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Statistical Physics Of Fluids

Author: Vitaly Kalikmanov
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3662045362
Size: 49.82 MB
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The focus is on the main physical ideas and mathematical methods of the microscopic theory of fluids, starting with the basic principles of statistical mechanics. The detailed derivation of results is accompanied by explanation of their physical meaning. The same approach refers to several specialized topics of the liquid state, most of which are recent developments, such as: a perturbation approach to the surface tension, an algebraic perturbation theory of polar nonpolarizable fluids and ferrocolloids, a semi-phenomenological theory of the Tolman length and some others.

Statistical Physics Of Fluids

Author: Vitaly Kalikmanov
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783540417477
Size: 50.54 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 3407
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The focus is on the main physical ideas and mathematical methods of the microscopic theory of fluids, starting with the basic principles of statistical mechanics. The detailed derivation of results is accompanied by explanation of their physical meaning. The same approach refers to several specialized topics of the liquid state, most of which are recent developments, such as: a perturbation approach to the surface tension, an algebraic perturbation theory of polar nonpolarizable fluids and ferrocolloids, a semi-phenomenological theory of the Tolman length and some others.

The Statistical Mechanics Of Financial Markets

Author: Johannes Voit
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3662044234
Size: 59.20 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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A careful examination of the interaction between physics and finance. It takes a look at the 100-year-long history of co-operation between the two fields and goes on to provide new research results on capital markets - taken from the field of statistical physics. The random walk model, well known in physics, is one good example of where the two disciplines meet. In the world of finance it is the basic model upon which the Black-Scholes theory of option pricing and hedging has been built. The underlying assumptions are discussed using empirical financial data and analogies to physical models such as fluid flows, turbulence, or superdiffusion. On this basis, new theories of derivative pricing and risk control can be formulated.

Theoretical Concepts In Physics

Author: Malcolm S. Longair
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107717582
Size: 31.33 MB
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A highly original, and truly novel, approach to theoretical reasoning in physics. This book illuminates the subject from the perspective of real physics as practised by research scientists. It is intended to be a supplement to the final years of an undergraduate course in physics and assumes that the reader has some grasp of university physics. By means of a series of seven case studies, the author conveys the excitement of research and discovery, highlighting the intellectual struggles to attain understanding of some of the most difficult concepts in physics. Case studies include the origins of Newton's law of gravitation, Maxwell's equations, mechanics and dynamics, linear and non-linear, thermodynamics and statistical physics, the origins of the concepts of quanta, special relativity, general relativity and cosmology. The approach is the same as that in the highly acclaimed first edition, but the text has been completely revised and many new topics introduced.

Modern Classical Physics

Author: Kip S. Thorne
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 140084889X
Size: 30.88 MB
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This first-year, graduate-level text and reference book covers the fundamental concepts and twenty-first-century applications of six major areas of classical physics that every masters- or PhD-level physicist should be exposed to, but often isn't: statistical physics, optics (waves of all sorts), elastodynamics, fluid mechanics, plasma physics, and special and general relativity and cosmology. Growing out of a full-year course that the eminent researchers Kip Thorne and Roger Blandford taught at Caltech for almost three decades, this book is designed to broaden the training of physicists. Its six main topical sections are also designed so they can be used in separate courses, and the book provides an invaluable reference for researchers. Presents all the major fields of classical physics except three prerequisites: classical mechanics, electromagnetism, and elementary thermodynamics Elucidates the interconnections between diverse fields and explains their shared concepts and tools Focuses on fundamental concepts and modern, real-world applications Takes applications from fundamental, experimental, and applied physics; astrophysics and cosmology; geophysics, oceanography, and meteorology; biophysics and chemical physics; engineering and optical science and technology; and information science and technology Emphasizes the quantum roots of classical physics and how to use quantum techniques to elucidate classical concepts or simplify classical calculations Features hundreds of color figures, some five hundred exercises, extensive cross-references, and a detailed index An online illustration package is available to professors

Scaling Limits In Statistical Mechanics And Microstructures In Continuum Mechanics

Author: Errico Presutti
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540733051
Size: 78.16 MB
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Collective behavior in systems with many components, blow-ups with emergence of microstructures are proofs of the double, continuum and atomistic, nature of macroscopic systems, an issue which has always intrigued scientists and philosophers. Modern technologies have made the question more actual and concrete with recent, remarkable progresses also from a mathematical point of view. The book focuses on the links connecting statistical and continuum mechanics and, starting from elementary introductions to both theories, it leads to actual research themes. Mathematical techniques and methods from probability, calculus of variations and PDE are discussed at length.

