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Springer Handbook Of Marine Biotechnology

Author: Se-Kwon Kim
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642539718
Size: 52.99 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This Springer Handbook provides, for the first time, a complete and consistent overview over the methods, applications, and products in the field of marine biotechnology. A large portion of the surface of the earth (ca. 70%) is covered by the oceans. More than 80% of the living organisms on the earth are found in aquatic ecosystems. The aquatic systems thus constitute a rich reservoir for various chemical materials and (bio-)chemical processes. Edited by a renowned expert with a longstanding experience, and including over 60 contributions from leading international scientists, the Springer Handbook of Marine Biotechnology is a major authoritative desk reference for everyone interested or working in the field of marine biotechnology and bioprocessing - from undergraduate and graduate students, over scientists and teachers, to professionals. Marine biotechnology is concerned with the study of biochemical materials and processes from marine sources, that play a vital role in the isolation of novel drugs, and to bring them to industrial and pharmaceutical development. Today, a multitude of bioprocess techniques is employed to isolate and produce marine natural compounds, novel biomaterials, or proteins and enzymes from marine organisms, and to bring them to applications as pharmaceuticals, cosmeceuticals or nutraceuticals, or for the production of bioenergy from marine sources. All these topics are addressed by the Springer Handbook of Marine Biotechnology. The book is divided into ten parts. Each part is consistently organized, so that the handbook provides a sound introduction to marine biotechnology - from historical backgrounds and the fundamentals, over the description of the methods and technology, to their applications - but it can also be used as a reference work. Key topics include: - Marine flora and fauna - Tools and methods in marine biotechnology - Marine genomics - Marine microbiology - Bioenergy and biofuels - Marine bioproducts in industrial applications - Marine bioproducts in medical and pharmaceutical applications - and many more...

Enzymatic Technologies For Marine Polysaccharides

Author: Antonio Trincone
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0429608438
Size: 22.42 MB
Format: PDF
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The bioactivity potential of marine polysaccharides has long been considered an underexploited aspect. These molecules found in seaweed, microalgae, bacteria, and animal fish (shellfish, mollusks, etc.) and the derived oligosaccharides need to be explored thoroughly with an interdisciplinary approach. They are an extraordinary source of chemical diversity, and the literature highlights many applicative fields, including the food industry, cosmetics, biomedicine, agriculture, environmental protection, wastewater management, etc. More recently, a new challenge has emerged: the exploitation of marine biomass as the source of sustainable energy to participate in the future replacement of fossil resources. Enzymatic Technologies for Marine Polysaccharides provides insight into the recent research developments of marine polysaccharides and their current and potential applications. The first section of the book explores the diversity of marine polysaccharides from various angles, including a description of the chemical complexity and current applications and new perspectives in food, pharmaceutical, cosmetics, and biomaterials offered by recent research. Efficient valorization of the marine polysaccharide biomass requires a rigorous analysis of the polysaccharides structure and their biological properties. The second section of the book concerns the development of extraction techniques and the improvement of the methods aimed at the characterization of their structure and function. Finally, the third and last section of the book articulates the enzymatic technologies from the discovery of novel enzymes to their production pipelines related to the fields of biorefinery, food, pharmaceutics, and other fine chemicals. Presents the latest research in marine oligosaccharides and polysaccharides Written by world-class researchers in marine enzyme technology Discusses the latest developments in extraction methods Presents a detailed overview of enzymatic routes for modification, production, and synthesis of marine oligosaccharides Contains extensive references at the end of each chapter to enhance further study

Die Evolution Des Auges Ein Fotoshooting

Author: Georg Glaeser
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642377769
Size: 71.82 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Sehen und Gesehen werden Spektakuläre, großformatige Fotos auf Doppelseiten mit einem Erklärungstext machen die Leser neugierig auf das, was die Evolution im Bereich der Augen hervorgebracht hat: unabhängig bewegbare Augen, Stielaugen, Pigmentbecher, Lochkameraaugen, Komplexaugen, ... Das Buch kann in beliebiger Reihenfolge, Doppelseite für Doppelseite, gelesen werden. Querverweise sorgen für bequemes Umspringen auf andere Doppelseiten. Die Textpassagen sind zumeist - abgesehen von der fundierten Einleitung in jedem der 10 Kapitel - unabhängig voneinander und besprechen besondere Highlights im evolutionären Prozess. Ergänzt wird die Doppelseite mit Literaturhinweisen und Verweisen auf instruktive Internet-Seiten. Die Evolution des Auges in Bildern und Texten

Springer Handbook Of Nanotechnology

Author: Bharat Bhushan
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3662543575
Size: 25.64 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This comprehensive handbook has become the definitive reference work in the field of nanoscience and nanotechnology, and this 4th edition incorporates a number of recent new developments. It integrates nanofabrication, nanomaterials, nanodevices, nanomechanics, nanotribology, materials science, and reliability engineering knowledge in just one volume. Furthermore, it discusses various nanostructures; micro/nanofabrication; micro/nanodevices and biomicro/nanodevices, as well as scanning probe microscopy; nanotribology and nanomechanics; molecularly thick films; industrial applications and nanodevice reliability; societal, environmental, health and safety issues; and nanotechnology education. In this new edition, written by an international team of over 140 distinguished experts and put together by an experienced editor with a comprehensive understanding of the field, almost all the chapters are either new or substantially revised and expanded, with new topics of interest added. It is an essential resource for anyone working in the rapidly evolving field of key technology, including mechanical and electrical engineers, materials scientists, physicists, and chemists.

