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Author: Alexandre Joel Chorin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1441910034
Size: 52.78 MB
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Stochastic Tools in Mathematics and Science is an introductory book on probability-based modeling. It covers basic stochastic tools used in physics, chemistry, engineering and the life sciences. The topics covered include conditional expectations, stochastic processes, Brownian motion and its relation to partial differential equations, Langevin equations, the Liouville and Fokker-Planck equations, as well as Markov chain Monte Carlo algorithms, renormalization and dimensional reduction, and basic equilibrium and non-equilibrium statistical mechanics. The applications include data assimilation, prediction from partial data, spectral analysis, and turbulence. A noteworthy feature of the book is the systematic analysis of memory effects. In this second edition, the new topics include Feynman diagrams and a new discussion of the renormalization group. The book is based on lecture notes from a class that has attracted graduate and advanced undergraduate students from mathematics and from many other science departments at the University of California, Berkeley. Each chapter is followed by exercises. The book will be useful for scientists and engineers working in a wide range of fields and applications. "Chorin and Hald provide excellent explanations with considerable insight and deep mathematical understanding, especially toward the end of the book in the context of simplified versions of the famous statistical mechanics models of Ising and of Mori and Zwanzig." (SIAM Review).

Stochastic Tools In Mathematics And Science

Author: Alexandre J. Chorin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461469805
Size: 74.15 MB
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"Stochastic Tools in Mathematics and Science" covers basic stochastic tools used in physics, chemistry, engineering and the life sciences. The topics covered include conditional expectations, stochastic processes, Brownian motion and its relation to partial differential equations, Langevin equations, the Liouville and Fokker-Planck equations, as well as Markov chain Monte Carlo algorithms, renormalization, basic statistical mechanics, and generalized Langevin equations and the Mori-Zwanzig formalism. The applications include sampling algorithms, data assimilation, prediction from partial data, spectral analysis, and turbulence. The book is based on lecture notes from a class that has attracted graduate and advanced undergraduate students from mathematics and from many other science departments at the University of California, Berkeley. Each chapter is followed by exercises. The book will be useful for scientists and engineers working in a wide range of fields and applications. For this new edition the material has been thoroughly reorganized and updated, and new sections on scaling, sampling, filtering and data assimilation, based on recent research, have been added. There are additional figures and exercises. Review of earlier edition: "This is an excellent concise textbook which can be used for self-study by graduate and advanced undergraduate students and as a recommended textbook for an introductory course on probabilistic tools in science." Mathematical Reviews, 2006

Verallgemeinerte Stochastische Prozesse

Author: Stefan Schäffler
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 366254265X
Size: 39.75 MB
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Dieses Lehrbuch behandelt die in Natur- und Ingenieurwissenschaften eine zentrale Rolle spielenden Rauschprozesse, wie weißes Rauschen in der Raumsondenkommunikation oder thermisches Rauschen und Schrotrauschen in elektronischen Bauelementen.In dieser Form einzigartig, entwickelt der Autor die mathematische Theorie der verallgemeinerten stochastischen Prozesse und spricht dabei die Anwendung dieser mathematischen Objekte in der Praxis (z.B. Schaltkreissimulation, digitale Nachrichtenübertragung und Bildverarbeitung) an; somit dient dieses Lehrbuch auch als praxisrelevante Einführung in die Modellierung und Verwendung technischer Rauschprozesse. Die mathematische Modellierung von Rauschprozessen führt auf die Theorie stochastischer Prozesse auf Basis verallgemeinerter Funktionen (Distributionen), ohne die kein Handy funktionieren und Anwendungen wie die Simulation komplexer elektronischer Schaltungen unmöglich wäre.Für Anwender und interessierte Mathematiker bietet dieses Werk erstmals einen mathematisch fundierten Einblick in diese Thematik.

An Introduction To Computational Stochastic Pdes

Author: Gabriel J. Lord
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521899907
Size: 22.96 MB
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This book gives a comprehensive introduction to numerical methods and analysis of stochastic processes, random fields and stochastic differential equations, and offers graduate students and researchers powerful tools for understanding uncertainty quantification for risk analysis. Coverage includes traditional stochastic ODEs with white noise forcing, strong and weak approximation, and the multi-level Monte Carlo method. Later chapters apply the theory of random fields to the numerical solution of elliptic PDEs with correlated random data, discuss the Monte Carlo method, and introduce stochastic Galerkin finite-element methods. Finally, stochastic parabolic PDEs are developed. Assuming little previous exposure to probability and statistics, theory is developed in tandem with state-of-the-art computational methods through worked examples, exercises, theorems and proofs. The set of MATLAB codes included (and downloadable) allows readers to perform computations themselves and solve the test problems discussed. Practical examples are drawn from finance, mathematical biology, neuroscience, fluid flow modelling and materials science.

