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Author: Roy R. Robson
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 0300129602
Size: 33.69 MB
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div Located in the northernmost reaches of Russia, the islands of Solovki are among the most remote in the world. And yet from the Bronze Age through the twentieth century, the islands have attracted an astonishing cast of saints and scoundrels, soldiers and politicians. The site of a beautiful medieval monastery—once home to one of the greatest libraries of eastern Europe—Solovki became in the twentieth century a notorious labor camp. Roy Robson recounts the history of Solovki from its first settlers through the present day, as the history of Russia plays out on this miniature stage. In the 1600s, the piety and prosperity of Solovki turned to religious rebellion, siege, and massacre. Peter the Great then used it as a prison. But Solovki’s glory was renewed in the nineteenth century as it became a major pilgrimage site—only to descend again into horror when the islands became, in the words of Alexander Solzhenitsyn, the “mother of the Gulag” system. From its first intrepid visitors through the blood-soaked twentieth century, Solovki—like Russia itself—has been a site of both glorious achievement and profound misery. /DIV

Behind Barbed Wire An Encyclopedia Of Concentration And Prisoner Of War Camps

Author: Alexander Mikaberidze
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1440857628
Size: 49.31 MB
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An indispensable reference on concentration camps, death camps, prisoner-of-war camps, and military prisons offering broad historical coverage as well as detailed analysis of the nature of captivity in modern conflict. • Maintains a modern focus while providing broad historical context • Covers lesser-known but significant events such as the camps set up by the British for refugees of the Boer Wars that resulted in the deaths of 25,000 people • Provides the context necessary to help students understand the significance of the primary source material in introductions • Studies camps outside of World War II, illustrating their use in numerous other wars and genocides

From Peasant To Patriarch

Author: Ivan Kornilʹevich Shusherin
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 9780739115794
Size: 68.66 MB
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This book chronicles Nikon's entire life, focusing on the patriarch's relationship with the Romanov royal family and his monastery building program. The narrative also features rare eyewitness accounts of monumental events and daily life in seventeenth-century Russia from a domestic perspective. The first annotated English language translation of the comprehensive text, From Peasant to Patriarch includes extensive commentary, parallel texts, and a glossary of Russian terms.

Portraits Of Old Russia

Author: Donald Ostrowski
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317462386
Size: 61.55 MB
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This book introduces readers to a little-known place and time in world history – early modern Russia, from its beginnings as Muscovy, in the fourteenth century, through the reign of Peter I (1689-1725) – by portraying the lives of representative individuals from the major levels of the society of that era. The portraits, written by professional historians, are imaginative reconstructions or composites of individual lives, rather than biographies. The portraits are arranged into socio-political categories, and include members of ruling families, government servitors, clerks, military personnel, church prelates, monks, provincial landowners, townspeople and artisans, Siberian explorers and traders, free peasants, serfs, slaves and holy fools. Using these portraits, the book brings old Russian society to life in an interesting way.


Author: Stephen Kotkin
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 0698170105
Size: 75.47 MB
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A magnificent new biography that revolutionizes our understanding of Stalin and his world It has the quality of myth: a poor cobbler’s son, a seminarian from an oppressed outer province of the Russian empire, reinvents himself as a top leader in a band of revolutionary zealots. When the band seizes control of the country in the aftermath of total world war, the former seminarian ruthlessly dominates the new regime until he stands as absolute ruler of a vast and terrible state apparatus, with dominion over Eurasia. While still building his power base within the Bolshevik dictatorship, he embarks upon the greatest gamble of his political life and the largest program of social reengineering ever attempted: the collectivization of all agriculture and industry across one sixth of the earth. Millions will die, and many more millions will suffer, but the man will push through to the end against all resistance and doubts. Where did such power come from? In Stalin, Stephen Kotkin offers a biography that, at long last, is equal to this shrewd, sociopathic, charismatic dictator in all his dimensions. The character of Stalin emerges as both astute and blinkered, cynical and true believing, people oriented and vicious, canny enough to see through people but prone to nonsensical beliefs. We see a man inclined to despotism who could be utterly charming, a pragmatic ideologue, a leader who obsessed over slights yet was a precocious geostrategic thinker—unique among Bolsheviks—and yet who made egregious strategic blunders. Through it all, we see Stalin’s unflinching persistence, his sheer force of will—perhaps the ultimate key to understanding his indelible mark on history. Stalin gives an intimate view of the Bolshevik regime’s inner geography of power, bringing to the fore fresh materials from Soviet military intelligence and the secret police. Kotkin rejects the inherited wisdom about Stalin’s psychological makeup, showing us instead how Stalin’s near paranoia was fundamentally political, and closely tracks the Bolshevik revolution’s structural paranoia, the predicament of a Communist regime in an overwhelmingly capitalist world, surrounded and penetrated by enemies. At the same time, Kotkin demonstrates the impossibility of understanding Stalin’s momentous decisions outside of the context of the tragic history of imperial Russia. The product of a decade of intrepid research, Stalin is a landmark achievement, a work that recasts the way we think about the Soviet Union, revolution, dictatorship, the twentieth century, and indeed the art of history itself. Stalin: Waiting for Hitler, 1929-1941 will be published by Penguin Press in October 2017

Die Inhaftierte Presse

Author: Felicitas Fischer von Weikersthal
Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz
ISBN: 9783447064712
Size: 69.78 MB
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Mit den sowjetischen Zwangsarbeitslagern werden vorrangig rucksichtslose Ausbeutung, Willkur und unmenschliche Lebensbedingungen assoziiert. Weniger bekannt sind dagegen kulturelle Aktivitaten sowie schulische und berufsschulische Angebote. Auch Zeitungen und Zeitschriften, die zusammen mit den Haftlingen und fur die Haftlinge herausgegeben wurden, gehorten als Teil der offiziell geforderten 'Kulturerziehung' zum Lageralltag.Wie sind diese beiden Seiten des Lagerlebens zusammenzubringen? Verband das Lagersystem etwa gezielt repressive mit resozialisierenden Massnahmen? Mit dieser provokanten These stosst Felicitas Fischer von Weikersthals Monographie "Die "inhaftierte" Presse" eine Neubewertung des sowjetischen Lagersystems an. Zugrunde liegt ihr eine ausfuhrliche Untersuchung der Presseorgane zweier grosser, fur ihre Zeit reprasentativer Lager: der Solovecker Lager zur Besonderen Verwendung und des Belbaltlag, eines Vorlaufers und fruhen Lagers des Gulag. Anhand umfangreichen Quellenmaterials werden detailliert die ideologischen Hintergrunde und Rahmenbedingungen der Lagerpresse dargelegt. Der Leser erfahrt, warum es Presseorgane in den Lagern gab, welche Ziele damit verfolgt, welche Themen behandelt wurden und wie sich Inhalt und Stil wechselnden politischen und ideologischen Vorstellungen der Machthaber anpassten. Dabei werden Schicksale einzelner Haftlinge und deren Motive fur die Mitarbeit ebenso beleuchtet wie die Moglichkeiten eines "Schreibens zwischen den Zeilen."