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Spherical Harmonics And Approximations On The Unit Sphere An Introduction

Author: Kendall Atkinson
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642259839
Size: 27.86 MB
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These notes provide an introduction to the theory of spherical harmonics in an arbitrary dimension as well as an overview of classical and recent results on some aspects of the approximation of functions by spherical polynomials and numerical integration over the unit sphere. The notes are intended for graduate students in the mathematical sciences and researchers who are interested in solving problems involving partial differential and integral equations on the unit sphere, especially on the unit sphere in three-dimensional Euclidean space. Some related work for approximation on the unit disk in the plane is also briefly discussed, with results being generalizable to the unit ball in more dimensions.

Approximation Theory And Harmonic Analysis On Spheres And Balls

Author: Feng Dai
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461466601
Size: 48.59 MB
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This monograph records progress in approximation theory and harmonic analysis on balls and spheres, and presents contemporary material that will be useful to analysts in this area. While the first part of the book contains mainstream material on the subject, the second and the third parts deal with more specialized topics, such as analysis in weight spaces with reflection invariant weight functions, and analysis on balls and simplexes. The last part of the book features several applications, including cubature formulas, distribution of points on the sphere, and the reconstruction algorithm in computerized tomography. This book is directed at researchers and advanced graduate students in analysis. Mathematicians who are familiar with Fourier analysis and harmonic analysis will understand many of the concepts that appear in this manuscript: spherical harmonics, the Hardy-Littlewood maximal function, the Marcinkiewicz multiplier theorem, the Riesz transform, and doubling weights are all familiar tools to researchers in this area.

Approximation Theory And Harmonic Analysis On Spheres And Balls

Author: Feng Dai
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461466601
Size: 41.44 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 5351
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This monograph records progress in approximation theory and harmonic analysis on balls and spheres, and presents contemporary material that will be useful to analysts in this area. While the first part of the book contains mainstream material on the subject, the second and the third parts deal with more specialized topics, such as analysis in weight spaces with reflection invariant weight functions, and analysis on balls and simplexes. The last part of the book features several applications, including cubature formulas, distribution of points on the sphere, and the reconstruction algorithm in computerized tomography. This book is directed at researchers and advanced graduate students in analysis. Mathematicians who are familiar with Fourier analysis and harmonic analysis will understand many of the concepts that appear in this manuscript: spherical harmonics, the Hardy-Littlewood maximal function, the Marcinkiewicz multiplier theorem, the Riesz transform, and doubling weights are all familiar tools to researchers in this area.

Approximation Theory Xiv San Antonio 2013

Author: Gregory E. Fasshauer
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319064045
Size: 28.93 MB
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These proceedings were prepared in connection with the 14th International Conference on Approximation Theory, which was held April 7-10, 2013 in San Antonio, Texas. The conference was the fourteenth in a series of meetings in Approximation Theory held at various locations in the United States. The included invited and contributed papers cover diverse areas of approximation theory with a special emphasis on the most current and active areas such as compressed sensing, isogeometric analysis, anisotropic spaces, radial basis functions and splines. Classical and abstract approximation is also included. The book will be of interest to mathematicians, engineers\ and computer scientists working in approximation theory, computer-aided geometric design, numerical analysis and related application areas.

Spherical Radial Basis Functions Theory And Applications

Author: Simon Hubbert
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 331917939X
Size: 39.87 MB
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This book is the first to be devoted to the theory and applications of spherical (radial) basis functions (SBFs), which is rapidly emerging as one of the most promising techniques for solving problems where approximations are needed on the surface of a sphere. The aim of the book is to provide enough theoretical and practical details for the reader to be able to implement the SBF methods to solve real world problems. The authors stress the close connection between the theory of SBFs and that of the more well-known family of radial basis functions (RBFs), which are well-established tools for solving approximation theory problems on more general domains. The unique solvability of the SBF interpolation method for data fitting problems is established and an in-depth investigation of its accuracy is provided. Two chapters are devoted to partial differential equations (PDEs). One deals with the practical implementation of an SBF-based solution to an elliptic PDE and another which describes an SBF approach for solving a parabolic time-dependent PDE, complete with error analysis. The theory developed is illuminated with numerical experiments throughout. Spherical Radial Basis Functions, Theory and Applications will be of interest to graduate students and researchers in mathematics and related fields such as the geophysical sciences and statistics.

Spectral Analysis On Graph Like Spaces

Author: Olaf Post
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642238394
Size: 29.19 MB
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Small-radius tubular structures have attracted considerable attention in the last few years, and are frequently used in different areas such as Mathematical Physics, Spectral Geometry and Global Analysis. In this monograph, we analyse Laplace-like operators on thin tubular structures ("graph-like spaces''), and their natural limits on metric graphs. In particular, we explore norm resolvent convergence, convergence of the spectra and resonances. Since the underlying spaces in the thin radius limit change, and become singular in the limit, we develop new tools such as norm convergence of operators acting in different Hilbert spaces, an extension of the concept of boundary triples to partial differential operators, and an abstract definition of resonances via boundary triples. These tools are formulated in an abstract framework, independent of the original problem of graph-like spaces, so that they can be applied in many other situations where the spaces are perturbed.

The Dirac Spectrum

Author: Nicolas Ginoux
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642015700
Size: 54.73 MB
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This volume surveys the spectral properties of the spin Dirac operator. After a brief introduction to spin geometry, it presents the main known estimates for Dirac eigenvalues on compact manifolds with or without boundaries.

Theoretical Numerical Analysis

Author: Kendall Atkinson
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1441904581
Size: 39.60 MB
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This textbook prepares graduate students for research in numerical analysis/computational mathematics by giving to them a mathematical framework embedded in functional analysis and focused on numerical analysis. This helps the student to move rapidly into a research program. The text covers basic results of functional analysis, approximation theory, Fourier analysis and wavelets, iteration methods for nonlinear equations, finite difference methods, Sobolev spaces and weak formulations of boundary value problems, finite element methods, elliptic variational inequalities and their numerical solution, numerical methods for solving integral equations of the second kind, and boundary integral equations for planar regions. The presentation of each topic is meant to be an introduction with certain degree of depth. Comprehensive references on a particular topic are listed at the end of each chapter for further reading and study. Because of the relevance in solving real world problems, multivariable polynomials are playing an ever more important role in research and applications. In this third editon, a new chapter on this topic has been included and some major changes are made on two chapters from the previous edition. In addition, there are numerous minor changes throughout the entire text and new exercises are added. Review of earlier edition: "...the book is clearly written, quite pleasant to read, and contains a lot of important material; and the authors have done an excellent job at balancing theoretical developments, interesting examples and exercises, numerical experiments, and bibliographical references." R. Glowinski, SIAM Review, 2003