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Stochastic Processes And Calculus

Author: Uwe Hassler
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319234285
Size: 69.34 MB
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This textbook gives a comprehensive introduction to stochastic processes and calculus in the fields of finance and economics, more specifically mathematical finance and time series econometrics. Over the past decades stochastic calculus and processes have gained great importance, because they play a decisive role in the modeling of financial markets and as a basis for modern time series econometrics. Mathematical theory is applied to solve stochastic differential equations and to derive limiting results for statistical inference on nonstationary processes. This introduction is elementary and rigorous at the same time. On the one hand it gives a basic and illustrative presentation of the relevant topics without using many technical derivations. On the other hand many of the procedures are presented at a technically advanced level: for a thorough understanding, they are to be proven. In order to meet both requirements jointly, the present book is equipped with a lot of challenging problems at the end of each chapter as well as with the corresponding detailed solutions. Thus the virtual text - augmented with more than 60 basic examples and 40 illustrative figures - is rather easy to read while a part of the technical arguments is transferred to the exercise problems and their solutions.

Elementare Wahrscheinlichkeitstheorie Und Stochastische Prozesse

Author: Kai L. Chung
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642670334
Size: 76.20 MB
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Aus den Besprechungen: "Unter den zahlreichen Einführungen in die Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung bildet dieses Buch eine erfreuliche Ausnahme. Der Stil einer lebendigen Vorlesung ist über Niederschrift und Übersetzung hinweg erhalten geblieben. In jedes Kapitel wird sehr anschaulich eingeführt. Sinn und Nützlichkeit der mathematischen Formulierungen werden den Lesern nahegebracht. Die wichtigsten Zusammenhänge sind als mathematische Sätze klar formuliert." #FREQUENZ#1

Linear Programming And Its Applications

Author: James K. Strayer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461210097
Size: 33.26 MB
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Linear Programming and Its Applications is intended for a first course in linear programming, preferably in the sophomore or junior year of the typical undergraduate curriculum. The emphasis throughout the book is on linear programming skills via the algorithmic solution of small-scale problems, both in the general sense and in the specific applications where these problems naturally occur. The book arose from lecture notes prepared during the years 1985-1987 while I was a graduate assistant in the Department of Mathematics at The Pennsylvania State University. I used a preliminary draft in a Methods of Management Science class in the spring semester of 1988 at Lock Haven University. Having been extensively tried and tested in the classroom at various stages of its development, the book reflects many modifications either suggested directly by students or deemed appropriate from responses by students in the classroom setting. My primary aim in writing the book was to address common errors and difficulties as clearly and effectively as I could.

Mathematik Und Technologie

Author: Christiane Rousseau
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642300928
Size: 17.22 MB
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Zusammen mit der Abstraktion ist die Mathematik das entscheidende Werkzeug für technologische Innovationen. Das Buch bietet eine Einführung in zahlreiche Anwendungen der Mathematik auf dem Gebiet der Technologie. Meist werden moderne Anwendungen dargestellt, die heute zum Alltag gehören. Die mathematischen Grundlagen für technologische Anwendungen sind dabei relativ elementar, was die Leistungsstärke der mathematischen Modellbildung und der mathematischen Hilfsmittel beweist. Mit zahlreichen originellen Übungen am Ende eines jeden Kapitels.

