the problem, focusing on municipal wastes and placing them in the perspective of other wastes such as hazardous, biochemical, and radioactive debris. It describes the components of an integrated waste management program, including recycling, composting, landfills, and waste incinerators, and it presents in detail the scientific and engineering principles underlying these technologies. To illustrate both the problems and solutions of waste management programs, the authors provide seven case histories, among them the Fresh Kills (Staten Island, New York), the East Carbon Landfill (Utah), and the Lancaster County Municipal Waste Incinerator (Pennsylvania). The Waste Crisis is unique in its attempt to analyze waste management in a broader societal context and to propose solutions based on basic principles. And by doing so, it encourages readers to challenge commonly held perceptions and to seek new and better ways of dealing with waste. As such, this book deserves a place on the bookshelf of anyone who deals with or feels the need to confront the growing problems of waste management.

Principles Of Environmental Science And Engineering

Author: P. VENUGOPALA RAO
Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
ISBN: 8120328930
Size: 57.51 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Primarily intended as a text for undergraduate students of engineering for their core course in environmental studies, this book gives a clear introduction to the fundamental principles of ecology and environmental science and aptly summarizes the relationship between ecology and environmental engineering. Divided into three parts, the book begins by discussing the biosphere, natural resources, ecosystems, biodiversity, and community health. Then it goes on to give detailed description on topics such as pollution and control, environmental management, and sustainable development. Finally, it focuses on environmental chemistry, environmental microbiology, and monitoring and analysis of pollutants.

Waste Treatment And Disposal

Author: Ronald E. Hester
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 9780854042104
Size: 26.71 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Waste Treatment and Disposal examines the environmental impact of sewage and industrial effluent treatment on inland and coastal waters, in the atmosphere and on land. It also looks into current practice in the design, engineering, operation and control of landfill sites, and the effect of changes in regulatory policy. Waste Treatment and Disposal covers the general and technical issues facing the materials recycling industry; looks into the factors affecting deep underground storage of radioactive fuel waste produced by nuclear reactors; and provides data from a number of case studies in cost-benefit analysis, demonstrating the utility of a consistent economic theory of waste management.