Springer Handbook Of Electrochemical Energy

Author: Cornelia Breitkopf
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3662466570
Size: 68.69 MB
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This comprehensive handbook covers all fundamentals of electrochemistry for contemporary applications. It provides a rich presentation of related topics of electrochemistry with a clear focus on energy technologies. It covers all aspects of electrochemistry starting with theoretical concepts and basic laws of thermodynamics, non-equilibrium thermodynamics and multiscale modeling. It further gathers the basic experimental methods such as potentiometry, reference electrodes, ion-sensitive electrodes, voltammetry and amperometry. The contents cover subjects related to mass transport, the electric double layer, ohmic losses and experimentation affecting electrochemical reactions. These aspects of electrochemistry are especially examined in view of specific energy technologies including batteries, polymer electrolyte and biological fuel cells, electrochemical capacitors, electrochemical hydrogen production and photoelectrochemistry. Organized in six parts, the overall complexity of electrochemistry is presented and makes this handbook an authoritative reference and definitive source for advanced students, professionals and scientists particularly interested in industrial and energy applications.

Quorum Sensing And Its Biotechnological Applications

Author: Vipin Chandra Kalia
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811308489
Size: 51.74 MB
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This book delves into the biotechnological applications of Quorum sensing (QS)- a peculiar gene-regulatory process of some microorganisms. Quorum Sensing allows a large bacterial population to work together in a coordinated manner to carry out metabolic activities, which individual bacterium cannot. The different chapters describe how, associating bioremediation process with energy generation is an economical proposal, for reducing pollution and managing biowastes. The book discusses how QS can be exploited for biotechnological applications in generating bioproducts, bioenergy, bioremediation, biosensors, health and agricultural activities. It further highlights how QS is becoming an integral part of synthetic biology for genetic circuits for producing: (i) novel products, (ii) biosensors, (iii) bioactive molecules, etc. The book is divided into different sections for a clear understanding of the applicability of QS in, the Environment, Energy, Agriculture and Health sectors.

Handbook On Marine Environment Protection

Author: Markus Salomon
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319601563
Size: 75.17 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This handbook is the first of its kind to provide a clear, accessible, and comprehensive introduction to the most important scientific and management topics in marine environmental protection. Leading experts discuss the latest perspectives and best practices in the field with a particular focus on the functioning of marine ecosystems, natural processes, and anthropogenic pressures. The book familiarizes readers with the intricacies and challenges of managing coasts and oceans more sustainably, and guides them through the maze of concepts and strategies, laws and policies, and the various actors that define our ability to manage marine activities. Providing valuable thematic insights into marine management to inspire thoughtful application and further study, it is essential reading for marine environmental scientists, policy-makers, lawyers, practitioners and anyone interested in the field.

Marine Biotechnology I

Author: Yves Le Gal
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783540315490
Size: 36.86 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This review series covers trends in modern biotechnology, including all aspects of this interdisciplinary technology, requiring knowledge, methods, and expertise from chemistry, biochemistry, microbiology, genetics, chemical engineering and computer science.

Geologie Deutschlands

Author: Martin Meschede
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 366256422X
Size: 44.93 MB
Format: PDF
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Deutschland ist vom geologischen Aufbau her sehr abwechslungsreich, wie dieses Lehrbuch in anschaulichen vierfarbigen Grafiken und auch für Nicht-Geologen verständlichen Texten vermittelt. Im Norden breitet sich die norddeutsche Tiefebene aus, die von jungen Lockersedimenten bedeckt ist. Daran schließen sich die Mittelgebirge an, in denen die ältesten Gesteine Deutschlands zu finden sind, und im Süden folgen die Alpen, ein nach geologischen Maßstäben junges Hochgebirge, mit ihrer Vorlandsenke, der alpinen Molasse. - Wie sind diese unterschiedlichen Gebirge und Landschaftsformen entstanden? - Welche Gesteine bilden den geologischen Untergrund Deutschlands? - Was ist der Grund dafür, dass Erdbeben nur in bestimmten Regionen Deutschlands auftreten? - Wo gibt es junge Vulkane und warum sind sie einst ausgebrochen? - Wie sind all diese Erscheinungen in das plattentektonische Geschehen in Mitteleuropa eingebunden? - Wie wurde schließlich die heutige Landoberfläche geformt? Auf all diese Fragen geht Martin Meschede im vorliegenden Buch ein und zeichnet die Entwicklung Deutschlands nach von seinen Anfängen auf verschiedenen Kontinenten bis hin zum heutigen Nebeneinander der unterschiedlichen Struktureinheiten.