Measure Theory And Probability Theory

Author: Krishna B. Athreya
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 038732903X
Size: 64.63 MB
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This is a graduate level textbook on measure theory and probability theory. The book can be used as a text for a two semester sequence of courses in measure theory and probability theory, with an option to include supplemental material on stochastic processes and special topics. It is intended primarily for first year Ph.D. students in mathematics and statistics although mathematically advanced students from engineering and economics would also find the book useful. Prerequisites are kept to the minimal level of an understanding of basic real analysis concepts such as limits, continuity, differentiability, Riemann integration, and convergence of sequences and series. A review of this material is included in the appendix. The book starts with an informal introduction that provides some heuristics into the abstract concepts of measure and integration theory, which are then rigorously developed. The first part of the book can be used for a standard real analysis course for both mathematics and statistics Ph.D. students as it provides full coverage of topics such as the construction of Lebesgue-Stieltjes measures on real line and Euclidean spaces, the basic convergence theorems, L^p spaces, signed measures, Radon-Nikodym theorem, Lebesgue's decomposition theorem and the fundamental theorem of Lebesgue integration on R, product spaces and product measures, and Fubini-Tonelli theorems. It also provides an elementary introduction to Banach and Hilbert spaces, convolutions, Fourier series and Fourier and Plancherel transforms. Thus part I would be particularly useful for students in a typical Statistics Ph.D. program if a separate course on real analysis is not a standard requirement. Part II (chapters 6-13) provides full coverage of standard graduate level probability theory. It starts with Kolmogorov's probability model and Kolmogorov's existence theorem. It then treats thoroughly the laws of large numbers including renewal theory and ergodic theorems with applications and then weak convergence of probability distributions, characteristic functions, the Levy-Cramer continuity theorem and the central limit theorem as well as stable laws. It ends with conditional expectations and conditional probability, and an introduction to the theory of discrete time martingales. Part III (chapters 14-18) provides a modest coverage of discrete time Markov chains with countable and general state spaces, MCMC, continuous time discrete space jump Markov processes, Brownian motion, mixing sequences, bootstrap methods, and branching processes. It could be used for a topics/seminar course or as an introduction to stochastic processes. Krishna B. Athreya is a professor at the departments of mathematics and statistics and a Distinguished Professor in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences at the Iowa State University. He has been a faculty member at University of Wisconsin, Madison; Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore; Cornell University; and has held visiting appointments in Scandinavia and Australia. He is a fellow of the Institute of Mathematical Statistics USA; a fellow of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Bangalore; an elected member of the International Statistical Institute; and serves on the editorial board of several journals in probability and statistics. Soumendra N. Lahiri is a professor at the department of statistics at the Iowa State University. He is a fellow of the Institute of Mathematical Statistics, a fellow of the American Statistical Association, and an elected member of the International Statistical Institute.

Aspects Of Calculus

Author: Gabriel Klambauer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461395615
Size: 50.23 MB
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This book is intended for students familiar with a beginner's version of differential and integral calculus stressing only manipulation offormulas and who are now looking for a closer study of basic concepts combined with a more creative use of information. The work is primarily aimed at students in mathematics, engineering, and science who find themselves in transition from elementary calculus to rigorous courses in analysis. In addition, this book may also be of interest to those preparing to teach a course in calculus. Instead of exposing the reader to an excess of premature abstractions that so easily can degenerate into pedantry, I felt it more useful to stress instruc tive and stimulating examples. The book contains numerous worked out examples and many of the exercises are provided with helpful hints or a solution in outline. For further exercises the interested reader may want to consult a problem book by the author entitled Problems and Propositions in Analysis (New York: Marcel Dekker, 1979). For the history of calculus I recommend the book by C. B. Boyer, The Concepts of the Calculus (New York: Dover, 1949).

Wahrscheinlichkeitstheorie Und Stochastische Prozesse

Author: Michael Mürmann
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 364238160X
Size: 28.10 MB
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Dieses Lehrbuch beschäftigt sich mit den zentralen Gebieten einer maßtheoretisch orientierten Wahrscheinlichkeitstheorie im Umfang einer zweisemestrigen Vorlesung. Nach den Grundlagen werden Grenzwertsätze und schwache Konvergenz behandelt. Es folgt die Darstellung und Betrachtung der stochastischen Abhängigkeit durch die bedingte Erwartung, die mit der Radon-Nikodym-Ableitung realisiert wird. Sie wird angewandt auf die Theorie der stochastischen Prozesse, die nach der allgemeinen Konstruktion aus der Untersuchung von Martingalen und Markov-Prozessen besteht. Neu in einem Lehrbuch über allgemeine Wahrscheinlichkeitstheorie ist eine Einführung in die stochastische Analysis von Semimartingalen auf der Grundlage einer geeigneten Stetigkeitsbedingung mit Anwendungen auf die Theorie der Finanzmärkte. Das Buch enthält zahlreiche Übungen, teilweise mit Lösungen. Neben der Theorie vertiefen Anmerkungen, besonders zu mathematischen Modellen für Phänomene der Realität, das Verständnis.​

A First Course In Analysis

Author: George Pedrick
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1441985549
Size: 80.56 MB
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This text on advanced calculus discusses such topics as number systems, the extreme value problem, continuous functions, differentiation, integration and infinite series. The reader will find the focus of attention shifted from the learning and applying of computational techniques to careful reasoning from hypothesis to conclusion. The book is intended both for a terminal course and as preparation for more advanced studies in mathematics, science, engineering and computation.

Groups And Symmetry

Author: Mark A. Armstrong
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1475740344
Size: 49.81 MB
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This is a gentle introduction to the vocabulary and many of the highlights of elementary group theory. Written in an informal style, the material is divided into short sections, each of which deals with an important result or a new idea. Includes more than 300 exercises and approximately 60 illustrations.