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Storing Carbon In Agricultural Soils

Author: Norman J. Rosenberg
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 940173089X
Size: 36.96 MB
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Soil carbon sequestration can play a strategic role in controlling the increase of CO2 in the atmosphere and thereby help mitigate climatic change. There are scientific opportunities to increase the capacity of soils to store carbon and remove it from circulation for longer periods of time. The vast areas of degraded and desertified lands throughout the world offer great potential for the sequestration of very large quantities of carbon. If credits are to be bought and sold for carbon storage, quick and inexpensive instruments and methods will be needed to monitor and verify that carbon is actually being added and maintained in soils. Large-scale soil carbon sequestration projects pose economic and social problems that need to be explored. This book focuses on scientific and implementation issues that need to be addressed in order to advance the discipline of carbon sequestration from theory to reality. The main issues discussed in the book are broad and cover aspects of basic science, monitoring, and implementation. The opportunity to restore productivity of degraded lands through carbon sequestration is examined in detail. This book will be of special interest to professionals in agronomy, soil science, and climatology.

Wurzelinduzierte Bodenvorg Nge

Author: Wolfgang Merbach
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3322800849
Size: 22.61 MB
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Von einer nachhaltigen Landnutzung wird neben der Erzeugung hochwertiger Produkte auch die Bewahrung der Funktionsfähigkeit von Ökosystemen erwartet. Vor allem die Entwicklung der Pflanzen und des durchwurzelten Bodens kennzeichnen naturnahe als auch agrarische Ökosysteme. Um deren Belastbarkeit und Stabilität einschätzen zu können, sind Kenntnisse über die komplexen Prozesse im Wurzelraum von großem Interesse. Dieses Buch soll einen Beitrag zur Erweiterung unseres Wissens über die Strukturen, Funktionen und Prozesse im Wurzelraum leisten.

Advances In Crop Environment Interaction

Author: Santanu Kumar Bal
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811318611
Size: 21.62 MB
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Agriculture is currently facing multi-faceted threats in the form of unpredictable weather variability, frequent droughts and scarcity of irrigation water, together with the degradation of soil resources and declining environmental health. These stresses result in the modification of plant physiology to impart greater resilience to changing abiotic and biotic environments, but only at the cost of declining plant productivity. In light of these facts, assessing the status of natural resource bases, and understanding the mechanisms of soil-plant-environment interactions so as to devise adaptation and mitigation approaches, represent great and imminent challenges for all of us. In this context, it is essential to understand the potential applications of modern tools, existing coping mechanisms and their integration, as this will allow us to develop suitable advanced mitigation strategies. From a broader perspective, the book deals with crop-environment interaction in the context of changing climatic conditions. To do so, it addresses four major aspects: Understanding the mechanism of carbon dynamics in the soil-plant-environment continuum; greenhouse gas fluxes in agricultural systems; and soil properties influenced by climate change and carbon sequestration processes. Mitigation and management of the photo-thermal environment to improve crop productivity; soil health under variable climate; reducing agro-ecosystem evapotranspiration losses through biophysical controls; and heat stress in field crops and its management. Studying the impact of climate change on biotic environments; insect-pest interactions; manifestations of disease; and adaptation strategies for island agro-ecosystems. Innovative approaches to assess stress impacts in crops, such as crop modeling, remote sensing, spectral stress indices etc. The book presents a collection of contributions from authoritative experts in their respective fields. Offering young researchers new perspectives and future research directions, it represents a valuable guide for graduate students and academics alike.

Recent Advances In Carbon Capture And Storage

Author: Yongseung Yun
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 9535130056
Size: 30.27 MB
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Carbon capture and storage (CCS) has been considered as a practical way in sequestering the huge anthropogenic CO2 amount with a reasonable cost until a more pragmatic solution appears. The CCS can work as a bridge before fulfilling the no-CO2 era of the future by applying to large-scale CO2 emitting facilities. But CCS appears to lose some passion by the lack of progress in technical developments and in commercial success stories other than EOR. This is the time to go back to basics, starting from finding a solution in small steps. The CCS technology desperately needs far newer ideas and breakthroughs that can overcome earlier attempts through improving, modifying, and switching the known principles. This book tries to give some insight into developing an urgently needed technical breakthrough through the recent advances in CCS research, in addition to the available small steps like soil carbon sequestration. This book provides the fundamental and practical information for researchers and graduate students who want to review the current technical status and to bring in new ideas to the conventional CCS technologies.

New Perspectives On Agri Environmental Policies

Author: Stephan J Goetz
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135244871
Size: 17.55 MB
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Significant advances have occurred in recent years in Europe and in North America in addressing agri-environmental policies. Land use issues tend to be more pressing in Europe than in the US as a whole because of different spatial exigencies. Because these advances have taken place within individual academic disciplines, there has been something of a loss of synergy and often efforts are duplicated. While important institutional and legal differences still exist between the two continents, the sharing of recent scientific advances will benefit scientists on both sides of the Atlantic and this is the main purpose of this book. The authors aim to identify options for policy to overcome the challenges ahead, synthesize existing knowledge, and identify gaps in current knowledge. This is aided by the adoption of a properly comparative approach.

Global Warming Climate Change

Size: 80.85 MB
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What do hurricanes, melting glaciers, rising ocean levels, eroding coastlines, worldwide crop damage, food shortages, absence of rainfall, shrinking aquifers, wildfires, and lowered water tables all have in common? These are some of the possible results of an increase in the accumulation of "greenhouse gases" in the atmosphere, commonly referred to as global warming. Scientists study climate change from the perspective of eons of the earth's history as well as the short-term effects of recent human-induced changes in the atmosphere, while engineers attempt to devise technological solutions, and politicians struggle with international protocols and methods of enforcement. The ever-increasing demand for fossil fuels, and energy consumption worldwide, complicates the problem. Are there solutions? Can technological innovations in energy production, conservation methods, and even innovative market solutions reverse the current trends soon enough? These are the questions that confront us as we face the possibility of crossing the "point of no return." The following guide is intended for those who are looking for a review of the literature and vetted online resources on these topics. Materials cited are available in the collections of the Library of Congress or on the Internet.

Soil Carbon

Author: Steven A Banwart
Publisher: CABI
ISBN: 1780645325
Size: 76.58 MB
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This book brings together the essential evidence and policy opportunities regarding the global importance of soil carbon for sustaining Earth's life support system for humanity. Covering the science and policy background for this important natural resource, it describes land management options that improve soil carbon status and therefore increase the benefits that humans derive from the environment. Written by renowned global experts, it is the principal output from a SCOPE rapid assessment process project.