Advanced Mathematical Tools For Automatic Control Engineers Volume 2

Author: Alex Poznyak
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080914039
Size: 21.21 MB
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Advanced Mathematical Tools for Automatic Control Engineers, Volume 2: Stochastic Techniques provides comprehensive discussions on statistical tools for control engineers. The book is divided into four main parts. Part I discusses the fundamentals of probability theory, covering probability spaces, random variables, mathematical expectation, inequalities, and characteristic functions. Part II addresses discrete time processes, including the concepts of random sequences, martingales, and limit theorems. Part III covers continuous time stochastic processes, namely Markov processes, stochastic integrals, and stochastic differential equations. Part IV presents applications of stochastic techniques for dynamic models and filtering, prediction, and smoothing problems. It also discusses the stochastic approximation method and the robust stochastic maximum principle. Provides comprehensive theory of matrices, real, complex and functional analysis Provides practical examples of modern optimization methods that can be effectively used in variety of real-world applications Contains worked proofs of all theorems and propositions presented

Stochastic Processes And Their Applications

Author: Sergio Albeverio
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780792308942
Size: 28.24 MB
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'Et moi, ... , si j'avait su comment en revenIT, One service mathematics has rendered the je n'y serais point allt\.' human race. It has put common sense back where it belongs, on the topmost shelf next Jules Verne to the dusty canister labelled 'discarded non- The series is divergent; therefore we may be sense'. able to do something with it. Eric T. Bell O. Heaviside Mathematics is a tool for thought. A highly necessary tool in a world where both feedback and non­ linearities abound. Similarly, all kinds of parts of mathematics serve as tools for other parts and for other sciences. Applying a simple rewriting rule to the quote on the right above one finds such statements as: 'One service topology has rendered mathematical physics .. :; 'One service logic has rendered com­ puter science .. :; 'One service category theory has rendered mathematics .. :. All arguably true. And all statements obtainable this way form part of the raison d'etre of this series.

Theory Of Stochastic Differential Equations With Jumps And Applications

Author: Rong SITU
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387251758
Size: 25.18 MB
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Stochastic differential equations (SDEs) are a powerful tool in science, mathematics, economics and finance. This book will help the reader to master the basic theory and learn some applications of SDEs. In particular, the reader will be provided with the backward SDE technique for use in research when considering financial problems in the market, and with the reflecting SDE technique to enable study of optimal stochastic population control problems. These two techniques are powerful and efficient, and can also be applied to research in many other problems in nature, science and elsewhere.

Stochastic Analysis 2010

Author: Dan Crisan
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642153587
Size: 49.60 MB
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Stochastic Analysis aims to provide mathematical tools to describe and model high dimensional random systems. Such tools arise in the study of Stochastic Differential Equations and Stochastic Partial Differential Equations, Infinite Dimensional Stochastic Geometry, Random Media and Interacting Particle Systems, Super-processes, Stochastic Filtering, Mathematical Finance, etc. Stochastic Analysis has emerged as a core area of late 20th century Mathematics and is currently undergoing a rapid scientific development. The special volume “Stochastic Analysis 2010” provides a sample of the current research in the different branches of the subject. It includes the collected works of the participants at the Stochastic Analysis section of the 7th ISAAC Congress organized at Imperial College London in July 2009.

Stochastic Differential Equations

Author: K. Sobczyk
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401137129
Size: 25.67 MB
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'Et moi, ..~ si lavait su CO.llUlJalt en revc:nir, One acMcc matbcmatica bu JaIdcred the human rac:c. It bu put COIDIDOD _ beet je n'y serais point aBe.' Jules Verne wbac it bdoup, 0Jl!be~ IbcII _t to!be dusty cauialcr Iabc & d 'diMardod__ The series is divergent; thc:reforc we may be -'. I!.ticT. Bc:I1 able to do something with it. O. Hcavisidc Mathematics is a tool for thought. A highly necessary tool in a world when: both feedback and non linearities abound. Similarly. all kinds of parts of mathematics serve as tools for other parts and for other sciences. Applying a simple rewriting rule to the quote on the right above one finds such statcmalts as: 'One service topology has rendered mathematical physics ...-; 'One service logic has rendered c0m puter science ... '; 'One service category theory has rendered mathematics ... '. All arguably true. And all statements obtainable this way form part of the raison d'etre of this series. This series, Mathematics and Its Applications. started in 19n. Now that over one hundred volumes have appeared it seems opportune to reexamine its scope. At the time I wrote "Growing specialization and diversification have brought a host of monographs and textbooks on increasingly specialized topics. However. the 'tree' of knowledge of mathematics and related fields does not grow only by putting forth new branc:hes. It also happens, quite often in fact, that branches which were thought to be completely.

Stochastic Simulation And Monte Carlo Methods

Author: Carl Graham
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642393632
Size: 73.60 MB
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In various scientific and industrial fields, stochastic simulations are taking on a new importance. This is due to the increasing power of computers and practitioners’ aim to simulate more and more complex systems, and thus use random parameters as well as random noises to model the parametric uncertainties and the lack of knowledge on the physics of these systems. The error analysis of these computations is a highly complex mathematical undertaking. Approaching these issues, the authors present stochastic numerical methods and prove accurate convergence rate estimates in terms of their numerical parameters (number of simulations, time discretization steps). As a result, the book is a self-contained and rigorous study of the numerical methods within a theoretical framework. After briefly reviewing the basics, the authors first introduce fundamental notions in stochastic calculus and continuous-time martingale theory, then develop the analysis of pure-jump Markov processes, Poisson processes, and stochastic differential equations. In particular, they review the essential properties of Itô integrals and prove fundamental results on the probabilistic analysis of parabolic partial differential equations. These results in turn provide the basis for developing stochastic numerical methods, both from an algorithmic and theoretical point of view. The book combines advanced mathematical tools, theoretical analysis of stochastic numerical methods, and practical issues at a high level, so as to provide optimal results on the accuracy of Monte Carlo simulations of stochastic processes. It is intended for master and Ph.D. students in the field of stochastic processes and their numerical applications, as well as for physicists, biologists, economists and other professionals working with stochastic simulations, who will benefit from the ability to reliably estimate and control the accuracy of their simulations.