From Microphysics To Macrophysics

Author: Roger Balian
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540454691
Size: 35.76 MB
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This popular, often cited text returns in a softcover edition to provide a thorough introduction to statistical physics and thermodynamics, and to exhibit the universality of the chain of ideas leading from the laws of microphysics to the macroscopic behaviour of matter. A wide range of applications illustrates the concepts, and many exercises reinforce understanding. Volume I discusses the probabilistic description of quantum or classical systems, the Boltzmann-Gibbs distributions, the conservation laws, and the interpretation of entropy as missing information. Thermodynamics and electromagnetism in matter are dealt with, as well as applications to dilute and condensed gases, and to phase transitions.

Geometrical Methods Of Mathematical Physics

Author: Bernard F. Schutz
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107268141
Size: 41.29 MB
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In recent years the methods of modern differential geometry have become of considerable importance in theoretical physics and have found application in relativity and cosmology, high-energy physics and field theory, thermodynamics, fluid dynamics and mechanics. This textbook provides an introduction to these methods - in particular Lie derivatives, Lie groups and differential forms - and covers their extensive applications to theoretical physics. The reader is assumed to have some familiarity with advanced calculus, linear algebra and a little elementary operator theory. The advanced physics undergraduate should therefore find the presentation quite accessible. This account will prove valuable for those with backgrounds in physics and applied mathematics who desire an introduction to the subject. Having studied the book, the reader will be able to comprehend research papers that use this mathematics and follow more advanced pure-mathematical expositions.

Theoretical Fluid Dynamics

Author: Bhimsen K. Shivamoggi
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118030788
Size: 54.93 MB
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"Although there are many texts and monographs on fluid dynamics, I do not know of any which is as comprehensive as the present book. It surveys nearly the entire field of classical fluid dynamics in an advanced, compact, and clear manner, and discusses the various conceptual and analytical models of fluid flow." - Foundations of Physics on the first edition Theoretical Fluid Dynamics functions equally well as a graduate-level text and a professional reference. Steering a middle course between the empiricism of engineering and the abstractions of pure mathematics, the author focuses on those ideas and formulations that will be of greatest interest to students and researchers in applied mathematics and theoretical physics. Dr. Shivamoggi covers the main branches of fluid dynamics, with particular emphasis on flows of incompressible fluids. Readers well versed in the physical and mathematical prerequisites will find enlightening discussions of many lesser-known areas of study in fluid dynamics. This thoroughly revised, updated, and expanded Second Edition features coverage of recent developments in stability and turbulence, additional chapter-end exercises, relevant experimental information, and an abundance of new material on a wide range of topics, including: * Hamiltonian formulation * Nonlinear water waves and sound waves * Stability of a fluid layer heated from below * Equilibrium statistical mechanics of turbulence * Two-dimensional turbulence

Fluid Mechanics

Author: S. G. Rajeev
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192527215
Size: 79.28 MB
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Fluid Mechanics: A Geometrical Point of View emphasizes general principles of physics illustrated by simple examples in fluid mechanics. Advanced mathematics (e.g., Riemannian geometry and Lie groups) commonly used in other parts of theoretical physics (e.g. General Relativity or High Energy Physics) are explained and applied to fluid mechanics. This follows on from the author's book Advanced Mechanics (Oxford University Press, 2013). After introducing the fundamental equations (Euler and Navier-Stokes), the book provides particular cases: ideal and viscous flows, shocks, boundary layers, instabilities, and transients. A restrained look at integrable systems (KdV) leads into a formulation of an ideal fluid as a hamiltonian system. Arnold's deep idea, that the instability of a fluid can be understood using the curvature of the diffeomorphism group, will be explained. Leray's work on regularity of Navier-Stokes solutions, and the modern developments arising from it, will be explained in language for physicists. Although this is a book on theoretical physics, readers will learn basic numerical methods: spectral and finite difference methods, geometric integrators for ordinary differential equations. Readers will take a deep dive into chaotic dynamics, using the Smale horse shoe as an example. Aref's work on chaotic advection is explained. The book concludes with a self-contained introduction to renormalization, an idea from high energy physics which is expected to be useful in developing a theory of turbulence.