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Spillover And Mobility Of Species On Solid Surfaces

Author: A. Guerrero-Ruiz
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080539744
Size: 62.29 MB
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"Spillover and Mobility of Species and Solid Surfaces" collects the papers which were presented at the Fifth International Conference Spillover, either as oral or poster contributions, as well as the summaries of the invited lectures. This congress and its publication in the Studies on Surface Science and Catalysis series follow the tradition of previous conferences on spillover, initiated in Lyon, 1983, and continued in Leipzig, 1989, Kyoto 1993 and Dalian, 1997. For the fifth conference, held in S.L. el Escorial (Madrid), the organising committee has attempted to compile representative contributions which illustrate the advances in understanding the spillover phenomenon since 1997. Spillover is a process taking place during the interface of gas reactant molecules (mainly hydrogen and oxygen) on solid surfaces. However, different contributions to the more general area of the chemistry at surfaces, related with the mobility and migration of species, diffusion through membranes, fuel cell catalysts, etc., have also been included. In fact the title of the present volume summarizes this attempt to extend the conference topics towards dynamics at surfaces. Among the 70 contributions received, the 56 accepted papers were selected on the basis of the reports of at least two international reviewers, according to standards comparable to those applied for other specialised journals. These papers are from 21 different countries.

Environmental Challenges And Greenhouse Gas Control For Fossil Fuel Utilization In The 21st Century

Author: M. Mercedes Maroto-Valer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780306473364
Size: 80.46 MB
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This book is based on two symposia that were held at the American Chemical Society National Meeting in San Diego, California, in April 2001, where strategies for the utilization of fossil fuels in the 21st century were presented. The symposia titled "Greenhouse Gas Control and Utilization" and "Environmental Challenges for Fossil Fuel Utilization" were sponsored by the Division of Fuel Chemistry, and the latter was also co-sponsored by the Division of Environmental Chemistry. International representatives from numerous countries around the world, including the USA, Canada, China, Australia, Japan, Italy, Belgium, Netherlands, Spain, India, France and South Korea, presented oral papers and posters that covered recent developments for the continuous utilization of fossil fuels, especially those related to environmental challenges and greenhouse gas control. This book contains thirty peer-reviewed chapters that will provide the readers with updated research progress in the field of environmental chemical research related to fossil fuel utilization. Furthermore, its international flavor will ensure that a worldwide broad cross section of scientific and engineering research is covered throughout the book. The book is logically divided into the following six sections: (1) Pollutant Emissions; (2) Carbon Sequestration; (3) Greenhouse Gas Emission Control; (4) Utilization of CO2 for Synthesis Gas Production; (5) Utilization of CO2 for Chemical Synthesis; and (6) Combustion Byproducts.

Natural Gas Conversion Viii

Author: Fabio Bellot Noronha
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080497839
Size: 70.28 MB
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This volume contains peer-reviewed manuscripts describing the scientific and technological advances presented at the 8th Natural gas Conversion Symposium held in Natal-Brazil, May 27-31, 2007. This symposium continues the tradition of excellence and the status as the premier technical meeting in this area established by previous meetings. The manuscripts have been divided into eight different topics, Industrial Processes, Economics, Technology Demonstration and Commercial Activities;, Production of Hydrogen from Methane, Methanol, and Other Sources; Production of Synthesis; Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis of Hydrocarbons; From Synthesis Gas to; Catalytic Combustion; From Natural Gas to Chemicals; Light Hydrocarbons; and Production and Conversion. These are the most interesting subjects in the utilization of natural gas with recent scientific innovation and technological advances. The book is of interest to all students and researchers active in utilization of natural gas. * Research comes from the most important industries and research centres in the field * Features new studies from all around the world * Important for consulting and updating research and development data

Alkene Polymerization Reactions With Transition Metal Catalysts

Author: Yury Kissin
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080557991
Size: 47.65 MB
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During the past 30 years, the field of alkene polymerization over transition metal catalysts underwent several major changes: 1. The list of commercial heterogeneous Ziegler-Natta catalysts for the synthesis of polyethylene and stereoregular polyolefins was completely renewed affording an unprecedented degree of control over the polymer structure. 2. Research devoted to metallocene and other soluble transition-metal catalysis has vastly expanded and has shifted toward complexes of transition metals with multidentate ligands. 3. Recent developments in gel permeation chromatography, temperature-rising fractionation, and crystallization fractionation provided the first reliable information about differences between various active centers in transition-metal catalysts. 4. A rapid development of high-resolution 13C NMR spectroscopy resulted in greatly expanded understanding of the chemical and steric features of polyolefins and alkene copolymers. These developments require a new review of all aspects of alkene polymerization reactions with transition-metal catalysts. The first chapter in the book is an introductory text for researchers who are entering the field. It describes the basic principles of polymerization reactions with transition-metal catalysts, the types of catalysts, and commercially manufactured polyolefins. The next chapter addresses the principal issue of alkene polymerization catalysis: the existence of catalyst systems with single and multiple types of active centers. The subsequent chapters are devoted to chemistry and stereochemistry of elemental reaction steps, structures of catalyst precursors and reactions leading to the formation of active centers, kinetics of polymerization reactions, and their mechanisms. The book describes the latest commercial polymerization catalysts for the synthesis of polyethylenes and polypropylene The book provides a detailed description of the multi-center nature of commercial Ziegler-Natta catalysts. The book devotes specialized chapters to the most important aspects of transition metal polymerization catalysts: the reactions leading to the formation of active centers, the chemistry and stereochemistry of elemental polymerization steps, reaction kinetics, and the polymerization mechanism. The book contains an introductory chapter for researchers who are entering the field of polymerization catalysis. It describes the basic principles of polymerization reactions with transition-metal catalysts and the types of commercially manufactured polyolefins and copolymers The book contains over 2000 references, the most recent up to end of 2006.

