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Stratification In Higher Education

Author: Yossi Shavit
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 9780804768146
Size: 56.92 MB
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The mass expansion of higher education is one of the most important social transformations of the second half of the twentieth century. In this book, scholars from 15 countries, representing Western and Eastern Europe, East Asia, Israel, Australia, and the United States, assess the links between this expansion and inequality in the national context. Contrary to most expectations, the authors show that as access to higher education expands, all social classes benefit. Neither greater diversification nor privatization in higher education results in greater inequality. In some cases, especially where the most advantaged already have significant access to higher education, opportunities increase most for persons from disadvantaged origins. Also, during the late twentieth century, opportunities for women increased faster than those for men. Offering a new spin on conventional wisdom, this book shows how all social classes benefit from the expansion of higher education.

Class And Stratification Analysis

Author: Gunn Elisabeth Birkelund
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 178190538X
Size: 16.60 MB
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Emphasizes unsolved issues and developments within class and stratification analysis, discussing both theoretical and methodological innovations and revisions. In this book, comparative analysis has also revealed cross-national differentiation in stratification processes, partly related to welfare state arrangements and national policies.

Changing European Academics

Author: Marek Kwiek
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351182021
Size: 16.62 MB
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European academics have been at the centre of ongoing higher education reforms, as changes in university governance and funding have led to changes in academic work and life. Discussing the academic profession, and most importantly, its increasing stratification across Europe, Changing European Academics explores the drivers of these changes as well as their current and expected results. This comparative study of social stratification, work patterns and research productivity: Examines eleven national, higher education systems across Europe (Austria, Finland, Germany, Ireland, Italy, The Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Switzerland and the United Kingdom) Provides a panoramic view of the European academic profession Confronts misconceptions of academic work and life with compelling results and detailed analyses Discusses new dilemmas inherent to the changing social and economic environments of higher education A thoughtful and comprehensive study of the changing academic profession in Europe, this book will be of interest to higher education practitioners, managers and policy makers, both in Europe and globally. Changing European Academics will benefit anyone whose work relates to changing academic institutions and changing academic careers.

The Shape Of Social Inequality

Author: David Bills
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080459356
Size: 22.75 MB
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This volume brings together former students, colleagues, and others influenced by the sociological scholarship of Archibald O. Haller to celebrate Haller's many contributions to theory and research on social stratification and mobility. All of the chapters respond to Haller's programmatic agenda for stratification research: "A full program aimed at understanding stratification requires: first, that we know what stratification structures consist of and how they may vary; second, that we identify the individual and collective consequences of the different states and rates of change of such structures; and third, seeing that some degree of stratification seems to be present everywhere, that we identify the factors that make stratification structures change." The contributors to this Festschrift address such topics as the changing nature of stratification regimes, the enduring significance of class analysis, the stratifying dimensions of race, ethnicity, and gender, and the interplay between educational systems and labor market outcomes. Many of the chapters adopt an explicitly cross-societal comparative perspective on processes and consequences of social stratification. The volume offers both conceptually and empirically important new analyses of the shape of social stratification.

Education Occupation And Social Origin

Author: Fabrizio Bernardi
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1785360450
Size: 49.94 MB
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Questioning the assumption that education is the ‘great social equalizer’, this book takes a comparative approach to the social origin–education–destination triangle by examining advantage in 14 different countries, including case studies from Europe, Israel, the USA, Russia and Japan. Contributions from leading experts examine the relation between family background, education and occupational achievement over time and across educational levels, focusing on the relationship between individuals’ social origins and their income and occupational outcomes. Providing new theoretical insights, this book eloquently analyzes a variety of barriers to social mobility. Using concepts of compensatory and boosting advantage to explain the intergenerational transmission of social inequality, it refutes the notion of contemporary societies as education-based and meritocratic, showing that in most of the countries studied there is no sign of decreasing intergenerational association, despite the expansion of education. With its multitude of pertinent case studies, Education, Occupation and Social Origin will be of interest to academics and students of social policy as well as those interested in social inequalities and their evolution over time. It will also be a useful reference for governmental policymakers in the wake of the current economic crisis.

Higher Education And Social Inequalities

Author: Richard Waller
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1315449706
Size: 64.85 MB
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A university education has long been seen as the gateway to upward social mobility for individuals from lower socio-economic backgrounds, and as a way of reproducing social advantage for the better off. With the number of young people from the very highest socio-economic groups entering university in the UK having effectively been at saturation point for several decades, the expansion witnessed in participation rates over the last few decades has largely been achieved by a modest broadening of the base of the undergraduate population in terms of both social class and ethnic diversity. However, a growing body of evidence exists in the continuation of unequal graduate outcomes. This can be seen in terms of employment trajectories in the UK. The issue of just who enjoys access to which university, and the experiences and outcomes of graduates from different institutions remain central to questions of social justice, notably higher education’s contribution to social mobility and to the reproduction of social inequality. This collection of contemporary original writings explores these issues in a range of specific contexts, and through employing a range of theoretical and methodological approaches. The relationship between higher education and social mobility has probably never been under closer scrutiny. This volume will appeal to academics, policy makers, and commentators alike. Higher Education and Social Inequalities is an important contribution to the public and academic debate.

Labor Markets Gender And Social Stratification In East Asia

Author:
Publisher: Brill
ISBN: 9004262733
Size: 48.23 MB
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Labor Markets, Gender and Social Stratification in East Asia addresses the dynamics of inequality and gender in Japan, Korea, Taiwan, and China following the Asian economic crisis of the 1990s. The findings demonstrate significant diversity of East Asian gender regimes and class structures.

Education And Social Inequality In The Global Culture

Author: Joseph Zajda
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402069277
Size: 17.32 MB
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This book critically examines the overall interplay between globalisation, social inequality and education. It explores conceptual frameworks and methodological approaches applicable in the research covering the State, globalisation, social stratification and education. The book, constructed against this pervasive anti-dialogical backdrop, aims to widen, deepen, and in some cases open, discourse related to globalisation, and new dimensions of social inequality in the global culture.

Higher Education And Social Stratification

Author: Torsten Husén
Publisher: United Nations Educational
ISBN:
Size: 33.61 MB
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The social stratification process is analyzed from a theoretical point of view, with assumptions tested with empirical evidence from the International Institute for Educational Planning project in developing countries or with information obtained through the researcher's prior studies on industrialized countries. The significant, and often negative, consequences due to the problem of social stratification are discussed in relation to the educational and occupational careers of educated youth. The subject is introduced by noting linkage between education and employment, egalitarian policies in education, and a historical perspective. Egalitarian philosophies in education are considered along with aspects of the equality problem relevant to developing countries. The role of formal education as a social stratifier is explored. A comparative perspective on education and social stratification in developing countries as well as differences between developed and developing countries with regard to social stratification are offered. Information is included on university graduates in developing countries focused on social background and social destination. Among the conclusions are: social stratification in all societies is enhanced by competition, selectivity and a meritocratic reward system; because institutions of higher education in developing countries serve subsistence economies with a limited modern sector, their post-primary enrollment patterns have no historical parallel in the developed economies; and home background in third-world countries tends to have less impact on access, survival, and outcomes of secondary and higher education than in industrialized countries. Tables and references are provided, and 50 references are appended. (SM)