Fluid Catalytic Cracking Vii

Author:
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080548517
Size: 36.70 MB
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Since 1987, the Petroleum Division of the American Chemical Society (ACS) has sponsored at 3 year intervals an international symposium on fluid cracking catalysts (FCC) technology. This volume collects the recent progress of this technology as reported in the papers presented during the 232th National Meeting of the ACS in San Francisco, September 10-14, 2006. Sixty-six years after the introduction of the fluid cracking catalyst process, it remains the main process of gasoline generation for the estimated 237 millions cars on US roads. Catalysts testing and evaluation still remains a subject of interest, debate and controversy. Lambda sweep testing, testing of SOx, NOx and combustion promoters have been discussed in details together with catalyst evaluation for atmospheric residues and metal contaminated oils cracking. Of particular interest has been the introduction of novel concept in process design aimed at improving cracked product selectivity such as two-stage risers for better gasoline and olefins production and downer technology for high severity processes . The importance of solid state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) in the study of crude oils, catalysts and reaction products are illustrated by several examples. Two contributions describe the use of predictive methods to understand FCC aging and deactivation and personal overviews of the development of SOx and combustion promoters technology are presented. * Presents findings from the tri-annual international symposium on fluid cracking catalysts (FCC) technology, sponsored by the Petroleum Division of the American Chemical Society (ACS) * Two contributions describe the use of predictive methods to understand FCC aging and deactivation * Personal overviews by the authors of the development of SOx and combustion promoters technology

Handbuch Des Kathodischen Korrosionsschutzes

Author: Walter von Baeckmann
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527625739
Size: 19.70 MB
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Seit dem Erscheinen der ersten Auflage vor fast 30 Jahren ist das Handbuch des kathodischen Korrosionsschutzes zu einem Klassiker geworden. Der Erfolgstitel liegt nun in der vierten Auflage vor. Kathodischer Korrosionsschutzes hat in den vergangenen Jahren nichts an seiner Bedeutung verloren - er ist auch heute noch eines der wichtigsten Verfahren des Korrosionschutzes überhaupt. Auf einigen Gebieten wie dem Schutz von Stahlbeton ist seine Bedeutung sogar noch gewachsen. Gut zehn Jahre nach dem Erscheinen der dritten Auflage musste in vielen Bereichen eine Neubearbeitung durchgeführt werden. Das gilt - wie bereits bei früheren Auflagen - für die Messtechnik zum Nachweis der ausreichenden Schutzwirkung mit der praktischen Anwendung bei Rohrleitungen und Fragen der Beeinflussung durch Gleichströme sowie die Wirkung von Wechselspannungen. Im Bereich der Korrosion bilden die verschiedenen Arten der Risskorrosion und die Wechselstromkorrosion Schwerpunkte der Überarbeitung. Auf dem Gebiet der Messtechnik und der Umhüllungsschäden wurden neuartige Beschriebungen der elektrischen Eigenschaften von Beschichtungsfehlstellen entwickelt. Die vierte Auflage erscheint in einer Zeit der verstärkten internationalen Zusammenarbeit - insbesondere bei der Normung - und eines zunehmenden Sicherbeitsbedarfs. Deshalb dient das Handbuch auch der Wissenserhaltung mit allen zugehörigen Grundlagenwissenschaften und gegebenenfalls auch zur Basis von Qualifikationsnachweisen. Wieder haben zahlreiche Fachleute aus der Industrie ihr Fachwissen zum weltweit einzigartigen Standardwerk über alle Anwendungsbereiche der elektrochemischen Korrosionsschutzverfahren beigetragen. Dabei wurde Wert auf lückenlose Querverweise zwischen den einzelnen Kapiteln und einheitliche bzw. normgerechte Terminologie gelegt. Das Handbuch ist nicht nur unentbehrlich für Unternehmen für kathodischen Schutz, sondern ist für alle Personen, die sich mit Korrosion und Korrosionsschutz beschäftigen, zum Nachschlagen und zur Weiterbildung geeignet.

Lebenslinien

Author: Wilhelm Ostwald
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 384302233X
Size: 19.50 MB
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Wilhelm Ostwald: Lebenslinien. Eine Selbstbiographie Erstdruck: Berlin (Klasing) 1926/1927. Vollständige Neuausgabe. Herausgegeben von Karl-Maria Guth. Berlin 2013. Textgrundlage ist die Ausgabe: Ostwald, Wilhelm: Lebenslinien. Eine Selbstbiographie, 3 Teile, Berlin: Klasing, 1926/1927. Die Paginierung obiger Ausgabe wird in dieser Neuausgabe als Marginalie zeilengenau mitgeführt. Umschlaggestaltung von Thomas Schultz-Overhage unter Verwendung des Bildes: Wilhelm Ostwald (1903). Gesetzt aus Minion Pro, 11 pt. Über den Autor: Neben dessen Gründer Ernst Haeckel war der Freimaurer und Chemie-Nobelpreisträger Wilhelm Ostwald einer der führenden Köpfe des Deutschen Monistenbundes, der eine wissenschaftlich begründbare Weltanschauung nach dem Prinzip der Einheit von Natur und Geist vertrat und dabei christlicher Dogmatik widersprach. Er schlug unter dem Namen »Weltdeutsch« ein vereinfachtes Deutsch als internationale Plansprache vor und setzte sich für ein Weltgeld ein. Nach Differenzen mit der Universität Leipzig legte er seinen Lehrstuhl nieder und lebte als Privatforscher bis zu seinem Lebensende 1932 auf seinem Landsitz in Großbothen.